Kenya - meteorological department and scr - kmd
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Kenya - meteorological department and scr - kmd Kenya - meteorological department and scr - kmd Presentation Transcript

  • Strengthening climate resilience(SCR) In Kenya: The Role of Meteorological Department (KMD) Julius Kabubi Head: Disaster Prevention & Mitigation, KMD
  • No. of incidents) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1900 1902 1904 1906 1908 1910 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 disasters in Kenya (1900-2010) 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 Trend in the occurrence of natural hazards and 2004 2006 2008 2010
  • Distribution of hazards in Kenya Geophysical Anthropogenic hazards hazards 45% 47% Biological hazards 8%
  • Human-made disasters
  • Human made hazards
  • Major geophysical hazards in Kenya Earth tremor 7% Landslides 7% Drought 14% Floods 72%
  • Floods at Budalangi
  • Land slide
  • Other Geophysical hazards Lightning 11% Violent winds Severe 34% storms 22% Tsunami Hailstorms 11% Water 11% accidents 11%
  • Major biological hazards in Kenya Malaria outbreak 36% Cholera outbreak 64%
  • Other biological hazards Leptospirosis outbreak 14% HIV/AIDS 29% M easles outbreak 14% Ebola outbreak 14% Rift valley fever 29%
  • Distribution of disaster in Kenya Western 8% Nyanza Country w ide 10% 28% Central 5% Nairobi North 3% Eastern 10% Rift valley Coast 13% Eastern 13% 10%
  • DRR INITIATIVES BY KMD
  • The role of NMHS • Weather Monitoring • Weather Forecasting • Climate prediction • Early warnings • Weather and climate Advisories • Food security and sectoral advisories • Climate Change Detection and attribution • Research and outreach programmes
  • Generate weather products • Now casting (6 hrs ahead) • Weather Forecasts • 24 hrs,4 days,7 days,14 days,1 month & Seasonal • Climate outlook forums • Specialized forecasts; – Aviation – Meteorology – Marine - Meteorology – Agriculture – Agro meteorology – Food security – Agro/FeWS – Water resources – Hydrometeorology – Energy - Water resources – Disaster management – Early warnings – Health and other sectors – Biometeorology
  • Other duties and responsibilities NMHS 1. Establishment and maintenance of a national meteorological observation network mandatory for weather and climate observations 2. Monitoring, detection and prediction of weather and climate phenomena and dissemination of relevant products and early warnings; 3. Monitoring environmental pollution and Greenhouse Gases, including ozone 4. Exchange and transmission of meteorological data nationally, regional and internationally; 5. Carrying out meteorological training and research to improve the quality of meteorological services 6. Archival of long-term reliable national climatologically records 7. International mandates (WMO, ICAO, UNFCCC, IPCC, …)
  • Current initiative by KMD • 5 Weather radars – Precipitation • Hydromet division – early warning in floods • Disaster Prevention and Mitigation • EWS for flood management (OP, MoWI) using Automatic Hydromet stations • RANET (Bundalangi, Suswa, Kangema, Mtwapa) • Improvement of station networks and AWS (Automatic Weather Stations) • National Tsunami Early Warning Centre (NTEWC) • Provincial Directors of meteorology
  • Marine weather station at Mombasa
  • Others initiatives • 12 Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) at strategic locations • 12 Automatic hydro-meteorological stations • 2 Automatic Weather Observing Stations (AWOS) for Airports (JKIA and MIA) • 5 Weather Radars (250 Kilometre effective Doppler Range) are being installed. • 1 Upper Air Stations (Radio-sonde Stations) has been upgraded • 3 Lightning Detection Systems have been installed to cover the whole country • 2 Seismic equipment for Earth quakes – Voi, Lodwar • 35 Drifting Buoys already deployed in Western Indian Ocean • 1 Marine Automatic Weather Stations (MAWS) • Created local, regional, and international partnerships
  • Way forward in reduce vulnerability • Home grown and community centered climate adaptation measures • Integration of Seasonal Climate forecasts and indigenous knowledge for effective early warning • Piloting on the ground through demonstration, experimental plots (Cropping patterns, shifting seasons…. etc. • Knowledge management and effective communication system of weather and climate products etc • Management of risks through Identification, structural and non-structural risk reduction, and risk transfer and financing mechanisms • Managing the whole disaster cycle (The hidden success, the check list)
  • THE END MANY THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION