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Kenya Pastoralist adaptation, practical action - regional consultation

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  • 1. Regional Workshop All African Conference of Churches, Nairobi 23 – 25 June 2010 Enhancing Adaptative Capacity of Pastoralists to Climate Change in Northern Kenya Eric Kisiangani Practical Action Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 2. Introduction • Two year research project • Purpose: Inform adaptation to climate change among pastoralist communities in northern Kenya • Launched in January 2008 • Funded under the Climate Change Adaptation in Africa programme of DFID/IDRC Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 3. Project partners • Maseno University • Kenyatta University • Practical Action • National Environment Management Authority • FoodLink FoodLink Resources Institute Resources Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 4. Project Area Turkana & Mandera Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 5. Challenges Addressed by the Project • Underlying structural constraints to adaptation to climate change • Gender dimensions of vulnerability to climate change • Loss of food Security and Livelihoods to climate stressors • Access challenges to resilience enhancing services/options • Institutional and policy constraints to adaptation to climate change Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 6. Project Objectives • Determine the factors contributing to vulnerability of pastoralist communities to climate change • Identify and evaluate gender dimensions of vulnerability to climate change among pastoralist communities. • Undertake participatory identification of traditional and emerging climate change adaptation options and strategies at household and community level for better understanding of climate change. • Determine the factors constraining pastoralists’ access to and use of climate change adaptation options and strategies. • Identify and analyse institutional barriers to and opportunities for incorporating climate change adaptation measures into national development policies. Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 7. Methodology: Participatory Action Research Approach • Community experience sharing and analysis meetings of drought and flood trends and the role of climate information • Community planning on utilization of water and pasture resources • Community dissemination of experiences and practices in water and pasture management, Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 8. Participatory Action Research Methodology • Regular briefing visits to offices of government and other agencies in districts • Experiences sharing workshops with agencies at district level Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 9. Results • Regular visits by local leaders to local meteorological stations for information, • Grazing committees actively regulating grazing patterns, • Development practitioners disseminating experiences from the project. Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 10. Potential Indicators for Monitoring Intervention • Number of organizations/networks implementing resilience building projects, - electronic surveys • Articulation of Smart approach in National policy statements and statutes • Number of development practitioners trained on Smart approach through regular baseline surveys Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 11. Conclusion • Supporting local communities to analyze their climate experiences/trends and local solutions contributes to DRM. • Regularly briefing of government and other agencies at district level promotes DRM approaches Practical Action - Eastern Africa
  • 12. Thank You Practical Action - Eastern Africa