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Partnering In Research:The Smithsonian Libraries,     Index Animalium            &Taxonomic Literature, 2nd Ed         Suz...
Smithsonian Institution
Smithsonian Institution Libraries                                       History of Science and Technology                 ...
Support for the Sciences            Taxonomic NomenclatureIdentifying and Naming of Species  New, Old, Re-name, Misspellin...
Importance of Publication        Who Writes         Publishes       and Distributes           FIRST           WINS
Justification of NH Libraries!            In any well-appointed            Natural History Library            there should...
“Veni, vidi, vici – and now history:Botany’s new rules allow Englishto replace Latin in Describing Species”Washington Post...
Libraries and Librarians
Tools of the TradeTaxonomic Literature 2nd Edition                                   Index Animalium / Sherborn
Metadata Fail
Digitization
If you digitize it …                       Will they find it?
Search Gone BAD!
Metadata Successes
Compiled between 1890-1933      Covers literature 1758-1850 More than 9,000 pages       Published in over 30 volumes      ...
The Squire
Connecting Index to Sources
Bibliography = Metadata
Library’s Catalog:                                        The zoological miscellany : being descriptions                  ...
Index Citation Species Name to Page                   Database Parsing To Find Pieces and Parts     ID        Image ID    ...
Taxonomic Literature 2nd EditionTaxonomic Literature: A selective guide to        botanical publications and        collec...
Digitizing The Entire Title:        Scope of Work• Approximately 11, 500scanned pages• Average of 3,300 charactersper page...
★ Linked Open Data – 5 Stars ★★ Available on the web (whatever  format), but with an open licence★★ Available as machine-r...
FOAF: Friend of a Friend
Linked Open DataSubject Predicate ObjectSubject – A “thing” with a unique identifier   Johan Wilhelm Palmstruch           ...
Triple Stores        Johan Wilhelm Palmstruch               Illustrated             Svensk BotanikTL2 BOTid <Palmstr>   TL...
TL2: Linked Open Data      Botanists Pages         Triple Stores of      Name relationship to Books      Name relationship...
http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
SILTL-3
Future
Life and Literature Conference 2011
Life and Literature Conference 2011
Life and Literature Conference 2011Compelling Use Cases for DigitizationIncluding cool and unexpectedOnce digitized, text ...
Contact information: PilskS@si.edu             Thanks To Many• Joel Richard                    •   Gilbert Borrego• Martin...
Interesting SourcesIndex Animalium www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/indexanimaliumTaxonomic Literature (3) www.sil.si.edu...
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012
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Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012

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Transcript of "Suzanne Pilsk Presentation to SIL Board 2012"

  1. 1. Partnering In Research:The Smithsonian Libraries, Index Animalium &Taxonomic Literature, 2nd Ed Suzanne C. Pilsk Metadata Librarian Smithsonian Libraries
  2. 2. Smithsonian Institution
  3. 3. Smithsonian Institution Libraries History of Science and Technology Latino History and Culture Materials Research Modern and Contemporary Art MuseologyAfrican Art Native American History and CultureAfrican American History and Culture Natural HistoryAnthropology Postal HistoryAmerican Art Tropical BiologyAmerican History Trade LiteratureAsian and Middle Eastern Art World’s Fair EphemeraAviation history and Space FlightDesign and Decorative ArtsEnvironmental Management and Ecology
  4. 4. Support for the Sciences Taxonomic NomenclatureIdentifying and Naming of Species New, Old, Re-name, Misspellings, Synonyms, Homonyms, Splits, Joins, …. Authorship: Who, When, Former …Rules: International Code of Botanical Nomenclature International Code of Zoological Nomenclature International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria
  5. 5. Importance of Publication Who Writes Publishes and Distributes FIRST WINS
  6. 6. Justification of NH Libraries! In any well-appointed Natural History Library there should be found every book and every edition of every book dealing in the remotest way with the subjects concerned. Charles Davies Sherborn, Epilogue to Index Animalium, March 1922
  7. 7. “Veni, vidi, vici – and now history:Botany’s new rules allow Englishto replace Latin in Describing Species”Washington Post 19 January 2012
  8. 8. Libraries and Librarians
  9. 9. Tools of the TradeTaxonomic Literature 2nd Edition Index Animalium / Sherborn
  10. 10. Metadata Fail
  11. 11. Digitization
  12. 12. If you digitize it … Will they find it?
  13. 13. Search Gone BAD!
  14. 14. Metadata Successes
  15. 15. Compiled between 1890-1933 Covers literature 1758-1850 More than 9,000 pages Published in over 30 volumes Indexes more than 400,000 names
  16. 16. The Squire
  17. 17. Connecting Index to Sources
  18. 18. Bibliography = Metadata
  19. 19. Library’s Catalog: The zoological miscellany : being descriptions of new, or interesting animals / by William Elford LeachSherborn’s Bibliography:Zoological Miscellany (Leach’s). 3 vols. 8vo. Lond. 1814-17.
  20. 20. Index Citation Species Name to Page Database Parsing To Find Pieces and Parts ID Image ID Page Name & reference"362382","SIL34_02_24_0193","6101","splendens Turdus, W. E. Leach, Zool. Miscell. II. 1815, 30.”
  21. 21. Taxonomic Literature 2nd EditionTaxonomic Literature: A selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types (second edition)15 volumes guide to the literature of systematic botany published between 1753 and 1940 Organized by author ~ Citation for the author’s surnameNumbered entries of the author’s publications ~Suggested short-title & abbreviation of short-title foruse in taxonomic publications TL2 is a standard by which author’s names and titles should be abbreviated
  22. 22. Digitizing The Entire Title: Scope of Work• Approximately 11, 500scanned pages• Average of 3,300 charactersper page• Approximately 44, 000 authorentries• Image files approx. 9 GB insize
  23. 23. ★ Linked Open Data – 5 Stars ★★ Available on the web (whatever format), but with an open licence★★ Available as machine-readable structured data (e.g. excel instead of • Shareable image scan of a table)★★★ as (2) plus non-proprietary • Extensible format (e.g. CSV instead of excel)★★★★ All the above plus, Use open • Re-Usable standards from W3C (RDF and SPARQL) to identify things, so that • International people can point at your stuff★★★★★ All the above, plus: Link your data to other people’s data to provide context
  24. 24. FOAF: Friend of a Friend
  25. 25. Linked Open DataSubject Predicate ObjectSubject – A “thing” with a unique identifier Johan Wilhelm Palmstruch TL2 id <Palmstr>Predicate – A “verb” with a unique identifier Illustrated RDA <Illustrator>Object – A “thing” with a unique identifier Svensk Botanik TL2 id <7247>
  26. 26. Triple Stores Johan Wilhelm Palmstruch Illustrated Svensk BotanikTL2 BOTid <Palmstr> TL2 BKid <7247>RDA <Illustrator> RDA <Illustrator>TL2 BKid<7247> TL2 BOTid <Palmstr>
  27. 27. TL2: Linked Open Data Botanists Pages Triple Stores of Name relationship to Books Name relationship to Standard Abbreviation Book Pages Triple Stores of Book relationship to Name Book relationship to TL2 Numbering Book relationship to Standard Abbreviation
  28. 28. http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
  29. 29. SILTL-3
  30. 30. Future
  31. 31. Life and Literature Conference 2011
  32. 32. Life and Literature Conference 2011
  33. 33. Life and Literature Conference 2011Compelling Use Cases for DigitizationIncluding cool and unexpectedOnce digitized, text is just textSignificant amount not discoverable“So in not fully investigating theproduct of the digital projects, are weselling scholarship short? Whatscholarship in the digital age means?And what are the real tools we needto do it?” Elycia Wallis, Museum Victoria
  34. 34. Contact information: PilskS@si.edu Thanks To Many• Joel Richard • Gilbert Borrego• Martin Kalfatovic • Carolyn Sheffield• Grace Costantino • Bianca Crowley• Courtney Shaw • Becky Morin• Keri Thompson • Mike Lichtenburg• Robin Everly • David Remsen• Interns too numerous to • Patrick Leary name • Chris Freeland• Volunteers too numerous to • Rod Page name
  35. 35. Interesting SourcesIndex Animalium www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/indexanimaliumTaxonomic Literature (3) www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/tl-2 Smithsonian Institution Libraries Life and Literature Conference www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/tl-2 http://www.lifeandliterature.org/ Connecting Content Smithsonian Institution research.calacademy.org/library/fieldnotes www.si.edu/ The Field Book Project Biodiversity Heritage Library www.mnh.si.edu/rc/fieldbooks/index.html www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ Linked Open Data Internet Archive linkeddata.org/ www.archive.org/
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