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Censo- Presentación Thomas L. Mesenbourg
 

Censo- Presentación Thomas L. Mesenbourg

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    Censo- Presentación Thomas L. Mesenbourg Censo- Presentación Thomas L. Mesenbourg Presentation Transcript

    • The Populations of Puerto Rico andPuerto Ricans in the United States: 2010 Thomas L. Mesenbourg Deputy Director, U.S. Census Bureau Sales and Marketing Conference October 12, 2011
    • Highlights of Puerto Rico’s Populationand Economy• 2010 Census Results• Socioeconomic and Housing Characteristics• Puerto Rico’s Economic Activity• Puerto Rico’s Foreign Trade 2
    • POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH
    • Population Size and Growth in Puerto Rico As of April 1, 2010: • Total population was 3.7 million • 99% of the total population was of Hispanic origin • Puerto Ricans made up 96% of all Hispanics • Dominicans the 2nd largest Hispanic group (2%) Between 2000 and 2010: • The total population declined 2% • Puerto Ricans accounted for 83% of the island’s population loss 4 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Total Population in Puerto Rico: 1910to 2010Population in millions1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 5 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1910 to 2010 Decennial Censuses
    • Total Population Growth Rate inPuerto Rico: 1910-1920 to 2000-20101910- 1920- 1930- 1940- 1950- 1960- 1970- 1980- 1990- 2000-1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 6 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1910 to 2010 Decennial Censuses
    • Hispanic Origin Groups in Puerto Rico: 2000 and 2010 7 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • AGE AND SEXCOMPOSITION
    • Population by Age and Sex in Puerto Rico: 2000 Male Female 9 Source: 2000 Census
    • Population by Age and Sex in Puerto Rico: 2010 Male Female 10 Source: 2010 Census
    • Population by Sex in Puerto Rico: 2000 and 2010 11 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Median Age by Sex in Puerto Rico: 2000 and 2010 12 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Population by Selected Age Groupsin Puerto Rico: 2000 and 2010 13 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Percent Distribution by Selected AgeGroups in Puerto Rico: 2000 and 2010 14 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Percent Change by Selected AgeGroups in Puerto Rico: 2000 to 2010 15 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Percent Distribution by Age in Puerto Rico and by Age and Hispanic Origin in the United States: 2010 16 Source: 2010 Census
    • Percent Change by Age in Puerto Rico and by Age and Hispanic Origin in the United States: 2010 17 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • THE 65 AND OLDER POPULATION
    • Top Five Municipios by TotalPopulation 65 and Older: 2010Rank Municipio Population Size 1 San Juan 67,114 2 Bayamón 34,335 3 Carolina 28,605 4 Ponce 25,178 5 Caguas 21,303 19 Source: 2010 Census
    • Top Five Municipios by Percent 65 and Older of their Total Population: 2010 Rank Municipio Population Size 1 Hormigueros 20.4 2 San Germán 17.9 3 Mayagüez 17.7 4 Rincón 17.6 5 Cabo Rojo 17.6 20 Source: 2010 Census
    • GEOGRAPHICDISTRIBUTION AND CHANGE 2000 TO 2010 21
    • 22
    • Top Five Municipios by Total Population: 2010Rank Municipio Population Size 1 San Juan 395,326 2 Bayamón 208,116 3 Carolina 176,762 4 Ponce 166,327 5 Caguas 142,893 23 Source: 2010 Census
    • Top Five Municipios by Percent Increase: 2000 to 2010(For municipios with 10,000 or more population in 2010) Rank Municipio Percent Increase 1 Gurabo 23.5 2 Toa Alta 15.9 3 Naguabo 12.5 4 Dorado 12.2 5 Las Piedras 12.2 24 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Top Five Municipios byPopulation Gain: 2000 to 2010 Rank Municipio Numeric Change 1 Toa Alta 10,137 2 Gurabo 8,626 3 Canóvanas 4,313 4 Las Piedras 4,190 5 Dorado 4,148 25 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Top Five Municipios byPopulation Loss: 2000 to 2010 Rank Municipio Numeric Change 1 San Juan -39,048 2 Ponce -20,148 3 Bayamón -15,928 4 Mayagüez -9,354 5 Carolina -9,314 26 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • Top Five Municipios by Percent Decline: 2000 to 2010(For municipios with 10,000 or more population in 2010) Rank Municipio Percent Decline 1 Ceiba -24.3 2 Guánica -11.2 3 Ponce -10.8 4 Lares -10.6 5 Mayagüez -9.5 27 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • 28
    • PUERTO RICANS IN THE UNITED STATES
    • The Hispanic Population in the United StatesAs of April 1, 2010: • 50.5 million Hispanics, 16.3% of total population of 308.7 millionBetween 2000 and 2010: • Hispanics accounted for over one-half (55.5%) of the nation’s growth • Hispanic growth rate (43.0%) was four times the growth rate of the total population (9.7%) 30 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • The Puerto Rican Origin Population inthe United States: 1970 to 2010Population in millions 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 31 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1970 to 2010 Decennial Censuses
    • The Puerto Rican Origin Population in the United StatesAs of April 1, 2010: • 4.6 million Puerto Ricans • Puerto Ricans made up 9.2% of all HispanicsBetween 2000 and 2010: • The Puerto Rican origin population increased by 35.7% 32 Source: 2010 Census; Census 2000
    • SOCIOECONOMIC AND HOUSINGCHARACTERISTICS 34
    • Median Household Income: 2000 and 2006 to 2010 (In 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) $54,951 $52,347 $53,326 $52,488 $51,190 $50,046$18,859 $19,155 $18,682 $18,616 $18,654 $18,862 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Census PRCS Census 35 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; 2006 to 2010 Puerto Rico Community Survey
    • Bachelor’s Degree or Higher: 2000 and 2006 to 2010 (Percent Population 25 years and older) 27.0 27.5 27.7 27.9 28.2 24.4 21.2 21.2 21.4 22.3 20.7 18.3 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Census PRCS Census 37 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; 2006 to 2010 Puerto Rico Community Survey
    • Owner-Occupied Housing Units: 2000 and 2006 to 2010 72.9 74.1 74.3 72.4 71.5 67.3 70.5 66.2 67.2 66.6 65.9 65.1 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Census PRCS Census 39 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 and 2010 Decennial Censuses; 2006 to 2009 Puerto Rico Community Survey
    • New Housing Units Authorized by Building Permits in United States and Puerto Rico
    • Grandparents Responsible for Own Grandchildren Under 18 years: 2000 and 2006 to 2010 (Percent of grandparents living with own grandchildren under 18 years) 52.5 49.1 47.2 47.1 48.7 45.2 42.0 40.5 40.5 40.8 40.3 39.1 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Census PRCS Census 41 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; 2006 to 2010 Puerto Rico Community Survey
    • PUERTO RICOECONOMIC ACTIVITY 42
    • Industrial Composition: USA and PR (Private Non Farm Economy) The economy in Puerto Rico is relatively concentrated in Manufacturing and Retail. The healthcare sector is smaller. – Manufacturing: 13% vs. 10% – Retail: 17% vs. 13% – Healthcare: 11% vs. 15% – Other: 59% vs. 61%
    • Industrial Composition: USA and PR (Private Non Farm Economy) The economy in Puerto Rico is geared towards administrative support and educational services. By contrast the economy in the US is more geared towards professional and management services – Administrative: 9.2% vs. 7.6% – Professional Srvcs: 4% vs. 7.1% – Education Srvcs: 0.9% vs. 2.8% – Management: 1.6% vs. 2.9%
    • The Great Recession: USA and PR (Private Non Farm Economy) The economy of Puerto Rico faired worse in the Great Recession – PR: -8.4 – USA: -3.1
    • The Great Recession: USA and PR (Private Non Farm Economy) • The US had some bright sectors during this time: Mining, utilities, professional and educational services, healthcare, arts & entertainment and other services. • By contrast the only bright sector in Puerto Rico was healthcare and accommodation services. • Puerto Rico suffered disproportionate losses in every sector.
    • Top 5 Sectors by Employment for Puerto Rico (2009 CBP) Annual PayrollNAICS Sector Industry Description Employment (thousands) 44 Retail Trade 126,053 $2,161,956 31 Manufacturing 96,509 $3,183,077 62 Health Care and Social Assistance 79,471 $1,719,008 72 Accommodation and Food Services 71,957 $943,224 Administrative and Support and Waste 69,515 $1,140,668 56 Management and Remediation Services
    • Sectors with the Largest Employment Decrease Between 2008 and 2009 2008 2009 EmploymentNAICS Sector Industry Description Employment Employment Loss 23 Construction 55,402 43,772 -11,630 31 Manufacturing 106,132 96,509 -9,623 44 Retail 131,689 126,053 -5,636 52 Finance and Insurance 40,710 37,660 -3,050 Accommodation and Food 72 Services 74,733 71,957 -2,776
    • PUERTO RICOECONOMIC CENSUS 49
    • PUERTO RICO ECONOMIC CENSUSThe economic census is conducted every 5 years, covering yearsending in “2” and “7.” It is authorized by Title 13 of the United StatesCode.The economic census produces comprehensive economic data forPuerto Rico. Data are presented for Puerto Rico, metropolitanstatistical area (MSA), commercial region, and municipio levels byindustry, for variables such as receipts, annual payroll, employment,and others.The Census Bureau seeks the collaboration of the Puerto RicoPlanning Board (PRPB) for questionnaire content and design, publicity,and preliminary data review. 50
    • PUERTO RICO ECONOMIC CENSUSThe 2012 Economic Census of Puerto Rico will be mailed inDecember 2012. Data for Puerto Rico will be disseminated in American FactFinder (AFF) throughout 2014 and 2015 in three data files:– Geographic Area Statistics (all sectors except construction and manufacturing)– Construction– ManufacturingData for the 2007 Economic Census data is also available in AFF at www.factfinder.census.gov. 51
    • PUERTO RICO ECONOMIC CENSUSSpecific uses of the economic census data for Puerto Rico include:• The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) who uses the data as key inputfor the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).• Local government uses the data to assess business activity and to attract businesses.• Businesses use the data to evaluate trends, locate potential markets,and analyze their relative performance within their industries.• General public and academia use the information to research andanalyze the economy. 52
    • FOREIGN TRADE 53
    • U.S. Trade with Puerto Rico• Trade between Puerto Rico and other countries is considered part of the U.S. international trade statistics.• U.S. exports through Puerto Rico have increased $5.8 billion or 39% from 2007 – 2010.• Pharmaceutical products are the largest commodity exported through Puerto Rico accounting for $11.3 billion or 55% of the total 2010 exports.
    • U.S. Exports throughPuerto Rico by Commodity: 2010 2% 3% Pharmaceutical Products 8% 3% Organic Chemicals 6% Medical Instruments Electric Machinery 55% Chemical Products 23% Pearls & Gemstones All Other Commodities 55
    • U.S. Exports of Pharmaceutical Products through Puerto Rico, Top Countries by 2010 Value Values in millions of dollars. Data are for the San Juan Customs District. 2010 2009 2008 2007World Total 11,325.0 11,741.7 9,471.0 7,310.3Germany 3,697.6 4,534.7 3,192.5 2,276.6Netherlands 1,929.9 1,890.1 1,533.7 1,659.4Spain 1,059.3 1,640.8 1,635.2 633.9United Kingdom 1,018.6 517.7 252.0 486.9Belgium 683.7 1,081.1 1,160.1 820.2Japan 570.1 443.5 312.1 216.5 56
    • U.S. Exports through Puerto Rico Annual Totals by 2010 Value 57
    • Questions?For more information on contentplease call: 800-923-8282 or visit www.census.gov 58