History 141 canada part2


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History 141 canada part2

  1. 1. pt.2 Sophia C. Young
  2. 2. Canadian Culture • In Canada, men, women and children have rights and freedoms and are to be treated equally and with respect regardless of age; race; color; religion; creed; sex; sexual orientation; physical disability or mental disability; irrational fear of contracting an illness or disease; ethnic, national or aboriginal origin; family status; marital status; source of income; and political belief, affiliation or activity. • Human rights legislation in Canada also prohibits sexual harassment, which is unwanted attention of a sexual or sex-based nature from another person. • All Canadian children have health insurance and receive basic health care services as a right.
  3. 3. CANADIAN CULTURE • The concept of the Canadian family has changed dramatically in recent times, and continues to change, as blended families, parents living apart with joint custody arrangements, common-law arrangements, and same-sex relationships are becoming more common-place and accepted. In fact, the “traditional” family headed by an employed man and a stay-at-home wife is rare in Canada, accounting for less than one in five of all husband-wife families. • Theoretically, there are no homeless in Canada. However, there are people living in shelters and some who live on the street for varying periods of time
  4. 4. Canadian Culture • Canada is bilingual, with English and French as the official languages. English takes precedence in statutory proceedings outside of Quebec, with English versions of all statutes serving as the final arbiter in disputes over interpretation. • As of 1996, the proportion of Canadians reporting English as their mother tongue was just under 60 percent while those reporting French as their mother tongue was slightly less than 24 percent. • The percentage of native English speakers had risen over the previous decade, while that of French speakers had declined. At the same time, about 17 percent of all Canadians could speak both official languages, though this is a regionalized phenomenon. In those provinces with the largest number of native French speakers (Quebec and New Brunswick), 38 percent and 33 percent respectively were bilingual, numbers that had been increasing steadily over the previous twenty years. • In contrast, Ontario, which accounts for more than 30 percent of the total population of Canada, had an English-French bilingualism rate of about 12 percent. This is in part a result of the immigration patterns over time, which sees the majority of all immigrants gravitating to Ontario, and in part because all official and commercial services in Ontario are conducted in English, even though French is available by law, if not by practice. • English-French bilingualism is less important in the everyday lives of those living outside of Quebec and New Brunswick.
  5. 5. Canadian Culture con’t • Canada has seen successive waves of immigration, from the Netherlands, Germany and Italy, England and Ireland, China and Japan, and more recently from south and east Asia and from many countries throughout Africa. While some of these migration waves have resulted in considerable political and social conflict, as in the large-scale migration of Chinese laborers brought into Canada to work on the national railroad, the overall pattern of in-migration and settlement has been characterized by relatively smooth transitions.
  6. 6. SOURCES ⁻ www.google.com ⁻ www.google.com/images ⁻ www.wikipedia.com ⁻ www.hrehp.dal.ca ⁻ www.everyculture.com