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The possibilities and challenges for gender neutral pro-poor agricultural growth in Malawi and Zambia
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The possibilities and challenges for gender neutral pro-poor agricultural growth in Malawi and Zambia

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Presented at the Agri4D 2013 conference at the session on Transforming Gender Roles in Agriculture: - Ways Forward

Presented at the Agri4D 2013 conference at the session on Transforming Gender Roles in Agriculture: - Ways Forward

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  • 1. The possibilities and challenges for gender neutral pro-poor agricultural growth in Malawi and Zambia Agnes Andersson-Djurfeldt Ellen Hillbom
  • 2. Background • AFRINT • Data collection in 2002 and 2007/8 applying mixed methods combining qualitative village level information with quantitative household panel data • Nine African countries, eight villages per country, 880 households in Malawi and Zambia • Focus on smallholder production and staple crops • Split into numeous smaller projects
  • 3. Results and way forward • Three villages in Malawi and three in Zambia identified as ’successful’ • Successful = majority of households having the capacity to save. Possibly a result of market opportunities? • Could the answer to why households are deemed successful be found in gender relations within the household? • Inspiration for setting up a new research project
  • 4. Basis for current project • The end goal of agricultural transformation • By the means of pro-poor agricultural growth • Continued focus on smallholders and inclusive production stratgies combined with commercial integration • Women are key actors! • If women are to be part of a success story there is need for gendered access to resources and markets.
  • 5. Purpose ”… to consider the local level conditions for pro-poor agricultural growth in relation to gendered access to productive resources and markets and the institutional challenges for achieving gender based incusivity …” • Three legs: • Gendered access to resources • Commencialization • Institutional setting
  • 6. Mixed methods approach • A third round of quantitative household panel data for 8 + 8 villages i Malawi and Zambia in 2013 • Adding qualitative data collection in the 3 + 3 successful villages
  • 7. Household level interviews • Collaboration with local partners, both senior researchers and students • Interviewing female headed households as well as women and men within male headed households • • • • Production patterns Access to and control over productive resources Marketing of produce Access to farm and non-farm incomes
  • 8. Key informant interviews • Senior Swedish and Malawian/Zambian researchers • Individual and focus groups • • • • • Women and men Extension officers Farmers organizations Community grops Human capital building, and so on
  • 9. Current stage • Results are comming in • Preparing for analysis • Initiated outcomes • Using a framework inspired by Chant investigating to what extent women access and control agricultural resources • Household size (differences between male and femal headed households) – an asset or hinderence? • Qualitative comparison between women dominated and men dominated farmers’ organizations, e.g. cooperatives and women’s groups
  • 10. The end