Nepal Livelihood Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction
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Nepal Livelihood Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction

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Nepal Livelihood Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction Nepal Livelihood Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction Presentation Transcript

  • Livelihood Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction Strengthening Climate Resilience – SA Regional Consultation 14 – 16 June 2010, Delhi Gehendra B. Gurung
  • Structure of presentation
    • Understanding DRR
    • Livelihood improvement activities for DRR
    • Some evidences - livelihood improvement leads to DRR
    • Conclusion
      • Needs for integration of SLD, DRR and CCA
      • Needs for scaling up of the approach
  • Understanding disaster
    • Disaster = A condition of social and economic destitute
  • Disaster
    • Disaster = Hazard X Vulnerability
    Environmental condition Conditions of physical facilities Human capacity Economic status Social and Institutional strength Prevailing Policies Vulnerability Flood Landslide Disease Fire Earthquake Epidemic Conflict Hazard
  • Unmanaged irrigation channel FLOOD Affected community Shifting cultivation/ deforestation Open grazing system Fragile geology Steep slope Heavy rainfall Land cutting Crop destroyed Damage road Destroyed irrigation channel and water pipe Lost of livestock, houses, human beings Effect Effect Causes Hazard Hazard Causes Inappropriate collection of stone and sand
  • Frequency of flood increased and return year shortened
  • New Risks: Local people’s perception to change in seasons                         summer starts here - now                                 summer starts here - before               Nawalparasi winter- now                   winter - before                             Dolakha             summer - now                 summer - before             Khudi                 summer - now                             summer - before         Lumle                                     winter - now                           winter - before Salyan                                 snowfall is erratic now before                             snowfall season Jumla Dec Nov Oct Sep Aug Jul Jun May Apr Mar Feb Jan Village
  • Livelihood approach to DRR
    • Improve the livelihood strategies – assets and options
    • (social, institutional, economic, environmental, human, physical resources)
    • Reduce the vulnerability and increase the capacity
    • (preparedness, resilient, coping, recovering, etc)
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Avoid (prevention) or limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards – protection of assets
    • Strengthen the ability to cope, recover and adapt
  • Livelihood improvement leads to DRR
    • Strengthening the livelihood assets
      • – Physical assets
      • – Financial resources
      • – Natural assets
      • – Human resources
      • – Social / institutional assets
  • Strengthening Physical Infrastructure
    • rescue bridges, irrigation facilities, emergency shelters, etc
  • Strengthening Economic Status
    • Enhance agriculture production, vegetable production, goat raising, bee keeping, skill development, etc
  • Conserving and Managing the Natural Resources
    • Forest conservation, soil conservation, water resource management
  • Strengthening Human Resources
    • Institutional management, technical capacity
  • Strengthening Social / Institutional Capacity
    • Development of local capacity
    • Mainstreaming DRR into development planning
  • Some evidences – livelihood improvement leads to DRR 1,922 134,900 136,822 Total 108 22,500 22,608 9.Lagansil 369 23,700 24,069 8.Kamana 69 28,800 28,869 7.Kumal 910 21,100 22,010 6.Milijuli 52 6,600 6,652 5.Prakop uddar 86 6,700 6,786 4.Prakop sahara 5 4,600 4,605 3.Srijana, Meghouli 225 18,500 18,725 2.Prakop, Patihani 98 2,400 2,498 1.Simal, Patihani Balance Investment Saving Group Accumulation of financial resources in the communities (NRs)
  • Some evidences – livelihood improvement leads to DRR
  • Conclusion
    • A need for integrating between SLD, DRR and CCA
    • DRR, SLD and CCA require
      • Protection and building of livelihood assets from the hazards
      • Strengthening and diversifying livelihood options/strategies
      • Increasing awareness and capacity to understand risks
      • Therefore DRR requires an integrated approach
  • Need to scaling up of the integration
    • Through wider sharing, dissemination and influencing others
    • Through mainstreaming DRR and CCA into SLD at local and national planning process
    • Through formulation of national policies in line with HYOGO Framework of Actions that integrate DRR and SLD which needs to be integrated with Climate Change Adaptation now
    • Through effective and adequate support for implementing such integrated National Policies
    • Challenge
      • Additionally
  • Thank you