Climate change and development project   iucn - regional workshop
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Climate change and development project   iucn - regional workshop Climate change and development project iucn - regional workshop Presentation Transcript

  • Climate Resilience Workshop, AACC, Nairobi-Kenya Doyi Mazenzele, Climate Change and Development Project-Tanzania, June 23rd, 2010 INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  • IUCN at a glance • Oldest and largest global environmental network (since 1948) • Members: more than 1,000 government and NGO member organizations, and almost 11,000 volunteer scientists in more than 160 countries. • Vision: a just world that values and conserves nature. • Mission: to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. • IUCN solutions: knowledge, action, influence and empowerment INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 2
  • Climate Change and Development Project (CCDP) • Regional Project: Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia • Challenge: lack of climate change awareness and understanding and a low capacity to assess and address vulnerability that hinders the inclusion of climate change adaptation in decision making, project development and national policies. • Project Purpose: Ensure climate change (CC) related policies and strategies lead to adaptation activities that emphasize the role of forests and water resources in supporting people’s livelihoods and associated farming systems • Overall project objective: Reduced vulnerability and enhanced adaptive capacity to climate variability and change at local and national levels • The key strategy: To influence CCA policies through evidence- based awareness raising and advocacy work. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 3
  • CCDP • Financier: Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs • Time frame: 2008-11 ( with a one year no cost extension) • Regional budget: • Partners: projects and government (district councils • Beneficiaries: communities (where pilot CCA are being implemented) and partners ( capacity building measures) • Project sites: 4 ( Rufiji-2 and Arusha-2) INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 4
  • CCDP Result Areas • Result 1: CC related legal regulatory framework identified, supported with reliable data and tools and influenced in order to provide enabling governance environment for adaptation (policy support) • Result 2: Key stakeholders’ capacity for undertaking vulnerability assessments and implementing adaptation activities improved (capacity building) • Result 3: Technical support provided for implementing adaptation activities following the ecosystem approach at selected local communities (implementation of adaptation measures) • Result 4: Awareness of CC and efficient adaptation measures raised for enforcement of policy-practice linkages ( awareness creation) INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 5
  • Result 1: Policy support • CCDP commissioned background studies to provide a baseline for CCA policy influencing: – Climate data compilation and site specific evidence – Capacity (building) needs assessment for CC stakeholders at local, district, regional and national level to undertake VA and implement CCA – Governance, policy formulation processes and climate change related institutional and coordination in Tanzania – Gender mainstreaming strategy for the implementation of CCDP in Tanzania • The studies (with the exception of gender strategy) were presented at a CC national stakeholders workshop early this year. Recommendations were provided on how best to mainstream CC issues at different levels. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 6
  • Result 2: Capacity building • CCDP trained over 60 stakeholders (partners and district council staffs) on vulnerability assessment using CRiSTAL, CVCA and CEDRA. Over 15 district council staffs will be trained in the next weeks. • Training in the final stages on conservation farming, irrigation farming, local poultry keeping (with market linkages) and watershed management. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 7
  • Result 3: Implementation of Adaptation measures • Climate change adaptations (CCA) – Broad: Initiatives and measures to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems against actual or expected climate change effects (UNFCC) – More restrictive CCDP definition adopted after the MTR: “any activity that would not be undertaken if there was no climate change”. • To qualify for the above definition, CCA were revised using the screening criteria. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 8
  • CCA Screening Criteria 1. Clear element of the activity responding to a specific climate change hazard in the area 2. Ecosystem approach is clearly embedded in activity (at least 5/12 principles) 3. Implementation feasibility( partnerships, resources, technology, etc) 4. Opportunities for new lessons learning for improving practices, enhancing adaptation and/or influencing policy 5. Sustainability in relation to the exit strategy INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 9
  • CCA Screening Criteria 6. Emphasis on improved resilience (or at least do no harm) of most vulnerable groups, including consideration of gender 7. Appropriate technology 8. The impacts of the activities will positively contribute to, or at least do no harm to, ecological, financial, social assets 9. Measurability of results 10. Activities will add value to ongoing processes in the project area INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 10
  • Adaptation activities allocation S/n Activity category Tz Moz Zam 1 Conservation farming and beekeeping 2 Rain water harvesting 3 Irrigation farming 4 Flood control gates 5 Watershed management 6 NTFPs processing and storage INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 11
  • Adaptation activities allocation S/n Activity category Tz Moz Zamb 8 Mangrove restoration 9 Tree nurseries 10 Health and Sanitation 10 Local poultry keeping 11 Energy saving stoves 12 Water management training INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 12
  • Successes on CCA • Meru District council already mainstreaming CCA into development plans and programmes through budget cycles. • The district has set some funds to support CCDP work in their areas (24MTSh) • This is a good entry point for sustainability (exit strategy) and scaling up INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 13
  • Result 4: Awareness creation • CCDP has shared findings of background studies, VA reports, workshop report, newsletter and livelihoods-climate posters • CC awareness public broadcast • On the pipe: Swahili version of the NAPA INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 14
  • How CCDP links CCA, DRR and development issues • CCDP used CRiSTAL to come up with adaptation measures. • CRiSTAL provides a systematic, simple and flexible framework for understanding and analyzing the links between climate risks, vulnerabilities and adaptive capacities, livelihoods, and development projects • CRiSTAL – Livelihoods approach : Climate risks are linked to the lives and development prospects of the concerned communities. – Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Current vulnerabilities and risks as indicated by the target community and long term climate projections are taken into account. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 15
  • CRiSTAL Structure 4 Framing Questions; 2 Modules INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 16
  • Climate Smart Approach • Tabling exposure to CC extremes: • Enhancing adaptive capacity • Addressing poverty, vulnerability and their causes INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 17
  • Tabling exposure to CC extremes: CCDP has done the following • Commissioned a study on collection and compilation of climate change data and site specific evidence for climate change Kikuletwa and lower Rufiji • Undertaken Vulnerability assessments – Preparation of rainfall and temperature calendars – Livelihood resource and hazard mapping – Identification of climate hazards and the associated impacts – Preparation and dissemination of vulnerability assessment reports and posters to stakeholders • Running public awareness broadcast through National TV/Radio • Promoting IGAs to increase household income and food security INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 18
  • Enhancing adaptive capacity • CCDP is supporting capacity building measures to stakeholders to undertake vulnerability assessment and identification of CCA • Supporting implementation of adaptation measures – Technical trainings (conservation farming, irrigation farming, local poultry keeping, watershed management) – Material support: seeds (early maturing and drought tolerant), plans already for technology support (treadle pumps, borehole- water for irrigation and domestic use), local chicken, feeds and vaccines • Conserving the Ecosystem: Embedding at least 5/12 Principles of the Ecosystem Approach INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 19
  • Addressing poverty, vulnerability and their causes • CCDP is supporting the implementation of CCA aimed to increase household income and food security leading to improved resilience/ adaptive capacity against CC • Composition of project beneficiaries (contact groups) reflect gender balance (to a minimum 50% women) • CCDP to undertake value-chain analysis and also to facilitate linkage to markets for products from Income Generating Activities INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 20
  • Challenges to implementation of CCA, DRR and livelihoods • Wider knowledge gaps amongst stakeholders and beneficiaries on CCA • Priorities by planners and decision makers • Limited resources (time, funds and technology) • Socio-cultural acceptance / perceptions ( “the God factor”, project seeds planted on marginal lands) • Partnerships ( trust and transparency, expectations and motivation, representation and commitment) INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 21
  • Lessons learned • We are still learning, but early reflections include… – Implementing CCA, DRR and IGAs need time and resources – Difficult to identify climate change impacts as distinct from other environmental trends – The identification and implementation of CCA and DRR need the integration of local knowledge and technical climate science – Need more voice from community to address the climate change and disaster management issues (Policy / strategy) INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 22
  • Recommendations • Projects/partners need to determine the most tangible CCA, IGAs and DRR with high impact in regard to the future climate change scenarios • All CCA, DRR and livelihoods need to integrate natural resources management aspects and gender considerations and should be ecosystem-based adaptation. • Broader involvement of stakeholders in the implementation process is very crucial to the sustainability of the adaptation activities. • Some activities like tree planting construction of cattle troughs need preinvestment and/or intensive investment in terms of time, funding and technical studies. INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 23
  • Recommendations • CCA and DRR should build on current coping strategies and local knowledge and should therefore concentrate on strengthening adaptive capacity of social and ecological systems. • CCA should focus on current climate variability as the basis for adapting to future climate change. • There is a need to demonstrate with evidence ways in which the implemented CCA and DRR measures can inform policy and institutional frameworks while delivering benefits to Communities INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 24
  • THANK YOU. AHSANTE SANA WE HAVE TAKEN A GIANT STEP. THERE ARE MANY MILES AHEAD. LETS TALK THE TALK AND WALK THE WALK INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE 25