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SHARE - Sustainable Hydropower inAlpine Rivers EcosystemsProject final meetingHostellerie du Cheval Blanc.Aosta (IT) – 24t...
Electric energy production – UE 27  ►   The energy production in EU is constantly in growth (18.67% in 11 years)          ...
Electric energy demand– UE 27 ►   A large majority of EU citizens believe that “Europe should assist people … in     their...
Electric energy demand– UE 27  ►   River benefits are also generally considered “for granted” …SHARE, Final meeting – Aost...
HP strong points  ► Hydropower (HP) is the most important renewable resource for electricity    production in alpine areas...
HP strong points ►   HP has strongly contributed to the economy & industry and related     development in both mountain re...
HP strong points ►   HP is a flexible and mature technology and creates occupation in mountain     areas ►   On a wider sc...
Mountain rivers ecosystems services► River benefits are not always obvious …► Ecosystems services are generally more evide...
Mountain rivers ecosystems services                                                          ?►   Even more evident ecolog...
Mountain rivers ecosystems services  ►   Alpine rivers embody a big asset in terms of natural capital and biodiversity    ...
Mountain rivers & HP generation Major direct impacts of HP on mountain rivers ► Abiotic alteration (temperature regime, Ox...
WFD indicators biologicalcommunities & HP►   No evident HP upstream - downstream gradient, official metrics seems to respo...
WFD indicators – why this lack of responseto HP pressure?► Is it for the official metric choice more related to other driv...
WFD indicators - hydromorphology►   The natural discharge and hydromorphological elements are reactive to HP    pressure B...
WFD indicators - hydromorphology                                                      Hydromorphological methods can be us...
WFD indicators - hydromorphology   ►    Hydromorphological methods are available for wider (basin) scales    ►   Linked bo...
Mountain rivers ecosystems services►   Rivers are the best natural water purification systems …SHARE, Final meeting – Aost...
Mountain rivers ecosystems services►   Landscape is a unique asset represented by healthy riversSHARE, Final meeting – Aos...
Mountain rivers ecosystems services►   Agriculture is a strategic river stakeholderSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 2...
Mountain rivers ecosystems services►   River tourism holds evident stakeholders tooSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 2...
Mountain rivers ecosystems services►   Fishing & angling have stakeholders very well represented in alpine regionsSHARE, F...
Alpine rivers & laws  ►   RES-e Directives (20/20/20) require a renewable electricity enhance but, at      the same time, ...
SHARE - Sustainable Hydropowerin Alpine Rivers Ecosystems ►   SHARE is a running bottom-up project approved and co funded ...
SHARE objective  ►   The project has developed, tested and promoted a decision support system      to merge river ecosyste...
SHARE project participants     ► 13 Partners (public administrations, environmental agencies, research       centers, NGOs...
SHARE project participants      LP: ARPA Valle dAosta (I)      PP1: Regione Piemonte (I)      PP2: ARPA Veneto (I)    ...
SHARE official observers   ALPINE CONVENTION secretariat (UE) – Water platform –Common guidelines for    SHP   Land of T...
SHARE pilot case studies ►   SHARE approach has been tested in 11 Pilot case studies : different mountain     rivers, same...
Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) approach ►   The methodological “core” of the project is the application of the     MULTICRI...
Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) approach 1. Identification of different management alternatives to be    considered and stak...
The Pilot Case Study ofChalamy river in Aosta Valley ►   The Chalamy is a pluvial-snow regime torrent partially included i...
Compagnie Valdotaine des Eaux, loc. Blanchette, Champdepraz (AO - Italie)
CHANNELWATER INTAKE                   PENSTOCK   POINT               CHALAMY RIVER     WATER RELEASE                      ...
The Pilot Case Study ofChalamy river in Aosta Valley ►   The management alternatives for the Chalamy river case study are ...
The Pilot Case Study ofChalamy river in Aosta Valley                                                                      ...
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page 49
page 50
page 51
page 52
page 53
page 54
page 55
page 56
page 57
page 58
page 59
page 60
page 61
page 62
Multi Criteria Analysis & SHARE• Very different alternatives can be defined and assessed with MCA in different   managemen...
Multi Criteria Analysis & SHARE  ►   For each alternative it is calculated a TOTAL PERFORMANCE SCORE starting      from th...
Why use SHARE MCA?  1.  SYNTHESIS: it allows to summarize complex information  2.  RATIONALITY: it organizing data in a st...
Key messages     Criteria correspond to stakeholders, SHARE MCA can help conflict solving     Weight assignment to crite...
Other river research & managementinitiatives based on MCA  Criteria for a sustainable HydroPower development in Tyrol - o...
We can do it!
SHARE toolkit for stakeholders►   a user friendly MCA methodology supported by a dedicated software    (SESAMO) focused on...
SHARE toolkit for stakeholders►   a customized software (CASiMiR ) to assess habitat conditions along the river    channel...
SHARE toolkit for stakeholders►   a set of customized software to assess HP residual potential and financial    feasibilit...
SHARE toolkit for stakeholders►   11 Pilot Case Studies on which SHARE approach has been testedSHARE, Final meeting – Aost...
SHARE toolkit for stakeholders► 2 short videos "MCA in plain English“► a MCA tutorial kit with online seminars and trainin...
We really want to “SHARE” … … to make a joint use of water resource!SHARE,5/30/2012       Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 2...
Thank you for your attention and enjoy the                meeting!
Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta
Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta
Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta
Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta
Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta
Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta
Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta
Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta
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Session1.2 LP andrea mammoliti mochet_arpa valle d’aosta

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  1. 1. SHARE - Sustainable Hydropower inAlpine Rivers EcosystemsProject final meetingHostellerie du Cheval Blanc.Aosta (IT) – 24th May 2012Andrea MAMMOLITI MOCHET – ARPA Valle d’Aosta - RegionalEnvironmental Protection Agency of Aosta Valley (Italy)a.mammolitimochet@arpa,.vda.it 5/30/2012
  2. 2. Electric energy production – UE 27 ► The energy production in EU is constantly in growth (18.67% in 11 years) Source: Eurostat yearbook 2009SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  3. 3. Electric energy demand– UE 27 ► A large majority of EU citizens believe that “Europe should assist people … in their efforts to gain access to energy” ► The trend of energy demand will hardly change also because energy need is nearly perceived as “for granted”SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  4. 4. Electric energy demand– UE 27 ► River benefits are also generally considered “for granted” …SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  5. 5. HP strong points ► Hydropower (HP) is the most important renewable resource for electricity production in alpine areas ► Almost 84 % of the electricity generated from renewable energy sources in the EU-15 and 19 % of total electricity production in UE is generated by HP; Small Hydropower Plants (up to 10 MW) contributing about 2 % of the total electricity generated (ESHA, 2005) Italy Slovenia Switzerland France Germany Austria Source: IEA 2004 Hydroelectric Aeolian Geothermic Biomass TOTAL Photovoltaic (GWh)SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  6. 6. HP strong points ► HP has strongly contributed to the economy & industry and related development in both mountain regions and in big alpine townsSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  7. 7. HP strong points ► HP is a flexible and mature technology and creates occupation in mountain areas ► On a wider scale HP is a highly reliable and largely CO2-free renewable source for electricity production ► HP brings the added value of helping to stabilize the European energy grid (mainly with storage plants) ► Modification of rivers affected from old HP exploitations are often considered “common & normal” by the population and by local administrators, so generally accepted as environmental friendly ► HP benefits are clear!SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  8. 8. Mountain rivers ecosystems services► River benefits are not always obvious …► Ecosystems services are generally more evident in other environmental circumstances !SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  9. 9. Mountain rivers ecosystems services ?► Even more evident ecological services supported by a healthy river are often difficult to measure and, in general, to compare with HP production even if they have related stakeholdersSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  10. 10. Mountain rivers ecosystems services ► Alpine rivers embody a big asset in terms of natural capital and biodiversity stockSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  11. 11. Mountain rivers & HP generation Major direct impacts of HP on mountain rivers ► Abiotic alteration (temperature regime, Oxygen regime, trophic state) ► Physical alteration (hydrology, morphology, ground water, sediment balance) ► Biota changes (fish fauna, macro invertebrates, phytobenthos, macrophytes, aquatic birds, riparian vegetation, ecological connectivity) Ecosystems services loss ► loss of habitats for species & genetic diversity (minor nutrient cycling) ► fresh water provisioning (for HP competing uses i.e. agriculture, cattle, drinking water supply, industry, etc.) ► extreme hydrological events regulation ► waste water treatment support ► cultural services ► local climate regulation (big dams) … ► The impact size and occurrence obviously depend on the specific characters of each HP plant (micro HP plant ≠ big dam) and each mountain river (HMWB ≠ pristine river) , all have to be measured & cross-comparedSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  12. 12. WFD indicators biologicalcommunities & HP► No evident HP upstream - downstream gradient, official metrics seems to respond more to trophic status & substrate modification than to river HP effects► Fish populations fit but can be often affected by uncontrolled restockingSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  13. 13. WFD indicators – why this lack of responseto HP pressure?► Is it for the official metric choice more related to other drivers (trophic & nutrient conditions, riverbed modifications, pollutants presence, …)?► Is it for low taxonomic level of classification of biota (rivet popping approach)?► Is it for too small average size & homerange of organisms considered (benthos, diatoms)?► Is it for too short period of investigations?► Is it for the adaptation of communities to HP chronicle effects?► Is it for the combination of HP effects and mountain natural constraints?► …Very interesting research topic BUT in the meanwhile the amount of new demands and concession renovations is constantly growing !SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  14. 14. WFD indicators - hydromorphology► The natural discharge and hydromorphological elements are reactive to HP pressure BUT considered in the assessment of water bodies only for “high ecological status” (WFD, All. V, tab 1.2.1) Riverbed modification Hydrology alteration Riparian vegetation River continuitySHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  15. 15. WFD indicators - hydromorphology Hydromorphological methods can be used at single HP plant level  Wet Area (Volume) variation weighted on meso - habitat  Depth variation weighted on meso-habitat  Weighted usable area (WUA) for biota accommodation CASiMiR  Computer Aided Simulation Model for Instream Flow Requirement (Noack et al.2010) • MESOHABSIM (Parasiewicz et al. 2007) • IFIM Instream Flow Incremental Methodolgy (Bovee et al. 1998)SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  16. 16. WFD indicators - hydromorphology ► Hydromorphological methods are available for wider (basin) scales ► Linked both to riparian vegetation status and anthropogenic pressures in the riverbank buffer. ► Their value is generally positive related to other WFD communities value (“umbrella indicators”)SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  17. 17. Mountain rivers ecosystems services► Rivers are the best natural water purification systems …SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  18. 18. Mountain rivers ecosystems services► Landscape is a unique asset represented by healthy riversSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  19. 19. Mountain rivers ecosystems services► Agriculture is a strategic river stakeholderSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  20. 20. Mountain rivers ecosystems services► River tourism holds evident stakeholders tooSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  21. 21. Mountain rivers ecosystems services► Fishing & angling have stakeholders very well represented in alpine regionsSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  22. 22. Alpine rivers & laws ► RES-e Directives (20/20/20) require a renewable electricity enhance but, at the same time, the Water Framework Directive obliges member States to reach or maintain a water bodies "good" ecological status, intrinsically limiting the hydropower exploitation ► Mountain rivers are not the “egg-laying wool-milk-pig” … ► HP energy production and river protection are two faces of the same system ► Mountain local administrators daily face an increasing demand of water abstraction and concessions renovations but normally lack reliable tools to evaluate interaction of their effects on mountain rivers and energetic, economical and social outputs on longer time scale ► They need to be better equipped to pass from data to strategic informationSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  23. 23. SHARE - Sustainable Hydropowerin Alpine Rivers Ecosystems ► SHARE is a running bottom-up project approved and co funded by the European regional development fund in the context of the European Territorial Cooperation Alpine Space programme 2007 – 2013. ► The project is formally on going from August 2009 and it will end July 2012.SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  24. 24. SHARE objective ► The project has developed, tested and promoted a decision support system to merge river ecosystems services and hydropower requirements ► This approach is led using existing scientific tools (Multi Criteria Analysis - MCA), adjustable to transnational, national and local normative and carried on by permanent panel of administrators and stakeholdersSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  25. 25. SHARE project participants ► 13 Partners (public administrations, environmental agencies, research centers, NGOs) in 5 countries ► 16 Official observersSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  26. 26. SHARE project participants  LP: ARPA Valle dAosta (I)  PP1: Regione Piemonte (I)  PP2: ARPA Veneto (I)  PP3: RSE (I)  PP4: E-zavod (Sl)  PP5: University of Ljubljana (Sl)  PP6: Graz University of Technology (AT)  PP7: University of Innsbruck (AT)  PP8: Government of Styria (AT)  PP9: University of Grenoble, (F)  PP10: GERES (F)  PP11: University of Stuttgart (D)  PP12: AEM (F)SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  27. 27. SHARE official observers  ALPINE CONVENTION secretariat (UE) – Water platform –Common guidelines for SHP  Land of Tyrol (AT)  CETE (F)  Landesfischereiverband Bayern (D)  Fisheries Research Institute of Slovenja (SI)  Syndicat mixte dAménagement de lArve et des ses Abords (F)  ESHA European Small Hydropower Association (UE)  CVA Compagnia Valdostana delle Acque (I)  ALP WATER SCARCE Lead Partner  SEDIRISK Lead Partner (F)  CH2OICE coordinator (I – UE)  Provincia di Vicenza (I)  Civiltà dell’acqua (I)  Università di Bolzano (I)  ISPRA - Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (I)SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  28. 28. SHARE pilot case studies ► SHARE approach has been tested in 11 Pilot case studies : different mountain rivers, same needs for sustainable HP managementSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  29. 29. Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) approach ► The methodological “core” of the project is the application of the MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS (MCA)► The MCA is applied as “balance” for evaluating different river management alternatives defined by different criteria detailed by indicatorsSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  30. 30. Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) approach 1. Identification of different management alternatives to be considered and stakeholders involved by river management 2. Identification of criteria and indicators (coming also from set of laws) to describe the whole river management context 3. Indicators implementation using all available datasets 4. Utility functions definition: making indicators comparable assigning to each value of the indicators a relative value of stakeholder preference/utility between 0 and 1 (“consider both hard & soft information”) 5. Indicators and criteria importance weight assignment (with different stakeholders contribution) 6. Performance evaluation of each alternative 7. Sensitivity check, similar to back analysis evaluation to define the uncertainty influence on alternative performanceSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  31. 31. The Pilot Case Study ofChalamy river in Aosta Valley ► The Chalamy is a pluvial-snow regime torrent partially included in Mont Avic Natural Park (Aosta Valley)SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  32. 32. Compagnie Valdotaine des Eaux, loc. Blanchette, Champdepraz (AO - Italie)
  33. 33. CHANNELWATER INTAKE PENSTOCK POINT CHALAMY RIVER WATER RELEASE POINT
  34. 34. The Pilot Case Study ofChalamy river in Aosta Valley ► The management alternatives for the Chalamy river case study are related to different quantitative experimental releases: ► Alternative 1: NO WATER RELEASE (2008 status) ► Alternative 2: WATER RELEASE 20% of theoretical M.I.F. ► Alternative 3: WATER RELEASE 60% of theoretical M.I.F. ► Alternative 4: WATER RELEASE 100% of theoretical M.I.F.SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  35. 35. The Pilot Case Study ofChalamy river in Aosta Valley RELATIVE PROBLEM SYSTEM DESCRIPTION IMPORTANCE EFFECTS ASSESSMENT ALTERNATIVESè ASSESSMENT Assign a WEIGHT to each indicator / ASSESS/ CALCULATE Alternatives Fully describe the Fully describe each Identify different Identify the the EFFECTS of each are detailed by specific case CRITERION criterion indicates possible SPECIFIC CASE alternative on the one or more through CRITERIA through its importance in management relation with the specific case CAUSAL FACTORS INDICATORS ALTERNATIVES other INDICATORS € PROFIT 0.16 ECONOMY 1.0 GWh PRODUCTION RESIDUAL FLOW NO WATER RELEASE 0.16 ENERGY 1.0 HYDROMORPHOLOGY 0,3 CHEMICALMICROB. 0.16 QUALITY 0,1 RESIDUAL FLOW 20% of MIF RELEASED RIVER FISHES 0.4 ENVIRONMENTHP PLANT SUSTAINABILITY BENTHOS 0,2 EVALUATION MACROPHYTA 0,3 FISHERMEN INVOLVED ASSESSMENT 0,3 0.16 SPORT FISHING RESIDUAL FLOW 60% of MIF RELEASED ADULT FISHES LOSS 0,7 LANDSCAPE QUALITY DAP - “WIIL TO PAY FOR” 0,3 0.16 LANDSCAPE PARTICULAR LANDSCAPE UNITIES INVOLVED 0,7 RESIDUAL FLOW 100% of MIF RELEASED TOURISM FRUITION / 0.16 TOURISM YEAR 1.0 Policy step Technical - scientific step
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  55. 55. Multi Criteria Analysis & SHARE• Very different alternatives can be defined and assessed with MCA in different management situations• at single plant scale ► New water withdrawal (or empowerment of existing plant) ► No new water withdrawal ► New water withdrawal (or empowerment of existing plant) BUT: with another location of the plant with different % of requested water amount with fixed MIF / with modulated MIF with underground pipes, … with sediment release control plan and monitoring including river restoration & mitigation activities (even located in other contexts), compensation measures targeted on mountain communities,• at basin / regional scale ► Different scenarios of HP production / river conservationSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  56. 56. Multi Criteria Analysis & SHARE ► For each alternative it is calculated a TOTAL PERFORMANCE SCORE starting from the assessment of effects of each management alternative on the specific river system ► Decision makers are helped to IDENTIFY THE MORE SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE using a a interrelated set of weighted indicators tailored on each specific case requirements “THE MCA IS A TOOL THAT HELPS IN DECISION MAKING BUT IT DOESN’T TAKE THE RIGHT DECISIONS BY ITSELF”SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  57. 57. Why use SHARE MCA? 1. SYNTHESIS: it allows to summarize complex information 2. RATIONALITY: it organizing data in a structured way 3. PARTICIPATION: it help the dialogue on concrete parameters 4. MULTIOBJECTIVE: it allows to considers several alternatives (single HP plant sustainability >>< restoration actions location) 5. TRANSPARENCY: the weights ad the values are explicit 6. FLEXIBILITY: it can be tailored from local scale to strategic planning 7. REPEATABILITY: the MCA process can be totally done backwards and forwards enhancing decisions quality 8. FREE: the tools for the MCA application are free 9. NORMATIVE COMPLIANT 10. EX-ANTE & EX-POST: it’s a tool useable to planning and to managingSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  58. 58. Key messages Criteria correspond to stakeholders, SHARE MCA can help conflict solving Weight assignment to criteria is the more strategic (political) phase Different weights can be attributed to same criteria & indicators in different conditions Hard & soft information respect: some indicators are coming from set of laws, some are valuable in euro, some are expert-based qualitative assessment, ALL are dependent from data availability WFD community based indicators have to be supported / integrated by hydromorphological indicators to be reactive SHARE MCA can consider also additional impacts related to HP plant construction (pipes effect on landscape, access roads, slope rearrangement, grid presence, other existing withdrawals,…) SHARE MCA can support both local HP assessment and strategic planning SHARE MCA can use & capitalize outputs of existing methods and models related to different criteria (Cost-Benefit Analysis CBA ; Simple Additive Weighting SAW; Multi-Attribute Utility Theory MAUT (Keeney and Raiffa, 1976); Simple Multi-Attribute Rated Technique SMART (von Winterfeld et Edwards, 1986); Analytic Hierarchy Process – AHP (Saaty, 1980)SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  59. 59. Other river research & managementinitiatives based on MCA  Criteria for a sustainable HydroPower development in Tyrol - on going  Empfehlung zur Erarbeitung kantonaler Schutz und Nutzungsstrategien im Bereich Kleinwasserkraftwerke - on going  Canton de Fribourg (Evaluation and management of the hydroelectric potential - MCA based on Exclusion criteria & Evaluation criteria) – on going  Provincia Verbano Cusio Ossola (analisi MCA applicata alla valutazione idroelettrica ex - ante) – on going  Etats généraux de l’Eau en Montagne – 3° International Congress of integrated water management in high watersheds - Mégève 22–24/09/2010 several French stakeholders involved - on going  Progetto TWOLE (Sistema per la Pianificazione e la Gestione delle Risorse Idriche basato su MCA per la gestione dei conflitti di utilizzo – Regione Lombardia) – 2008SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  60. 60. We can do it!
  61. 61. SHARE toolkit for stakeholders► a user friendly MCA methodology supported by a dedicated software (SESAMO) focused on HP & river issueSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  62. 62. SHARE toolkit for stakeholders► a customized software (CASiMiR ) to assess habitat conditions along the river channel and bank areas with a specific module for evaluation of economic effects for hydropower production.SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  63. 63. SHARE toolkit for stakeholders► a set of customized software to assess HP residual potential and financial feasibility of HP plants (VAPIDRO Aste and SMART Mini Hydro)SHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  64. 64. SHARE toolkit for stakeholders► 11 Pilot Case Studies on which SHARE approach has been testedSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  65. 65. SHARE toolkit for stakeholders► 2 short videos "MCA in plain English“► a MCA tutorial kit with online seminars and training activities to translate & simplify MCA approach to stakeholders► an indicators database to evaluate HP and HP effects on mountain water bodies► Technical reports to: ► assess natural capital exposed to HP pressure ► define & map river typologies more vulnerable to HP pressure ► MIF & discharge estimations methods ► HP potential mapping► Guidelines to integrate MCA procedures in local normative► SHARE handbookSHARE, Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  66. 66. We really want to “SHARE” … … to make a joint use of water resource!SHARE,5/30/2012 Final meeting – Aosta – Italy, 24th May 2012
  67. 67. Thank you for your attention and enjoy the meeting!
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