Community Participation:
Accessibility of Public Transportation for
People with Mobility Impairments

Lia Poeder OTD/S
Dec...
Personal Background
• Who I am
• My interests
Why care about participation?
• Participation in meaningful activities and
meaningful roles is correlated to quality of
li...
UN Convention on the Rights
of Persons with Disabilities
(CRPD)
• Demands equality for all people
regardless of ability
• ...
Traditional vs Modern
View of Disability
Person-Environment Interaction
Model 1
• Social Model of Disability (Hughes and
Paterson, 2013)
http://www.youtube.com/wat...
Person-Environment Interaction
Model 2
Policy

Culture
Physical Environment

OCCUPATION
AND
ROLES

Social Support
Assistive Technology

Social Capital
Personal
F...
Public Transportation and
Disability
• Traditional view of disability applied to
public transportation
• Modern view of di...
Public Transportation
• Designed to give community access to all
of the public
• Decreased accessibility of public
transpo...
Application to Dundee?
• 40% of households report no vehicle
• 20% population with disabilities
• 1/6 population over the ...
Dundee Resident Comments
I don’t know what I
would do without public
transportation.. I don’t
have a car so I use it for
e...
Public Transportation
Accessibility Components
• Physical environment
• Social environment
Policy
• Disability
Discrimination Act
(DDA)
– Structural guidelines
for public spaces
including public
transportation
– A...
Literature and Public
Transportation
• Accessibility in terms of location of bus stops
• Accessibility in terms of impact ...
Aims
• What social behaviors are typical of public
transportation?
• What structural barriers and facilitators are
present...
Design
• Exploratory study
• Unobtrusive structured and unstructured
observation
Sampling
• Two national bus companies
– 15 buses from each company
– Routes/Times
– Types of Buses

• Bus Stops in and out...
Data Collection
• 2 weeks of bus data collection
– Unstructured Observation

• Four buses/bus stops assessed
structurally
...
Structural Findings:
Bus Stops in City Centre
 Shelter
 Seating
 Signage/route
info
 Phone number for
further info
Structural Findings:
Bus Stops Outside City Centre
X Shelter
X Seating
X Signage/route
info
X Phone number for
further inf...
Structural Findings:
Buses
Step free entrance
36” wide entrance
Accessible seating options
Grab bar near accessible
se...
Behavioral Findings
• Bus Drivers
• Attendants
• Passengers
Bus Driver Behaviors
• Waiting for passengers to be seated
for all passengers to be seated: 1
• Use Waitshydraulics/ramp
o...
Bus Attendant Behaviors
• 13 buses used bus attendants
– Help passengers move through bus
– Collect money at seats
– Help ...
Passenger Behaviors
• Priority seating
• Passengers helping other passengers
• Passengers Obstructing Space
Current Taxi Policy
• All new taxis must be accessible
• Taxis that are not accessible may only pick up
passengers by appo...
Taxi Conversations:
Accessible Taxis
• Views
– All taxis should be accessible
– There is not a larger expense to having an...
Taxi Conversations:
Inaccessible Taxis
• Views
– There is no desire/motivation to acquire an
accessible taxi
• There is no...
Discussion of Findings
• Importance of both structural and behavioral
facilitators for public transportation use
• Importa...
Limitations
• Only could observe people with visible
mobility impairments
• Could not interact with anyone being
observed
...
Future Research
• Further information on the impact of
behaviors on passengers
– Interviews with disabled passengers
– Ass...
Questions?
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SDHI seminar presentation 18th December 2013

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  • Discuss use other modes because of disability would be the traditional view and discuss why other modes are not adequate
  • 5 instances keep from falling, 2 instances help get off bus
  • Poeder presentation sdhi

    1. 1. Community Participation: Accessibility of Public Transportation for People with Mobility Impairments Lia Poeder OTD/S December 17, 2013
    2. 2. Personal Background • Who I am • My interests
    3. 3. Why care about participation? • Participation in meaningful activities and meaningful roles is correlated to quality of life and well being (Christiansen et. al. 2005)
    4. 4. UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) • Demands equality for all people regardless of ability • Calls for adaptations to empower disabled people to actively participate in life ensuring all human rights are met • Aims to decrease discrimination United Nations, 2006
    5. 5. Traditional vs Modern View of Disability
    6. 6. Person-Environment Interaction Model 1 • Social Model of Disability (Hughes and Paterson, 2013) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzRQOfVvVh4
    7. 7. Person-Environment Interaction Model 2
    8. 8. Policy Culture Physical Environment OCCUPATION AND ROLES Social Support Assistive Technology Social Capital Personal Factors Physical Activity
    9. 9. Public Transportation and Disability • Traditional view of disability applied to public transportation • Modern view of disability applied to public transportation
    10. 10. Public Transportation • Designed to give community access to all of the public • Decreased accessibility of public transportation has been found to lead to decreased participation (Hammel et al., 2006)
    11. 11. Application to Dundee? • 40% of households report no vehicle • 20% population with disabilities • 1/6 population over the age of 65 Scotland Census 2011
    12. 12. Dundee Resident Comments I don’t know what I would do without public transportation.. I don’t have a car so I use it for everything.. I have seen the lifted morale of older adults when provided access to the community through transportation… I dread using the bus… his chair is too big, there is no space, and people don’t move to make room…
    13. 13. Public Transportation Accessibility Components • Physical environment • Social environment
    14. 14. Policy • Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) – Structural guidelines for public spaces including public transportation – Addresses new construction and remodeling
    15. 15. Literature and Public Transportation • Accessibility in terms of location of bus stops • Accessibility in terms of impact on participation • Accessibility in terms of structural barriers
    16. 16. Aims • What social behaviors are typical of public transportation? • What structural barriers and facilitators are present on public transportation? – How well have DDA standards been implemented? – How have they been implemented differently in different areas?
    17. 17. Design • Exploratory study • Unobtrusive structured and unstructured observation
    18. 18. Sampling • Two national bus companies – 15 buses from each company – Routes/Times – Types of Buses • Bus Stops in and outside of city centre • Dundee Taxis
    19. 19. Data Collection • 2 weeks of bus data collection – Unstructured Observation • Four buses/bus stops assessed structurally – Bus Usability Checklist • Taxis: 2 accessible, 2 inaccessible – Informant Conversations
    20. 20. Structural Findings: Bus Stops in City Centre  Shelter  Seating  Signage/route info  Phone number for further info
    21. 21. Structural Findings: Bus Stops Outside City Centre X Shelter X Seating X Signage/route info X Phone number for further info
    22. 22. Structural Findings: Buses Step free entrance 36” wide entrance Accessible seating options Grab bar near accessible seating Stop alerts can be accessed seated with closed fist
    23. 23. Behavioral Findings • Bus Drivers • Attendants • Passengers
    24. 24. Bus Driver Behaviors • Waiting for passengers to be seated for all passengers to be seated: 1 • Use Waitshydraulics/ramp of Waits for passengers with visible mobility impairments to be •seated: 527/30to the curbwith hydraulics Pulling buses equipped • Giving adequate pull to curb be passengers to exit time within 6 inches Hydraulics used passengers for seated: 24 Does not wait forinconsistentlyto Most bus drivers did 1 ramp used 2 buses did not pull into bus lane Add bus driver pic here
    25. 25. Bus Attendant Behaviors • 13 buses used bus attendants – Help passengers move through bus – Collect money at seats – Help passengers off of bus – Answer questions
    26. 26. Passenger Behaviors • Priority seating • Passengers helping other passengers • Passengers Obstructing Space
    27. 27. Current Taxi Policy • All new taxis must be accessible • Taxis that are not accessible may only pick up passengers by appointment • Accessible taxis must provide maintenance to their vehicles to ensure accessibility
    28. 28. Taxi Conversations: Accessible Taxis • Views – All taxis should be accessible – There is not a larger expense to having an accessible taxi – It does not take more than 2 minutes of extra time – People do need and use the service
    29. 29. Taxi Conversations: Inaccessible Taxis • Views – There is no desire/motivation to acquire an accessible taxi • There is no loss of money by not being able to drive disabled people – There are too many accessible taxis • Some disabled people request a saloon car because of the easy entry
    30. 30. Discussion of Findings • Importance of both structural and behavioral facilitators for public transportation use • Importance of decreasing behaviors that cause barriers to participation
    31. 31. Limitations • Only could observe people with visible mobility impairments • Could not interact with anyone being observed • Unstructured
    32. 32. Future Research • Further information on the impact of behaviors on passengers – Interviews with disabled passengers – Assessment of those without visible impairments • Development of more structured observations • Assessment of other modes of public transportation • Assessments of interventions for behavioral barriers
    33. 33. Questions?
    1. ¿Le ha llamado la atención una diapositiva en particular?

      Recortar diapositivas es una manera útil de recopilar información importante para consultarla más tarde.

    ×