Tanzania climate change and disaster world vision - regional consultation


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Tanzania climate change and disaster world vision - regional consultation

  1. 1. World Vision Tanzania Climate Change & Disaster Risk Reduction A Briefing Presentation at Regional Stakeholders Workshop Nairobi, Kenya 23rd – 25th June 2010
  2. 2. Outline of the presentation  Provide an overview of World Vision’s initial approaches to Climate Change response  Impacts of Climate Change  WV involvement in addressing risks related to climate change  A brief overview of DRR project (Pastoralists Project)  Challenges of the project
  3. 3. Overview 1. What is Climate Change? A Working Definition The change in the planet’s climate beyond its natural variability.
  4. 4. Is Climate Change Happening? • Twelve of the last thirteen years (1995-2007) rank among the 13 warmest years in the instrumental record of global surface temperature (since 1850) • The rate and duration of warming in the 20th century is greater than in any of the previous nine centuries • The 1990s were the warmest completed decade in the past 1,000 years • In 2007 the Arctic Ocean’s sea ice reached a level so low that the North-West passage opened up for the first time in history. This is occurring again in late summer, 2008.
  5. 5. Impacts of Climate Change • In Africa and Asia some countries face a continued very high risk of food shortages from declines in crop production due to temp increase • In some African countries, yields from rain-fed agriculture may be reduced by 50% • 20-30% of plant and animal species studied to date are likely to be at increased risk of extinction. • Water-borne diseases expected to increase due to temperature shifts and freshwater management difficulties
  6. 6. Climate Change makes Development a risky business!! • Disasters Destroy Development • Agriculture and Food Security a most vulnerable sector (More than 80% TZ are employed in this sector) • Forget about making poverty history, Climate change will make poverty permanent Need to do something!
  7. 7. WV’s Current Approach to Climate Change Response Mitigation Adaptation Public Engagement & Advocacy
  8. 8. Mitigation Those activities which reduce Greenhouse Gas: CONCENTRATIONS Largely through bio- sequestration – Reforestation – Avoided Deforestation Mitigation – Increased Agro-forestry – Sustainable Agriculture EMISSIONS – Alternative energy – High efficiency wood stoves
  9. 9. Adaptation What is climate change adaptation? Climate change adaptation is the increase of resilience to the negative impacts of climate change and reducing Adaptation Vulnerability against the hazards of climate change.
  10. 10. Public Engagement & Advocacy Activities which support Developing World in: Mitigation • Rules which allow participation in global response and markets • Encourage ALL global citizens to engage (reduce AND offset) • Link Climate Change and Poverty Reduction Adaptation • Funding, know-how and technology • Link Climate Change and Public Engagement Poverty Reduction. & Advocacy
  11. 11. So What WV is doing to make Development a less risky business? • Standardise risk reduction practice into all high risk ADPs (e.g. education, school safety, etc.) with appropriate funding support (e.g.10% of ADP budgets) • Ensure a proportion of all WV humanitarian funding is allocated to “building back better “ post disaster in line with UN / donor recommendations of 10% • Integrating DRR into development programs
  12. 12. • Standardise Risk and Capacity assessment from community to National level as a means of prioritising scarce resources. • Prioritise DRR and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) as a major action research and advocacy theme for WV. • Establish CCA and Food Security as a new unit in WVT as from October 2010, this unit is expected to be learning centre for WV Offices in the region
  13. 13. Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Climate Change and DRR are closely linked. Climate change results to increase of disasters, something is to be done to make the community more resilient to these disasters Existing methods and tools of disaster risk reduction provides powerful capacities for adaptation to climate change
  14. 14. Magugu Pastoralist Livelihood Initiative Project (A Pilot DRR Project) Location: Northern part of Tanzania, Manyara Region, Babati District in Mbugwe Division. Project Goal: To strengthen livestock and non-livestock based livelihoods of pastoralist communities in Magugu ADP
  15. 15. Project Activities Address the following issues • Scarcity of water sources • Scarcity of livestock feeds • Animal diseases • Low genetic potential of the indigenous livestock for meat and milk production • Weak extension services • Lack of input supply shops • Poor marketing and processing infrastructure and • Lack of rural credit facilities or linkages to other schemes.
  16. 16. Improving Livestock production, health and Marketing • Promote upgrading of their local breeds • Rehabilitate/build water points • Train and equip CBAWHs: CBAHWs • Train pastoralists in disease recognition, prevention, treatment; use of EWS information; timely off-take • Animal vaccination coverage • Organize local markets and producers in association with marketing groups and local government:
  17. 17. Improving Natural resource Management • The environment of the target area has been devastated by the recent drought, poor management practices and invasive species • The project facilitate to improve local natural resource management, cooperate in cross border natural resource management • Plant live fencing around water points • Establish/strengthen and train NRM committees on water, soil and rangeland management • Promote fuel-efficient cooking stoves
  18. 18. • Reclaim rangeland using prescribed burning or other form of controlling invasive species and improve fodder and forage species • Establish conflict mitigation and peace building committee (CMPBC) to alleviate conflict over shared natural resources
  19. 19. Developing and supporting opportunities for alternative source of income • Drought and conflicts have destroyed the livestock assets of many pastoralist households causing them to drop out of pastoralism as an economic livelihood • the capacity of civil society organizations in local communities to develop viable alternatives is weak • Training and access to financing for both micro-enterprise development;
  20. 20. Developing and supporting opportunities for alternative source of income • Value-added activities to livestock- marketing animal milk, food and leather products • Expanding non-livestock sources of income through the cultivation of appropriate commodities such as finger millet, sorghum, water melons, beads and basket making, bee keeping; • Vegetable and other garden farming • Support for water harvesting, conservation agriculture techniques, and other technologies for improved on-farm water management;
  21. 21. Strengthening Civil governance and Conflict Mitigation • Co-ordinate Cross-border implementation plans, especially as they relate to rangeland management, water management, and conflict mitigation • Cross-border peace and/or civil society groups will be organized and/or engaged to receive training and work on issues relevant to the local communities
  22. 22. Project Challenges • The attitude of many livestock keepers to keep a large number of herds lead to poor management of animals hence contribute to often conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers over natural resources. • The project brought some tension in some of the villages fighting for water which was meant for livestock (Do No Harm) • Allocated area for grazing purpose in some villages have been re allocated for other activities such as farming. This also brings conflict sometimes between farmers and livestock keepers. • Traditional beliefs that disasters are spiritually linked
  23. 23. Thank you