Contents Introduction What is MLA Style? Resources Evaluate potential sources Integrate borrowed material Cite your sources For More Information
IntroductionWhat is MLA? MLA stands forModern Language Association For more information see http://www.mla.org/about.
Before you cite…Evaluate potential sources!
Before you cite…Evaluate potential sources! In an academic paper, would you cite… Your next-door neighbor’s teenage son? Your classmate? A college freshman at UC Berkeley? A blogger with unknown credentials? A travel writer? A magazine article without citations?
Before you cite…Be choosy! Look for clues about the author’s… Credentials. Affiliation or sponsorship. Reliability and integrity (as an author or scholar). Purpose, bias, and line of reasoning. Sources. Also, is the source current, or outdated?
Integrate borrowed material Don’t begin (or end) a paragraph with a quote. Instead, write a topic sentence in your own words. State each point or main idea in your own words. Then, use quotations to support your points. You can also use quotations when discussing opposing viewpoints. Finally, write a concluding statement in your own words.
Integrate borrowed material Limit your quotes. (Don’t bore your reader.)
Integrate borrowed material … ellipsis mark
Integrate your sources [ ] brackets
Instead of quoting, consider paraphrasing or summarizing source material.
Block Quote Example
Cite your sources Give proper credit to your sources.
MLA Documentation Style:Return to Table ofContents
Cite your sources In-Text Citations
Cite your sources Signal Phrase
Verbs in signal phrases According to __ observes admits reasons believes refutes claims says declares states grants thinks notes writes
How does the verb effect the essay? According to __ observes admits reasons believes refutes claims says declares states grants thinks notes writes
Gathering InformationTip:Keep records.While doing research and taking notes, record location(page or web address) and all publication informationfor all your sources.
Gathering Information Record all of the following: Names of authors Credentials and affiliations of the author(s) Title and Subtitle Publication Information Location (page numbers or web address)
Cite your sources Parenthetical Citation (Peabody 68)
et al.= et alii (and others)
(Peabody et al. 68)
Consult the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers and the 7th edition of Rules for Writers. Make an appointment to meet individually with a writing tutor in the RWRC. Consult your professor during his or her office hours.
Visit our web site at http://libguides.tccd.edu/se-writingcenter.Return to Table ofContents