Kenya community-managed disaster risk reduction - coraid

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  • 1. CORDAID- COMMUNITY MANAGED DISASTER RISK REDUCTION CMDRR APPROACH/CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION PRESENTATION MADE AT STRENGTHENING CLIMATE RESILIENCE (SCR PROJECT)- KENYA WORKSHOP 30th MARCH 2010 BY: SAFIA ABDI
  • 2. ABOUT CORDAID  Catholic Organization for Relief and Development Aid [Cordaid]  Formed in 1999- merger of 3 organization- Caritas Netherlands, Memisa, and Dutch Bishop Lenten Campaign  International relief and development NGO  Hq- The Hague- Netherlands  Works in 36 countries with over 1000 partners- in Africa, Asia, Latin America  Partners/donors: Dutch Ministry of Development Cooperation, EU, Dutch public…
  • 3. PROGRAMME AREAS Four sectors and 10 programmes  Participation- identity and diversity, slum dwellers and women and violence (Kenya)  Emergency aid and reconstruction (Kenya)  Health and well-being  entrepreneurship
  • 4. Emergency aid and reconstruction sector- in Kenya  Implemented in the pastoralist areas- active in Moyale, Mandera, Isiolo, Samburu, Isiolo and Marsabit  DRR/CCA and emergency activities supported  Focus on drought as a hazard but others- conflict management, floods, livestock disease...shaped by PDRA and analysis  Combine drought cycle management and DRR/CCA approaches and strategies
  • 5. Definition of key terms  Disaster Risk reduction: The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.  Adaptation: Adjustment in natural and human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities –various types – anticipatory, autonomous and planned
  • 6. CCA and DRR  With climate change- frequency and intensity of Hazard increases  Record shows increase in disaster events- affect sustainable development and growth of nations and communities.  With CC there are opportunities and risks- Adaptation- addressing risk, turn opportunities into assets  Adaptation and DRR both aim at reducing impacts of hazards- anticipating risks, reducing vulnerabilities and increasing capacities.  CC is science based while DRR is based on past experiences. CCA intervention planning need to take into consideration the various future scenarios based on the science
  • 7. CMDRR Approach Hazard ≠ Disaster Hazard can be natural and man made but disasters are caused by hazard when it interact with human condition ( exposure and lack of capacity to cope). Disaster Risk = Hazard x Vulnerability Capacity
  • 8. CMDRR continued Core Principles of CMDRR  Communities manage DRR process  Development organizations’ role is facilitation ( not solution providers) and employees are learning agents and not change agents  DRR is multi-stakeholder process and facilitation done through multi-agency approach ( broad based partnership )  DRR best done through multi-hazard approach  Effective community organization is the foundation of CMDRR  MEL & ADVOCACY an integral part of CMDRR.
  • 9. CMDRR PROCESS Inputs : Tools, facilitators, community members knowledge & skills, time PDRA Hazard, vulnerability and capacity assessment Risk analysis Conclusion on risk levels Processing Accept risk level or relocate elements Monitoring At risk if risk level is not acceptable Evaluation & Identify and prioritize what Needs to Learning be done Set DRR goals and objectives Community Development plan Contingency Outputs Hazard mitigation/prevention plan Strengthening systems/organ. Livelihood enhancement Community organization Capacity building responsible for Community Risk Reduction Plan implementation of DRR plan
  • 10. Examples of DRR/CCA projects  Rain water harvesting- underground tanks, pans roof catchments – to reduce evaporation due increased temperature pans lined, tanks are masonry. Some communities in Marsabit (e.g Forolle and Balesa now have water throughout the year).  Herd diversification- introduction of camels- more resilient.  Livelihood diversification- fish farming, commercial insect- partnership with ICIPE.  Peace-building efforts to counter resource based conflict.  Rangeland rehabilitation- revival of good indigenous practices of rangeland mgt eg kalo system, rid off invasive species  Communities have autonomously adapted to some extent  Capacity building of communities, local level stakeholders eg government, CBOs, NGOs, various committees
  • 11. Pictures-Lined pan
  • 12. Hand-pump on a shallow well  Ahsanteni
  • 13. Underground tank
  • 14. Animal health
  • 15. Bee-keeping
  • 16. Camel- resilient asset
  • 17. Rehabilitated rangeland
  • 18. Others activities  Policy influencing/Lobby and advocacy – local, national and International level.  International level advocacy through CIDSE  Linking and learning- through workshops, publications, working with coalitions, universities  Capacity building of partner organizations, government departments and communities on CMDRR and climate change.
  • 19. Future plans- (2010 onwards.  Using scientific information, develop climate scenarios and plan intervention based on that.  Of course continue to develop interventions using experiences.  Use traditional knowledge.  Mainstream CC in all our programme-
  • 20.  Thank you.