2009-02-17 Seminar - Hurricane Ike Galveston Lessons Learned

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Brandon Wade, PE, Deputy City Manager for City of Galveston, discusses the importance of a community to be prepared for a disaster at work, at home, protectiing your assets as well as damage to …

Brandon Wade, PE, Deputy City Manager for City of Galveston, discusses the importance of a community to be prepared for a disaster at work, at home, protectiing your assets as well as damage to tax/rate base ability to recover, impacts of debris to a community, lessons learned and more.

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  • 1. Hurricane Ike 2008 Galveston I l d Gl Island
  • 2. Brandon Wade, P.E. Deputy City Manager City of Galveston
  • 3. Galveston Surge • Behind Seawall – 12 to 13 ft. Surge • West End – 10 to 12 ft. Surge • Entire Island Affected – 90% Heavily Damaged
  • 4. LL1a: Be Prepared at Work ! • THIS MONTH ! – Identify what your “risks” are (Hurricanes and Storm Surge for Galveston) – Identify what you can do to mitigate those risks (Design / Const. of Hardened Utility Systems) • Before summer – Communicate to Stakeholders. – Prioritize • For next budget – Get the $$$$ – Build it !! • REPEAT until you Retire
  • 5. LL1a: More Prepared • Have a Response and Recovery Plan • Discuss it ! And again ! • Prepare y p your staff for what they might face. • Prepare for contingencies when your plan fails.
  • 6. LL1b: Be Prepared at Home ! • Have a Personal Plan – Family, dogs, cats – Spouse, home p – Insurance, photos, etc. – CASH ! FUEL ! • Encourage Employee Planning Pl i – Same as above – Discuss Risk Situation
  • 7. LL 2: Be Vigilant
  • 8. As I was leaving my house house…
  • 9. It was a rough commute Friday F id morning… i
  • 10. And it got worse worse…
  • 11. LL 3: Protect your Assets ! • Protecting against – Wind and Rain – Storm Surge g – Fatigue • Based on Risk – San Luis Hotel – Moody Gardens – UTMB • Develop your plan.
  • 12. Damage to Infrastructure • 100% System Failure y • New Infrastructure – Simple Restart – Performed as designed – CIP “on-hold”—Funding • Old Infrastructure – Major Failure – Latent Damage • $970 Million Estimate $
  • 13. Damage to Businesses • Flooded, Mud Damaged, Inventory Destroyed • Only 35% in Operation
  • 14. Damage to Homes • 75% Heavily Flooded, Possessions Destroyed • City-wide Housing Need $735 M • Public Housing Need $250 M
  • 15. Damage to Tax/Rate Base Ability Recover Abili to R • Well Prepared—Reserves, Loans p , • Taking Action—Hiring Freeze, Pay cuts, Budget Reduction $15 M, Possible Layoffs • Property Tax down 35%, Water and Sewer down 40%
  • 16. Hollywood Heights S l di / 61stt S Saladia Street A Area
  • 17. Cohen Subdivision
  • 18. West End Damage
  • 19. LL 4: Worst Nightmares Can Come T CC True • Adapt your designs to fit your Risk – Different Roadway Layout? – Higher Lift Station Control Panels? – Different Sewer ( (Grinder Pumps?) p) – Different Backup Drive Fuel / Generators?
  • 20. Bermuda Beach
  • 21. LL 5: Don’t Expect Immediate Help Don t
  • 22. LL 6: Debris is a Whole Different B ll Wh l Diff Ballgame • YOU need a debris specialists ( two, or p (or , three) – Separate Rules – The Rules are… Inconvenient – Debris Affects EVERYTHING
  • 23. Galveston Debris • 1.2 Million Cubic Yards to Feb. 12 F b 12, ’09 • 1.8 Million Pounds of Household Hazardous Waste • 53,000 White Goods • 7 200 Televisions/etc. 7,200 Televisions/etc • $43+ Million so far.
  • 24. LL 7: There are Other Agencies Besides Yours B id Y • Texas Department p of Transportation • Texas General Land Office L d Offi • Galveston County •TTexas Historic Hi t i Commission • FEMA • FHwA • Others
  • 25. LL 8: Don’t Expect FEMA Rules to Make Sense Mk S • FEMA has rules • They are serious about them • You need help • There are FEMA specialists • Hire one
  • 26. LL 9: Systems are Integrated • When you have 100% y system failure – You have no water pressure • It’s Hard to fight a fire with no water • The Fire Department needs to understand that…Plan for it.
  • 27. LL 10: Citizens Clean Up Sort f S of… It gets p g pushed to the City y • Citizens don’t understand FEMA rules… • Citizens don’t understand your resource constraints • If not cleaned…you need a Debris Specialist… • If cleaned…you need a Debris Specialist…
  • 28. The Biggest Lesson Learned • SAFETY – Prepare your people for: • Response to the storm • The long haul • The unexpected – You can never prepare too much – You can never harp too much on it – Start today
  • 29. It s marathon, It’s a marathon not a sprint sprint…
  • 30. Finally… Never spend the night on a pier during Ike