Edmonton, the capital city of Alberta, is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's oil sands and other northern
resource industries. Became a province on September 1, 1905
The capital is Victoria, the fifteenth largest metropolitan region in Canada. British Columbia's economy is largely resource-
based. It is the endpoint of transcontinental highways and railways and the site of major Pacific ports, which enable
A Canadian prairie province with an area of 649,950 square kilometers (250,900 sq. mi). The province has over 110,000
lakes and has a largely continental climate.
The largest Province by population and second largest in total area. Sometimes broken into two regions, Northern Ontario
and Southern Ontario.
PRINCE EDWARD ISLANDS:
The maritime province is the smallest in the nation in both land area and population (excluding the territories).
…not all provinces listed.
• The Aborigines were the first
peoples of Canada
• Known as the “Inuit” (Indian) and
• Civilization for the Aborigine
included parliament settlement,
agriculture, civic and ceremonial
architecture, and trading.
• There are currently over 600
recognized First Nations
governments or bands
encompassing 1,172,790 peoples
spread across Canada with
distinctive Aboriginal cultures.
• Mounties are the national police force
of Canada, and one of the most
recognized. It’s unique in the world as
a national, federal, provincial and
municipal policing body.
• For nearly a century Canada had no
distinctive national flag. In 1964
Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson said
he'd introduce a new national flag.
But Opposition leader John
Diefenbaker and the Royal Canadian
Legion wanted to stick with the Red
Ensign. Everyone had an opinion
before Canada finally chose the red
and white flag with the maple leaf.
• In 1971, Canada adopted
multiculturalism as an official policy,
The value and dignity of all Canadians,
regardless of their racial or ethnic origins,
their language or their religious
affiliations. The rights of Aboriginal
• The status of Canada's two official
languages: French and English.
CA IAN culture
• Canada is a multicultural country as
described in Section 27 of the
Canadian Charter of Rights and
• Many speak French, but the primary
languages of Canada are Quebec
French and Canadian English.
• The Aborigine were the first in
habitants of Canada, until the 17th
century, when the first English settlers
• Many of the art in Canada is associated
with European trend. The Group of
Seven were Canadian painters, most
famous for their paintings of the
Canadian landscape in the 1920s.
The Group Seven
Red Maple, 1914
by A.Y. Jackson
of The Group 7
• The traditional language of Canada is French
and English and both are taught; regardless
of which one is taught, all aspects of teaching
are based on Canadian history.
• Aboriginals, the French, and the British,
have all made contributions to the musical
heritage of Canada.
• The Canadian film market has been
dominated by the American film industry for
• Ice hockey, referred to as simply hockey in
the country, is Canada's official winter sport;
Canadians prefer a unique set of sports that
are imported from the United States or home
grown — namely football, basketball,
baseball, and ice hockey.
• The cuisine of the western provinces is
heavily influenced by Italian, British,
German , Ukrainian, Polish, and
Scandinavian cuisine. Noteworthy is the
cuisine of the Doukhobors, Russian-