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Southeast Asia
 

Southeast Asia

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    Southeast Asia Southeast Asia Presentation Transcript

    • Southeast Asia
      • J.N.
      • S.D.
      • G.L.
      • M.P.
    • Geography
      • Southeast Asia lays south of China, and southwest of Japan and Korea
      • Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei and the Philippines
      • It consists of a mainland peninsula and a group of islands
      • Never been united
      • 5 rivers (including Mekong); hills and mountains (Himalayas)
      S.D.
    • Chinese governmental influence on southeast Asian culture
      • Japan sent many groups of people to china to learn about it’s culture.
      • Japan soon modeled its china’s government . Prince Shotoku planned a strong central government similar to the tang rulers.
      • Prince Shotoku also tried to initiate China’s examination system.
      • Through China, Korea learned about centralized government and decided to adapt it to it’s culture.
      G.L.
      • Korea adapted borrowed Chinese culture to fit it's own needs and maintained a distinct way of life
    • China’s Religious influence on Southeast Asian culture
      • China was a nation that influenced Southeast Asia in many ways, such as the broad spectrum of religion.
      • Chinese religions included Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism.
      • Chinese religion was spread throughout countries such as Vietnam, Japan, Korea and Khmer.
      G.L.
    • The Spread of Buddhism in Southeast Asia *Buddhism spread throughout many countries in Southeast Asia. K orea Khmer/Cambodia Srivijaya Vietnam China Japan While today Buddhism is widespread, the religion began in India and first branched out to Southeast Asia. J.N.
    • Some facts about Buddhism *Buddhism is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama in the 6th century B.C. It began in India and eventually spread out to Southeast Asia. *When Buddhism began to expand, it branched out into three different forms. Thereavada Buddhism. Mahayana Buddhism. Vajrayana Buddhism. *There is also: Zen Buddhism. Tibetan Buddhism. and *The main goal of Buddhism was to reach enlightenment . This happened by following the eightfold path . J.N.
    • Architecture
      • ·      Buddhist temple at Borobudur: This temple was the highlight of Sailendra achievement. This dynasty ruled on the island of Java and the temple was built around A.D. 800.
      ·     Angkor Wat: This temple, dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu, was built during the Khmer Empire and still stands today. It was used for worship and as an observatory for Cambodian astronomers. S.D.
    • ·        Banteay Srei Temple: Constructed in A.D. 957. “Citadel of the Woman”; shows artistic discipline in detail of early Cambodian people. Architecture ·        Rock Carvings: This rock carving of Buddha dates back to the 10th century. This and many others were found south of Wellawaya in Sri Lanka. ·      Van Mieu: This translates to “Temple of Literature”. It dates back to A.D. 1072 during the Ly Dynasty in Vietnam. S.D.
    • Cambodia
      • Location: Mainland of South East Asia; Between Thailand and Vietnam; Shares border with Laos; Seacoast on the Gulf of Thailand
      • Topography: The Dangrek Mountain Range and Cardamom Mountains (Form natural borders); Heavily Forested (Rain and Deciduous)
      • Khmer Empire: The early Funan Kingdom were the central power controlling The Southeast Asian mainland. They ruled as an empire from about A.D. 800 until about A.D. 1200. The Funan Kingdom controlled sea trade between Indian, China and Cambodia.
      • Rice cultivation was key to their success as an empire. It gave food to the people, and forced the invention of new technology.
      • Khmer Capital- Angkor
      S.D.
      • Korea is on a peninsula that stretches out from the Asian mainland toward Japan.
      • Korea is isolated by the surrounding mountains and seas.
      Korea Geography M.P.
    • Early History
      • The Han Empire conquered much of Korea in 108 B.C.
      • Koreans learned ideas of centralized government, Confucianism, Buddhism, and writing from Chinese.
      • The Silla- gained control over Korea in the mid-600s.
      • Under Silla rule, Buddhist monasteries, and they made stone and bronze sculptures were made.
      • Silla developed a writing system using Chinese characters.
      Spread of Buddhism M.P .
      • In 935, officer Wang Kon took over the Silla.
      • Wang Kon rules over Koryu Dynasty.
      • Koryu Dynasty lasts from 935 to 1392.
      • Their Centralized government was modeled after China’s.
      • Koryu society was divided by aristocracy and population.
      • Mongols invaded Korea in 1231 until the 1350s.
      • In 1392, scholar-officials and military leaders overthrow the Koryu Dynasty.
      The Koryu M.P .
    • Koryu Culture
      • The Koryu culture created great achievements in Korean culture.
      • They produces celdon pottery which had a milky green glaze.
      • Writers and scholars wrote poems and the first national history of Korea.
      • Korean printers carves large wooden blocks for printing the Buddhist scriptures.
      M.P .
    • &quot;Asian Historical Architecture.&quot; Oriental Architecture . 6 Feb. 2008 http://www.orientalarchitecture.com/ . Beck, Roger B., Linda Black, Larry S. Krieger, Phillip C. Naylor, and Dashia I. Shabaka. World Hostory Patterns of Interaction . Evanston, Illinois: McDougal Littell, 1999. 308-311. Koryo . A Brief History of Taekwondo . 6 Feb. 2008 <http://www.msu.edu/~spock/history.html>. Map of Korea . <http://www.paulnoll.com/Korea/Maps/Korean-map-Korea-all.html>. Citations