Health 2.0: Patient Empowerment Through Innovative Technologies


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Health 2.0: Patient Empowerment Through Innovative Technologies

  1. 1. Health 2.0: Patient empowerment through innovative technologies<br />Sean M. Mirk, Pharm.D.<br />
  2. 2. Objectives<br />To summarize the concept of Health 2.0<br />To describe a potential application of Health 2.0 as a patient empowerment aide<br />To explain benefits and barriers to Health 2.0<br />To discuss the role of the pharmacist/pharmacy educator in Health 2.0<br />
  3. 3. <ul><li>Terms Associated with Health 2.0</li></li></ul><li>Health 2.0<br />44 various definitions found in 46 articles<br />“No general consensus regarding the definition of Health 2.0/Medicine 2.0”<br />Web 2.0 technologies applied to Health = Health 2.0<br />Patient empowerment 2.0<br />Van De Belt TH et al. J Med Internet Res 2010;12(2):e18<br />
  4. 4. Word Cloud from Definitions<br /><br />
  5. 5. Basic Components<br />Patient/Professional<br />Healthcare<br />Van De Belt TH et al. J Med Internet Res 2010;12(2):e18<br />
  6. 6. Utility of Health 2.0<br />Search for information (Pubmed, Google, WebMD, wikis)<br />Sharing: personal/professional blogs<br />Support: discussion boards (<br />Collaboration: personal health records (PHR), electronic health records (EHR)<br />Observations of daily living/Self-management tools (mobile/web apps: Lose it!, ScanAvert,,<br />Tools: mobile devices (apps, texting), web-based tools, social networking sites, information communication technology (email, chat, video conferencing), … … …<br />Aim of Health 2.0 is to empower patients to take an active role in their healthcare<br />
  7. 7. Patient Empowerment<br />Allowing patients to make decisions about their health<br />Patients are seeking information online and want to be engaged1<br />Majority of patients (60%) favor the use of a PHR1<br />Patients felt PHR would allow them to fill/check prescriptions, look for medical errors, improve safety and offer convenience1<br />“Consumer-centric information helps individuals manage their own wellness and assists with their personal health care decisions”2<br />Ball M et al. Health Information Manage. 2007;21:76-86<br />Dept of Health and Human Services. Accessed Sept 14, 2010<br />
  8. 8. Pharmacies<br />Professionals<br />3rd Party Apps<br />Caregivers<br />Patient<br />
  9. 9.<br />
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  11. 11.<br />
  12. 12.<br />
  13. 13. Pharmacies<br />Professionals<br />3rd Party Apps<br />Caregivers<br />Patient<br />
  14. 14. Potential Benefits to Health 2.0<br />Increased patient empowerment<br />Improved patient-provider relationships<br />Improved patient safety<br />Improved quality of care<br />
  15. 15. Potential Barriers to Health 2.0<br />Creating a central database, capital requirements, technology standards and syncing of programs (“mashing”)<br />Loss of control/authority from professionals<br />Ownership and privacy issues<br />Accuracy of information<br />Learning curve<br />Hughes B et al. J Med Internet Res. 2008 Aug 6;10(3):e23. <br />
  16. 16. Pharmacist Role<br />Pharmacists have a longstanding history of using electronic records to aid in medication management<br />Helping develop, implement and assess the use of health information technology (HIT), including Heath 2.0 technologies<br />American Society of Health-System Pharmacists 2015 initiative on HIT, seeks to have pharmacist apply technology to improve medication-related outcomes1<br />American Medical Informatics Association 10x10 is a goal of training 10,000 health care professionals in applied health and medical informatics by the year 20102<br />American Society of Health-System Pharmacist. Accessed Sept 14, 2010.<br />American Medical Informatics Association. Sept 14, 2010<br />
  17. 17. Pharmacy Educator Role<br />Preparing future pharmacy students<br />33-39% of ACPE accredited pharmacy programs include courses related to pharmacy informatics1,2<br />Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education Standards 12.1 states pharmacy graduates should be able to “demonstrate expertise in informatics”3<br />Training students in e-privacy and how to be an e-professional<br />Flynn AJ. Am J Pharm Educ. 2005; 69:490–4.<br />Fox BI et al. Am J Pharm Educ. 2008 August 15; 72(4): 89.<br />Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education. Accessed Sept 14, 2010.<br />
  18. 18. Final Thoughts<br />Terminology surrounding Heath 2.0 is not clearly defined<br />Health 2.0 has the potential to empower patients and improve healthcare; many barriers as well<br />As pharmacist/pharmacy educators, we have a longstanding use of technology and should prepare students to have “expertise in informatics”<br />
  19. 19. Additional Resources<br />How Informatics Will Change the Future of Pharmacy: (click within each slide for various links)<br />Health 2.0 response to The Machine is Us/ing Us:<br />Smarter Healthcare: How Social Media is Revolutionizing Your Doctor Visits:<br />Health 2.0 Companies:<br />ASHP Statement on the Pharmacist’s Role in Informatics:<br />