GI Bill Basic TrainingWhat Every Financial Aid ProfessionalOught To Know
Introduction• Overview of the different GI Bill programs• More in depth discussion of the Post 9/11 GIBill – including changes made by the Post 9/11GI Bill Improvement Act of 2010• Discussion of possible institutional procedures• Questions
Overview• Only Ch 33 (Post 9/11 GI Bill) and Chapter 31(Vocational Rehabilitation) pays directly to the school.All others pay a stipend directly to the student.• Can only use one benefit at a time.• Maximum of 48 months of benefits under all programscombined.• ONLY VA can make determination of benefit eligibility
Chapter 30 – Montgomery GI Bill• Eligibility– Served at least 2 years onActive Duty– Paid $1,200 Contribution– Honorably Discharged• Entitlement– 36 months• Delimiting Date– 10 years from last date ofdischarge from Active Duty
Chapter 30 – Montgomery GI Bill• Payment Rates (effective 10/01/2012)3 years or more service:• Full Time -$1,564.00• ¾ Time - $1,173.00• ½ Time - $782.00**• ¼ Time or less - $391.00**Less than 3 years of service:• Full Time - $1,564.00• ¾ Time - $1,173.00• ½ Time - $728.00• Less than ½ time but more than ¼ time - $635.00**• ¼ time or less - $317.50**** Tuition and Fees ONLY. Payment cannot exceed the listed amount.
Chapter 1606 – Montgomery GIBill – Selected Reserve• Eligibility– Enlist in the SelectedReserve for at least 6years.– Completed Initial ActiveDuty Training– Currently actively drillingwith a Reserve Unit andin good standing.• Entitlement– 36 months• Delimiting Date– Only eligible whileactively drilling.
Chapter 1606 – Montgomery GIBill – Selected Reserve• Payment Rates (Effective 10/01/2012)– Full Time - $356.00– ¾ Time - $266.00– ½ Time - $176.00– Less than ½ time - $89.00
Chapter 1607 – Reserve EducationAssistance Program (REAP)• Eligibility– Member of Reservescalled to active dutyafter 09/11/2001 underTitle 10 and served atleast 90 consecutivedays– Must return from activeduty and complete theircontract in the SelectedReserves• Entitlement– 36 months• Delimiting Date– Not fixed – must returnto reserve componentfrom which they werecalled to active duty
Chapter 1607 – Reserve EducationAssistance Program (REAP)Payment Rates (Effective 10/01/2011)Training Time Consecutive serviceof 90 days but lessthan one yearConsecutive serviceof 1 year but lessthan 2 yearsConsecutive serviceof 2 years or moreFull Time $625.60 $938.40 $1,251.20¾ Time $469.20 $703.80 $938.40½ Time $312.80 $469.20 $625.60Less than 1/2 timeMore than 1/4 time$312.80** $469.20** $625.60**1/4 time or less $156.40** $234.60** $312.80**** Tuition and FeesONLY. Paymentcannot exceed thelisted amount.
Chapter 35 – DependentsEducational Assistance (DEA)• Eligibility– Parent or Spouse musthave a permanent &total, service-connecteddisability, have died asthe result of a service-connected disability, ordied in the line of duty.• Entitlement– 45 Months• Delimiting Date– Children – generally 10years from the effectivedate of rating or date ofnotification– Spouses – 20 years fromeffective date of rating.
Chapter 35 – DependentsEducation Assistance (DEA)• Payment Rates (Effective 10/01/2012)– Full Time - $987.00– ¾ Time - $740.00– ½ Time - $491.00– Less than ½ time & more than ¼ time - $491.00**– ¼ Time or less - $246.75**** Tuition and Fees ONLY. Payment cannot exceed the listedamount
Chapter 31 – VocationalRehabilitation & Employment• Eligibility– Must have a service-connected disability rating ofat least 10% which causes ademonstrable employmenthandicap– Must have approval of theirRehab Counselor to pursuestudy at an IHL– Any discharge other thanDishonorable• Entitlement– 48 months• Delimiting Date– Up to 12 years from lastseparation or dateservice connection ofdisability is determined.
Chapter 31 – VocationalRehabilitation & Employment• School must receive notification of eligibility directlyfrom the Voc. Rehab Counselor.– Indicates approved courses of study and effective dates.• VA Pays full tuition & fees directly to the school• VA pays for books & supplies required for training• Student also receives subsistence allowance whileenrolled.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Some significant differences between Post9/11 GI Bill and other GI Bill Programs– For the first time since the 1st GI Bill the VA pays tuition &fees directly to the schools– Allows for active duty members of the military to transfertheir benefits to dependents– Payments to/for veterans vary depending on the locationof the college they are attending– Allows for a tiered benefit based on length of service.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Eligibility– Must have served at least cumulative 90 days ofactive duty after 09/10/2001; or– Must have served at least 30 consecutive days ofactive duty after 09/10/2001 and been dischargeddue to a service-connected disability– Must have been honorably discharged.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Entitlement– 36 months– If veteran transfers from Chapter30 they only havethe number of months remaining for theirChapter30 benefits.• Delimiting Date– 15 years from the dates of last discharge orrelease from active duty of at least 90 days.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Benefit TiersPost 9/11 Service Percentage of MaxAmount PayableAt least 36 months 100%At least 30 continuous days on active duty and dischargeddue to service-connected disability100%At least 30 months, but less than 36 months 90%At least 24 months, but less than 30 months 80%At least 18 months, but less than 24 months 70%At least 12 months, but less than 18 months 60%At least 06 months, but less than 12 months 50%At least 90 days, but less than 06 months 40%
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI BillTuition & Fees – PublicSchools• Individuals are eligible forthe applicable percentageof:– Net in-state tuition & feescharge• Must subtract all tuition-restricted, non-Title IVassistance• Out-of-state tuition NOTpayableTuition & Fees –Private/Foreign Schools• Individuals are eligible forthe applicable percentageof the lesser of:– Net tuition & fees charged• Must subtract all tuition-restricted, non-Title IVassistance– $18,077.50
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Fees are defined as mandatory charges (otherthan tuition, room & board) that are appliedby the institution for pursuit of an approveddegree program.• Application Fee is NOT covered by the VA• Special Study Abroad fees can only be paid ifthe study abroad experience is required fortheir degree program.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Monthly Housing Stipend– Equal to the Basic Allowance for Housing for an E-5 with dependents for the zip code of the school.– Cannot be active duty or enrolled half-time orless.– If a student is enrolled in all on-line courses theyare eligible for ½ of the national average amount.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Monthly Housing Stipend (Cont’d)– Effective 08/01/2012 housing stipend is pro-ratedbased on enrollment level.– Rate determined by rate of pursuit rounded tonears multiple of 10.• Books & Supplies Stipend– Students can receive up to $1,000 per year.– $41.67 per credit hour for up to 24 credit hours.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Yellow Ribbon Program– School may contract with the VA to pay all or part ofunmet charges (above $ 18,077.50 for private schools, out-of-state charges for public schools.)– VA will match school’s contributions toward the unmetcharges up to 50%– Issued on a first-come, first-served basis to those eligible.– Schools determine the number of slots available and maylimit contribution amounts by education level.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Yellow Ribbon Program Eligibility– Must be eligible for the Post 9/11 GI Bill at the100% benefit level– Must have unmet charges– Must maintain satisfactory progress– Sgt. Fry Scholarship Recipients are not eligible– Cannot be active duty or the spouse of active dutymember
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• The Yellow Ribbon Program is always tied tothe Post 9/11 GI Bill. After a student is nolonger eligible for the Post 9/11 GI Bill, theyare no longer eligible for the Yellow RibbonProgram.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Transfer of Entitlement– Chapter 33 allows active members of the armedforces to transfer benefits to a spouse or child.• Spouses may use the benefits after member has served6 years and receive the benefits according to the statusof the service member• Children may use the benefits after member has served10 years and receive the benefits at the veteran rate.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Transfer of Entitlement– Service Member must apply to their branch ofservice to transfer benefits to dependents.– After transfer is approved, the dependent thenmust apply for benefits through the VA.– Dependents receive the benefit at the samebenefit tier the service member would receive.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Gunnery Sergeant John David Fry Scholarship– For children of active duty member of the Armed Forceswho has died in the line of duty on or after 09/11/2001.– Entitled to 36 months of benefits at the 100% level.– Have 15 years from their 18th birthday to use the benefit.– Cannot use benefits before their 18th birthday or until theyhave completed high school.– Are NOT eligible for the Yellow Ribbon Program.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Other changes from PL 111-377, the Post 9/11Veterans Education Assistance Improvements Act of2011– Break Pay is no longer payable under any GI Bill– Allows those eligible for Chapter 33, but using VR&E tochoose the Post 9/11 GI Bill monthly housing allowanceinstead of the Chapter 31 subsistence allowance.– Allows student on active duty (or their spouses) to receivea books & supplies stipend.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI Bill• Other Changes from PL 111-377, the Post 9/11Veterans Education Assistance Improvement Act of2010– Active Duty & their spouses now subject to the applicablecaps prorated by their benefit tier.– Expands eligibility to include “Active Service performed byNational Guard members under title 32 U.S.C. for thepurpose of organizing, administering, recruiting,instructing, or training…”• This provision not payable till 10/01/2011, but retroactive to08/01/2009.
Chapter 33 – Post 9/11 GI B• Other Changes from PL 111-377, the Post 9/11Veterans Education Assistance Improvement Act of2010– Effective 10/01/2011, expands benefits to cover Non-College degree programs, OJT/Apprenticeship, FlightPrograms and Correspondence training.– Effective 10/02/2011, Monthly Housing Stipend nowpayable to those enrolled solely in distance learning.• The full-time rate for an individual eligible at 100% is $684.00 for2011-12 school year. (One-half national average BAH.)
Institutional Procedures• STUDENT MUST INFORM US THAT THEY AREELIGIBLE FOR GI BILL BENEFITS – The VA doesnot inform us of those who have applied forbenefits.• Requirements are more strictly enforced forPost 9/11 GI Bill than for other Chapters.• Highly recommend School Certifying Official(SCO) sets up online VA – “Right Now Web”account.
SLU Procedures - General• Student must provide documentation of GI BillEligibility– DD-214 / NOBE– Application for Benefits– Certificate of Prior Eligibility or prior Award Letter• Students cannot be certified until they haveactually registered for classes (VA does allowcertifying for entire year)
SLU Procedure - General• School Certifying Official (SCO) VerifiesStudent’s Enrollment• SCO Runs Degree Audit to verify all coursesapply to degree program• SCO Certifies Enrollment to the VA• SCO must notify VA of any changes inenrollment within 30 days of the change.
SLU Procedures – Voc. Rehab.• After SCO certifies enrollment to the VA, StudentAccounts & the bookstore are notified of student’seligibility for Voc. Rehab.• Student Accounts invoices the VA for the tuition &fees charged and applies Third Party Payment to thestudent’s account.• No Refunds are issued until payment is received fromthe VA.
SLU Procedures – Post 9/11• Enrollment is submitted to VA initially with $0 Tuition& Fees reported.• SCO must verify net tuition & fees charged and afteradd/drop period reports these to the VA.• SCO calculates the payments expected from the VAand, if necessary, the Yellow Ribbon Program amount• SCO sends notification to Student Accounts ofexpected VA payments.
SLU Procedures – Post 9/11• Student Accounts applies amounts as Third PartyPayments to the student’s account.• Refunds are not made to the student until the VApays the funds – This may result in apparent balanceon the student’s account.• Only tuition & fees are paid to the school. Themonthly housing stipend and the books & suppliesstipend are issued directly to the student.
SLU Procedures – Yellow Ribbon• Yellow Ribbon is awarded on a first-come,first-served basis.– Those eligible are required to complete an onlineapplication that is available for a set period oftime before each semester begins.– Student must be accepted before they will beconsidered– Student must show proof of eligibility beforeYellow Ribbon will be awarded.
SLU Procedures – Yellow Ribbon• SLU has contracted to fund a maximum of 50students during any given year.• Currently this total number is available to anystudent, at any level, from any school except theMedical School• SLU Currently pays 50% of remaining charges up to amaximum of $10,000.• Contract is renewed each year so this could changein the future.
Wrap - Up• Remember payments made to students are paid inarrears (with the exception of the Books & SuppliesStipend.)• Tuition Assistance & GI Bill are two very differentthings and are administered very differently.• Only the VA can tell a student if they are eligible forthe GI Bill.• GI Bill Website: www.gibill.va.gov
Questions?Jennifer MattesonSaint Louis University(314) firstname.lastname@example.org