Priests played an important role in the Mayan government. They ruled cities. Each day they would climb up hundreds of stairs to reach the top of the massive temples built by the Mayans. Only the king and priests were allowed in the temple. In small villages priests were called the godfathers and often helped deliver babies. Among the many Mayan rulers, Lord Pacal was one of the most famous rulers. He became king at 6, and legally took the thrown at the age of 12. His rule lasted for 50 years before he died.
A daily routine for the mayans included the women waking up before 4 am to make fires and breakfast. By 5 am the men would be finishing breakfast and leaving to hunt or farm with their sons. At the end of the day the men would come home to a warm bath the women prepared for them. The mayans had community bathing areas. For dinner the women would make dinner but would not eat with the men. They would serve the men and eat after dinner alone.
Farming: Farmers in the mayan empire had their own land plots and sometimes a garden next the their houses. Farmers would drain swamp lands and plant their crops there. They created irrigation canals so bring water from near by swamps to the crops to help them grow. They grew maize, beans, squash, cotton, and more. They used the cocoa beans from the cocoa tree as currency sometimes. C.C
Clothing & Beauty:
The Mayans had very simple clothing. Men wore an ex, or a loincloth, and women wore bag like dresses. Their idea of beauty and clothing is nothing like ours today. The Mayans practiced skull deformation on young children. They did this by tying a flat board to the child’s forehead. The Mayans had tattoos and body piercings. The Mayans also filed their teeth to make them pointy. For special occasions or ceremony the Mayans would paint their faces and bodies.
Mayan alphabet: The Mayans created an elaborate alphabet. They used glyphs and symbols for letters. These were called glyphs. Some of the symbols include the ones above. They were depicted as humans, animals, and supernatural creatures. The Mayans also created numerals so that they could do math. C.C
Mayan religion was characterized by the worship of nature gods, specifically the gods of sun, rain and corn. Their religion also involved rituals of human sacrifice. S.L
The Mayans sacrificed animals such as dogs, turkeys, and jaguars. Jaguars were considered sacred and only sacrificed on certain occasions.
Kings and their wives offered their own blood to the gods. They would cut themselves and soak their blood onto paper and the paper was then burned. The smoke was believed to go to the heavens and the Mayan gods would return power to the kings.
By building temples, rulers of the Mayan empire enhanced their authority to rule and created social unification.
Building pyramidal structures reinforced and reminded people of their place in the structure of society.
The Mayans of the Yucatan region of Mexico were believed to have studied the medicinal properties of plants of many plants.
During the Mayan ceremony, the Kili’ich Ts’íitsja’il Neeko’ob, corn, squash, lentils and sesame seeds were grown and used in the ceremony.
This picture shows a picture of the Mayan supreme god Itzamná. This picture shows the Mayan god Chac. S.L