Kenya - drought - Trocaire


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Kenya - drought - Trocaire

  1. 1. Trocaire Disaster risk reduction prog: Drought in Kenya SCR workshop
  2. 2. Trocaire drought programme  A 3 year livelihoods/DRR prog  Approx. 3 million Euros  It has an inbuilt DRR approach  CC mainstreamed  Drought is the main hazard
  3. 3. Why adopt DRR  To address disasters through development programmes  To combine short, medium and long-term strategies to deal with disasters  The development context is changing
  4. 4. A world of increasing disaster risk? Indian Ocean Tsunami 250 000 lives lost Hurricane Katrina US$200 billion South Asian Earthquake Famine in Africa 3 million homeless Millions at-risk
  5. 5. The growing burden of disaster losses in poor countries Disaster Losses, Total and as Share of GDP, 1985-99 600 20 500 15 Los ses US$ Billion % GNP (nominal) 400 300 10 Total 200 Ec onomic 5 Losses 100 Losses as 0 0 Share of GD P Richest Poorest Countries Countries
  6. 6. Africa – a complex risk profile
  7. 7. The most important shift in international emphasis is: From To Managing Managing disaster disaster events risks Primary focus on Primary focus on preparedness and reducing disaster risks relief developmentally
  8. 8. Trocaire DRR in the field: the tool kit • Comprises older ‘used tools’ from disaster management • Includes ‘newer tools’ from the disaster risk reduction framework
  9. 9. Drought disasters in Kenya  How Trócaire is responding to drought through DRR  12 major drought events in the last 50yrs  ASALS affected by drought and CC is a catalyst
  10. 10. Bridging scope of DRR in drought-prone areas Drought prep. & Drought Climate change response mitigation adaptation strategies Short-term Med-long-term Long-term Classic Developmental Sustainable „humanitarian risk reduction Development action‟
  11. 11. Drought preparedness, & response  Aim at strengthening early warning  Improve readiness measures to respond in the event of a drought.  Ensure human capacity for drought response
  12. 12. Drought mitigation A mitigation approach assumes:  „drought can happen during any season … but we don‟t know how severe, what extent… or how long…‟  So… we „introduce drought-proofing’ measures into agriculture, water, financing, public services… into all drought sensitive services/programmes as a developmental priority…
  13. 13. Adaptation to climate change  long-term programming to reduce dependency on rain-fed agriculture in drought-exposed areas.  Creative strategies for improving effectiveness of existing rainwater harvesting mechanisms.  Drought risk reduction can help reduce short- term impacts – but should also aim at building capacity to adapt to expected climate change impacts
  14. 14. Identification of hazards, risks, vulnerabilities and capacity Using the formulae; Risk=HazardxVulnerability Capacity
  15. 15. & practice of DRR Taking action to reduce Let‟s looks at 3 Hazards risks through reducing Malaria, Drought, Floods: Q. What do we know about the hazards and vulnerability hazard e.g. cause, and increasing capacity seasonality, location, impact etc.? Q. Who is most vulnerable? Risk=HazardxVulnerability Why/what makes people Capacity most vulnerable? Q. What can de done to reduce risk? Q. What can we do as Trocaire?
  16. 16. Planning methodology used  Participatory Risk Analysis (PRA) and mapping methodology  Combines PRA and use of georeferencing using GPS technology
  17. 17. Hazard, vulnerability, capacity, disaster and risk reduction Helmet: Increased capacity Unsafe conditions to be avoided Rat: Vulnerable Trap: The hazard population
  18. 18. In times of drought,  We protect distress sale of household assets  We utilize food-for-work/Assets to enhance drought preparedness through enhancing community productive and protective capacities
  19. 19. Construction soil & water conservation structures during drought- preparedness
  20. 20. After the rains
  21. 21. Intercropping on terraces
  22. 22. Drought resistant & early maturing varieties- CC adaptation
  23. 23. Cereal seedling transplanting-CCA Sorghum seed (seedbed stage) during the dry season Sorghum seedlings transplanted after 35-45 days (Main farm) at the onset of rains
  24. 24. “Garden in a sack” farming- CCA
  25. 25. After drought we facilitate recovery thus drought mitigation  So we rebuild livelihood assets lost through drought eg limited restocking  We return households to normalcy or higher livelihood levels  We supply “seed” livestock
  26. 26. We restock camels: Drought mitigation
  27. 27. We restock goats
  28. 28. Building resilience of livelihood assets  Improve quantity: numbers  Improve quality of produce  Improve marketing  etc  Aim is to ensure the people and their assets can defend themselves and withstand the next drought
  29. 29. Community capacity building
  30. 30. Numbers to resist drought
  31. 31. Breed improvement
  32. 32. We improve access to resources to build people’s resilience  Land – through policy advocacy  Water  Incomes  Nature-based-enterprises  etc
  33. 33. Water: Domestic and livestock
  34. 34. cont
  35. 35. Irrigation- CC adaptation
  36. 36. irrigation
  37. 37. More water harvesting – rock catchments, sand dams
  38. 38. Policy work on CC  UNFCCC Advocacy  National advocacy, e.g. CC Bill
  39. 39. Shukrani