Metro Vancouver Governance and the Sustainable Region Initiative

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From the Saskatoon Regional Growth Summit, Keynote lecture by Mayor Corrigan of Burnaby BC

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Metro Vancouver Governance and the Sustainable Region Initiative

  1. 1. Metro Vancouver Governance and the Sustainable Region Initiative Burnaby Mayor Derek Corrigan, Metro Vancouver Director November 20, 2013 • Follow: @YXERegion • 1 #yxesummit
  2. 2. Metro Vancouver •  Canada’s only unamalgamated major metropolitan area - 3rd largest in Canada •  A federation comprising 22 municipalities, one electoral area, one Treaty First Nation - vary greatly in size and character •  GVRD created in 1967 but the core utilities - water and sewer - date back to early 20th century • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  3. 3. Metro Vancouver Statistics 2.3 million residents – half the provincial population 735 people per sq. km Operating: $635.6 million Capital: $265.6 million 40% Immigrants 2,877 square kilometers 24 LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  4. 4. Metro Vancouver Finance •  Funding Sources •  Utility levies •  Property tax - parks, planning, air quality •  Self-supporting - social housing • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  5. 5. • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  6. 6. Board of Directors •  40 Directors on 2013 Board §  one vote per 20,000 people in municipality, electoral area, or First Nation •  •  Every member municipality and electoral area is represented Committee system addresses issues by topic area • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  7. 7. Metro Vancouver - Governance •  First 20 years of GVRD history: relatively little interaction between regional district and public-at-large •  Regional District seen as a “coordinator” and “common instrument” of separate local governments •  1996: Livable Region Strategic Plan (LRSP) • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  8. 8. Three Roles for Metro Vancouver •  •  •  Service delivery Regional scale planning, policy and regulation Political advocacy/collaborative governance • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  9. 9. Collaborative Governance •  •  •  •  •  Political Leadership – Outreach/Advocacy Public Outreach §  Community Breakfasts §  Sustainability Dialogues §  Sustainability Summit Education Networks International engagement • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  10. 10. Service Delivery •  Core services provided to municipalities §  Water §  Sewerage and drainage §  Solid waste management •  Services provided directly to the public §  Parks §  Housing •  Other services §  Labour relations §  9-1-1 emergency §  Municipal borrowing • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  11. 11. Planning, Policy and Regulation • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  12. 12. Plans, Policy and Regulations •  Three main areas of planning and regulatory responsibility •  Regional growth land use (through municipalities) and transportation (through TransLink) •  Waste management •  Air quality management • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  13. 13. A Working Partnership - Principles •  •  •  One non-hierarchical system of local government Region must add value or leave at local level The interests of individual partners will prevail over everything except the collective interest of the partners •  Resolve issues through consensus and avoid surprises and destructive conflict •  Result should be coherent regional action which: §  respects and reinforces the diversity, character and integrity of local municipalities §  protects the natural environment §  maintains cost effective service delivery to tax payers • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  14. 14. MUNICIPALITIES Council Regional BOARD MUNICIPAL STAFF Advisory COMMITTEES Regional COMMITTEES Regional STAFF • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  15. 15. Sustainability Framework •  A vision for the region and organization •  •  A management philosophy Overarching organizational framework for everything we do • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  16. 16. • Metro  Vancouver’s  new  Regional   Growth  Strategy   •  • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  17. 17. What is a regional growth strategy? •  A land use plan that guides the region’s growth and development – how and where the region will accommodate the 1.2 million additional people and 600,000 jobs anticipated by 2040. •  Provides the land use framework to support the delivery of an efficient transportation network, utilities (e.g. water, solid waste and sewage), and community services • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  18. 18. Sustainability Goals •  Conservation •  Development of environmental, economic and social assets • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  19. 19. Environmental Capital •  Environmental areas •  Urban containment •  Travel and air quality • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  20. 20. Economic Capital •  Urban centres •  Industrial areas •  Agriculture •  Efficient, affordable transportation • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  21. 21. Social Assets •  Affordable housing •  Urban centres •  Mobility • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  22. 22. RGS Land Use Designations • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  23. 23. Metro Vancouver’s Drinking Water System • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  24. 24. Metro Vancouver’s Water Supply and Facilities • Coquitlam Watershed • Capilano Watershed • Seymour-Capilano Water Filtration Plant • Seymour Falls Dam & Reservoir • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  25. 25. Metro Vancouver’s Liquid Waste Facilities • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  26. 26. Metro Vancouver’s Liquid Waste Facilities • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  27. 27. Metro Vancouver’s Solid Waste Disposal Facilities • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  28. 28. Metro Vancouver’s Solid Waste Disposal Facilities • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  29. 29. Parks Burnaby Lake Regional Park • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  30. 30. Transportation • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  31. 31. Labour Relations • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  32. 32. Regional Context Statements •  Policy tools intended to link Official Community Plans (of member municipalities) to the Regional Growth Strategy • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  33. 33. Some Challenges •  •  Consensus can be hard to find and maintain Parochial concerns can inhibit the development of regional solutions •  Reluctance of municipalities to delegate or share decisionmaking on new issues at regional level •  Cooperative system vulnerable to internal dissent – necessitates constant attention to local municipal interests •  Time needed to address complex, major issues can lead to questioning of the whole system •  Sometimes difficult to explain and communicate the regional system • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  34. 34. Strengths of Regional Partnership •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Cost effective model Thorough, inclusive approach to decision-making Broad constituency of support – local governments and municipal staff, senior governments, NGOs/ENGOs, First Nations, the general public United front in dealing with senior governments Vehicle to address regional sustainability issues Political leadership – significant contribution towards development of a sustainability-inspired governance model for the region Co-ordination between municipalities Opportunity to learn about best practices • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
  35. 35. Thank You • Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit

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