History 141 - Canada


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History 141 - Canada

  1. 1. Sophia C. Young
  2. 2. Yukon British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Ontario Quebec Nova Scotia New Foundland and Labrador New Brunswick Prince Edward Islands
  3. 3. The Provinces ALBERTA: Edmonton, the capital city of Alberta, is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's oil sands and other northern resource industries. Became a province on September 1, 1905 BRITISH COLUMBIA: The capital is Victoria, the fifteenth largest metropolitan region in Canada. British Columbia's economy is largely resource- based. It is the endpoint of transcontinental highways and railways and the site of major Pacific ports, which enable international trade. MANITOBA: A Canadian prairie province with an area of 649,950 square kilometers (250,900 sq. mi). The province has over 110,000 lakes and has a largely continental climate. ONTARIO: The largest Province by population and second largest in total area. Sometimes broken into two regions, Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. PRINCE EDWARD ISLANDS: The maritime province is the smallest in the nation in both land area and population (excluding the territories). …not all provinces listed.
  4. 4. Peoples Canada Aborigines • The Aborigines were the first peoples of Canada • Known as the “Inuit” (Indian) and “Metis” (Eskimo) • Civilization for the Aborigine included parliament settlement, agriculture, civic and ceremonial architecture, and trading. • There are currently over 600 recognized First Nations governments or bands encompassing 1,172,790 peoples spread across Canada with distinctive Aboriginal cultures.
  5. 5. Canada today! • Mounties are the national police force of Canada, and one of the most recognized. It’s unique in the world as a national, federal, provincial and municipal policing body. • For nearly a century Canada had no distinctive national flag. In 1964 Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson said he'd introduce a new national flag. But Opposition leader John Diefenbaker and the Royal Canadian Legion wanted to stick with the Red Ensign. Everyone had an opinion before Canada finally chose the red and white flag with the maple leaf. • In 1971, Canada adopted multiculturalism as an official policy, which confirmed: The value and dignity of all Canadians, regardless of their racial or ethnic origins, their language or their religious affiliations. The rights of Aboriginal peoples. • The status of Canada's two official languages: French and English.
  6. 6. CA IAN culture • Canada is a multicultural country as described in Section 27 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. • Many speak French, but the primary languages of Canada are Quebec French and Canadian English. • The Aborigine were the first in habitants of Canada, until the 17th century, when the first English settlers came. • Many of the art in Canada is associated with European trend. The Group of Seven were Canadian painters, most famous for their paintings of the Canadian landscape in the 1920s. The Group Seven Aborigine Art Red Maple, 1914 by A.Y. Jackson of The Group 7 Multi-cultural Canada
  7. 7. CANADIAN con’t • The traditional language of Canada is French and English and both are taught; regardless of which one is taught, all aspects of teaching are based on Canadian history. • Aboriginals, the French, and the British, have all made contributions to the musical heritage of Canada. • The Canadian film market has been dominated by the American film industry for decades. • Ice hockey, referred to as simply hockey in the country, is Canada's official winter sport; Canadians prefer a unique set of sports that are imported from the United States or home grown — namely football, basketball, baseball, and ice hockey. • The cuisine of the western provinces is heavily influenced by Italian, British, German , Ukrainian, Polish, and Scandinavian cuisine. Noteworthy is the cuisine of the Doukhobors, Russian- descended Vegetarians. Canadian writer R. Davies
  8. 8. SOURCES • www.goingtocanada.gc.ca • www.google.com/images • www.wikipedia.org • www.canadahistory.com