Presentation By:
OfERR (Ceylon)
   Sri Lanka
1.Country Description
                                   SRI LANKA
Size
–65,610 km
•435 km -maximum length
•240 km –maximu...
Climate
•Tropical monsoonal

–Rainfall
•800 mm to over 5,000 mm

–Temperature
•on average 27 0C at lowlands
•reduction of ...
1.1. Climatic zones of Sri Lanka
 Average temperature
 Dry zone →28 0C
 Intermediate zone →24 -26 0C
 Wet zone →24 0C

 Av...
Sri Lanka- Trincomalee District
2. District profile
Country:     Sri Lanka

Province:   Eastern

District:   Trincomalee

...
Muthur Division
2.1.Background Information of the village
     •Before 1950 the few number of community cleared the jungles and
      buil...
2.2 .Geographical Information
   This village was surrounded by pond, agricultural land and small rocks


Annual Whether P...
3. The causes, consequence and solution for
Disaster Risk and Climate changes at
Sinnakulam village.


Increased populatio...
3.1.The consequence in a nutshell

                                     Result in coastal
                                ...
4 .Addressed to current forecast threats
Due to conflict the entire village people displaced and resettled
in year 2008 to...
4.2. Identified Vulnerability at Sinnakulam village

    People are living in
    Temporary shelter


                    ...
5. Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate change

  •There are 105 families with the population of 389HH in the GN
  division...
5.1. Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate
Change Adaptation

 DRR is the development and application of
 policies and pract...
5.2. Integrating Disaster Risk Mitigation and
 Climate change adaptation.

• OfERR constructed co- houses for 40 vulnerabl...
5.3.Climate change adaptation and Sri Lanka Policy
  Sri Lanka current Economic Development Policy frame
  work incorporat...
The renewable resources are also important in reducing
 air pollution, mitigating adverse climate effects and the
 provisi...
6.1.Key Objective
To protect the environment through user environment-friendly technologies
 for energy adaptation and cl...
6.4. Harness the wind to create the clean energy

    Wind energy for water supply




                                   ...
6.5.The Benefits of a Combined Approach to
Climate Change Adaptation, DRR and Social Protection
 The women established the...
6.6. Positive Community Impacts after the
   project Implementation.

• CBDRM team and disaster mitigation processes      ...
7. Lessons and Challenges


•Need to increase awareness of and knowledge on adaptation,
as insufficient information is oft...
Sri Lanka - Water supply adaptation - Christian Aid
Sri Lanka - Water supply adaptation - Christian Aid
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Sri Lanka - Water supply adaptation - Christian Aid

  1. 1. Presentation By: OfERR (Ceylon) Sri Lanka
  2. 2. 1.Country Description SRI LANKA Size –65,610 km •435 km -maximum length •240 km –maximum width •Population –About 20 millions –Density •344 persons/km2 •Economics & industrial development characteristic(2006) –% contribution to the GDP •Agriculture →12.3 % •Industry →28.2 % •Services →59.5 %
  3. 3. Climate •Tropical monsoonal –Rainfall •800 mm to over 5,000 mm –Temperature •on average 27 0C at lowlands •reduction of temperature at 5 –6 0C/ km –mountainous regions »average →15 0C •3 climatic zones –Dry zone, Intermediate zone & Wet zone
  4. 4. 1.1. Climatic zones of Sri Lanka Average temperature Dry zone →28 0C Intermediate zone →24 -26 0C Wet zone →24 0C Average Rainfall Dry zone →< 1,750 mm Intermediate zone →1,750-2,500 mm Wet zone →> 2,500 mm 1.2.Climate changes in Sri Lanka •Slow & continuous rise of ambient temperature •Increased frequency of extreme weather events –High variability of rainfall •More Floods •More Droughts –Tornado-type winds, lightening, Cyclones –Etc.
  5. 5. Sri Lanka- Trincomalee District 2. District profile Country: Sri Lanka Province: Eastern District: Trincomalee Division: Muthur Muthur G.N.Division: Pallikudirruppu Village: Sinnakulam
  6. 6. Muthur Division
  7. 7. 2.1.Background Information of the village •Before 1950 the few number of community cleared the jungles and built small houses and lived. •Due to heavy flood in Pallikudirruppu village ,the people moved from Pallikudirupu to Sinnakulam. •There was a “small pond” along with this village .So they named for this village as “Sinnakulam. •The main livelihood activity of the community was Chena cultivation. Mr.K. Sivarasa was one of the oldest man in Sinnakulam Village . He said that their main livelihood activity is Agricultural activities 1. Paddy cultivation 2.Chena cultivation. They get the water from the “ GANGAI” river. In addition they have rain 2 times per month. Continuously they involved in the Agricultural activities. He mentioned that they never used the Pesticide for the crops. Because Due monthly raining all the insects washed by the rain.
  8. 8. 2.2 .Geographical Information This village was surrounded by pond, agricultural land and small rocks Annual Whether Pattern August - December - Rain January - March Snow March - July Hot Sun and Wind Common Disasters September –December - Flood March – May Drought May- December Cyclones Increased Risks forecast with Climate change 1. Due to population increases, the community people started to clear more and more jungles for their habitant and agricultural cultivation. 2. Due to lack of raining and heat , increased insects affection on the crops . So they started use the chemical for the crops . 3.Due to heavy flood in 2004 (before the tsunami) dinking water wells have been changed as salinity water . so no.of common wells were abounded .
  9. 9. 3. The causes, consequence and solution for Disaster Risk and Climate changes at Sinnakulam village. Increased population/ Deforestation Relocation of refugees Soil erosion & soil warming Increased Atmosphere Temperature Decreased the water points levels Reduced the Agricultural Activities Increased the Green house effects
  10. 10. 3.1.The consequence in a nutshell Result in coastal areas going beneath water Cultivable lands becoming Steep reduction in barren, resulting in drought. agricultural yield due to Soil Warming . Civil Wars between residents and migrating environmental refugees Increased in atmospheric temperature Will lead decrease water level Land and water becoming saline.
  11. 11. 4 .Addressed to current forecast threats Due to conflict the entire village people displaced and resettled in year 2008 to their original village We conducted the Participatory Vulnerability Capacity Assessmen (PVCA) and identified the following 1. Type of vulnerability 2. Type of disaster 3. Basic needs( Shelters & water problem ) 4.1.Identified main problems are Abandon Common well 1.Increasing flood level during the rainy season 2. Water problem for drinking and domestic purpose The sinnakulam people are more vulnerability. The land is not suitable to construct more drinking water wells and they have no regular income to find alternative way to get the water.
  12. 12. 4.2. Identified Vulnerability at Sinnakulam village People are living in Temporary shelter Flood during the rainy season Badly damaged Infrastructure The women and children are waiting for water bowser to get the water Children are at highest health risk from inadequate water supplies during drought , and also predicted changes in vector-borne diseases
  13. 13. 5. Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate change •There are 105 families with the population of 389HH in the GN division. • After the displacement they resettled in their village. How ever nearly 40 families relocated lower land area earlier paddy fields) due to high security zone. After the resettlement the community faced the difficulties for drinking water 1. Most of the wells were in high security zones. 2. The existing wells have no water during dry seasons. Climate change also will increase the time taken to collect water in rural areas, a task mainly done by women and girls, due to travelling greater distances to find water. water collection is an issue as women and girls may spend hours queuing.
  14. 14. 5.1. Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation DRR is the development and application of policies and practices that minimize the risk to Vulnerabilities and disasters. Climate Change adaptation is an adjustment in natural or human system , which occurs in response to actual or expected climate changes or effects.
  15. 15. 5.2. Integrating Disaster Risk Mitigation and Climate change adaptation. • OfERR constructed co- houses for 40 vulnerable families •The Sinnakulam CBDRM group suggested us Internal road and drainage channel along with road during the meeting. •The CBDRM members and community constructed the internal roa and Drainage in 2008-2009 project period. This drainage is ending at Sinnakulam . So Now! The people protected from the December flood. The drainage water is ending at Sinnakulam tank. so it is indirectly adopting for climate change. Increasing of water level and moisture of land
  16. 16. 5.3.Climate change adaptation and Sri Lanka Policy Sri Lanka current Economic Development Policy frame work incorporated with Millennium Development Goal (MDG). Energy security has become an important factor in achieving the objectives articulated in the economic policy framework. Supply of reliable, affordable and clean energy during the medium term for industries, individuals and other sectors are extremely important in this regard. Promoting Indigenous Resources The use of economically viable, environment friendly, non- conventional renewable energy resources will be promoted by providing a level playing field for developers of non- conventional energy resources to compete and supply energy at the best price through transparent procurement processes in Sri Lanka. The renewable resource are important in reducing air pollution , mitigation of adverse Climate effect and from provision of clear energy
  17. 17. The renewable resources are also important in reducing air pollution, mitigating adverse climate effects and the provision of clean energy. The improvement in efficiency in energy resource is also useful to ease the problem. Several measures such as reducing system losses, use of low energy consuming equipment, saving energy through changing behaviours, etc. have been introduced and used at present. Theoretical potential of renewable energy sources in Sri Lanka. Biomass Hydro power Solar power Wind Power
  18. 18. 6.1.Key Objective To protect the environment through user environment-friendly technologies for energy adaptation and climate change 6.2. Outputs •105 village beneficiaries getting water regularly and they saved the time . The CBDRM members formed a user committee to maintain the wind mill  Conducted the windmill technology and operational awareness workshop for them. 6.3.Outcomes -Reduced the fuel to generate the water pumps -Increased household water supply. -Reduced water born disease at village level. -Reduced the environmental pollution by fuel smoke. -Improved small scale home garden. -Increased house hold food security
  19. 19. 6.4. Harness the wind to create the clean energy Wind energy for water supply Power generator Wind turbine Water Tank Well, Power room & wind mill
  20. 20. 6.5.The Benefits of a Combined Approach to Climate Change Adaptation, DRR and Social Protection The women established the Women easily access the water pipe line from main line and from from the main pipe line collect the water her baby The women is maintaining a small Women taking bath from her house home garden And watering from pipeline
  21. 21. 6.6. Positive Community Impacts after the project Implementation. • CBDRM team and disaster mitigation processes were developed and are now starting to be self-sufficient at the grassroots level. • CBDRM teams have been recognized by Divisional offices as viable partners in disaster response at village level •Communities demonstrated their ability to respond appropriately during disasters later on. Ex: Sinnakulam Shelter beneficiaries constructed the drainage
  22. 22. 7. Lessons and Challenges •Need to increase awareness of and knowledge on adaptation, as insufficient information is often a constraint to taking action. •Rehabilitate and protect natural resources from damage from climate change •Integrate adaptation with development planning to advance both adaptation and development goals • Climate change may contribute to making targeting more complex due to an increase in seasonal migration or permanent migration, making locating beneficiaries more difficult. •Climate change impacts will also affect both the poor and non- poor, and may contribute to pushing the non-poor into poverty.
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