JSR 82 (bluetooth obex)
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JSR 82 (bluetooth obex)

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JSR 82 (bluetooth obex)

JSR 82 (bluetooth obex)

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    JSR 82 (bluetooth obex) JSR 82 (bluetooth obex) Presentation Transcript

      • JSR 82
    • Introduction
      • JSR 82 is an optional package
      • The current available version is 1.1
      • JSR 82 provides two optional API’s
      • Bluetooth API
      • Object Exchange (OBEX) API
      • The Bluetooth is a low-cost, short-range radio technology intended to replace data cables connecting electronic devices.
      • Bluetooth technology consists radio technology, the software stack, and profiles.
    • Check Bluetooth API
      • To determine if the optional API is available and which version is installed you have to call:
      • String currentVersion =
      • System.getProperty(“bluetooth.api.version”)
      • or
      • String currentVersion =
      • javax.bluetooth.LocalDevice.getProperty("bluetooth.api.version");
      • If the API is available a string with the version will be returned
      • If the API is not available a null value is returned
      • Currently only version “1.1” has been defined
    • Bluetooth Stack
      • Host Controller Interface (HCI) – this is the lowest layer of the Bluetooth Host stack. It interfaces directly with the host controller hardware.
      • Logical Link Control and Adaptation Layer (L2CAP) – this layer handles packet segmentation and reassembly (SAR), protocol multiplexing, and provides quality of service information.
      • Service Discovery Protocols (SDP) – as the name implies, applications use this layer to discover Bluetooth services that are available.
      • RFCOMM – this layer provides serial behavior over Bluetooth, similar to using a standard serial (COM) port.
      • Object Exchange Protocol – originally defined by the Infrared Data Association (IrDA), this protocol enables the exchange of objects such as vCard and vCalendar synchronization data.
    • Bluetooth Profiles
      • To ensure interoperability and consistency between devices, Bluetooth profiles define vendor-neutral device capabilities.
      • A profile describes specific functions and features that use Bluetooth as its transport mechanism
      • Profiles supply information that makes certain that Bluetooth devices that claim these capabilities can exchange data with devices.
      • The Bluetooth Standard profile are given below:
        • Generic Access Profile (GAP) – defines the use of the low-layers of the Bluetooth protocol stack, including device management functionality. All Bluetooth implementations implement the GAP.
    • Bluetooth Profiles
      • Service Discover Application Profile (SDAP) – describes a specific application and usage of SDP, the availability and user interface aspects of service discovery, and the use of the L2CAP and low-layer for service discovery.
      • Serial Port Profile (SPP) – defines the RFCOMM, L2CAP, SDP, and low-layer layer interoperability requirements and capabilities, for serial cable emulation.
      • Dial-up Networking Profile (DUNP) – defines the interoperability requirements for GAP and SPP, and dialing and control capabilities that allows a device to serve as a dial-up device.
      • Generic Object Exchange Profile (GOEP) – defines the OBEX, SPP, and GAP interoperability requirements, and OBEX capabilities for file transfers, object push, and synchronization.
      • Object Push Profile (OPP) – defines the user interface requirements, use of OBEX and SDP, and the object push feature to push vCard, vCalendar, vNote, and vMessage content formats.
      • File Transfer Profile (FTP) – defines the user interface requirements, and the interoperability and use of GOEP, OBEX, and SDP.
      • Synchronization Profile (SP) – defines the user interface requirements, and the interoperability and use of GOEP, OBEX and SDP, as well as IrMC synchronization requirements.
    • Bluetooth Devices and Network
      • Bluetooth devices use a unique IEEE 802 48-bit address.
      • When two or more Bluetooth devices connect, they form Piconet
      • Bluetooth supports one data channel and a maximum of three voice channels.
      • Data exchanged at a rate of approximately 720 kilobits per second & range for device 10 meters(theoretical range 100)
    • Bluetooth API- Organization
      • Bluetooth API and Java ME platform
      • At the bottom of the stack are hardware,OS,Bluetooth Stack, followed by configuration, profile, and optional package(in this case JSR 82)
    • Bluetooth/OBEX API- Packages Packages Name Description javax.bluetooth.*; Core Bluetooth API, such as Discovery, L2CAP, and device and data interfaces and classes. javax.obex.*; Core Object Exchange (OBEX) APIs. Support is optional.
    • JSR 82-enable MIDlet
      • All interfaces and classes available to a JSR-82-enabled MIDlet are shown below:
    • Bluetooth API & GCF
    • Using Bluetooth API
    • Bluetooth Client & Server
    • Initializing the Bluetooth Application(Client) ... private LocalDevice localDevice ; // local Bluetooth Manager private DiscoveryAgent discoveryAgent ; // discovery agent ... /** * Initialize */ public void btInit() throws BluetoothStateException { localDevice = null; discoveryAgent = null; // Retrieve the local device to get to the Bluetooth Manager localDevice = LocalDevice.getLocalDevice(); // Retrieve the discoveryAgent to start inquiry discoveryAgent = localDevice.getDiscoveryAgent(); // Servers set the discoverable mode to GIAC discoveryAgent .startInquiry(DiscoveryAgent.GIAC, this); } ...
    • Discover Bluetooth Enable Device(Client)
      • public class MyBT implements DiscoveryListener {
      • public void deviceDiscovered(RemoteDevice btDevice, DeviceClass cod) {
      • //Retrieve bt enable devices
      • }
      • public void inquiryCompleted(int inquiryID) {
      • //Get inquiry completed notification
      • }
      • public void servicesDiscovered(int transID, ServiceRecord[] servRecord) {
      • //Retrieve the found devices services
      • }
      • public void serviceSearchCompleted(int transID, int respCode) {
      • //Get services search completed notification
      • }
      • }
    • Get BT Services(Client)
      • public class MyBT implements DiscoveryListener{
      • private final UUID[] uuidset = {new UUID(0x1105)};
      • private void getServices(int index){
      • RemoteDevice remoteDevice = (RemoteDevice) btRemoteDevice.elementAt(index);
      • discoveryAgent.searchServices(null, uuidset, remoteDevice, this);
      • }
      • public void servicesDiscovered(int transID, ServiceRecord[] servRecord) {
      • //Bt URL found
      • }
      • public void serviceSearchCompleted(int transID, int respCode){
      • //open connection
      • }
      • }
    • Example(Client)
      • public class MyBT implements DiscoveryListener , Runnable{
      • private final UUID[] uuidset = {new UUID(0x1105)};
      • //bt url found
      • private String btURL = “btgoep://002109D7F9D:9; authenticate=false;encrypt=false;master=false”;
      • … public void run() { InputStream inputStream = null; byte[] data=null; StringBuffer str = new StringBuffer(); try { int i = 0;
      • inputStream = getClass().getResourceAsStream("/icon.png"); while ((i = inputStream.read()) != -1) { str.append((char) i); } data = str.toString().getBytes();
      • //throw exception here Connection conn = Connector.open(btURL);
      • ClientSession clientSession = (ClientSession)conn; HeaderSet header = clientSession.createHeaderSet(); header.setHeader(HeaderSet.NAME,"test.png"); header.setHeader(HeaderSet.TYPE,"image/png");
      header.setHeader(HeaderSet.LENGTH,new Long(data.length)); HeaderSet headerset = clientSession.connect(header); Operation operation = clientSession.put(header); OutputStream outStream = operation.openDataOutputStream(); outStream.write(data); outStream.close(); operation.close(); clientSession.disconnect(null); conn.close(); } catch (Exception ex) { ex.printStackTrace(); } } }
    • Bluetooth(Server)
      • public class MyBTServer implements DiscoveryListener , Runnable{
      • private String btURL = “btgoep://002109D7F9D:9; authenticate=false;encrypt=false;master=false”;
      • … public void run() {
      • try{
      • String ServiceURL ="btgoep://002109D7F9D:9;authenticate=false;encrypt=false;master=false";
      • // create a server connection
      • StreamConnectionNotifier notifier = (StreamConnectionNotifier) Connector.open(ServiceURL);
      • // accept client connections
      • StreamConnection connection = notifier.acceptAndOpen();
      • // prepare to send/receive data
      • String msg = "hello there, client";
      • OutputStream os = connection.openOutputStream();
      • // send data to the client
      • os.write(msg.getBytes());
      • //close connection
      • connection.close();
      • }catch(Exception ex){
      • }
      • }
      • }
      • Thank You