FAO, UN Food and Agricultural Organization

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Summary report, presentations and exercises from SIANI/FAO Workshop:
“Discover new Opportunities with the Ex-Ante Carbon Balance Tool”

7-8 December 2011, Stockholm
Main workshop objectives:

Presenting the tool and spreading its usage
Assessing the needs/demand related to CC mitigation for further development of the tool
Building partnerships

The Ex-Act tool:

The tool is a multi-functional software. Ex-Act has the capability to perform, amongst others, Carbon Footprint Analysis, illustrating which agricultural and forestry activities are CO2 emitters or Carbon sinks.
The results can be used to measure and manage environmental impact and for communication purposes.

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FAO, UN Food and Agricultural Organization

  1. 1. FAO, UN Food and AgriculturalOrganizationJakob LundbergInformation Officer, Nordic CountriesUN’s Food and Agricultural OrganizationA Climate Change Tool on Agriculture and Forestry, 7 November, 2011
  2. 2. FAO, UN Food and Agricultural OrganizationThe goal: A world without hunger
  3. 3. FAO work areas, examples• Response to food crisis• Food security programmes• The Special Programme for Food Security• Emergency response• Early warning of food emergencies• FAO’s Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS)• Integrated pest management• Transboundary pests and diseasesInternational Plant Protection Convention• Codex Alimentarius• Statistics• Investment in agriculture• Natural Resources, Climate....
  4. 4. Some basic terms and definitions• Food Security: Exists when all people at all times havephysical or economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritiousfood to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for anactive and healthy life.
  5. 5. Some basic terms and definitions• Food Security: Exists when all people at all times havephysical or economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritiousfood to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for anactive and healthy life.• Undernourishment: describes the status of persons, whosefood intake regularly provides less than their minimum energyrequirements
  6. 6. Some basic terms and definitions• Food Security: Exists when all people at all times havephysical or economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritiousfood to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for anactive and healthy life.• Undernourishment: describes the status of persons, whosefood intake regularly provides less than their minimum energyrequirements• Hunger Targets: are outlined in two main agreements – theWorld Food Summit Target and the Millennium DevelopmentGoals
  7. 7. FAO’s hunger mapOne billion hungry peopleThe designations employed and the presentation of material in the map(s) do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAOconcerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers.
  8. 8. Trends in world hunger925 miljons
  9. 9. Undernourishment trends
  10. 10. Financial and food crisis• Increased prosperity increased demandfor meat, dairy products, edible oils, andfruit• The world food price rose 2007-2008devastating consequences for thepoorest.• Led to riots in dozens of countriesincluding Haiti, from Egypt-Senegal• The financial crisis (2008-20??)• Vulnerable groups hit hardest
  11. 11. Capital Flows to Developing Countries
  12. 12. Income used on food
  13. 13. Food Prices
  14. 14. Food Prices October 2011The FAO Food Price Index is a measure of the monthly change ininternational prices of a basket of food commodities.Future Food Prices?March 2011, highest ever (1990)
  15. 15. Källa: IGBP
  16. 16. Vattenbrist?
  17. 17. How can we feed a growingworld population in 2050?Scenario• Population - 2.3 billion more (9 billion)• 70% live in cities (today about 50%)• Rising incomesChallenge1. 70% more food2. Socio-economic conditions change3. Natural resources and climate - enough land, water and biodiversity?4. Biofuels? “Land grab”? Price volatility?....5. Food security for all, possible?
  18. 18. Multifunctional land-use e.g. Agroforestry:Multiple ecosystemservices producedAgroforestryMonokulturNaturligt ekosystem
  19. 19. Climate smart agricultureKlimatsmart jordbruk utgår från tre grundprinciper:• Öka produktiviteten och höja inkomsterna• Minska sårbarheten hos ekosystem ochmänniskors försörjningsmöjligheter• Minska utsläppen och öka upptaget avväxthusgaser(Källa: FAO, 2010)
  20. 20. Save and grow – nature back inagricultureOdlingsmodell som bygger på samma teknikersom uthålligt jordbruk (CA)Men tar tillvara på växtrester som appliceraspå fälten och varvar spannmål med baljväxter• Precisionsbevattning• Precisionsplacering av växtnäringsämnen• Minskad vattenanvändning med 30 %, energikostnader med 60%och• Genomsnittlig ökad avkastning med upp till 80 %
  21. 21. Other examples of FAOs climateprograms• FAO Adapt: riktilinjer och prioriteringar förklimatanpassning inom jordbruk, skogsbrukoch fiske– Arbetar för kunskapsöverföring samt ökat samarbeteoch koordinering kring anpassningsåtgärder– anpassning ska inkluderas i alla FAO:sutvecklingsprojekt• MICCA för att minska jordbrukets utsläpp avväxthusgaser (står för 14 procent av klimatutsläppen)– Kontroll och uppskattning växthusgasutsläpp ochpotentialen för att minska dem– Klimatsmart jordbruk– Bygger broar mellan REDD och hållbart jordbruk• UN-REDD för att minska utsläppen frånavskogning
  22. 22. More than increased productionhttp://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/ags/publications/GFL_web.pdfhttp://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTARD/Resources/MissingFoods10_web.pdf
  23. 23. Towards eliminating hungerending hungerTrack 1: strengthenproductivity and incomeTrack 2: provide directaccess to foodinfrastructurelawspoliciesscience &technologyfood aidcash transferssafety netsaccess to seeds, fertilizersand farming equipment
  24. 24. SummaryToday:• Enough food is produced in the world. Despite this,one billion hungry!• Increasing environmental and climate problemsFuture:• By 2050, feeding the growing population, FAOestimates a need for 70% increase food production• There is a possibility• The production must be done in sustainable way• Both the distribution of food and production must beimproved
  25. 25. Thank you!www.faonorden.seJakob LundbergFAO NordenTel: +46 (0)8 20 48 42E-post:fao@faonorden.seMore info:

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