Philippines - subnational development processes


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Philippines - subnational development processes

  1. 1. Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change  Adaptation in Subnational Adaptation in Subnational Development  Processes Regional D R i l Development C l t Coordination St ff di ti Staff National Economic and Development Authority Strengthening Climate Resilience (SCR) Initiative National Consultation g g ( ) 18-19 May 2010 ♦ SEAMEO Innotech, Quezon City
  2. 2. Outline I Guidelines on Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) I. in Subnational Development and Land Use/Physical Plans g Guidelines’ Features and Coverage DRR Mainstreaming Framework Disaster Risk Assessment (DRA) Mainstreaming DRA Results in the Plan II. Integrating DRR and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) in Local Development Planning and Decision-making Processes
  3. 3. Development Planning Process p g Investment  Planning PPAs Programming Revenue Generation Monitoring & Evaluation Project Evaluation  Project Evaluation & Development PDIP/AIP Implementation Budgeting Expenditure Management Source: PLPEM Development Planning Process
  4. 4. Development Planning System and Outputs in the Philippines p g y p pp
  5. 5. DRR Guidelines: Features 1. Risk-based Analysis 2. Multi-hazard Approach 3. Comprehensive 4. Use of Geographic Information System
  6. 6. DRR Guidelines: Coverage Region g Interregional and special development areas (e.g., watersheds, Province river basins) ) City Municipality
  7. 7. DRR Mainstreaming Framework Disaster Risk Assessment Development Planning Planning Environment Population Vision Hazard Characterization/ Frequency Analysis Income Economic Activity and Services Physical Resources/ Consequence Analysis Transport Land Use and Physical Framework Risk Estimation Project Evaluation and Development Development Issues, Goals, Objectives/Targetsc Risk Evaluation Investment Strategies and PPAs Programming Budgeting Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation
  8. 8. Disaster Risk Assessment: Process Hazard Characterization/ Identifying and characterizing Frequency Analysis the hazard(s) that threaten an area. Determining the consequences Consequence Analysis of these potential hazard(s) to exposed population and land uses Estimating the risk expressed as the Risk Estimation expected annual number of lives lost, damage to property Risk Evaluation Prioritizing areas by comparing the risk estimates to the acceptability criteria and assigned scores.
  9. 9. Disaster Risk Assessment: Outputs Hazard Characterization/ Inventory of hazards affecting Frequency Analysis the planning area Estimates of fatality and damage costs for Consequence Analysis each hazard type per event Estimates of fatality and damage costs Risk Estimation For each hazard type per year, in map and table form A prioritized list of high risk areas Risk Evaluation and vulnerabilities of the population, environment and economy y
  10. 10. Mainstreaming DRA Results in the Plan 1. 1 Analyze the risk impact to the land use and physical framework 2. Identify development issues, goals, objectives, a d targets and ta gets 3. Identify DRR measures to respond to the disaster risks
  11. 11. Mainstreaming DRA Results in the Plan: Plan:
  12. 12. Mainstreaming DRA Results in the Plan: Ilocos Region Case g
  13. 13. Mainstreaming DRA Results in the Plan: Region XIII/CARAGA Case g Stricter enforcement of building codes/land use plans Prioritization of watershed development, forest p protection and environment laws Rationalization of mining and eco-tourism activities Development of hazard- hazard resistant structures
  14. 14. Mainstreaming DRA Results in the Plan: Surigao del Norte Case g Joint development of high risk areas in Surigao del Norte Dinagat Island Mainit Lake Agusan d l N A del Norte
  15. 15. Mainstreaming DRA Results in the Plan: Surigao del Norte Case The Surigao del Norte case emphasized and showcased the value of mainstreaming DRR i th PDPFP l f i t i in the PDPFP: As a basis for lower level LGU and sectoral plans As a tool to reconcile and rationalize land use proposals As a guide for g g government agencies and p g private developers p As a basis for adjudicating conflicts arising from the implementation of land use plans
  16. 16. Outcomes of DRR Mainstreaming Enhanced understanding of the p g planning environment g More realistic land use and physical development framework/indicative allocation of land uses Potential damages and casualties are considered in development goals and targets Risk reduction measures are prioritized DRR programs and projects are eventually provided with budgetary resources and implemented Risks are considered in the project design and M&E Risk estimates serve as benchmark for evaluating DRR
  17. 17. Integrating DRR/CCA Project •Enhance local awareness of climate change and its effects on existing hazards •Develop planning tools  responsive to both natural hazard risks and climate change Objectives •Demonstrating DRR/CCA approaches at the local level •Improve enabling environment for DRR and CCA integration and multistakeholder cooperation Local level land use & development planning  Enhanced multistakeholder cooperation in  Outcomes and decision‐making processes reflect  addressing CCA and DRR CCA/DRR priorities Output 1. Awareness and  Output 4. Policy/programme  competencies on climate change  instruments for enhanced multi‐ among local government and other  stakeholder cooperation to address  stakeholders are enhanced t k h ld h d climate change are developed li t h d l d Output 5. Mechanisms for multi‐ Outputs Output 2. CCA/DRR concerns are  stakeholder cooperation on climate  incorporated in the land use and  change at national and local levels are  development plans of the target  strengthened h d provinces/municipalities/cities Output 3. Practical strategies for  Output 3. Practical strategies for climate change adaptation/DRR are  Project D i P j t Design demonstrated at the sub‐ national/local level
  18. 18. Integrating DRR/CCA Project: Key Deliverables
  19. 19. Integrating DRR/CCA Project: Design Considerations D i C id i Build on existing processes and structures Complement other government initiatives Involve LGUs and communities Build capability of NEDA Regional Offices to p provide direct assistance to LGUs on DRR/CCA Partner with regional/local universities and research institutions Share/multiply knowledge Promote gender sensitivity Adopt project sustainability measures
  20. 20. The DRR Mainstreaming Guidelines can be downloaded at the NEDA website ( For inquiries, please contact: REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION STAFF National Economic and Development Authority p y Thank you!