Use the simple present to express the idea
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Use the simple present to express the idea

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Use the simple present to express the idea Use the simple present to express the idea Presentation Transcript

  • USE THE SIMPLE PRESENT TO EXPRESS THE IDEA THAT AN ACTION ISREPEATED OR USUAL. THE ACTION CAN BE A HABIT, A HOBBY, A DAILYEVENT, A SCHEDULED EVENT OR SOMETHING THAT OFTEN HAPPENS. ITCAN ALSO BE SOMETHING A PERSON OFTEN FORGETS OR USUALLY DOESNOT DO .I play tennis.She does not play tennis.Does he play tennis?The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.The train does not leave at 9 AM.
  • THE SIMPLE PRESENT CAN ALSO INDICATE THE SPEAKER BELIEVES THAT AFACT WAS TRUE BEFORE, IS TRUE NOW, AND WILL BE TRUE IN THE FUTURE.IT IS NOT IMPORTANT IF THE SPEAKER IS CORRECT ABOUT THE FACT. IT ISALSO USED TO MAKE GENERALIZATIONS ABOUT PEOPLE OR THINGS. Cats like milk. Birds do not like milk. Do pigs like milk? California is in America.
  • SPEAKERS OCCASIONALLY USE SIMPLE PRESENT TO TALK ABOUTSCHEDULED EVENTS IN THE NEAR FUTURE. THIS IS MOST COMMONLY DONEWHEN TALKING ABOUT PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION, BUT IT CAN BE USED WITHOTHER SCHEDULED EVENTS AS WELL. The train leaves tonight at 6 PM. The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM. When do we board the plane? The party starts at 8 oclock.
  • SPEAKERS SOMETIMES USE THE SIMPLE PRESENT TO EXPRESS THE IDEATHAT AN ACTION IS HAPPENING OR IS NOT HAPPENING NOW. THIS CAN ONLYBE DONE WITH NON-CONTINUOUS VERBS AND CERTAIN MIXED VERBS. I am here now. She is not here now. He needs help right now. He does not need help now.
  •  Full Forms of the verb to be I am a student. He is a teacher. She is a journalist. It is abook. We are mechanics. You are pilots. They are policemen.
  •  Full negative forms of the verb to be I am not a singer. He is not a receptionist. She is not a nurse. It is not my book. We are not musicians. You are not a shop assistant. They are not taxi drivers.
  •  The verb to be - yes / no questions Am I right? I she here? Is she a nurse? Is it second-hand? Are we wrong? Are you Alan Parker? Are they American?
  •  Affirmative sentences: I read books. My brother reads books. We sing pop songs. She sings pop songs. I play handball. John plays handball.
  •  Negative sentences:You must not negate a full verb in English.Always use the auxiliary do for negations. I like computers. I dont like computers at all. My friend likes computers. My mum doesnt like computers at all.
  •  Look at these examples with the main verb like: subject auxiliary verb main verb+I, you, we, they like coffee. He, she, it likes coffee.-I, you, we, they do not like coffee. He, she, it does not like coffee? Do I, you, we, they like coffee? Does he, she, it like coffee?
  •  Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary: subject main verb I am French. You, we, they are French. He, she, it is French. - I am not old. You, we, they are not old. He, she, it is not old. ? Am I late? Are you, we, they late? I she, she, it late?
  • We use the simple present tense when: the action is general the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future the action is not only happening now the statement is always true
  •  -s or -es ? With most verbs, the third person singular form is created simply by adding -S. However, with some verbs, you need to add -ES or change the ending a little. Here are the rules:Verb ending in... How to make the 3rd person singularS Add –ES He passesZ Add –ES She waltzesSh Add –ES She wishesCh Add –ES He watchesX Add –ES She mixesO Add –ES He goesconsonant + y Change Y to I, then add ES It flies [anything else] Add –S He sings