|1|© 2014 GAIKER Centro Tecnológico
Composite Materials
in Basque Country Science,
Technology & Innovation Network
|2|
Contents
•Introduction to Composite Materials in the Basque Science,
Technology & Innovation Network
•Main Actors & Re...
|3|
BASTIN
|4|
RIS3
|5|
Main Actors & Research
Capabilities
15+ Research Groups
225+ Researchers
70+ PhD
BASTIN
Composite TEAM
|6|
Main Actors & Research
Capabilities
MATERIALS
•Materials selection
•Calculation and design
•Development of
formulation...
|7|
MATERIALS
•Materials selection
•Calculation and design
•Development of formulations
•Nanomaterials
RECYCLING
•Mechanic...
|8|© 2014 GAIKER Centro Tecnológico
ACTIMAT STRATEGIC
RESEARCH 2002 – 2014
|9|
ACTIMAT EVOLUTION 2002 - 2014
2002 – 2010.- ACTIMAT “Materiales Inteligentes, sensores y actuadores aplicados
a estruc...
|10|
ACTIMAT – Actual – Líneas de actuación
ACTIMAT
2013 - 2015
|11|
ACTIMAT – Actual – Resultados
• 2002 - 2010.- ACTIMAT.
“Materiales Inteligentes, Sensores y Actuadores aplicados a Es...
|12|
CONVOCATORIA ETORTEK 2013
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 20202013 2014
Transporte Energía
Industria de la Ciencia
Salud - E...
|13|
RESEARCH PRIORITIES – ACTIMAT 2013-14
Transporte Energía
Focalización = Hacia sectores donde ACTIMAT tenga mayor valo...
|14|
Título actual del Proyecto: Desarrollo de Materiales Inteligentes, Materiales Funcionales y Materiales para
Procesos ...
|15|
COMPOSITE RESEARCH – ACTIMAT 2013-14
Desarrollo de composites termoplásticos (TP).
Gaiker-IK4, Tecnalia, Univ. Mondra...
|16|
Expected Impact 2013-2014
|17|
ACTIMAT BUDGET
ACTIMAT 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Presupuesto
anual total 1.087.661 € 2.618.031 € 3.050.546 € 2.890.219...
|18|
| ERAS BK BT 16 VERSALES MINUSCULAS|
R&D PROJECTS - Cooperative Applied Research and Contract
Research examples
|19|
Coordina MGEP-MU/GAIKER- IK4/ INCAR/CONDEPOLS/ UPC-CCP/ REPSOL YPF/ UNIVERSITAT JAUME I/LABPLAST/VFUS ARMONÍA/ FPK, S...
|20|
FASE 1
Desarrollo de sistemas
de resinas furánicas
FASE 3
Desarrollo, caracterización y análisis
del ciclo de vida de...
|21|
IMPROVED INFUSION TECHNIQUE, USING SILICOM BLANKETS INSTEAD OF VACUUM FILM PRESENT, TO
OBTAIN COMPOSITE PARTS FOR RAI...
|22|
DEVELOPMENT OF PREPREG COMPRESSION MOULDING APPLIED TO AIRCRAFT INSIDE PARTS
Objectives:
 Achieving repeatability in...
|23|
BASF / DEMCON / CENTRO RISERCHE FIAT / LIGHTMOTIF / GAIKER-IK4 / MAIER, S.COOP. / UNIVERSITY OFTWENTE
DEVELOPMENT AND...
|24|
Objectives:
 Long fiber reinforce polypropylene composite, study of properties
 Study of polypropylene core propert...
|25|
MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY OF MOLDS FOR RTM AND INFUSION
Objectives:
 Analyse the manufacturing process of the molds f...
|26|
OPTIMIZATION OF THE FORMULATION AND MANUFACTURING PROCESSFOR CLASS A COMPOSITE
PARTS, TRANSPORT SECTOR
Objectives:
 ...
|27|
DEVELOPMENT OF PREPREGS ADAPTED TO THE CONDITIONS OF LOW TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE
MOLDING
Ignifugated prepeg ( M1/F2)...
|28|
NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY / EADS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH / BOMBARDIER TRANSPORTATION / FLENSBURGER SCHIFFBAU-GESELLSCHAFT MBH & C...
|29|
NETCOMPOSITES LTD / LAVIOSA CHIMICA MANERARIA SPA / GAIKER / YTRON PROCESS TECHNOLOGY GMBH & CO. KG / SCOTT BADER LTD...
|30|
Coordina: ULMA C Y E, S.COOP
Participan: ANGEL RUIZ IBAÑEZ S.A. / ILARDUYA PRODUCTOS DE FUNDICIÓN S.U.L /INSTITUTO DE...
|31|
Proyecto EURECOMP
PROYECTO EUROPEO
Desarrollo de un proceso de solvólisis como solución viable para el reciclado
y la...
RTM
32
Compression RTM
Thermoplastic RTM
High temperature RTM
Fibre Metal Laminates (FML)
33
34
Staübli TX60
Pultrusion + UV curing + Robot
Improvement of large structural parts manufacturing, by operations
automation:
Manufacturing automation
AUTOMATED IMPREGNATION
In-situ impregnation before lay-up
UV CURING
From hours to seconds
Manufacturing automation
DRY GLA...
Traditional approach:
External chip/dust extraction
systems
ASPIRATE approach:
Internal chip/dust extraction
systems
Chip ...
“'High productivity manufacturing process of composite
parts based on zero emissions fast curing coatings and
heated mould...
Thermoplastic Nanocomposites: Nanoparticles functionalization allows to create tailored
properties to be applied in polyme...
TECNALIA- Composites- Representative projects
Basque Country
• INDUSTRIAL programmes:
• AEROSPACE: ATEA-AERO- New generati...
|41|
gracias
thank you
merci
eskerrik asko
gracias
thank you
eskerrik asko
eskerrik asko
gracias
grazie
danke
evgaristó
sp...
|42|© 2014 GAIKER Centro Tecnológico
Annex: Individual Contributions
• GAIKER-ik4
• TECNALIA Research & Innovation
• IK4 R...
|43|© 2014 GAIKER Centro Tecnológico
GAIKER
TECHNOLOGICAL COMPETENCES
PLASTICS AND COMPOSITE MATERIALS
13|05|2014,
|44|
Composite technology
MATERIALS
•Materials selection
•Calculation and design
•Development of
formulations
•Nanomateria...
|45|
MATERIALS : HALOGEN FREE MATERIALS IGNIFUGATION
EXPERTISE
 Development of formulations: thermoplastics and thermoset...
|46|
STRUCTURAL AND LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT.
EXPERTISE:
•Lightweight:
•Thermoset Prepreg formulation and
transfo...
|47|
PROJECTS
POLYFIRE (EU): PROCESSING AND UPSCALING OF FIRE-RESISTANT NANO-FILLED THERMOSETTING POLYESTER RESINS.
FIRE R...
|48|
INFUSION AND RTM
Mould filling simulation
Developments of formulations with polyester
resins, phenolics, furane, vi...
|49|
MANUFACTURING: SMC AND PREPREG
•SMC: A class polyester, good fire behavior, Phenolics,
Furane, Vinylester, carbon fib...
|50|
FILAMENT WINDING AND PULTRUSSION
EXPERTISE:
•Numeric control program definition
•Formulations: polyester resins, phen...
|51|
THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITES COMPRESSION
Expertise:
•Moulding consitions definiton
•PP and glass fiber compression
•Themo...
|52|
ALTERNATIVE CURING EQUIPMENT.
•Promotes composites curing process with
microwaves, with higher mechanical
properties ...
|53|
TESTING: ANALYSIS OF PROPERTIES
PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES
Physical and
mechanical
tests
Universal tool. Traction, compres...
|54|
TESTING: ANALYSIS OF PROPERTIES
PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES
Fire equipment Automotive material combustibility chamber
Flamm...
|55|
PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES
High speed ageing Xenotest 150 S
ATLAS Ci 3000
Intemperimeter: Panel QUV
Conditioning chamber
T...
|56|
COMPONENT DESIGN
• Computer assist design (CAD
2D/3D). NX Program
 Statical Structural calculation of
pieces by fini...
|57|
JOINING TECHNOLOGIES
Expertise:
•Adhesivated union with epoxi,
polyurethane resins, etc.
•Pulyurethane and polyolefin...
|58|
MECHANICAL RECYCLING OF COMPOSITES
Expertise
 Conditioning and characterisation of waste composites
 Separation and...
|59|
CHEMICAL RECYCLING OF COMPOSITES
Expertise
 Chemical treatment of waste composites: novel solvolysis
approaches for ...
|60|
ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF COMPOSITES
Expertise
 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of composites and composite
containing...
|61|
DEVELOPMENT OF MATERIALS
 Thermoset resins systems: reformulation and aditivation, of epoxy, phenolics,
vinilester, ...
|62|
INFUSION
RTM
PREPREG
THERMOSET MATERIALS PROCESSES
|63|
MOLDING PREPREG
PULTRUSION
THERMOSET PROCESSES
|64|
FILAMENT
WINDING
MICROWAVE
CURING
THERMOSET PROCESSES
|65|
SANDWICH
STRUCTURES
THERMOSET PROCESSES
|66|
THERMOPLASTICS
COMPOUNDING
 Commodities (Poliolefines, PVC, styrenic,…)
 Engineering plastics (PC, PA, POM, PBT, …)...
|67|
PROCESSES
THERMOPLASTIC MATERIALS PROCESSES
 Injection (conventional y bi–injection)
 Mini/Micro-injection
 Thermo...
|68|
COATINGS
COATINGS
 Formulation
 Anti scratching
 Self healing
 Hydrophobic
 Antimicrobial
 Antifouling
 Self c...
|69|
PROCESSES FOR COATINGS
Manual
Application
Automated
Application
Rotary
koater
|70|
COMPONENTS DESIGN
 CAD 2D – 3D NX, Ideas…
 Design and development
 Thermal simulation analysis
CALCULATION & DESIG...
|71|
IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS
 Identification (Spectroscopy IR, UV, chromatography…)
 Mechanical...
|72|
MICROSCOPY LABORATORY
 Optical x10 – x400 from 1 micron
 SEM, EDX, 800 nm
 TEM, EDAX, tomography 0.24 nm
 Confoca...
|73|
| BIOTECNOLOGIA|MATERIALS RECYCLING
|74|
MECANICAL RECYCLING
 Waste characterization
 Separation and classification
 Development of products with recycled ...
TECNALIA
Composites
Technologies
Industry &
Transport Division
Content
• Our offer
• Capabilities & Equipment
• R&D lines
• Representative projects
TECNALIA- INSPIRING BUSINESS
• R&D Projects
• Technological Services (Tests, Failure Analysis,
Quality Audits, etc.)
• Eng...
TECNALIA- Composites- Our offer
DESIGN &
SIMULATION
MATERIALS
MANUFACT.
PROCESSES
AUTOMATION
PROTOTIPING
V & V
RECYCLING
C...
• For Manufacturing: Plastics and Organic Composites Pilot Plant &
Composites/ Adhesives Labs. Main processes:
• For Desig...
TECNALIA- Composites- R&D lines
Industrial Sectors Covered
• Main focus: Transport- Aerospace, Automotive, Railway
• Other...
1. Advanced materials & structures:
• New Out-of-Autoclave materials & fast curing systems
• Advanced integrated structure...
2. Manufacturing Technologies. Main focus: Out-of-Autoclave
• Industrialization and optimization of thermoset moulding pro...
3. Other Manufacturing Processes
• Machining, drilling, trimming : Tool optimization, adaptive control, new cooling
system...
Technological competences
Plastic & composites materials
Inspection & Quality Control
Testing & Characterisation
Lifetime Monitoring
Processing &
Manufacturing
Materials
Recycling...
Materials expertise
• FORMULATION
• SMART MATERIALS
• NANOMATERIALS
• FIBER/MATRIX INTERPHASE
• BIOMATERIALS
• PLASTIC ELE...
TECHNIQUES
APPLICATIONS
FORMULATION
FIBER-MATRIX INTERPHASE
SMART MATERIALS
NANOMATERIALS
BIOMATERIALS
PLASTIC ELECTRONICS...
►FORMULATION
DEVELOPMENT OF FORMULATIONS
Thermoplastics and thermoset resins systems, lightweight and with high properties...
► SMART MATERIALS
DEVELOPMENT OF MATERIALS FOR COMFORT AND PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SECURITY
IMPROVEMENT
• High impact absorptio...
► NANOMATERIALS
SYNTHESIS OF NANOADDITIVES
Synthesis and characterization of nanoparticles (metallic, ceramic and carbonac...
► FIBER/MATRIX INTERPHASE
SURFACE TREATMENTS
Of natural or synthetic fibers by chemical methods (esterification, alkylatio...
► BIOMATERIALS (I)
BIOCOMPOSITES
Development of new resins by changing reactives ratio, replacing reactives by bio resins....
► BIOMATERIALS (II)
BIOPOLYMERS
Synthesis of a wide variety of tailor made biocompatible polymers, as well as strong exper...
► PLASTIC ELECTRONICS
ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS
Taylor-made design of polymers to be applied in the manufacturing of biosens...
Manufacturing techniques
Long fiber:
•RTM
•VMI
•Prepregging
•Pultrussion
•Compression
•Thermoconforming
•FW
Chopper fiber:...
INFUSION & RTM
• Mould filling simulation
• Developments of formulations with polyester resins, phenolics, furane,
vinyles...
FILAMENT WINDING & PULTRUSSION
• Numeric control program definition
• Formulations: polyester resins, phenolics, furane, e...
► MANUFACTURING: CHOPPED FIBER
PROJECTION
•…….
THERMOPLASTIC INJECTION
•…….
EXTRUSION
•…….
Processing & Manufacturing expe...
► MANUFACTURING: CUSTOMIZED PROCESSES
AUTOMATED MANUFACTURING
• New tools and machines to improve the composites manufactu...
MACHINING
• Conventional machining processes: drilling, turning, milling, grinding, punching and
trimming.
• New technolog...
AESTHETICAL AND FUNCTIONAL FINISHED SURFACES
• Electrodeposition of metals on insulating substrates, (polymers, ceramics, ...
CURE KINETIC ANALYSIS
On-line monitoring during the process
CURING PROCESS BY MICROWAVES
With higher mechanical properties...
MECHANICAL JOINTS
− Mechanical joints design based on bolted joints with inserts, linkages, …
BONDING
− Adhesive joint wit...
MATERIALS DESIGN
Selection of materials depending on required properties for final composite application.
COMPONENT DESIGN...
PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES
Physical and
mechanical
tests
Universal tool. Traction, compression (10 T), flexion (14 T)
Universal...
PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES
Packing and
packaging tests
Micrometer
Eclatometer
Rigidimeter
SKYE
Thermoseller
Thermal and reologi...
PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES
Fire equipment Automotive material combustibility chamber
Flammability tests (horizontal and vertica...
PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES
High speed ageing Xenotest 150 S
ATLAS Ci 3000
Intemperimeter: Panel QUV
Conditioning chamber
TABER ...
INSPECTION
• Finished parts inspection to detect internal defects in composite materials (delamination,
irregularities, ho...
WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
• Unattended networks: design, development, deployment of proppietary protocols including
smart t...
MECHANICAL
• Conditioning and characterisation of waste composites
• Separation and sorting of fibres and other valuable f...
ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF COMPOSITES
• Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of composites and composite containing parts, assembl...
EXPERTISE
Process set-up (experimental and simulation) and prototypes
manufactured by RTM, Forming, Pultrusion
Lightweight...
RESEARCH PRIORITIES
114
DEVELOPMENTOFCOMPOSITE-INTENSIVEPRIMARYSTRUCTURES
THATMEETWEIGHT,COSTANDPRODUCTIONRATEREQUIREMENTS...
115
RTM
Compression RTM
Thermoplastic RTM
High temperature RTM
Fibre Metal Laminates (FML)
116
117
Staübli TX60
Pultrusion + UV curing + Robot
118
LIQUID COMPOSITE MOULDING
119
COMPOSITE CHARACTERIZATION
Physic (density, fibre %)
Defectology (porosity, delamination, dry zones): SEM, C-Scan
Mech...
Research Institute devoted to University-industry
relationships in the field of polymers
Main activities
Fundamental inves...
Interdisciplinary research covering polymer synthesis and polymer
reaction engineering, rheology, polymer processing, anal...
Polymerization in Dispersed Media
1. Polymer-polymer hybrid systems
1. Alkyd-acrylics (coatings)
2. Silicone-acrylics (coa...
Polymer Science
Polyurethane nanocomposites
Polymer solution electrospinning
Transport of gases and vapours in polymers...
Rheology
Synthesis and
Polymerization
Microstructure
Chain architecture
End-use
properties
RHEOLOGY Processing
Research li...
Polymer Processing
Main Research Interest:
Processing-Structure-Properties relationships in polymeric
materials
Final prop...
Innovacion en materiales composites del país vasco  edorta larrauri. gaiker-ik4
Innovacion en materiales composites del país vasco  edorta larrauri. gaiker-ik4
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Innovacion en materiales composites del país vasco edorta larrauri. gaiker-ik4

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Jornada: Oportunidades en el sector de materiales composites canadiense.
Innovación en Materiales Composites en el País Vasco, por parte de Edorta Larrauri, Director adjunto de GAIKER-IK4.
Fecha: 13/05/2014
Lugar: Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Bizkaia.

SPRI, en colaboración con la Embajada de Canadá, Hegan, Gaiker y el Parque Tecnológico de Alava, promueven esta jornada que permitirá profundizar en las oportunidades del sector de composites en Canadá, los programas hispano canadienses de colaboración en I+D existentes, el potencial innovador de Euskadi y ejemplos de éxito de la empresa vasca en este sector.

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Innovacion en materiales composites del país vasco edorta larrauri. gaiker-ik4

  1. 1. |1|© 2014 GAIKER Centro Tecnológico Composite Materials in Basque Country Science, Technology & Innovation Network
  2. 2. |2| Contents •Introduction to Composite Materials in the Basque Science, Technology & Innovation Network •Main Actors & Research Capabilities •ACTIMAT Strategic Research Project •Cooperative Applied Research and Contract Research examples
  3. 3. |3| BASTIN
  4. 4. |4| RIS3
  5. 5. |5| Main Actors & Research Capabilities 15+ Research Groups 225+ Researchers 70+ PhD BASTIN Composite TEAM
  6. 6. |6| Main Actors & Research Capabilities MATERIALS •Materials selection •Calculation and design •Development of formulations •Nanomaterials RECYCLING •Mechanical recycling •Pyrolisys and solvolysis •Life cycle analysis CHARACTERISATIO N •Physical and mechanical •Finished surfaces and functionalization •Fire characterization PROCESSING •Variables definition •Prototypes and demonstrators •Alternative curing process (UV, MW) DESIGN & SIMULATION MATERIALS MANUFACT. PROCESSES AUTOMATION PROTOTIPING V & V RECYCLING Inspection & Quality Control Testing & Characterisation Lifetime Monitoring Processing & Manufacturing Materials Recycling 2012 RTM Plasticity and fracture CRTM Damage (Characterisation, simulation) TP-RTM Forming of composites (FML, SRC, TP composites...) UV curing applied to Pultrusion ATL, FW Intelligent lightweight design Sustainability Recycling Ecocomposites (natural fibres, renewable resins, biodegradable…)
  7. 7. |7| MATERIALS •Materials selection •Calculation and design •Development of formulations •Nanomaterials RECYCLING •Mechanical recycling •Pyrolisys and solvolysis •Life cycle analysis CHARACTERISATION •Physical and mechanical •Finished surfaces and functionalization •Fire characterization PROCESSING •Variables definition •Prototypes and demonstrators •Alternative curing process (UV, MW) Inspection & Quality Control Testing & Characterisation Lifetime Monitoring Processing & Manufacturing Materials Recycling 2012 RTM Plasticity and fracture CRTM Damage (Characterisation, simulation) TP-RTM Forming of composites (FML, SRC, TP composites...) UV curing applied to Pultrusion ATL, FW Intelligent lightweight design Sustainability Recycling Ecocomposites (natural fibres, renewable resins, biodegradable…) Main Actors & Research Capabilities DESIGN & SIMULATION MATERIALS MANUFACT. PROCESSES AUTOMATION PROTOTIPING V & V RECYCLING
  8. 8. |8|© 2014 GAIKER Centro Tecnológico ACTIMAT STRATEGIC RESEARCH 2002 – 2014
  9. 9. |9| ACTIMAT EVOLUTION 2002 - 2014 2002 – 2010.- ACTIMAT “Materiales Inteligentes, sensores y actuadores aplicados a estructuras y procesos inteligentes”. Centrado en smart materials, contempla sus aplicaciones en composites:  Health Monitoring Structures  Amortiguación de vibraciones en estructuras de composite.  Monitorización del curado.  Smart composites. 2010 - 2012.- ACTIMAT “Nuevos Materiales Estratégicos; inteligentes, funcionales y compounds especiales”. Se eliminan procesos, se abre a todo tipo de materiales estratégicos, Proyecto de Materiales.
  10. 10. |10| ACTIMAT – Actual – Líneas de actuación ACTIMAT 2013 - 2015
  11. 11. |11| ACTIMAT – Actual – Resultados • 2002 - 2010.- ACTIMAT. “Materiales Inteligentes, Sensores y Actuadores aplicados a Estructuras y Procesos Inteligentes”. 2008 - 2010 Participantes: 2002 2004 2005 2007 2008 2010 Total % Cumplimi ento IND -1 Tesis Publicadas 11 6 20 12 29 22 60 40 66,67 IND-2 Artículos publicados en revistas clasificadas 30 73 66 107 100 130 196 310 158,16 IND-3 Artículos publicados en otras revistas 20 18 34 13 40 22 94 53 56,38 IND-4 Presentaciones en conferencias y Congresos 30 84 66 136 107 126 203 346 170,44 IND-5 Patentes Registradas 12 5 14 11 18,5 13 44,5 29 65,17 IND-6 Acuerdos de colaboración internacionales 19 15 24 30 24 17 67 62 92,54 IND-7 Nº Total esperado de propuestas europeas 32 18 32 18 56,25 IND-8 Investigadores vascos formados (alto nivel) 11 20 11 20 181,82 IND-9 Investigadores vascos formados (tradicional) 40 36 33 21 36 37 109 94 86,24 IND-10 Nº de investigadores internacinales captados 3 2 3 2 66,67 EC-1 Nº esperado de nuevas empresas resultado 3 0 1 0 6 1 10 1 10,00 EC-2 Nº de empresas interesadas 68 51 68 51 75,00 SOC-1 Nº total empleos directos generados en I+D 13 8 11 14 24,5 15 48,5 37 76,29 SOC-2 Nº total otros empleos directos generados 13 0 2 0 11 3,5 26 3,5 13,46 Previsto Realizado
  12. 12. |12| CONVOCATORIA ETORTEK 2013 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 20202013 2014 Transporte Energía Industria de la Ciencia Salud - Envejecimiento Construcción Maquinaria MetalúrgicoÁrea 1. Desarrollo de Materiales Inteligentes 1.1.- Ópticos, electro y magnetoactivos 1.2.- Memoria de Forma 1.3.- Superficies Inteligentes o multifuncionales Área 2 Desarrollo de Materiales Funcionales 2.1.- Composites laminados de altas prestaciones 2.2.- Materiales para condiciones críticas 2.3.- Polímeros renovables Área 3. Desarrollo de materiales para Procesos Avanzados 3.1.- Materiales con curado y calentamiento alternativo. 3.2.- Materiales electrohilados. 3.3.- Materiales para la industria de la ciencia. 9 líneas y 20 sublíneas 6 líneas y 12 sublíneas ETORTEK 2013 Sectores ? ? líneas y ? sublíneas ETORTEK 2015 ETORTEK 2018 SECTORES LINEASDEINVESTIGACIÓN
  13. 13. |13| RESEARCH PRIORITIES – ACTIMAT 2013-14 Transporte Energía Focalización = Hacia sectores donde ACTIMAT tenga mayor valor. - Mayores capacidades de los socios ACTIMAT - Colaboración - Impacto industrial 9 líneas y 19 sublíneas ACTIMAT 2013 12 líneas y 54 sublíneas ACTIMAT 2012 1. Las sublíneas para Transporte y Energía • Mayor definición orientada hacia una máxima colaboración. • Definir hasta donde se va a llegar en cada línea. • Tarea horizontal de ensayos singulares. • Mapa de Infraestructuras. Equipamiento especial en común. 2. Nueva gestión para asegurar objetivos 2015 • Tarea de Contraste Industrial – Empresas Singulares - GOVA • Poner en valor los resultados de ACTIMAT. Que se aprecie el resultado en el 2015
  14. 14. |14| Título actual del Proyecto: Desarrollo de Materiales Inteligentes, Materiales Funcionales y Materiales para Procesos Avanzados – ACTIMAT, 2013 – 2014. Área Línea Sublínea Área 1 Desarrollo de Materiales Inteligentes 1.1.- Ópticos, electro y magnetoactivos 1.1.1.- Materiales con propiedades Quimo y electro- Ópticas. 1.1.2.- Magnetoreológicos 1.1.3. - Piezoeléctricos y laminados magnetoeléctricos 1.3.- Superficies Inteligentes o multifuncionales 1.3.2.- Materiales activos en película delgada. 1.3.3.- Recubrimientos funcionales Área 2 Desarrollo de Materiales Funcionales 2.1.- Composites laminados de altas prestaciones 2.1.1.- Desarrollo de composites termoplásticos (TP) 2.1.2.- Caracterización singular de composites. 2.2.- Materiales para condiciones críticas 2.2.1 Aleaciones especiales para altas temperaturas 2.2.3.- Materiales para unión 2.3.- Polímeros renovables 2.3.1.- Biocomposites Área 3 Desarrollo de materiales para Procesos Avanzados 3.1.- Materiales con curado y calentamiento alternativo. 3.1.1.- Desarrollo de materiales para el curado y calentamiento con UV y MW 3.2.- Materiales para electrohilados. 3.2.1.- Filtros funcionales Los materiales composites se identifican actualmente en ACTIMAT en las siguientes líneas: RESEARCH PRIORITIES ACTIMAT 2013 - 2014
  15. 15. |15| COMPOSITE RESEARCH – ACTIMAT 2013-14 Desarrollo de composites termoplásticos (TP). Gaiker-IK4, Tecnalia, Univ. Mondragón  Desarrollo de composite laminado a partir de compactación de fibra y velos.  Composites textiles y tapes TP vía fundido, reactiva (ROP) y autoreforzados.  Desarrollo de composites híbridos: mediante la combinación de laminados termoplásticos laminados fibra/metal (FML). Caracterización singular de composites. CTA, IK4 – Ikerlan  Caracterización de las prestaciones mecánicas, impacto, adhesión interlaminar y fuego. Materiales con curado y calentamiento alternativo. Univ. Mondragón, Gaiker-IK4, IK4-Tekniker  Materiales para curado ultravioleta (UV).  Materiales poliméricos con curado y calentamiento con microondas (MW)  Estudio comparativo de materiales para curado UV y MW
  16. 16. |16| Expected Impact 2013-2014
  17. 17. |17| ACTIMAT BUDGET ACTIMAT 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Presupuesto anual total 1.087.661 € 2.618.031 € 3.050.546 € 2.890.219 € 3.773.961 € Subvención concedida total 390.366 € 699.218 € 862.831 € 886.503 € 1.076.159 € ACTIMAT 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total Presupuesto anual total 3.213.513 € 3.788.769 € 4.222.878 € 4.342.670 € 28.988.248 € Subvención concedida total 1.035.746 € 755.215 € 543.237 € 587.824 € 6.837.099 €
  18. 18. |18| | ERAS BK BT 16 VERSALES MINUSCULAS| R&D PROJECTS - Cooperative Applied Research and Contract Research examples
  19. 19. |19| Coordina MGEP-MU/GAIKER- IK4/ INCAR/CONDEPOLS/ UPC-CCP/ REPSOL YPF/ UNIVERSITAT JAUME I/LABPLAST/VFUS ARMONÍA/ FPK, S.A/ETSI-UP/ TEAMS /FIDAMC/EASY INDUSTRIAL SOLUTION, S.A/PSA PEUGEOT CITROËN/CTAG/AICIA/GRUPO UNIOVI /SERNAUTO Objectives:  Reduction of the environmental impact of cars.  Structural lightening based on low cost carbon composites  Safe and comfort LIGHTCARBONCAR R&D
  20. 20. |20| FASE 1 Desarrollo de sistemas de resinas furánicas FASE 3 Desarrollo, caracterización y análisis del ciclo de vida de los eco-composites FASE 2 Selección y tratamiento de fibras y nanofibras naturales Sistemas de Resinas Furánicas con Polimerización a alta temperatura Sistemas de Resinas Furánicas con Polimerización a temperatura ambiente Selección del tipo y formato de fibra adecuado para el proceso de transformación y las máximas prestaciones Desarrollo de nanofibras naturales para el refuerzo de eco- compoites VALIDACIÓN DE ECO-COMPOSITES COMPOSITES FROM RESINS AND REINFORCEMENTS FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES. Fibras naturales Fibras de madera Fibra virgen Fibras recicladas - Maderas duras y blandas - Fibras de papel de periódico -Fibras de pastas - ………. Fibras naturales no procedentes de la madera Paja/Cereal Fibras de: - Arroz -Trigo - Maíz -…… Proc. corteza de plantas -Kenaf -Lino -Yute -Cáñamo - …….. Proc. hojas -Sisal -Henequén -……….. Proc. Semillas/fruta -Algodón -Coco -……….. Fibras de hierba -Fibras de bambú - …….. Fibras naturales Fibras de madera Fibra virgen Fibras recicladas - Maderas duras y blandas - Fibras de papel de periódico -Fibras de pastas - ………. Fibras naturales no procedentes de la madera Paja/Cereal Fibras de: - Arroz -Trigo - Maíz -…… Proc. corteza de plantas -Kenaf -Lino -Yute -Cáñamo - …….. Proc. hojas -Sisal -Henequén -……….. Proc. Semillas/fruta -Algodón -Coco -……….. Fibras de hierba -Fibras de bambú - …….. + Resina Furánica Desarrollo de Eco- composites Caracterización de Eco-composites R&D 3Rs
  21. 21. |21| IMPROVED INFUSION TECHNIQUE, USING SILICOM BLANKETS INSTEAD OF VACUUM FILM PRESENT, TO OBTAIN COMPOSITE PARTS FOR RAILWAY Objectives:  Improve the infusion technique in order to reduce costs due to the manual process and high rejection.  Use silicon blankets instead of vacuum films, so they act as a countermould and it is possible to reuse. INFUSION TECHNOLOGY FOR PROCESSING OF A TRAIN HEADWALL INFUSIL R&D
  22. 22. |22| DEVELOPMENT OF PREPREG COMPRESSION MOULDING APPLIED TO AIRCRAFT INSIDE PARTS Objectives:  Achieving repeatability in geometries: curvatures and radii  Improved surface finishing  Process out of autoclave to reduce cycle time  Applying decorative finishes R&D
  23. 23. |23| BASF / DEMCON / CENTRO RISERCHE FIAT / LIGHTMOTIF / GAIKER-IK4 / MAIER, S.COOP. / UNIVERSITY OFTWENTE DEVELOPMENT AND INDUSTRIALIZATION OF HYDROPHOBIC SURFACES NANOCOMPOSITES AND NANOSTRUCTURED MOULDS COMBINED WITH THERMOPLASTICS. R&D NANOCLEAN
  24. 24. |24| Objectives:  Long fiber reinforce polypropylene composite, study of properties  Study of polypropylene core properties  Design and development of structural parts  Validation and test of final parts R&D DEVELOPMENT OF PANELS AND PARTS IN COMPOSITE
  25. 25. |25| MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY OF MOLDS FOR RTM AND INFUSION Objectives:  Analyse the manufacturing process of the molds for RTM and Infusion process, looking for the best finished surfaces, surface tolerance…  Obtain lower quality parts, reduce manufaturing costs, reduce cycle time. Polymeric matrix mold, moldable high performance Molds obtained by aluminium casting Thermoplastic mould,s machinable Molds obtained by electroposition or projection on model Metal mold, of low melting point for machining R&D MOLRTM
  26. 26. |26| OPTIMIZATION OF THE FORMULATION AND MANUFACTURING PROCESSFOR CLASS A COMPOSITE PARTS, TRANSPORT SECTOR Objectives:  Improved surface quality of parts manufactured by Compression processes.  Decrease of the rejection Composite parts manufactured MATERIALS R&D
  27. 27. |27| DEVELOPMENT OF PREPREGS ADAPTED TO THE CONDITIONS OF LOW TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE MOLDING Ignifugated prepeg ( M1/F2) Composite moulds Final part (hide and not hiden face ) Polikea.S.A. PREPREG R&D
  28. 28. |28| NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY / EADS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH / BOMBARDIER TRANSPORTATION / FLENSBURGER SCHIFFBAU-GESELLSCHAFT MBH & CO. KG / GERMANISCHER LLOYD / ADVANCED COMPOSITES GROUP / AMORIM CORK COMPOSITES / TRANSFURANS CHEMICAL / ANTHONY, PATRICK AND MURTA EXPORTACAO LDA / APC COMPOSITE / BALANCE TECHNOLOGY CONSULTING / PROPLAST / GAIKER / INSTITUT NATIONAL DES CIENCES APPLIQUEES DE LYON / SP SVERIGES TEKNISA FORSKNINGSINSTITUT AB / SWEREA SICOMP / VTT TECHNICAL RESERACH CENTRE OF FINLAND Proyecto FIRE-RESIST VII FP / Large-scale integrating Collaborative Project PARTNERS Proyectos Europeos Desarrollo de novedosos materiales composites de matriz polimérica de alta tecnología que establezcan mejoras en el comportamiento al fuego. El proyecto consta de 5 paquetes de trabajo relacionados con materiales en el que Gaiker lidera la temática composites de matriz furánica altamente carbonizables, amigables con el medioambiente al ser obtenidos de fuentes naturales. |PROYECTOS I+D+I|
  29. 29. |29| NETCOMPOSITES LTD / LAVIOSA CHIMICA MANERARIA SPA / GAIKER / YTRON PROCESS TECHNOLOGY GMBH & CO. KG / SCOTT BADER LTD / IRIS VERNICI S.R.L. / APC COMPOSIT AB / DR. TRITZSCH FIRE AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION SERVICE / SHEFFIELD HALLAM UNIVERSITY / LEIA / PROCOAT Proyecto POLYFIRE VII FP / Small or medium-scale focused Collaborative Project PARTNERS Proyectos Europeos Desarrollo de técnicas para procesado de materiales con nanocomposites retardantes y coatings libres de halógenos, basado en poliéster insaturado y nanoarcillas para los sectores de la construcción, ferroviario y marítimo, donde el peso y el comportamiento ante el fuego son factores clave. |PROYECTOS I+D+I|
  30. 30. |30| Coordina: ULMA C Y E, S.COOP Participan: ANGEL RUIZ IBAÑEZ S.A. / ILARDUYA PRODUCTOS DE FUNDICIÓN S.U.L /INSTITUTO DE CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGÍA DE LOS POLÍMEROS (CSIC)/ GAIKER-IK4 / FIBER PROFIL S.L./LABORATORIO DE QUÍMICA MACROMOLECULAR UPV/EHU Proyecto ECOPUL PROYECTO TRACTOR, Ministerio de Industria , Turismo y Comercio, 2007 - 2008 “Desarrollo de la tecnología de pultrusión de ecoperfiles para construcción basados en materias primas provenientes de fuentes renovables “ SOCIOS |PROYECTOS I+D+I| Diseño de formulaciones novedosas en base resinas furánicas, mejoradas con refuerzos naturales con el fin de cumplir con las especificaciones técnicas de los componentes a fabricar mediante el proceso de pultrusión, para el sector de la construcción.
  31. 31. |31| Proyecto EURECOMP PROYECTO EUROPEO Desarrollo de un proceso de solvólisis como solución viable para el reciclado y la reutilización de materiales compuestos en aplicaciones de sistemas de transporte de superficie. BPF (BRITISH PLASTIC FEDERATION) / ECRC / GAIKER-IK4 / ICAM NANTES / MIXT / COMPOSITES RECYCLABLES / OMNIUM AUTO EXTERIOR / SACMO / UNIVERSITÉ D’EXETER / UNIVERSITÉ DE BRISTOL / UNIVERSITÉ DE LIMERICK / URIARTE SAFYBOX VOLVO TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION / XIETONG AUTOMOBILE ACCESSORY SOCIOS |PROYECTOS I+D+I|
  32. 32. RTM 32 Compression RTM Thermoplastic RTM High temperature RTM
  33. 33. Fibre Metal Laminates (FML) 33
  34. 34. 34 Staübli TX60 Pultrusion + UV curing + Robot
  35. 35. Improvement of large structural parts manufacturing, by operations automation: Manufacturing automation
  36. 36. AUTOMATED IMPREGNATION In-situ impregnation before lay-up UV CURING From hours to seconds Manufacturing automation DRY GLASS FIBER IMPREGNATED AND CURED COMPOSITE IMPREGNATING DEVICE CURING AND COMPACTION DEVICE
  37. 37. Traditional approach: External chip/dust extraction systems ASPIRATE approach: Internal chip/dust extraction systems Chip – dust extraction machining Manufacturing automation
  38. 38. “'High productivity manufacturing process of composite parts based on zero emissions fast curing coatings and heated moulds” (Contract : FOF-NMP-2013-10-609203) The Ecogel Cronos project will look to develop an innovative ecological coating for composites parts in order to help eliminate styrene emissions from the workplace. The concept is to establish a powder gel coat suitable for use in the Resin-Transfer Moulding (RTM) process. The project will develop: • Fast curing “zero Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) emissions” via the development of new powder gel coats. • Electrically conductive hot-skin-mould technologies based on laminates of carbon fibre suitable for powder coating process. Two automotive case studies will be used to demonstrate the advantages of the new technologies developed in the project. In addition, a fully automated process will be proposed to drastically improve the current production speed.
  39. 39. Thermoplastic Nanocomposites: Nanoparticles functionalization allows to create tailored properties to be applied in polymer nanocomposites with added value technical futures. Fire retardant nanocomposites Graphene based nanocomposites: mechanical and gas barrier properties. SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONALIZATION OF NANOMATERIALS 400nm Functionalized NpHO-Np: TiO2, SiO2, ZrO2,CeO2, Diamond, Graphene R-Si-X3 R-Si-O- •COMPOUNDING •INJECTION MOULDING APPLICATIONS Low friction and wear nanocomposites AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY Anti-scratch propertiesPrivate projects: •NANO4CAR-Basque Government funding. •AUTONANO- National Government funding.
  40. 40. TECNALIA- Composites- Representative projects Basque Country • INDUSTRIAL programmes: • AEROSPACE: ATEA-AERO- New generation of landing gear doors for future single aisle aircrafts. Industrial Leader: Fibertecnic (Aernnova Group) • RAILWAY: ESTAVRIL- New Generation of Lightweight Composite Coaches for High Speed Trains. Industrial Leader: Talgo • AUTOMOTIVE: Superlightweight components with hybrid structures for zero emmisions future cars. • ETORTEK programme- ACTIMAT. Enabling technologies development European FP7 Programme - Spanish leader for Participation as partner in Clean Sky and other Funding Programmes. Extensive list of representative projects for composite development in Transport, NMP, FoF, Space and Clean Sky programmes, in collaboration with OEMs, Tier 1, Tier 2, raw material providers, etc…
  41. 41. |41| gracias thank you merci eskerrik asko gracias thank you eskerrik asko eskerrik asko gracias grazie danke evgaristó spaisíva arigatoShokrán cám òn qúi vi rhât Xié Xie bedankt moltes gràcies khrap go raibh maith agaibh matu suksama ありがとうございます 谢谢 ‫شكرا‬ Parque Tecnológico de Bizkaia, Edificio 202 48170 Zamudio | Bizkaia | Spain T. 0034 94 6002323 mark@gaiker.es | www.gaiker.es Edorta Larrauri Director Adjunto e-mail : larrauri@gaiker.es
  42. 42. |42|© 2014 GAIKER Centro Tecnológico Annex: Individual Contributions • GAIKER-ik4 • TECNALIA Research & Innovation • IK4 Research Alliance • MU – MGEP • POLYMAT
  43. 43. |43|© 2014 GAIKER Centro Tecnológico GAIKER TECHNOLOGICAL COMPETENCES PLASTICS AND COMPOSITE MATERIALS 13|05|2014,
  44. 44. |44| Composite technology MATERIALS •Materials selection •Calculation and design •Development of formulations •Nanomaterials RECYCLING •Mechanical recycling •Pyrolisys and solvolysis •Life cycle analysis CHARACTERISATION •Physical and mechanical •Finished surfaces and functionalization •Fire characterization PROCESSING •Variables definition •Prototypes and demonstrators •Alternative curing process (UV, MW)
  45. 45. |45| MATERIALS : HALOGEN FREE MATERIALS IGNIFUGATION EXPERTISE  Development of formulations: thermoplastics and thermoset resins systems  Development of new lightweight polymers from natural sources, to achieve a step beyond the start of the art in fire behavior for transport industry  processing development (at industrial scale) of fire retardant composites and halogen free coats, based on polyester and nanoparticles.  Fire characterization, according to construction, rail and maritime sectors regulations POLYFIRE (EU): PROCESSING AND UPSCALING OF FIRE-RESISTANT NANO-FILLED THERMOSETTING POLYESTER RESINS. FIRE RESIST (EU). DEVELOPING NOVEL FIRE-RESISTANT HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPOSITES
  46. 46. |46| STRUCTURAL AND LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT. EXPERTISE: •Lightweight: •Thermoset Prepreg formulation and transformation. •Thermoplastic composite •Prototypes fabrication with vacuum and infusion •Sandwich thermoset and thermoplastic structures development •Physical and mechanical characterization LIGHTCARBONCARS (AGE): REDUCCIÓN DEL IMPACTO AMBIENTAL DE AUTOMOVILES MEDIANTE EL ALIGERAMIENTO ESTRUCTURAL BASADO EN COMPOSITES DE CARBONO DE BAJO COSTE, SIN COMPROMETER LA SEGURIDAD Y EL CONFORT
  47. 47. |47| PROJECTS POLYFIRE (EU): PROCESSING AND UPSCALING OF FIRE-RESISTANT NANO-FILLED THERMOSETTING POLYESTER RESINS. FIRE RESIST (EU). DEVELOPING NOVEL FIRE-RESISTANT HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPOSITES COMPOSITE PROCESSING •Hand lay up •Projection •RTM •Vacuum molding/Infusion •Filament winding •Pultrussion •SMC/BMC •Compression •Resin Transfer Molding
  48. 48. |48| INFUSION AND RTM Mould filling simulation Developments of formulations with polyester resins, phenolics, furane, vinylester and epoxy. Processing variables optimization Prototypes and demonstrators fabrication Expertise LIGHTCARBONCARS (AGE): REDUCCIÓN DEL IMPACTO AMBIENTAL DE AUTOMOVILES MEDIANTE EL ALIGERAMIENTO ESTRUCTURAL BASADO EN COMPOSITES DE CARBONO DE BAJO COSTE, SIN COMPROMETER LA SEGURIDAD Y EL CONFORT
  49. 49. |49| MANUFACTURING: SMC AND PREPREG •SMC: A class polyester, good fire behavior, Phenolics, Furane, Vinylester, carbon fiber… •Prepregging : Vacuum and/or compression Expertise LIGHTCARBONCARS (AGE): REDUCCIÓN DEL IMPACTO AMBIENTAL DE AUTOMOVILES MEDIANTE EL ALIGERAMIENTO ESTRUCTURAL BASADO EN COMPOSITES DE CARBONO DE BAJO COSTE, SIN COMPROMETER LA SEGURIDAD Y EL CONFORT
  50. 50. |50| FILAMENT WINDING AND PULTRUSSION EXPERTISE: •Numeric control program definition •Formulations: polyester resins, phenolics, furane, epoxy, vinylester. Glass and carbon reinforcements •Prototypes fabrication •Hydrostatic tests •Fire retardant formulations •Thermoplastic profiles •Ecoprofiles LIGHTCARBONCARS (AGE): REDUCCIÓN DEL IMPACTO AMBIENTAL DE AUTOMOVILES MEDIANTE EL ALIGERAMIENTO ESTRUCTURAL BASADO EN COMPOSITES DE CARBONO DE BAJO COSTE, SIN COMPROMETER LA SEGURIDAD Y EL CONFORT
  51. 51. |51| THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITES COMPRESSION Expertise: •Moulding consitions definiton •PP and glass fiber compression •Themoplastic tapes moulding •Vaccum moulding ADAPTA (CENIT): TECNOLOGIAS DE FUNCIONES DE SISTEMAS DE PROTECCION INTEGRALES, INTELIGENTES Y ADAPTATIVOS
  52. 52. |52| ALTERNATIVE CURING EQUIPMENT. •Promotes composites curing process with microwaves, with higher mechanical properties due to the homogenous heating Energetic costs reduction against current technologies (autoclave) and processing costs HORNO MICROONDAS HEPHAISTOS VHM100/100 (VOTSCH)
  53. 53. |53| TESTING: ANALYSIS OF PROPERTIES PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES Physical and mechanical tests Universal tool. Traction, compression (10 T), flexion (14 T) Universal tests tool 5 KN, 500N y 50 N Servo hydraulic equipment for dynamic tests (10 T) Fatigue Traction impact: Charpy. Izod Barcol durometer - Shore A , D durometer. Colorimeter Brightmeter Acoustic emission equipment Karl – Fischer automatic valuator Erischen tester Pendulum Persoz y Köning Coat characterization: Impact, dry time, flexibility.
  54. 54. |54| TESTING: ANALYSIS OF PROPERTIES PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES Fire equipment Automotive material combustibility chamber Flammability tests ( Inflamabilidad (horizontal and vertical) Oxigen index Epiradiator Electric burner Radiant panel Dripping Flame propagation velocity Calibrators NBS chamber Smoke combustion analisys Tubular owen M0 equipment Little burner SBI Pump calorimeter Floor radiant panel Calorimetric cone
  55. 55. |55| PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES High speed ageing Xenotest 150 S ATLAS Ci 3000 Intemperimeter: Panel QUV Conditioning chamber TABER abrasion Espectroscopy analysis Fourier transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Near Infrared spectroscopy (NIR) UV-VIS spectroscopy Microscopic techniques Optical microscopy and microphotography Picture analizer AFM SEM TEM Electrical testing Lowe and high resitances, Transversal resistivity and surfaces resistivity, conductivity. TESTING: ANALYSIS OF PROPERTIES
  56. 56. |56| COMPONENT DESIGN • Computer assist design (CAD 2D/3D). NX Program  Statical Structural calculation of pieces by finite elements (FEM). ANSYS® Program • Infusion processing simulation. Polyworx Program
  57. 57. |57| JOINING TECHNOLOGIES Expertise: •Adhesivated union with epoxi, polyurethane resins, etc. •Pulyurethane and polyolefine hot-melt •Thermoplastic films and hot-melt films •Test and characterization
  58. 58. |58| MECHANICAL RECYCLING OF COMPOSITES Expertise  Conditioning and characterisation of waste composites  Separation and sorting of fibres and other valuable fractions from waste composites by means of physical separation operations  Development of innovative applications for including material fractions derived from waste composites treatment Projects  COMPOECO (BFA/DFB): Desarrollo de tecnología para el reciclado de residuos de composites y concentrados de fibras en elementos constructivos reforzados  Contracted Project: De-pollution, dismantling and recycling of boats  Contracted Project: Turbine blade recycling and LCA  Contracted Project: Automotive roof trim panels scrap recycling  Contracted Project: Recycling of printed circuit boards
  59. 59. |59| CHEMICAL RECYCLING OF COMPOSITES Expertise  Chemical treatment of waste composites: novel solvolysis approaches for composite recycling and fibre liberation  Thermal treatment of composites: pyrolysis of waste composites and selective recovery of fibres Projects  EURECOMP (EU): Recycling Thermoset Composites of the Sustainable Surface Transport  COMPOECO (BFA/DFB): Desarrollo de tecnología para el reciclado de residuos de composites y concentrados de fibras en elementos constructivos reforzados  PROQUIPOL (AGE): Development of sustainable chemical processes for the conversion in resources of waste polymeric streams
  60. 60. |60| ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF COMPOSITES Expertise  Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of composites and composite containing parts, assemblies and products  Discrimination of waste management alternatives and recyclability potential for composites and composite containing products at their end of life phase  Simulation for modelling environmental aspects of conventional waste treatment alternatives (landfill, incineration, energy recovery...) to enable easy comparison towards arising end of life technologies Projects  EURECOMP (EU): Recycling Thermoset Composites of the Sustainable Surface Transport  Contracted Project: Comparative LCA of the substitution of mineral fiber reinforcement in composites by natural fibers  Contracted Project: Turbine blade recycling and LCA
  61. 61. |61| DEVELOPMENT OF MATERIALS  Thermoset resins systems: reformulation and aditivation, of epoxy, phenolics, vinilester, …  Nano-structued composites: Addition, dispersion and functionalization of nanoparticles, nanofibres….  EcoComposites. Natural resins and fibers  Prepregs  Alternative curing systems: Microwaves  Adhesives: Aditivation of nanofibers, nanoparticles, microfibers, microparticles …  Conductive polymers: tiophene, polypirol…  Sandwich panels  Fiber metal laminates (FML) THERMOSET MATERIALS
  62. 62. |62| INFUSION RTM PREPREG THERMOSET MATERIALS PROCESSES
  63. 63. |63| MOLDING PREPREG PULTRUSION THERMOSET PROCESSES
  64. 64. |64| FILAMENT WINDING MICROWAVE CURING THERMOSET PROCESSES
  65. 65. |65| SANDWICH STRUCTURES THERMOSET PROCESSES
  66. 66. |66| THERMOPLASTICS COMPOUNDING  Commodities (Poliolefines, PVC, styrenic,…)  Engineering plastics (PC, PA, POM, PBT, …)  Biopolymers and biodegradables (PLA, PHb,…) Properties:  Mechanical  Thermal properties  Antibacterial  Anti scratch  Self cleaning  Conductivity  Antimicrobial  Antioxidant  Fire Proofing  …
  67. 67. |67| PROCESSES THERMOPLASTIC MATERIALS PROCESSES  Injection (conventional y bi–injection)  Mini/Micro-injection  Thermoforming/IMD  Extrusion  Compression  Vacuum molding  Multilayer Laminates Wood plastics
  68. 68. |68| COATINGS COATINGS  Formulation  Anti scratching  Self healing  Hydrophobic  Antimicrobial  Antifouling  Self cleaning  Finishes  Textures  Decorative  Characterization
  69. 69. |69| PROCESSES FOR COATINGS Manual Application Automated Application Rotary koater
  70. 70. |70| COMPONENTS DESIGN  CAD 2D – 3D NX, Ideas…  Design and development  Thermal simulation analysis CALCULATION & DESIGN Calculation 3D Prototype Functional prototype
  71. 71. |71| IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MATERIALS  Identification (Spectroscopy IR, UV, chromatography…)  Mechanical properties  Rheological properties  Thermal properties (DSC, TGA, …)  Physical properties (density, hardness, color,.. )  Barrier properties  Fire retardancy  Electrical conductivity  Contact angle  Thermography BPL CHARACTERIZATION AND TESTTING
  72. 72. |72| MICROSCOPY LABORATORY  Optical x10 – x400 from 1 micron  SEM, EDX, 800 nm  TEM, EDAX, tomography 0.24 nm  Confocal  AFM  Ultracryomicrotome CHARACTERIZATION AND TEST
  73. 73. |73| | BIOTECNOLOGIA|MATERIALS RECYCLING
  74. 74. |74| MECANICAL RECYCLING  Waste characterization  Separation and classification  Development of products with recycled materials CHEMICAL RECYCLING  Chemical treatment. Solvolisis  Thermal treatment. Pyrolisis EVALUATION IOF ENVIROMENTAL IMPACTS  Life cycle analysis(LCA)  Alternatives selection and simulation COMPOSITES RECYCLING
  75. 75. TECNALIA Composites Technologies Industry & Transport Division
  76. 76. Content • Our offer • Capabilities & Equipment • R&D lines • Representative projects
  77. 77. TECNALIA- INSPIRING BUSINESS • R&D Projects • Technological Services (Tests, Failure Analysis, Quality Audits, etc.) • Engineering and Re-Engineering of Products and Processes • Technology & Innovation Strategy (Benchmarking, Technology and Market Trends, Road mapping, etc.) • Commercial exploitation of technology developed by Tecnalia and its partners in the form of IP, know-how or generation of new technology based companies Services and Business Models for Composites TECNALIA AIMS AT IDENTIFYING AND DEVELOPING BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
  78. 78. TECNALIA- Composites- Our offer DESIGN & SIMULATION MATERIALS MANUFACT. PROCESSES AUTOMATION PROTOTIPING V & V RECYCLING Competences throughout the whole value-chain
  79. 79. • For Manufacturing: Plastics and Organic Composites Pilot Plant & Composites/ Adhesives Labs. Main processes: • For Design/analysis/simulation: Generic and Specific Software for composites structural analysis and process simulations. Commercial & Propietary code. • For Materials characterization: Extensive equipment for mechanical, thermal, physical, electrical, morphological, etc. characterization. TECNALIA- Composites- Capabilities & Equipment • Clean Room • Autoclave & ovens • Various preforming • RTM/infusion • Short fibre: extrusion, injection • Hot forming • Presses • Hot bonding • Thermoforming • Nanocomposites (Calender, Dispermat, US, etc) • …….
  80. 80. TECNALIA- Composites- R&D lines Industrial Sectors Covered • Main focus: Transport- Aerospace, Automotive, Railway • Others: Eolic, Building, Sports, Industrial… Our Main drivers • Costs reduction across the whole product life-cycle, and specially manufacturing costs reduction. Automation • Eco-efficiency: Lightweight Structures, Energy Efficiency, Reciclability… • Improved performance & multifunctionality • Productivity & quality • …
  81. 81. 1. Advanced materials & structures: • New Out-of-Autoclave materials & fast curing systems • Advanced integrated structures • Multifunctional materials/structures:  Polymer matrix modifications (nanotechnologies & active agents encapsulation)- Thermoplastics & Thermosets.  Development of nano-enabled products: buckypapers, veils, etc.  Surface treatments, functionalizations & coatings TECNALIA- Composites- R&D lines (a) CNT buckypaper, (b) prototype of structure with integrated buckypaper for aircraft anti-ice solutions (d) ice tunnel testing Lightweight high thermal dissipation composite electronic box for onboard high power density electronics Dry carbon fibre preform - T- shape stringers stiffened skin for aircraft fuselage Clean Sky Project (a) (b) (c)
  82. 82. 2. Manufacturing Technologies. Main focus: Out-of-Autoclave • Industrialization and optimization of thermoset moulding processes  Preforming & moulding automation  Alternative fast & efficient heating, curing and compaction  Modelling, monitoring & control of mould filling and curing • Thermoplastic RTM: In-situ polimerization of PA • Process automation TECNALIA- Composites- R&D lines Automated preforming cell- Tecnalia´s propietary technology Thermosplastic RTM-Tecnalia´s propietary technology Instrumented Liquid Composite Moulding set-up
  83. 83. 3. Other Manufacturing Processes • Machining, drilling, trimming : Tool optimization, adaptive control, new cooling systems, AWJ, process monitoring • NDT: Ultrasonics (guided lamb waves, new transducers, modelling, new methods development), fiber optics • Repair technologies TECNALIA- Composites- R&D lines
  84. 84. Technological competences Plastic & composites materials
  85. 85. Inspection & Quality Control Testing & Characterisation Lifetime Monitoring Processing & Manufacturing Materials Recycling Design Composite Technologies
  86. 86. Materials expertise • FORMULATION • SMART MATERIALS • NANOMATERIALS • FIBER/MATRIX INTERPHASE • BIOMATERIALS • PLASTIC ELECTRONICS
  87. 87. TECHNIQUES APPLICATIONS FORMULATION FIBER-MATRIX INTERPHASE SMART MATERIALS NANOMATERIALS BIOMATERIALS PLASTIC ELECTRONICS Materials expertise
  88. 88. ►FORMULATION DEVELOPMENT OF FORMULATIONS Thermoplastics and thermoset resins systems, lightweight and with high properties • Halogen free materials ignifugation • Development of high mechanical properties composites • Development of new lightweight polymers from natural sources, to achieve a step beyond the start of the art in fire behavior for transport industry • Development of SMC and BMC, “A” class surface. • Tailored synthesis and modification of thermoset resins • Tailored synthesis and modification of elastomers and rubbers to develop self-healing sealants and adhesives Materials expertise
  89. 89. ► SMART MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT OF MATERIALS FOR COMFORT AND PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SECURITY IMPROVEMENT • High impact absorption materials • Shape memory polymers and smart materials • Thermal and acoustical insulation materials development. Noise and vibrations absorption: magnetoreologic materials • Piezoelectric materials • Chrome active material • Conductive materials • Thermochromic filaments development, phosphorescents, conductives, antifouling MAGNETOREOLOGIC MATERIALS • Magnetoreologic (MRF) and ferrofluids formulations development • Micro and nanopartIcles • Reological characterization • Stability and Fatigue Materials expertise
  90. 90. ► NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS OF NANOADDITIVES Synthesis and characterization of nanoparticles (metallic, ceramic and carbonaceous) obtained by several techniques (pyrolysis, sol-gel,...) ADDITION, DISPERSION AND FUNCTIONALIZATION OF NANO-ADDITIVES By means of different techniques: surface activation using acids and sonication, surfactants, generating free radicals on the CNT surface for improving composite properties, moisture uptake, mechanical properties, fire resistant properties, scratch resistance, low friction coefficient, … POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES Nanocomposites via incorporation of inorganic and organic nanoparticles as well as bio-derived fibre reinforcements to various thermoplastic and thermosetting systems. POLYMERIC IONIC LIQUIDS (PILs) PILs retain the intrinsic properties of ionic liquids such as ionic conductivity, thermal and chemical stability while offering very good solubility and processing properties. These characteristics make PILs interesting materials for applications such as solar cells, lithium batteries, supercapacitors, nanocomposites and lubricants. Materials expertise
  91. 91. ► FIBER/MATRIX INTERPHASE SURFACE TREATMENTS Of natural or synthetic fibers by chemical methods (esterification, alkylation, delignification,…) or sol- gel technologies in order to enhance matrix/fiber interaction and achieve homogeneous dispersions in polymers. Characterization of fiber morphology and behavior after the treatment by several techniques (TGA, SEM, AFM, MO, contact angle, surface analysis (BET),…) CONDITIONS OPTIMIZATION For applying in surface treatment of fibers and in sol-gel technologies (time, concentration, temperature, reactives and precursors, pH) Materials expertise
  92. 92. ► BIOMATERIALS (I) BIOCOMPOSITES Development of new resins by changing reactives ratio, replacing reactives by bio resins. Total or partial replacement of conventional epoxy resins by epoxidized vegetal oils o ester derivates. Optimization of the resin component ratio as a function of final properties (mechanical, thermal…). Characterization of final composites. SURFACE TREATMENT OF BIOCOMPOSITES Modification of the surface of composites by sol-gel technology to obtain surfaces with new functionalities: high environmental protection (UV, humidity,…), self-cleaning surfaces, combination low surface energy coating with nanoppaterning techniques to enhance the superhidrophobicity of surfaces, self-healing coatings… IMPROVEMENT OF SOL-GEL COATING By the use of organic additives obtained from renewable raw or reaction by products MODIFICATION, INCLUSION & DISPERSION OF NANOADDITIVES Nanoclay, nanotube, nanofibers, etc. For the enhancement of final properties (mechanical, thermal, humidity and environmental resistance, gas permeability….) Materials expertise
  93. 93. ► BIOMATERIALS (II) BIOPOLYMERS Synthesis of a wide variety of tailor made biocompatible polymers, as well as strong experience in the modification and functionalization of readily available biopolymers for biomedical applications. Biopolymer processing and characterization SYNTHESIS & BIOFUNCTIONALISATION OF POLYMER NANOPARTICLES (NPS) Synthesis of well defined polymer NPs with sizes in the range of 2-15 nm. These polymer NPs can be further functionalized by very simple chemical methods to achieve the desired functionality. SUPRAMOLECULAR HYDROGELS Supramolecular (or low-molecular weight, LMW) metallophilic hydrogels designed to mimic naturally occurring soft materials, allowing the fabrication of new tailored made hydrogels with potential application as drug delivery vehicles, tissue engineering scaffolds or biolubricants. Materials expertise
  94. 94. ► PLASTIC ELECTRONICS ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS Taylor-made design of polymers to be applied in the manufacturing of biosensors. Low-cost and disposable biosensor technology for pesticides , heavy metals, and poliphenols detection. PRESSURE SENSORS Conducting polymers based pressure sensor technology by printing conductive polymers on flexible plastic films. ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES New conducting polymers in order to get devices with outstanding electrochromic properties such as switching time, stability, coloration efficiency or wide range of colors. THERMOCHROMIC DEVICES Development of thermochromic films based on cholesteric liquid crystals mixtures with a high- precision color change within a broad range of temperatures. Materials expertise
  95. 95. Manufacturing techniques Long fiber: •RTM •VMI •Prepregging •Pultrussion •Compression •Thermoconforming •FW Chopper fiber: •Projection •Hand Lay up •SMC/BMC •Thermoplastic injection •Extrusion Customized processes: •Processes automation •New processes for singular requirements •Structural and light weight materials development Finishing •Machining •Aesthetical and functional finished surfaces Curing •Microwave •UV •US aided Mounting and assembling •Mechanical joints •Bonded joints •Welding Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  96. 96. INFUSION & RTM • Mould filling simulation • Developments of formulations with polyester resins, phenolics, furane, vinylester and epoxy . • Processing variables optimization • Prototypes and demonstrators fabrication ► MANUFACTURING: LONG FIBER (I) SMC & PREPREGGING • SMC: A class polyester, good fire behavior, Phenolics, Furane, Vinylester, carbon fiber… • Prepregging : Vacuum and/or compression Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  97. 97. FILAMENT WINDING & PULTRUSSION • Numeric control program definition • Formulations: polyester resins, phenolics, furane, epoxy, vinylester. Glass and carbon reinforcements • Prototypes fabrication • Hydrostatic tests • Fire retardant formulations • Thermoplastic profiles • Ecoprofiles THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITES COMPRESSION • Moulding consitions definiton • PP and glass fiber compression • Themoplastic tapes moulding • Vaccum moulding ► MANUFACTURING: LONG FIBER (II) Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  98. 98. ► MANUFACTURING: CHOPPED FIBER PROJECTION •……. THERMOPLASTIC INJECTION •……. EXTRUSION •……. Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  99. 99. ► MANUFACTURING: CUSTOMIZED PROCESSES AUTOMATED MANUFACTURING • New tools and machines to improve the composites manufacturing processes NEW PROCESSES FOR SINGULAR REQUIREMENTS • Combining/Varying processes in order to generate: Desired fiber orientation Desired fiber volume • Process development to achieve design requirements STRUCTURAL AND LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT • Skins and cores development : natural cores, polyurethane, PVC. • Join techniques: adhesives, thermal join. • Sandwiches structures: different combinations of skins and cores (metal, wood, thermopplastic, thermoset) Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  100. 100. MACHINING • Conventional machining processes: drilling, turning, milling, grinding, punching and trimming. • New technologies such as laser , US and chemical processes. • Internal chip extraction technology. This technology allows the complete extraction of the dust generated during composites machining, providing significant benefits for the machine elements, machine operator and part quality. ► FINISHING (I) Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  101. 101. AESTHETICAL AND FUNCTIONAL FINISHED SURFACES • Electrodeposition of metals on insulating substrates, (polymers, ceramics, etc.) avoiding the use of chromium salts • Electophoretic deposition of polymer coatings, depositing polymers and hybrid compounds (organic-inorganic compounds) for improving protection characteristics. • Metal matrix composite coatings, codeposition of polymers (e.g. Teflon) on a metallic matrix generated by electroless or electrolytic deposition, in order to improve tribological properties • Nanoparticles modified coats (Titanium oxide), coat and processing developments to achieve self cleaning surfaces, self repairing and antiscratching (plastics and coatings) ► FINISHING (II) Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  102. 102. CURE KINETIC ANALYSIS On-line monitoring during the process CURING PROCESS BY MICROWAVES With higher mechanical properties due to homogenous heating and energetic costs reduction UV CURING PROCESS US AIDED CURING CURE MONITORING • Cure kinetic analysis on line monitoring • Sensor development for industrial applications, mainly machinery Health Monitoring. Expertise in optical and magnetic sensor systems • Proper Sensing system to different materials and processes : − Pultrussion: Ultrasounds − Moulding: Fibre based NIR sensing in a riser or sprue − Spray: Magnetoelastic materials & pzt-s (ultrasound) ► CURING Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  103. 103. MECHANICAL JOINTS − Mechanical joints design based on bolted joints with inserts, linkages, … BONDING − Adhesive joint with epoxi, polyurethane resins, etc. − Hybrid epoxy/polyurethane adhesives with combined properties − Pulyurethane and polyolefine hot-melt − Thermoplastic films and hot-melt films − Development of new formulations for polymeric adhesives or improvement of commercial adhesives by the inclusion of nanoadditives − Self-healing PU and silicone sealants and adhesives − Analysis of the cure kinetic of the adhesive, dynamic-mechanical properties − Laser surface texturing for improve adhesive bounding of plastic components − Self-developed FEM tool for adhesive joints simulation embeebed in MSC/Patran-Nastran − Development of bonded structures (machine tools made of bonded joints) WELDING − Development of a laser system for plastic welding (Polycarbonate, Polysulfone, Polyethersulfone) − Optic design, beam shaping and fiber coupling for several applications, including laser micro and macro welding of thermoplastics − Design and manufacturing of laser workstations for plastic laser welding and thermal treatments − Laser Plastic Welding process. Effect of laser beam energy on surface integrity ► MOUNTING AND ASSEMBLING Processing & Manufacturing expertise
  104. 104. MATERIALS DESIGN Selection of materials depending on required properties for final composite application. COMPONENT DESIGN • CAD 2D – 3D NX Program, Ideas, SolidWorks, ProEngineer. • Design and development taking into account: − Design based on simulation of the component (FEA: MSC/Patran, MSC/Nastran, Ls-Dyna, Ansys, Ideas) + Laminate materials + Orthotropic and anisotropic materials + Joint simulation: bolted, bonded, … − Manufacturing processes simulation with Polyworx Program, PAM-RTM, + infusion, + resin injection − Correlating model with test − Validating models with test − Ecodesign (LCA) • Development ability based on: geometrical design & requirements (mechanical, thermal, tribologycal, …) & process -> component-material-process definition as a whole Design expertise
  105. 105. PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES Physical and mechanical tests Universal tool. Traction, compression (10 T), flexion (14 T) Universal tests tool 150 KN, 5 KN, 500N y 50 N Servo hydraulic equipment for dynamic tests (10 T) Fatigue Traction impact: Charpy. Izod Barcol durometer - Shore A , D durometer. Colorimeter Brightmeter Acoustic emission equipment Karl – Fischer automatic valuator Erischen tester Pendulum Persoz y Köning Coat characterization: Impact, dry time, flexibility. Testing & Characterisation expertise
  106. 106. PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES Packing and packaging tests Micrometer Eclatometer Rigidimeter SKYE Thermoseller Thermal and reologic tests DSC DMA Humidity tester Karl – Fisher Brooffield Viscosimeter CANON-FENSKE Viscosimeter Melt - Flow. Vicat point/ HDT Reometer with melt chamber and extruder Soxhlet extraction Gel timer Minilab microcompounder TGA Thermal diffusivity analysis Testing & Characterisation expertise
  107. 107. PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES Fire equipment Automotive material combustibility chamber Flammability tests (horizontal and vertical) Oxigen index Epiradiator Electric burner Radiant panel Dripping Flame propagation velocity Calibrators NBS chamber Smoke combustion analisys Tubular owen M0 equipment Little burner SBI Pump calorimeter Floor radiant panel Calorimetric cone Testing & Characterisation expertise
  108. 108. PROPERTIES TECHNIQUES High speed ageing Xenotest 150 S ATLAS Ci 3000 Intemperimeter: Panel QUV Conditioning chamber TABER abrasion Espectroscopy analysis Fourier transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Near Infrared spectroscopy (NIR) UV-VIS spectroscopy Microscopic techniques Optical microscopy and microphotography Picture analizer AFM SEM TEM Electrical testing Lowe and high resitances, Transversal resistivity and surfaces resistivity, conductivity. Testing & Characterisation expertise
  109. 109. INSPECTION • Finished parts inspection to detect internal defects in composite materials (delamination, irregularities, holes or lacking of resin) by means of non destructive testing: acoustic emission, ultrasonics and active thermography. Inspection & Quality Control
  110. 110. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS • Unattended networks: design, development, deployment of proppietary protocols including smart tools for monitoring and configuring networks. ENHANCED CAPABILITIES ON TOP OF WSN • Improving robustness, latency, reconfiguration, self-healing, life-time, location, agents. POWER EFFICIENCY • Power harvesting, power generators, power aware design, dynamic power scaling, ultra low power design (perpetual units) SENSORS • Signal conditioning and processing. Connectivity STRUCTURAL MONITORING BY OPTIC FIBER • Fiber Bragg grating Lifetime monitoring expertise
  111. 111. MECHANICAL • Conditioning and characterisation of waste composites • Separation and sorting of fibres and other valuable fractions from waste composites by means of physical separation operations • Development of innovative applications for including material fractions derived from waste composites treatment CHEMICAL • Chemical treatment of waste composites: novel solvolysis approaches for composite recycling and fibre liberation • Thermal treatment of composites: pyrolysis of waste composites and selective recovery of fibres Recycling expertise
  112. 112. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF COMPOSITES • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of composites and composite containing parts, assemblies and products • Discrimination of waste management alternatives and recyclability potential for composites and composite containing products at their end of life phase • Simulation for modeling environmental aspects of conventional waste treatment alternatives (landfill, incineration, energy recovery...) to enable easy comparison towards arising end of life technologies Recycling expertise
  113. 113. EXPERTISE Process set-up (experimental and simulation) and prototypes manufactured by RTM, Forming, Pultrusion Lightweight (stiffness and strength) and safe (impact and fatigue) design based on FEM and materials characterisation Multidisciplinary group 3 Dr (2 engineers + 1 chemist) 2 Engineers 8 PhD students ~ 5/7 Undergraduate students Jon Aurrekoetxea  jaurrekoetxea@mondragon.edu Grupo de Investigación acreditado por la Viceconsejería de Universidades e Investigación del G.V.
  114. 114. RESEARCH PRIORITIES 114 DEVELOPMENTOFCOMPOSITE-INTENSIVEPRIMARYSTRUCTURES THATMEETWEIGHT,COSTANDPRODUCTIONRATEREQUIREMENTS 2012 RTM Plasticity and fracture CRTM Damage (Characterisation, simulation) TP-RTM Forming of composites (FML, SRC, TP composites...) UV curing applied to Pultrusion ATL, FW Intelligent lightweight design Sustainability Recycling Ecocomposites (natural fibres, renewable resins, biodegradable…)
  115. 115. 115 RTM Compression RTM Thermoplastic RTM High temperature RTM
  116. 116. Fibre Metal Laminates (FML) 116
  117. 117. 117 Staübli TX60 Pultrusion + UV curing + Robot
  118. 118. 118 LIQUID COMPOSITE MOULDING
  119. 119. 119 COMPOSITE CHARACTERIZATION Physic (density, fibre %) Defectology (porosity, delamination, dry zones): SEM, C-Scan Mechanical: Tensile, Fracture mechanics, ILSS, Impact, Fatigue
  120. 120. Research Institute devoted to University-industry relationships in the field of polymers Main activities Fundamental investigation of industrially relevant problems Characterization and testing Courses and training Consulting
  121. 121. Interdisciplinary research covering polymer synthesis and polymer reaction engineering, rheology, polymer processing, analysis and material testing and product development. Polymer reaction engineering Polymerization in dispersed media Mathematical modeling Process intensification Waterborne hybrid dispersions Rheology Polymers melts Blends and multiphase systems Solutions and gels Processing Reactive processing Micro and nanocomposites. Polymer blends. Compounding. Analysis and material testing Organic analysis Morphology Mechanical and thermal properties Transport properties of gas and vapors in polymers Colloidal characterization Product development Microgels for drug delivery Carriers for immunoassays Injectable acrylic bone cements for vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty Carbohydrate based acrylic matrices for peptides and proteins sustained release Nanocomposites. Polymer blends. This research is further supported by basic research in polymers carried out in the departments of the School of Chemistry
  122. 122. Polymerization in Dispersed Media 1. Polymer-polymer hybrid systems 1. Alkyd-acrylics (coatings) 2. Silicone-acrylics (coatings) 3. PU-acrylics (adhesives) 4. Semicrystalline acrylics (adhesives, coatings) 2. Polymer-inorganic hybrid systems 1. Clays (coating and adhesives) 2. Silica (Pickering) 3. CeO2/ZnO/TiO2 (coating) 4. Graphene (coating) 5. Quantum dots (multiplexing) Synthesis of Waterborne Hybrid Nanocomposite dispersions:
  123. 123. Polymer Science Polyurethane nanocomposites Polymer solution electrospinning Transport of gases and vapours in polymers and nanocomposites •Biodegradable polymers. •Nanocomposites as barrier materials. •Polymers and nanocomposites in separation processes.
  124. 124. Rheology Synthesis and Polymerization Microstructure Chain architecture End-use properties RHEOLOGY Processing Research lines: *Soft matter and complex fluids: bitumens, gels, liquid-crystals, LCB polymers *SEBS, PVC-PBA and PUR copolymers *Nanocomposites: Polymer matrix/CNT or graphene nanoparticles
  125. 125. Polymer Processing Main Research Interest: Processing-Structure-Properties relationships in polymeric materials Final propertiesSolid State Structure Polymer Chemical Structure Processing Main research lines: *Polymer blends: Blends of engineering thermoplastics, compatibilization *Supertough thermoplastic-elastomer blends *Polymer/organoclay nanocomposites

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