SIXSeoul13 Day 1: City Talk London/Dhaka Case - Rushanara Ali
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SIXSeoul13 Day 1: City Talk London/Dhaka Case - Rushanara Ali

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SIXSeoul13 Day 1: City Talk London/Dhaka Case - Rushanara Ali SIXSeoul13 Day 1: City Talk London/Dhaka Case - Rushanara Ali Presentation Transcript

  • City  Talk:  What  is  making  ci2es  around  the  world  thrive?   Rushanara  Ali  MP   Member  of  Parliament  for  Bethnal  Green  and  Bow   Shadow  Minister  for  Interna2onal  Development  
  •  My  story   •   I  was  born  in  Bangladesh  in  1975  and  moved  to   the  UK  at  the  age  of  7  with  my  family.    I  grew  up   in  East  London,  the  area  I  now  represent     •     I  was  elected  as  the  member  of  Parliament  for   Bethnal  Green  and  Bow  at  the  last  UK  General   ElecEon  in  May  2010     •     I  am  the  first  person  of  BriEsh-­‐Bengali  heritage   to  be  elected  to  the  House  of  Commons.   •     Before  becoming  MP,  I  was  Associate  Director   of  the  Young  FoundaEon.  Previously,  I  worked  at   the  CommuniEes  Directorate  of  the  Home  Office   (2002  –  2005),  the  Foreign  and  Commonwealth   Office  (2000-­‐2001);  as  a  Research  Fellow  at  the   InsEtute  for  Public  Policy  Research   (1999-­‐2002).Assistant  to  Lord  Young  of   DarEngton.  Founder  of    Young  FoundaEon.    
  • Urbanisa2on   •   For  the  first  Eme  in  history,  more  than  half  of  the  world’s  people  live  in  ciEes.   •   Over  90%  of  urban  growth  is  occurring  in  developing  countries,  which  add  an   esEmated  70  million  new  urban  residents  each  year.   •   The  urban  populaEon  of  the  world’s  two  poorest  regions,  South  Asia  and  Sub-­‐Saharan   Africa,  is  expected  to  double  over  the  next  20  years.   •   CiEes  account  for  some  70%  of  global  GDP.   •   No  country  has  grown  to  middle-­‐income  status  without  industrialising  and  urbanising.   London,  United  Kingdom   Dhaka,  Bangladesh   Johannesburg,  South  Africa  
  • Economic  indicators  in  London   •   esEmates  show  that  the  UK  economy  grew  by  0.7%  in  Q2  2013,  following  growth  of  0.3%  in  Q1  2013.   Since  2007,  London  has  outperformed  the  rest  of  the  UK  economy.   • Unemployment  rates  across  the  UK  increased  between  Q4  2007  and  Q4  2012.  London  had  the  lowest   increase  at  1.8%.  Within  London  the  highest  unemployment  rate  for  the  year  to  December  2012  was  in   Newham  at  13.2%.   •   Prices  in  the  UK  are  rising  faster  than  wages  meaning  people  are  nearly  £1,500  a  year  worse  off  than   they  were  in  2010.   •   Employees  on  zero-­‐hours  contracts  are  being  paid  40%  less  per  hour  than  other  employees.  As  many   as  1  million  people  in  the  UK  could  be  employed  on  zero-­‐hours  contracts.   •   The  number  of  unemployed  claimants  in  my  consEtuency  in  July  2013  was  4,785.  This  represents  a   rate  of  7.2%  of  the  economically  acEve  populaEon  aged  16  to  64,  the  97th  highest  of  the  650  UK   consEtuencies.  42%  children  live  in  poverty  and  22,000  people  on  public  housing  waiEng  list  with  only   2,000  available    social  housing  properEes  available  for  rent.    
  • Social  indicators  in  London   •   In  2011,  London  had  the  largest  proporEon  of  people  from  non-­‐White  ethnic  groups  (38.6%)  in  the  UK.   •   In  2011,  London  was  the  desEnaEon  for  28%  of  all  long-­‐term  migrants  to  the  UK.   •   London  has  the  highest  proporEon  of  socially  rented  housing  in  England.  The  proporEon  of  people   living  in  relaEve  poverty  is  also  the  highest  in  the  UK.   •   In  2010,  24%  of  homes  in  London  were  rented  from  local  authoriEes  and  social  landlords,  compared   with  the  UK  average  of  18%.  26%  of  homes  were  privately  rented,  above  the  UK  average  of  17%.   •   A  fiih  of  children  in  London  lived  in  workless  households  in  Q2  2011  (20.7%),  the  highest  proporEon  in   the  UK.   •   Crime  rates  in  London  are  among  the  highest  in  England.  Police  recorded  crimes,  which  include  crimes   against  visitors  to  London,  amounted  to  107  per  1,000  populaEon  in  2010/11.   •   Life  expectancy  at  birth  in  London  was  above  the  UK  average  in  the  three-­‐year  period  2008  to  2010  at   79.0  years  for  males  and  83.3  years  for  females.  
  • The  London  2012  Olympic  and  Paralympic  Games  
  • The  East  End  of  London   Brick  Lane,  London   Columbia  Road  Flower  Market,  London   Bethnal  Green  and  Bow,  London   •   Bethnal  Green  and  Bow  is  an  exciEng,  dynamic  and  diverse  part  of  London.  Some  of  the  greatest   social  reforms  of  the  past  100  years  -­‐    matchgirls  strikes  125  years  ago  -­‐    the  trade  union  movement,   Suffragekes  and  the  welfare  state  have  come  from  ideas  inspired  by  the  East  End  and  its  people.   Long  history  of  innovaEon  in  campaigning,  social  and  poliEcal  reform.         •   Bethnal  Green  and  Bow  is  known  for  its  vibrancy,  its  cultural  acEvity,  its  places  and  its  people.   Whitechapel  gallery,  Columbia  Road  flower  market,  and  Spitalfields  market  are  just  some  of  the   places  that  akract  thousands  of  locals  and  visitors  from  around  the  world.   •   long  history  of  migraEon  from  the  Huguenots,  Jews,  Irish,  Pakistanis,  Bengalis,  to  the  Somalis  to   name  just  a  few.    Diversity  and  innovaEon  –  in  the  arts,  community  and  civil  society  organisaEons   • But  high  levels  of  inequality,  Between  the  glikering  towers  of  the  city    of  London  and  Canary  Wharf   and  next  door  to  Olympic  village  –  which  saw  £9billion  investment  and  more  investment  and  jobs  to   follow  –  but  unemployment  went  up  during  the  summer  of  Olympics.  Legacy  challenge        
  • Innova2ve  organisa2ons   Rushanara  Ali  MP,  Alveena  Malik  and  Daw  Aung  San   Suu  Kyi  promoEng  UpRising   David  Lammy  MP  and  Rushanara  Ali  MP  with   Fastlaners   Studio  Schools   UpRising  
  • Urbanisa2on  in  developing  countries  
  • Dhaka,  Bangladesh   Rana  Plaza  building  collapse  in  Savar,  Bangladesh  (April  2013)   Kamrangirchar  slum  of  Dhaka,  Bangladesh   •   Growth  rates  in  Bangladesh  are  at  about  6%  a  year,  according  to  the  World  Bank.   •   Bangladesh  is  one  of  Goldman  Sachs’  ‘The  Next  Eleven’  countries  which  have  the  potenEal,  along  with   the  BRICS,  to  become  the  world’s  largest  economies  in  the  21st  century.   •   Over  the  decade,  the  number  of  poor  people  in  Bangladesh  declined  by  26%.  However,  in  2010,   31.5%  of  people  in  Bangladesh  lived  under  the  poverty  line.   •   Mass  urban  migraEon  that  has  made  Dhaka  the  world’s  most  rapidly  expanding  city.   •   In  2007,  the  World  Bank  esEmated  that  nearly  half  of  Dhaka's  populaEon  of  more  than  12  million  live   in  slums.   Other  countries  –  innovaEon  even  in  face  of  adversity  –  Lebanon  and  syrian  refugees,  PalesEnian   camps  
  • Innova2ve  solu2ons  in  Bangladesh     Muhammad  Yunus  and  Grameen  Bank’s  borrower-­‐owners   Flood  defence  barriers  in  Kishergonj,  Bangladesh   FloaEng  vegetable  gardens  in  Kishergonj,  Bangladesh