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Regional Transportation Planning
 

Regional Transportation Planning

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Saskatoon Regional Growth Summit, Henry Devos

Saskatoon Regional Growth Summit, Henry Devos

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    Regional Transportation Planning Regional Transportation Planning Presentation Transcript

    • REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLANNING Henry Devos Expert Advisor, Senior Planning Specialist CIMA+ Follow: @YXERegion #yxesummit
    • Regional Transportation Planning OVERVIEW • Saskatchewan & Saskatoon – Expanding resource-based economy; – Leading growth in population/employment levels; – Expanding urban development; and – Increasing traffic volumes. • Similarities with Alberta’s experience
    • Regional Transportation Planning OVERVIEW • Reference largely to the Alberta Experience – Successes, – Challenges, – Outstanding Issues? • Consider Three Urban Regions – Edmonton Industrial/manufacturing – Calgary Business/financial – Fort McMurray Resource/economic driver
    • Regional Transportation Planning DEFINE THE REGION Zones of Influence around a Major Urban Centre
    • Regional Transportation Planning PLANNING MANDATES • Provincial Level: – Inter-provincial, inter-regional, inter-city travel; • Regional Level: – Inter-municipal travel, between adjoining municipalities in a single region; – Multi-jurisdictional, requires oversight/coordinating body. • Municipal Level: – Local travel, internal to jurisdiction.
    • Regional Transportation Planning PLANNING HORIZONS • Ultimate Stage Plan – Footprint accommodates full build-out based on a long-term regional Population Horizon; – Issue: Many affected stakeholders are skeptical of planning decades ahead. • Interim or Stage 1 Plans – Planning for a shorter time frame to a specific design year can be made with greater confidence. • Growth Management Plans – Help establish consensus around the pace of the expanding footprint to be served by the transportation network.
    • Regional Transportation Planning CORRIDOR IDENTIFICATION • Regional Transportation Infrastructure – Generally requires corridors with little flexibility; – Particularly as regional development progresses. • Early, Long-Term, Planning – Mitigates community and environmental impacts, reduces disruption; – Facilitates land use planning; E.g. Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Nodes. • Regional Transportation Plan is Shared Blueprint – Simplifies the review and approval processes.
    • Regional Transportation Planning TRANSPORTATION MODES • At the Regional Level – Roads (autos, trucks, goods movement), – LRT/Transit, – Rail (goods movement), and – Air. • Active Modes – Although connectivity across the region is desirable, Active Modes generally remain a local planning activity.
    • Regional Transportation Planning SERVICE LEVELS • Define performance goals for the regional transportation facilities; • A hierarchy of road (and transit) systems providing different Levels-of-Service, Design Speeds and Access Management. – Freeways, expressways, collectors and local roads; – LRT, Bus Rapid Transit, Express Bus, local service. • Facilities that increasingly accommodate local travel (short trips), tend to be less efficient, have shorter service lives
    • Regional Transportation Planning TECHNOLOGY • User Fees: – – – – Mileage Based (Highway 407 passing Toronto) Cordon Tolls (Vancouver Area Bridges) Time of Day or Congestion Based Impact on mode choice, route choice, time-of-day • Emerging Vehicle & System Technologies – Autonomous Vehicles – Removing driver behaviour – Connected Vehicles – To smart corridors – Electric Vehicles • Impact on long-term transportation plans and services will vary by location.
    • Regional Transportation Planning THE CAPITAL REGION • 120 km east-west, Wabamun to Lamont • 100 km north-south, Redwater to Millet
    • Regional Transportation Planning CAPITAL REGION • Alberta’s Primary Industrial/Manufacturing Base – Supports the energy sector and Fort McMurray’s oil-sands; – Manufacturing/employment centres are spread throughout the Capital Region. • Employment Distribution – Past 10 years, 7% growth downtown, 20% in suburbs; – One new office tower downtown every decade. • Capital Region Board (CRB) Established in 2008 – Mandated by Province to oversee regional growth management, macro-level transportation planning; – CRB represents 24 municipalities, comprising 5 cities, 5 counties, 11 towns, 3 villages, 1.2 M people
    • Regional Transportation Planning EDMONTON RING ROAD PROVINCE’S HIGHWAY 216 Anthony Henday Drive Constructed in a “Transportation & Utility Corridor” (500m – 800m wide corridor)
    • Regional Transportation Planning CAPITAL REGION NETWORK • Convergence of 10 Provincial Highways – Primary link is Highway 2 to Calgary; – Primary East-West link is Yellowhead Highway 16; – Provincial Ring Road, Anthony Henday Drive; and – Edmonton’s Inner Ring Road. • Edmonton’s LRT network will become regional • Edmonton International Airport – Proposed ‘Port Alberta’, similar to Regina’s Global Transportation Hub. • CN and CP Inter-Modal Yards
    • Regional Transportation Planning CAPITAL REGION NETWORK - ROADS
    • Regional Transportation Planning RING ROAD RATIONALE Rationale for construction of Alberta’s two almost complete Provincial Ring Roads: 1. To restore inter-regional mobility passing the two urban regions; 2. To support travel into and out of the two major urban regions as a destination for long-distance travel; and 3. To assist the two urban regions in restoring efficient transportation systems, i.e. to help them grow.
    • Regional Transportation Planning ALBERTA RING ROADS POPULATION HORIZONS Year 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015 0 10 20 30 40 50 Capital Region Population 375,000 530,000 685,000 775,000 Calgary Region Population 310,000 460,000 650,000 785,000 1,030,000 1,270,000 Years Elapsed 910,000 1,100,000 Ring Road Activity Scoping Planning Property Acquisition Design & Construction  Scoping began when populations levels passed 300,000.  Construction began when population levels reached 750,000.  Nearing completion when population levels passed 1,200,000.
    • Regional EDMONTON LRT CITY OFTransportation Planning
    • Regional Transportation Planning EDMONTON LRT • Recent route planning studies selected corridors through established Edmonton communities – Seen as intrusive in the short-term, controversial; – Transformational in the long-term; new ‘highest & best land uses’ will evolve (TOD). • Classic Hub and Spoke design – Good service to/from downtown and university; – Perhaps less effective for the regional employment centres. • Potential to ultimately extend LRT to several outlying municipalities
    • Regional Transportation Planning CAPITAL REGION PLAN - TRANSIT
    • Regional Transportation Planning REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY OF WOOD BUFFALO (Fort McMurray) Approximately: • 520 km north-south • 240 km east-west
    • Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY • Achieved city status in 1980; • Amalgamated with the surrounding Improvement District in 1995 • Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo (RMWB) is largest municipality in Alberta • 7-8% annual growth for last 10+ years – Has challenged the municipality’s ability to keep pace with infrastructure, including transportation
    • Regional Transportation Planning ATHABASCA OIL SANDS AREA & PROJECTS Approximately 300 km by 200 km
    • Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY (URBAN DEVELOPMENT SUB-REGION) Centered on the confluence of Athabasca and Clearwater Rivers
    • Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY – HIGHWAY 63 • Highway 63 is the municipality’s only North-South corridor • Passes through entire length of Fort McMurray • Connects all neighbourhoods and resource industries • Queues and congestion have been legend at the region’s only river crossing in downtown Fort McMurray • Province is upgrading the highway to urban freeway standards
    • Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY - INDUSTRY • To reduce auto dependency/mitigate congestion, Industry: – Established bus services to the mine sites – Continues to build camps/ lodges near the mine sites, housing 1000’s of staff – Established airfields near the plant sites, flying staff in and out from around the country • Fort McMurray airport is undergoing major expansion • Highly mobile labour force for the high-value resource industries
    • Regional Transportation Planning FORT McMURRAY - PARTNERING • Province and RMWB are developing a corridor management plan for Highway 63 through UDSR • To Support the Expanding Bus Services: – Province is passing legislation permitting designation of special use lanes, Bus/HOV lanes, Bus-on-Shoulder operations, etc. • Province’s Transportation Coordinating Committee includes RMWB and industry representatives • Comprehensive Regional Infrastructure Sustainability Plan (CRISP) jointly developed by provincial agencies, industry and the RMWB
    • Regional Transportation Planning CONCEPTUAL Athabasca Oil Sands Area REGIONAL NETWORK Comprehensive Regional Infrastructure Systems Plan (CRISP) (Long-Term)
    • Regional Transportation Planning CLOSING The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, from a Globe & Mail article, September 26/13: Commuting by car is not easy, and it takes so much time. Why do we not have a public transportation system, which goes ahead of where we’re planning to have new communities? THANK YOU