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Smart Grids, customers at the heart of tomorrows network

Smart Grids and local generation

Jean-Baptiste Galland, Directo...
France : Electricity market is open since 2007

deregulated

> 10 suppliers:
EDF, GDF Suez,
E-on, Poweo, …

RTE

Generatio...
ERDF 2012
employees
Turnover

13,3 Mds€

35 711

Concession contracts

762

Field interventions

11 millions

1.3 million
...
Quality: significant improvement for the last 20 years

300
mn

Primary substations
(HV/MV)
2,200

The System Average Inte...
KPMG barometer
continents rank
According to KPMG, France is ranking 1st for quality and availability of
electricity

Rank
...
France to the year 2030
A wide range of scenarios (IEA, EC,
UFE...)

97,0 GW

100,0 GW
90,0 GW

83,0 GW

80,0 GW

Relative...
1st Challenge : Development of intermittency

PV connected to distribution

Wind connected to distribution

installations ...
2nd Challenge : Amplitude of peak demand

– 2012 : EC temperature
gradient was 5.2 GW

– By 2020, in all the
countries the...
3rd Challenge : Deployment of consumer flexibility management
technologies
‒ By 2020, 80% of EC consumers to be equipped w...
4th Challenge : Communities increased focus on sustainable
development

Community expectations

The Energy Territorial Cli...
By 2020, ERDF will be in position to cope with main technical
challenges

Act remotely through Linky meter
Linky

Concentr...
ERDF Smart Grids project to prepare the future

Smart Grid project explore
new interactions between players in
the electri...
15 demonstrators to prepare the industry

22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris

13
Working on a European description of Use Cases

IEC method, enriched by the work
done in M/490 mandate of the
European Com...
Smart grid applications can be classified into four groups with
different functionalities

15
First lessons learnt
Lesson 1 : Wide range of benefits for the French electrical system. However shared among many
stakeho...
In the absence of regulatory incentives, the split of efforts and
benefits of Smart Grids among agents will be highly unba...
First lessons learnt

Lesson 2 : New Business Model for DSOs
▌Active local system management
▌Market enabler
▌Energy data ...
Thank you for your attention

22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris
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Jean-Baptiste GALLAND the Director Strategy at ERDF (Atoms for the Future 2013)

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Jean-Baptiste GALLAND, the Director Strategy at ERDF, concluded the morning with a lecture about Smart Grids and local production, by exposing the associated challenges and the ERDF Smart Grid projects to prepare the future.

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Transcript of "Jean-Baptiste GALLAND the Director Strategy at ERDF (Atoms for the Future 2013)"

  1. 1. Smart Grids, customers at the heart of tomorrows network Smart Grids and local generation Jean-Baptiste Galland, Director Strategy 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 1
  2. 2. France : Electricity market is open since 2007 deregulated > 10 suppliers: EDF, GDF Suez, E-on, Poweo, … RTE Generation Transmission regulated Mainly ERDF (+ 157 locals) Distribution Contracts with local authorities : IIII Connect end-users to the network deregulated EDF, GDF Suez, Direct Energie, Poweo… (19) Supply & Trading IIII Design and build electrical distribution networks IIII Operate and maintain network IIII Provide services to customers or 35 000 000 customers 250.000 producers suppliers : meter reading, connection to network.. IIII Control electric flows for the market : security of supply, losses procurement 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris
  3. 3. ERDF 2012 employees Turnover 13,3 Mds€ 35 711 Concession contracts 762 Field interventions 11 millions 1.3 million 1 047 local sites km of LV and MV network Outage duration Staff hiring 2145 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 71 mn Investment 3 069 M€ 3
  4. 4. Quality: significant improvement for the last 20 years 300 mn Primary substations (HV/MV) 2,200 The System Average Interruption Duration Index (SAIDI) is commonly used as a reliability indicator by electric power utilities. SAIDI is the average outage duration for each customer served, and is calculated as: 30 Control room 24/24 Medium voltage 604,000 km (41% underground) 105,000 remote controlled devices 105,000 remote controlled devices SAIDI SAIDI is measured in units of time, often minutes or hours. It is usually measured over the course of a year, and according to IEEE Standard 1366-1998 the median value for North American utilities is approximately 1.50 hours 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 73 mn
  5. 5. KPMG barometer continents rank According to KPMG, France is ranking 1st for quality and availability of electricity Rank 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris Note (100) 5
  6. 6. France to the year 2030 A wide range of scenarios (IEA, EC, UFE...) 97,0 GW 100,0 GW 90,0 GW 83,0 GW 80,0 GW Relative prices of energy 70,0 GW 64,7 GW 70,0 GW 66,3 GW 59,0 GW 60,0 GW Electrical energy mix 50,0 GW Gains made by energy efficiency measures 40,0 GW Penetration of new uses 30,0 GW 41,2 GW 40,7 GW GW 39,0 21,0 GW Nuclear Nucléaire Renouvelable Renewable Thermique Thermal 23,0 GW 15,7 GW 20,0 GW 10,0 GW 0,0 GW Few certainties 2015 Energy Mix mix scenarios – UFE- 2011 UFE scenarios 2010 France Energy Energy prices will increase Energy Efficiency Efficacité Energétique Constant urbanization Need to reduce CO2 emissions Increasing share of intermittent renewable energy 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 2030 Sc. 2030 Sc. 2030 Sc. I II III 100 Md€ 50 Md€ 90 Md€ 57 Md€ 30 ans 10 ans 15 ans 3 Md€ 0 Md€ Isolation Thermal insulation of tthermique buildings Bâtiments Low Changement Engine power moteur in change lighting industrie the industry Investissements Investment Temps de retour Return (years) UFE - 2010 6
  7. 7. 1st Challenge : Development of intermittency PV connected to distribution Wind connected to distribution installations connected at the end of 2012 2020 forecast : 1 million installations IIII Wind generation mainly connected to the MV network IIII PV generation mainly connected to the LV network As a whole > 90% connected to distribution 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris installations connected at the end of 2012 Challenges IIII Difficulty to forecast the generation level IIII Management of bidirectional flows 7
  8. 8. 2nd Challenge : Amplitude of peak demand – 2012 : EC temperature gradient was 5.2 GW – By 2020, in all the countries the temperature gradient should increase – By 2030 : 4M to 20M EV + HRV 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 8
  9. 9. 3rd Challenge : Deployment of consumer flexibility management technologies ‒ By 2020, 80% of EC consumers to be equipped with smart meters ‒ How to create conditions for consumers to embark the action? 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 9
  10. 10. 4th Challenge : Communities increased focus on sustainable development Community expectations The Energy Territorial Climate Plan (PCET): a sustainable territorial development plan whose primary purpose is the fight against climate change. 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 10
  11. 11. By 2020, ERDF will be in position to cope with main technical challenges Act remotely through Linky meter Linky Concentrator Balance Generation / Consumption CUSTOMERS Information System Remote meter reading and services Better invest Act quicker on the network (Linky) and data analysis III data collection III risk III detection Self-healing diagnosis 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris intervention management predictive maintenance PRODUCERS
  12. 12. ERDF Smart Grids project to prepare the future Smart Grid project explore new interactions between players in the electrical system and new business models available ... ... that rely on a distribution network more observable and controllable ... ... through the deployment of telecommunications infrastructure linking all the elements of the network and information systems 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 12
  13. 13. 15 demonstrators to prepare the industry 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 13
  14. 14. Working on a European description of Use Cases IEC method, enriched by the work done in M/490 mandate of the European Commission to describe each use cases with a common and shared method. 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris www.grid4eu.eu 14
  15. 15. Smart grid applications can be classified into four groups with different functionalities 15
  16. 16. First lessons learnt Lesson 1 : Wide range of benefits for the French electrical system. However shared among many stakeholders … DSOs : performance of MV and LV networks improvement Networks infrastructure • Deferred investment • Peak requirements reduction Customer, supplier: satisfaction enhancement • Increased remote actions • Energy saving offers • Easier supplier changes • Reduction of commercial losses 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris Asset management Operations • Reduced maintenance costs • Life enhancement (solicitation of assets, preventative maintenance) • Disruption reduction and lower cost of management • Quality of voltage improvement • Meter reading cost reduction Electrical system: performance improvement • Reduced ancillary services and system reserve costs • Reduction of congestion costs • Deferred investment in production capacity to transport 16
  17. 17. In the absence of regulatory incentives, the split of efforts and benefits of Smart Grids among agents will be highly unbalanced, with consumers getting most of the value WITHOUT RAB RECOGNITION Source : McKinsey & Company 17
  18. 18. First lessons learnt Lesson 2 : New Business Model for DSOs ▌Active local system management ▌Market enabler ▌Energy data manager 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris 18
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention 22nd October 2013 | SFEN - Paris
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