Logical Framework


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Logical Framework - Theory and Practice by Romeo Dretcanu at SECEP's workshop in Belgrdae on April 13, 2011

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Logical Framework

  1. 1. Logical framework- theory and practice Romeo Dretcanu
  2. 2. ContentMain issues1. Goal-purpose-results-activities2. Indicators3. Assumptions
  3. 3. Caveat!!!Common confusion:Overall objective = Goal = ImpactSpecific objective = Project purpose = OutcomeResult = OutputsActivities = Interventions = Inputs
  4. 4. DefinitionsGoal:The overall development program or strategic goal.Purpose of the project:Statement of the project’s outcome - its immediateimpact.Outputs:Specific quantifiable results from managed activities –the deliverables.Activities:Components and activities of the project undermanagement’s control.
  5. 5. Content Project Goal (General Objective)DO - Be part of programme goal or objectives - “will contribute”, “will take part to”DON’T - Ramble, poetry, novels, digress - Confound with purpose/results/activities
  6. 6. The overall objective of the project is creation of the favourable business environment and development of the region by strengthening capacities to support the balanced regional development – general businessenvironment on the North of Serbia for the last couple decades cannot be described as favourable.
  7. 7. Exercise:Practice makes perfect! Project Goal
  8. 8. Content Project Purpose (Specific Objective)DO - Make it (as possible) -S pecific -A chievable -R ealistic -L ogical - min. 1- max. 3DON’T - Ramble, poetry, novels - Confound with goal/results/activities
  9. 9. The specific objective of the projectwould be to upgrade operation of regional and municipal structutes for the creation of new jobs through the support to the development of new ways of operations and awarenessraising on the need and significance of cluster pooling – support to creating conditions for reduction of unemployment as the biggest problem of the North Serbia and introduction of new systems of work for that purpose represent the key intentions of each local institution and regional organization.
  10. 10. Exercise:Practice makes perfect! Project S.O.
  11. 11. Project resultsDO- Concrete achievements- realistic & achievable- numbersDON’T - Ramble, poetry, novels, blah-blah - Confound with purpose/activities/indicators
  12. 12. 1. Significant improvements in product quality, development of higher value-added products and improved marketing in the beneficiary companies creating the potential to better withstand situations that might result in fall in demand for products, laying off of employees, and growth of businesses bringing attendant employment increases2. The action is also expected to lead to considerable advances in RDA, Regional Chamber and partner capacity to interface with, and understand the real world actions and processes of operating, agri-food businesses in the X and Y Districts
  13. 13. Exercise:Practice makes perfect! Project Results
  14. 14. Content Project activitiesDO - express what you will do - step by step - observe eligibility - numbered & scheduled & sustainable - logic stream: act=>res=>purp=>goalDON’T - Ramble, poetry, novels, - Confound with purpose/results/means
  15. 15. Content Project activitiesDON’T -include preparation activities -include Target Group identification activities -include needs identification activities
  16. 16. Exercise:Practice makes perfect! Pr. Activities
  17. 17. Now check the column logic! If activities are undertaken, will the results be achieved? If results are achieved will the project purpose be fulfilled? If the project purpose is achieved will this contribute to the project goal?
  18. 18. Content IndicatorsDO -S pecific -M easurable -A vailable -R elevant -T ime - bound- Objectively Verifiable- Foresee sources = where?DON’T - forget numbers - forget sources availability - Confound with purpose/results/activities
  19. 19. How to define OVIs?• Specific for each result, purpose and overall objectives• Define, on the basis of the indicators, “targets” (precise aims of the results and the purpose)Quantity How much?Quality What?Target Group Who?Time / Period Starting when and for how long?Place Where?
  20. 20. Indicators• Specific to the objective it is supposed to measure• Measurable (either quantitatively or qualitatively?)• Available at an acceptable cost• Relevant to the information needs of managers• Time-bound – so we know when we can expect the objective/target to be achieved• Objectively Verifiable = no matter the observer
  21. 21. Indicators• Unique per results/activity• No contradictory
  22. 22. Indicators: An ExampleObjective: ............................increasedSelect the indicator:...........SMEs, persons, sqm, hrs, %, etc.Define the targets:• Define the quantity:.......................increased from X to Y%• Define the quality:................as per EU standard 23bFT• Define the target group:.......50 unemployed, 25 SMEs, etc.• Define the place:.............provincial capital, 4 villages, etc.• Determine the time:...................by 2012
  23. 23. 1. Assessment surveys of participant entreprises conducted by the PMU identifying potential beneficiaries of the assistance to be delivered under the project Targeted companies and engaged European Foundation for Quality Management and food specialist expertise developed, good quality food products developed and a growth-oriented business development roadmap under implementation2. In-house performance reviews and staff self- assessments, assessments of recipient enterprises
  24. 24. Exercise: Practice makes perfect!GO OVISO OVIResults OVI
  25. 25. AssumptionsDO Assumptions - factors outside project management’s control that may impact on activities – results - objectivesThree kind of factors: 1. Natural phenomena 2. Political- administrative 3. Macro-economicalDo not confound with risks or PM activities.
  26. 26. AssumptionsDON’T• Adequate lecturers, trained lecturers and good training program• Existence of sufficient interest of Target groups to participate in the project• Wrong approach to target group is chosen,• Wrong awareness campaign• Secure support from stakeholders
  27. 27. Final verification of Project logicstream Shortcut
  28. 28. Conclusions:•Keep it simple•Keep it accurate•Keep it feasible•Keep it looking good
  29. 29. Hvala vam lepo! Uspeh!Q&A: dretcanu@yahoo.com