Smithsonian Institution Libraries History of Science and Technology Latino History and Culture Materials Research Modern and Contemporary Art MuseologyAfrican Art Native American History and CultureAfrican American History and Culture Natural HistoryAnthropology Postal HistoryAmerican Art Tropical BiologyAmerican History Trade LiteratureAsian and Middle Eastern Art World’s Fair EphemeraAviation history and Space FlightDesign and Decorative ArtsEnvironmental Management and Ecology
Support for the Sciences Taxonomic NomenclatureIdentifying and Naming of Species New, Old, Re-name, Misspellings, Synonyms, Homonyms, Splits, Joins, …. Authorship: Who, When, Former …Rules: International Code of Botanical Nomenclature International Code of Zoological Nomenclature International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria
Importance of Publication Who Writes Publishes and Distributes FIRST WINS
Justification of NH Libraries! In any well-appointed Natural History Library there should be found every book and every edition of every book dealing in the remotest way with the subjects concerned. Charles Davies Sherborn, Epilogue to Index Animalium, March 1922
“Veni, vidi, vici – and now history:Botany’s new rules allow Englishto replace Latin in Describing Species”Washington Post 19 January 2012
Library’s Catalog: The zoological miscellany : being descriptions of new, or interesting animals / by William Elford LeachSherborn’s Bibliography:Zoological Miscellany (Leach’s). 3 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1814-17.
Index Citation Species Name to Page Database Parsing To Find Pieces and Parts ID Image ID Page Name & reference"362382","SIL34_02_24_0193","6101","splendens Turdus, W. E. Leach, Zool. Miscell. II. 1815, 30.”
Taxonomic Literature 2nd EditionTaxonomic Literature: A selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types (second edition)15 volumes guide to the literature of systematic botany published between 1753 and 1940 Organized by author ~ Citation for the author’s surnameNumbered entries of the author’s publications ~Suggested short-title & abbreviation of short-title foruse in taxonomic publications TL2 is a standard by which author’s names and titles should be abbreviated
Digitizing The Entire Title: Scope of Work• Approximately 11, 500scanned pages• Average of 3,300 charactersper page• Approximately 44, 000 authorentries• Image files approx. 9 GB insize
★ Linked Open Data – 5 Stars ★★ Available on the web (whatever format), but with an open licence★★ Available as machine-readable structured data (e.g. excel instead of • Shareable image scan of a table)★★★ as (2) plus non-proprietary • Extensible format (e.g. CSV instead of excel)★★★★ All the above plus, Use open • Re-Usable standards from W3C (RDF and SPARQL) to identify things, so that • International people can point at your stuff★★★★★ All the above, plus: Link your data to other people’s data to provide context
Linked Open DataSubject Predicate ObjectSubject – A “thing” with a unique identifier Johan Wilhelm Palmstruch TL2 id <Palmstr>Predicate – A “verb” with a unique identifier Illustrated RDA <Illustrator>Object – A “thing” with a unique identifier Svensk Botanik TL2 id <7247>
Triple Stores Johan Wilhelm Palmstruch Illustrated Svensk BotanikTL2 BOTid <Palmstr> TL2 BKid <7247>RDA <Illustrator> RDA <Illustrator>TL2 BKid<7247> TL2 BOTid <Palmstr>
TL2: Linked Open Data Botanists Pages Triple Stores of Name relationship to Books Name relationship to Standard Abbreviation Book Pages Triple Stores of Book relationship to Name Book relationship to TL2 Numbering Book relationship to Standard Abbreviation
Life and Literature Conference 2011Compelling Use Cases for DigitizationIncluding cool and unexpectedOnce digitized, text is just textSignificant amount not discoverable“So in not fully investigating theproduct of the digital projects, are weselling scholarship short? Whatscholarship in the digital age means?And what are the real tools we needto do it?” Elycia Wallis, Museum Victoria
Contact information: PilskS@si.edu Thanks To Many• Joel Richard • Gilbert Borrego• Martin Kalfatovic • Carolyn Sheffield• Grace Costantino • Bianca Crowley• Courtney Shaw • Becky Morin• Keri Thompson • Mike Lichtenburg• Robin Everly • David Remsen• Interns too numerous to • Patrick Leary name • Chris Freeland• Volunteers too numerous to • Rod Page name
Interesting SourcesIndex Animalium www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/indexanimaliumTaxonomic Literature (3) www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/tl-2 Smithsonian Institution Libraries Life and Literature Conference www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/tl-2 http://www.lifeandliterature.org/ Connecting Content Smithsonian Institution research.calacademy.org/library/fieldnotes www.si.edu/ The Field Book Project Biodiversity Heritage Library www.mnh.si.edu/rc/fieldbooks/index.html www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ Linked Open Data Internet Archive linkeddata.org/ www.archive.org/
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