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3 Drug Use and Abuse - Risk Management 3


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  • 1. Managing the Risks A Risk Management Presentation For UT Dallas Student Organizations Drug Use and Abuse Presentation 3 of 9
  • 2. Objectives• Review facts about drug problems on college campuses• Identify the drugs of concern on college campuses• Learn how to tell if someone may have a drug problem• Understand the consequences associated with drug possession, use or abuse• Identify ways student leaders can help someone who may have a drug problem• Identify ways student organizations can prevent drug abuse and appropriately intervene• Identify the resources for prevention and intervention. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 3. Recent News Stories Involving Drugs On College Campuses MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 4. Southern Methodist University From December 2006 to May 2007, three SMU students died from excessive use of alcohol or drugs. Subsequent investigations revealed a campus culture that condoned illegal drug use, possession, and distribution.Oregon State University In April 2008, six OSU students were arrested at their off-campus residences in connection with a drug traffic king ring that was distributing cocaine, Ecstasy, and marijuana on and near the main campus. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 5. San Diego State University On May 6, 2008, 33 SDSU students were arrested on a variety of drug-related charges including distribution of illegal narcotics through several fraternity houses.Pennsylvania State University In April 2009, four Penn State students and two former students were charged with distribution of more than 400 pounds of marijuana. Two of the students arrested were dealing drugs out of their fraternity houses. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 6. What Are The Drugs OfConcern On College Campuses? MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 7. Illicit Drugs Used Or Abused On College Campuses• Marijuana• Cocaine• Heroin• Hallucinogens MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 8. MarijuanaFacts Risks• Common names: cannabis; • Nausea or vomiting pot; weed; grass; mary jane • Coughing, asthma, and other• Marijuana (or cannabis) is a respiratory problems fast-growing plant with • Difficulty with short term sticky flowers that memory produces the psychoactive • Racing heart or agitation substance THC. • Anxiety or panic attacks• The primary effects sought • Headaches, dizziness, confusi by those users are on euphoria, relaxation, and • Possible physical and changes in perception. psychological dependence • Clumsiness, loss of coordination MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 9. CocaineFacts Risks• Common Names: Coke; • Increased body temperature and heart rate Crack; Blow; Snow; Nose • Agitation, anxiety, and Candy paranoia• Cocaine is a stimulant • Dizziness, nausea, or vomiting extracted and refined from • Violent behavior the Coca Plant • Kidney failure• The primary effects sought • Seizure, stroke, or heart attack by users include feelings of • Severe damage to the nose well-being, decreased Increased chances of appetite, heightened miscarriage, premature stimulation, sexual labor, and stillbirth arousal, and increased • High probability of focus. dependence on cocaine MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 10. Prescription Drugs Abused On College Campuses • OxyContin • Xanax • Vicodin • Ritalin • Fentanyl • Adderall • Ambien • Dexedrine • Valium MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 11. Adderall & RitalinFacts Risks (when abused)• Common names for • Insomnia adderall: brain • Headaches food, smarts, little • Fever speedy, and altoids • Increased heart rate• Common names for ritalin: • Lower GPA poor man’s cocaine, R • Extremely high addictive pop, coke junior, study potential buddies, and vitamin R• The primary effects sought by users include staying awake, improving concentration and losing weight. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 12. XanaxFacts Risks (when abused)• Common names for: • Headaches, drwsiness, dizzin Xanax; Nirvana ess and amnesia• Xanax is a sedative and • Clumsiness, loss of muscle depressant prescribed for coordination anxiety disorder, panic • Vivid dreams or attacks, and sleeplessness. hallucinations• If it used recreationally • Dry mouth (abused) to relax and • Changes in libido relieve stress • Yellowing of skin or eyes • Rash or an allergic reaction • Regular or excessive use can lead to dependence and addiction MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 13. OTC Drugs And Other Substances Abused On College Campuses • Dramamine • Salvia • Tylenol PM • Aspirin • Sominex • Diet pills • Cold Medicine/DXM • Alcohol MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 14. Why Do College Students Take Drugs? MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 15. Factors Affecting Drug Use Or Abuse1. Genetics and Family History2. Parental Attitudes and Behaviors3. Substance Abuse in High School4. Perceived Expectations of Positive Effecs5. Mental Health Problems6. Social Influences7. Student Organization Membership8. Religion and Spirituality9. Student Engagement10. Competitive Sport Participation MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 16. What Are The Signs ThatSomeone Has A Drug Problem? MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 17. Drug Problem Red Flags• Life problems related to the drug use• Setting and exceeding limits• Making promises about use and breaking those promises• Lying about or trying to hide the amount/frequency of drug use• Forgetting or denying things that happened while intoxicated• Behaving very differently when intoxicated than when sober• Avoiding social functions where drugs are not available.• Feeling guilty, embarrassed, or remorseful about things done/said while intoxicated• Very high tolerance MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 18. What Are The Consequences Associated With A Drug Problem? MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 19. DRUG PROBLEMS: POTENTIAL EFFECTS ON HEALTH AND WELL- BEING• Greater risk for health problems including infection from blood-borne pathogens, lung disease, heart problems, brain damage, liver damage, and death from overdose. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 20. Drug Problems: Potential Effects On College Education• College Students who use or abuse illicit and prescription drugs do not perform well academically including having lower GPAs.• Federal and state laws bar certain students with past drug convictions from receiving financial aid.• Suspension is the recommended penalty for the illegal use, possession, and/or sale of a drug or drug paraphernalia. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 21. Drug Problems: Potential Effects On Graduate School Or Employment• Many companies have a “zero tolerance” policy for drug convictions regardless of the position.• Almost all professional schools including medicine and law conduct criminal background checks on applicants.• Most states require a criminal background check for those individuals seeking licensure in certain fields (e.g., teaching, law, and medicine). MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 22. Drug Problems: Potential Effects On Participation In Athletic Activities• Many professional sports leagues and amateur athletic associations have banned the use or possession of illegal drugs, steroids, and certain prescription drugs by athletes.• Athletes who test positive for prohibited drugs and steroids may be subject to sanctions: ‒ Loss of recognition ‒ Removal of accomplishments from record books ‒ Suspensions ‒ Fines ‒ Lifetime bans• Federal and state laws also make it illegal to possess or sell anabolic steroids without a valid prescription. Violations of these laws can include fines and jail time. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 23. Drug Problems: Potential Effects On Family, Friends, And Peers• Drug abuse by a pregnant women can result in miscarriages, still births, underdevelopment, or risk to the developing baby’s health.• Family and domestic violence also occurs more frequently in households where one or more individuals is abusing or is addicted to drugs.• Abusing drugs (including the mixing of drugs and alcohol) can also lead to higher risk of injury or death as a result of car accidents. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 24. WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP? MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 25. Intervening: Deciding To HelpWhy should I be the one who gets involved? • As an officer or authorized representative of your student organization, you bear an important responsibility for keeping your members safe.How can one member’s actions affect my organization? • Use, possession, or distribution of illicit drugs or abuse of prescription drugs can expose your organization to university discipline, criminal charges, or lawsuits. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 26. Intervening: Deciding To HelpAm I just overreacting? • If you are noticing that a member of your organization is having problems you are not overreacting. Some is probably wrong.Why get involved if they are not hurting anyone? • Don’t wait for a friend or peer to “bottom out,” drop out of school, or hurt themselves or someone else before you decide to take action. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 27. INTERVENING: TAKINGACTIONTalk with a professional • Health Center: 972-883-4275 • Counseling Center: 972-883-2747Conduct an Intervention • Help a peer or friend understand and accept the nature of their relationship with drugs, ask them to address the problem, and lead them to help. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 28. How To Conduct An Intervention• Pay attention to specific behaviors that concern you• Share your concerns• Listen to what they say• Ask for what you want• Offer to find them help. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 29. What Can My Organization Do To Help? MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 30. Prevention: Risk Management StrategiesEngage in prevention and intervention dialogue • Talk with other officers, alumni, and parents about ways to maintain a drug-free culture. • Explain to all members the expectations for appropriate behavior and conduct at organization events.Identify members who may be at risk • Make sure your organization’s leaders know the signs associated with drug use or abuse. • Maintain good communication with the other leaders of your group to know when a member may be in trouble. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 31. Prevention: Risk Management StrategiesUnderstand the resources available • Review university and other resources that provide facts, risks, and prevention and intervention tools. • Attend a workshop or training session offered by the university or have someone come talk to your groupAttend/host prevention programs and events • Host an event, bring in a guest speaker to increase awareness about drug abuse. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 32. Prevention: Risk Management StrategiesDevelop policies and procedures • Include drug-free statements in important documents such as event flyers and recruitment materials. • Develop written steps for intervening if a member of your organization has a drug problem. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 33. Summary And Review Of Your Knowledge MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 34. SUMMARY• As a student leader, you are responsible for health and safety of all of the members of your organization as well as their conduct during events and activities.• Abuse of prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications is one of the biggest drug-related problems on college and university campuses.• Intervening to help a peer who has a drug problem requires someone to recognize the signs, make the choice to help, and then take action.• Illicit drugs include any drug for which it is unlawful to use, possess, or distribute by law and include cocaine, marijuana, and Ecstasy. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 35. SUMMARY• Prescription drug abuse is the use of prescription drugs – such as Xanax, Ritalin, and Adderall – in ways not intended by the prescribing doctor.• College students are more likely to abuse prescription drugs because they are widely available, free, and are not considered to be as harmful as illicit drugs.• There are signs – physical, psychological, and behavioral – that you can watch out for that tell you that a friend or peer has (or may have) a drug problem.• Peer pressure, desire to belong to a student organization, and previous drug use in high school are all factors contributing to drug use (or abuse) in college. MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 36. SUMMARY• The illegal use, possession, or sale of drugs can result in severe consequences including loss of financial aid, suspension from school, lost job opportunities, physical harm, and criminal penalties.• Appropriate ways for a person to help someone with a drug problem include talking with a professional, calling the health center at 972-883-2747 MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 37. UNIVERSITY RESOURCESInterventions, Referrals, Training and Treatment • UTD Counseling Center 972-883-2575 • Health Services 972-883-4275 MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 38. UNIVERSITY RESOURCES Educational Materials and Training • Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs • UHS Health Promotions Resource Center MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 39. UNIVERSITY RESOURCES University Discipline HOPV.html Texas Law MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 40. ADDITIONAL QUESTIONSDiscuss with your organization’s leadership• Faculty/staff advisor• Risk Management Officer (or other officer)• Alumni members/organization MANAGING THE RISKS ● Drug Use and Abuse
  • 41. Review Your Knowledge1) Clink on the link below to get started Login with your netID and Password3) In the my organizations box click on Risk Management Quizzes 2012-20134) Click on the quiz title that you will take.5) Click Begin. As you proceed make sure all answers are saved.6) Once you have answered and Saved all ten questions click save and submit.7) Wait for the submission report. Click ok to view results8) If you have scored an 80% you may move on to the next quiz. If you have not scored an 80% you must retake the quiz until you have received a score of 80%