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Instrumentation & Control For Thermal Power Plant
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Instrumentation & Control For Thermal Power Plant

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    Instrumentation & Control For Thermal Power Plant Instrumentation & Control For Thermal Power Plant Presentation Transcript

    • INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL FOR THERMAL POWER PLANT AN INTRODUCTION
      • SHIVAJI CHOUDHURY
      • SE (I&C DESIGN) ,MPPGCL, JABALPUR
    • OBJECTIVE OF INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL
      • SAFE OPERATION OF PLANT
      • LOWEST COST OF GENERATION
      • LONGEST EQUIPMENT LIFE
      • MINIMUM ENVIROMENTAL FFECTS
      • MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY
      • ENERGY CONSERVATION
    •  
    •  
    • OVERVIEW OF INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL
      • DDCMIS (DISTRIBUTED DIGITAL CONTROL & MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM)
      • BURNER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
      • TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM
      • GENERATOR INSTRUMENTS
      • ANALYSERS
      • MEASUREMENT
    • OBJECTIVE OF DDCMIS
      • HIGH RELIABILITY .
      • IMPROVED RESPONSE TIME
      • EXTEND PLANT EQUIPMENT LIFETIME.
      • IMPROVE OPERATOR INTERFACE TO PLANT
      • IMPROVE ACCESSABILITYOF PLANT DATA TO ENGINEERING &MANAGEMENT PERSONAL
      • HISTORICAL STORAGE AND RETRIVAL SYSTEM
    • DDCMIS
      • MAN MACHINE INTERFACE
      • PLANT INFORMATION SYSTEM
      • AUTO CONTROL SYSTEM
      • INTERLOCK & PROTECTION
      • BURNER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
      • TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM
      • GENERATOR INSTRUMENTATION
      • SEQUENCE OF EVENTS RECORDING SYSTEM
      • MEASUREMENT
      • PROGRAMMING/DOCUMENTATION
    • DDCMIS –MaxDNA ( 500 MW )
      • REDUNDENT CONTROLLERS-32 BIT MICROPROCESSORS
      • INPUT ANALOG CARDS for THERMOCOUPLE, RTD, MILLI VOLTS, 4-20MA.
      • OUTPUT ANALOG CARDS
      • SEQUENCE OF EVENT CARD
      • INPUT/ OUTPUT DIGITAL CARDS
      • POWER SUPPLY MODULE
      • ALL CONTROLLERS ARE CONNECTED WITH DATA HI WAY
      • OPERATOR WORK STATION ( PC)
    • DDCMIS Architecture
    • Man Machine Interface
      • CRT/TFT MONITORS (OPERATOR WORK STATION-PC)
      • PRINTERS
      • INDICATERS
      • RECORDERS
      • ANNUNCIATION SYSTEM
      • DESK MOUNTED PB ILL PB
    • Operator workstation-Display
      • ALARM MONITORING & REPORTING
      • MIMIC/GRAPHIC DISPLAY
      • TREND DISPLAY(X-T )
      • X-Y PLOT
      • OPERATOR GUIDENCE DISPLAY
      • SYSTEM & DIAGNOSTIC DISPLAY
      • CONTROL
      • BAR CHART
      • SEQUENCE DISPLAY
      • FAULT ANALYSIS DISPLAY
    • LOGS / SUMMARIES / REPORTS
      • EVENT ACTIVATED LOGS - ALARM LOG, TRIP ALARM ANALYSIS LOG ,STARTUP LOG
      • TIME ACTIVATED LOGS -SHIFT LOG,,DAILY LOG
      • OPERATOR DEMAND LOGS -SUMMARY LOG,PERFORMANCE LOG, MAINTENANCE LOG
      • SEQUENCE OF EVENTS LOG
    • AUTO CONTROL LOOP
      • COORDINATED CONTROL
      • TOTAL AIR CONTROL
      • SUPER HEATER/ REHEATER TEMP CONTROL
      • MILL OUT TEMP CONTROL
      • HOTWELL LEVEL CONTROL
      • LP/ HP HEATER LEVEL CONTROL
      • DEARATOR LEVEL /PRESSURE CONTROL
      • DRUM LEVEL CONTROL
      • FURNACE DRAFT CONTROL
      • MILL AIR FLOW CONTROL
      • HFO/LDO PRESS /FLOW CONTROL
    • INTERLOCK & PROTECTION
      • INTERLOCK &PROTECTION ARE USED FOR SAFE START UP / OPERATION / SHUTDOWN / TRIP OF ANY EQUIPMENT OR AUXILLARY EXAMPLES
      • CW PUMP,ID FAN ,FD FAN,BOILER FEED PUMP,CEP, MILL ,PA FANS ,PUMPS
      • LP / HP HEATERS
      • AIR HEATERS
      • REHEATER PROTECTION
      • VALVE &DRAINS
    • BURNER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
      • THE SYSTEM PROVIDE INCREASED SAFTY & RELIABILITY FOR FURNANCE
      • PROTECTION FROM IMPOLTION & EXPLOTION
      • FURNACE PURGE SUPERVISION
      • HIGH ENERGY ARC IGNITOR CONTROL
      • LDO/ HFO OIL ON/ OFF CONTROL
      • PULVERISER & FEEDER CONTROL / SUPERVISION
      • FLAME SCANNER INTELLIGENCE
    • TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM
      • TURBINE GOVERNING SYSTEM
      • TURBINE STRESS CONTROL SYSTEM
      • HP/LP BYPASS
      • AUTOMATIC TURBINE RUNUP SYSTEM ( ATRS)
      • TURBINE SUPERVISORY SYSTEM
    • AUTOMATIC TURBINE RUNUP SYSTEM (ATRS)
      • AUTOMATIC STARTUP/ SHUT DOWN SEQUENCE
      • STRESS /TEMPRETURE MARGIN CONTROL ACCELERATION
      • STRESS/TEMPRETURE MARGIN CONTROLLED LOADING/UNLOADING
      • AUTOMATIC SYNCHRONISATION AND LOADING UPTO 100% MCR
      • UNLOADING & SHUTDOWN OF MACHINE
    • TURBINE SUPERVISORY SYSTEM
      • BEARING VIBRATION
      • SHAFT VIBRATION
      • DIFF EXPANTION OF ROTOR AND CYLINDER FOR HPT/IPT/LPT
      • OVERALL EXPANTION OF HPT/IPT
      • AXIAL SHIFT OF ROTOR
      • TURBINE SPEED
      • EMERGENCY STOP & CONTRL VALVE POSITION
      • BEARING TEMPRETURE OF TUBINE
    • DDCMIS CONTROLLER GROUPING DETAILS-BOILER(500MW)
      • MASTER FUEL TRIP.
      • OIL
      • PA FANS
      • COAL MILL (A TO K)
      • SADC & APRDS
      • SOOT BLOWING CONTROL.
      • HP BY PASS
      • TOTAL CONTROLLER-27(12 PAIR,3 SINGLE)
    • DDCMIS CONTROLLER GOUPING DETAILS-TURBINE(500 MW)
      • TUBINE PROTECTION A & B
      • AUTO TURBINE TESTER
      • ELECTRO HYDROLUIC TURBINE CONTRL
      • TURBINE STRESS CONTROLLER
      • LPBYPASS
      • GENERATOR
      • ATRS
      • TURBINE DRIVEN BFP
      • TOTAL CONTROLLER-28(14 PAIR)
    • DDCMIS CONTROLLER GROUPING DETAILS-STATION (500MW)
      • ALL AUTO CONTROL SYSTEM(CLCS)
      • INTERLOCK & PROTECTION(OLCS)
      • ELECTRICAL BREAKERS
      • TOTAL CONTOLLERS –44 (22 PAIRS)
    • DDCMIS - PERFORMANCE CALCULATION
      • BOILER EFFICIANCY
      • STEAM TURBINE
      • HP/IP/LP TUBINE
      • AIR PREHEATER
      • FEED WATER HEATERS
      • DEAERATOR
      • CONDENSER
      • UNIT HEAT RATE
    • FLUE GAS ANALYSERS
      • WE MEASURE OXYGEN,CARBON MONO OXIDE IN FLUE GASES FOR PROPER & OPTIMISATION OF COMBUSTION OF FUELS IN BOILER.
      • WE MEASURE SULPHER DI OXIDE, NITROGEN OXIDES,DUST DENSITY IN FLUE GASES TO MINIMISE THE ENVIROMENTAL EFFECTS.
    • STEAM & WATER ANALYSER
      • CONDUCTIVITY , pH , SILICA , DISOLVED OXYGEN ETC ARE MEASURED
      • TO ENSURE QUALTY OF D M WATER TO BOILER
      • TO PREVENT COROSSION
      • TO REMOVE IMPURITIES TO PREVENT SCALE DEPOSIT IN THE BOILER TUBE
      • TO PREVENT SILICA DEPOSIT ON THE BLADES OF TUBINE
    • MEASUREMENT
      • TEMPRETURE
      • FLOW
      • PRESSURE
      • LEVEL
    • AIM
      • DO IT RIGHT
      • FIRST TIME
    • Thanks