India - community case study- WASH
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India - community case study- WASH

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India - community case study- WASH India - community case study- WASH Presentation Transcript

  • National Consultation Climate Smart Disaster Risk Management WASH (A Case Study) Dr.Bhanu PGVS Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  • Selected Village Jungle Kauriya Kotha Bhauramal Rohua Chakara Rajpur Dubee Banjarha Khorabar Narahi Chapha Sanaha Visunpur WASH-DRR
  •  Climate change – erratic rains, increased frequency and intensity of floods, decreased Agri Prodn, high Morbidity and Mortality  India is spending three times in fighting climate related challenges as it does on health.  Continuing Development vs Adapting to Climate Change – without both, neither will happen. Climate change – Health - Poverty Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Changes in climate are affecting the health and economy - increased deaths, disease -heat waves, floods, storms, fires and droughts.  Increased malnutrition, diarrhoeal disease, respiratory infection, viral infection, encephalitis and malaria etc.  Increased vulnerability to public health, food security, livelihoods and other development goals - longer-term damage to systems due to disasters. Climate change affecting key sectors? Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Surrounded from two sides with ponds and close to Rapti  Water logged for months 45- 60 days  Diarrheal Diseases very common Six villages of Jungle Kaudiya Block, Distt- Gorakhpur Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Health ◦ Public health services were very poor ◦ Quality of service delivery is poor – ANM not seen 11months, Full Immunization just -11%. ◦ Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Malaria are bigger challenge  Economy ◦ Acute landlessness. ◦ Proportion of agricultural labourers is very high. ◦ Wage opportunities in the village are low - widespread poverty. Situation when we initiated Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  WASH ◦ Toilets rare- unplanned – no doors, no privacy for women and girl child-not in use ◦ disposal of domestic waste close to dwellings and facilitates breeding of mosquitoes and flies ◦ Functional toilets don’t work during floods, low lying ◦ Open defecation, unplanned was common ◦ Diarrheal cases were quiet high Situation when we initiated…. Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Hindu Festivals related to Health – Deepawali and Oily Food, Khichri 14th Jan, Sattu Festival March, Basant Panchami  Sickness Pattern Earlier and Now – Diarroea Frequency, TB, Leprosy, Typhoid etc _ Anaemia, Encephalitis, MalariaMore expenditure on Health  Risk reduction to WASH and Public Health - CBDRR  Practical tools and guideline developed for WASH and Public health issues – poster, DRR Calender,  Mainstreaming of Risk Redn. – NRHM ANM instructed for VHND every month and TSC (41 toilets - Govt)  Enhanced Community Preparedness Round the year and during Crisis – Sphere Min stands WASH PGVS focused 6 villges - Kaudiya Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Awareness and advocacy relation to DM and Climate Change  Insurance to minimize the impact of emergencies on poor – Smart Card 168 – benefit to 63 persons  Facilitated Government poverty alleviation programmes and social safety nets, MNREGS 229 job cards made  Climate related vulnerabilities and Horticulture Vegetable Growth Model Farmers 47  Short Duration Crops – Narendra 97, Swarna Sub 1  Maintenance of six hand pumps MK II and bleaching done with the help of Engineer PGVS focused 6 villges - Kaudiya Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Formation of CBO’s Trainings  Trainings / Capacity Building  Village Capacity Analysis  Establishing Network with Advocacy Various Stakeholders at various level VCA FGD PGVS Initiatives Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Sensitized Community Community with health impact of Mobilization Climate Change  Developed Information dissemination process  Educate other – for safe Information drinking water and good Sharing Hygiene Practices  Developed their own Water Bodies Village Disaster Risk Disinfection Reduction Plan for year. Village DRR CBO’s Initiatives Plan Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Boat purchase & Boat repairing Repairing  Pre Positioning for emergency Pre  Panchayat WASH Plan Positioning  Wall writings at various location  Install Mark II hand Hand pump at pumps at Embankment embankment Panchayat Initiatives Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  • Improving Drainage System through Promoting Mixed MNREGA Scheme Cropping  In 2008-09, 86 farmers produce vegetable in 29.65 acres and in 2009-10 145 farmers produce vegetables in 59.15 acres.  229 new registration in MNREGA  162 families have SMART Card  28 families have “Family Health Insurance Card” Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger – MDG 1 Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  Women’s start participating in Village Development Works  Public Health Promotion Volunteers are Women’s group  Women’s and men’s jointly take house level decision  Hand pump bleaching and repairing done by boys and girls mixed group Empowering Women Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  • Using Lime Reduce powder at Open water Defecation logged points Using Mosquito Net Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases – MDG 6 Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  In 2008-09 up to 1-3 yrs children face Diarrhea 6-7 times every year and in 2009-10 they face only 2-3 times.  80 families – Hand pump bleaching, Hand Washing and Good food Hygiene.  In 2008 total institutional delivery – 13 whereas in 2009-10 total 47.  ASHA started keeping ORS, First Aid Box and Iron Tablets  94% immunization to children Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  •  27 raised hand pumps installed by the community  14 raised toilets constructed by the community Ensure environmental sustainability – MDG 7 Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management
  • Risks (to lives, livelihood and assets) from flood are mitigated through community based disaster risk reduction initiatives in 10 villages • 10 Village Contingency Plan developed (at every six month it revised by community) • Linkage with various Govt. departments • 2 of IM HP installed at embankments through Panchayat through VASUDEVA initiatives. • 1 New boat purchase by panchayat. • 10 model farmers trained as a master trainer on economical crops, disaster resistance crops, and fodder production. • 137 trained task force members (at hamlet level) for emergency response. • 88 + 10 (Gorakhpur district) and 60 (20 in Barabanki- Paratinidhi, 22 Siddharthnagar- SES, 20 Bahraich-PDT, and 10 GEAG) trained PHP Volunteers (at village level) for providing quality support in relation with WATSAN and advocacy for it. • 132 VASUDEVA volunteers out of which 38 trained volunteers at Gram Panchayat level on Advocacy and awareness issues raised by Task force and PHP. • Strengthening SAHYOG network and with help of SAHYOG network issue raised based on NREGA in their respective areas. WASH-DRR
  • Practical tools and guideline are developed to facilitate mainstreaming of risk reduction measures in government water and sanitation programme. IEC materials developed related with Govt. schemes and services (NRHM and TSC) •12 colaage based •170 Wall writings related with Govt. schemes and services and programes developed •800 wall writings (slogans, key messages, help line numbers etc.) done by Volunteers. WASH-DRR
  • Improved preparedness for an effective humanitarian response •20 Raised Hand pump by PGVS & 27 by community/ at individual house hold level) •6 Raised Toilet by PGVS & 14 by community/ at individual house hold level) •10 Village Resource Centre •10 Pre-positioning of materials Bleaching powder, Chlorine, O.R.S. Packets, Delivery Kit, First aid box and village resource centre) •2 Portable safe drinking water plant •VASUDEVA volunteers with task force and PHPV conducted mock drill in coordination with district administration. WASH-DRR
  • THANKS Climate Smart Disaster Risk Tuesday, July 06, 2010 Management