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Dr batchelor and Prof lautenbach Professional Studies
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Dr batchelor and Prof lautenbach Professional Studies


The purpose of this slideshare is to engage with the history and modern age of MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSE …

The purpose of this slideshare is to engage with the history and modern age of MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSE

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  • 1. Dr Batchelor and Prof Lautenbach Reitumetse J Monwametsi Professional Studies 3A MOOC’s Assignment Due Date: 23 February 2014
  • 2. • What does the term MOOC stand for • What is MOOC with special reference to the historical background of where it started and developed • The types of MOOC • The course categories in MOOC • The duration of the courses in MOOC’S • My field of interest in MOOC’S • Reference list Having knowledge on the term named MOOC/ MOOC’S based on: Educational Outcomes of this assignment include
  • 3. Definition of MOOC • MOOC stands for a (CoToNet,2014)“MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSE” from my subjective view I would state that it is an online course open to any one in the world from different diverse people be it students ,teachers ,scholars and so forth • They further go on to say (CoToNet,2014) it is an “online course aimed at large-scale participation and open access via the internet” by that they clearly saying that it is free and can be easily accessed by anyone regardless of your profession. MOOC’S Directory (2014) also support this statement made by CoToNet they agree to say it is a “free non-degree” variety of online courses which can be enrolled by anyone regardless of their “educational level” as I also already mentioned. • According to CoToNet (2014) “they are similar to university but do not tend to offer academic credit” hence we need to be critical when joining one of the online courses so as to engage in new experiences that allow a person to grow and develop.
  • 4. • Why that statement? • According to MOOC news and reviews (2013) MOOC evolved from three aspects namely: When we look at the evolution of technology we can see that MOOC’S evolved from distance learning: Historical Background of MOOC 1. Correspondence study 3. Computer mediated2. Multimedia All these aspects lead to technology being used a wed-tool to allow people to engage educationally regardless of where they reside in the world
  • 5. • The first MOOC was founded or launched in 2008 named “Connectivism and Connective Knowledge/2008’ (CCK08) (MOOC news and reviews (2013) • It was created by educators named Stephen Downes and George Siemens • Which can conclude that the Idea behind the MOOC acronym is to provide free academic knowledge online. • It is massive in the sense that anyone can enroll regardless of the number of people. Historical Background of MOOC
  • 6. • According to McAuley et al.,2010:40 “A MOOC is a reflection of a society in which citizens are active agents in the processes through which knowledge is created and disseminated”. active↓agents • Which leads to the conclusion that MOOC’S allows opportunities where people from all walks of life are able to interact regardless of ones diversity. In the modern advanced society of technology Development of MOOC
  • 7. • The interesting and important aspect of MOOCS is that MOOCs “build on the engagement of learners who self-organize their participation according to learning goals, prior knowledge and skills, and common interests” (McAuley et al.,2010:40). • With a subjective perspective on this given statement by McAuley is that it allows students or learner to be active agents of their own educational outcomes which they develop while they on their course content. It furthermore allows learners to be independent thinkers and not rely on anyone for that matter that includes their course. In partnerships with corresponding universities and colleges students are able to acquire new knowledge while doing a course with MOOC which allows them to be ready for tertiary education. In the modern advanced society of technology Development of MOOC
  • 8. According to Sloep’s article(2012) there are Two types of Massive Open Online Courses namely:
  • 9. • 1. Connectivist approach : Which emphasizes learning that focuses on the “learning process, with network construction and navigation, where connections, interactivity, diversity, openness and autonomy are emphasized •Two types of MOOC’s
  • 10. • 2. Instructivist – Behavioral/Cognitivist (blended with constructivist) approach With learning focusing on the learning outcomes and so are basically content based, where learners are guided by the main instructors, and are also assessed based on either the machine based assessment tools or peer assessment. In this case the professional studies 3A students will be assessed by the lecturers •Two types of MOOC’s
  • 11. The Pros and Cons of MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES (2014) Adapted from a question and answer education article
  • 12. • Inexpensive: No fees are charged to join, until institutions can find a way to charge for MOOCs, they are free or nearly free. • Accessibility: Anyone can access MOOC . • Knowledge: If students take their MOOC course seriously, they are able to gain the knowledge they seek. Online tests and discussions ensure the material is understandable and retained. • Universality: Most MOOC courses bring together people from all over the world – which means educational options previously unavailable to students are now accessible. It also unites students together in forums to provide a global perspective. PROS OF MOOC’S
  • 13. • Lack of hands-on learning: Does not provide meaningful communication one would get in a context of a classroom or lecture hall. • Insufficient measurement of knowledge gained: Given the massive enrolment numbers, MOOCs by makes it impossible to grade papers or exams, which is not an advantage to users • High drop-out rates: Given the lack of human interaction, MOOCs suffer from high dropout rates. In fact, according to Heller, when conducted entirely online, “dropout rates are typically higher than 90%” • In the end, the future of MOOCs will depend on both the teachers who teach them and the students who demand them. CONS OF MOOC’S
  • 14. • According to CoToNet (2014) the course categories range from chemistry ,education , humanities , technology and so forth depending on the field of interest one finds himself in. • And the course length also ranges depending on how long the duration you want it to be they range from 1 week to a maximum of 52 weeks. • The estimated effort refers to how the students wants to spend time on the activities, they range from being self study methods or even 1 to 20 hours a week which you spend on the given tasks. Course categories, length and effort
  • 15. My personal field of Interest in MOOC’S The one course I would like to join on MOOC is that of Language and Literature that deal with all aspects of language such as writing ,speaking ,composition . comprehension, translation and so forth. I would not mind translating poems because of my subject area which is Afrikaans with a well known Afrikaans poem that I studied in grade 10 years back called die “gesteelde TV” by Peter Snyders which I decided to snip and add it as well to my interests as I am very good in literature
  • 16. As a MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSE Illustrations of MOOC’S
  • 17. As a MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSE Illustrations of MOOC’S
  • 18. Languages and Literature Illustration of my field of interest
  • 19. CoToNet.2014. Available from: McAuley.A,Stewart.B,Siemens.G and Cormier.D. 2010. The mooc model for digital practice. Available from : files/MOOC_Final_0.pdf MOO’S Directory.2014. Available from: MOOC news and Reviews.2013.Available from : and-distance-learning/ QA Education.2014. The pros and cons of Massive Open Online Courses. Available from : is-massive/ Marques,J.2013. What is a Massive Open Online Course Anyway. Available from : online-course-anyway-attempting-definition/ List of References
  • 20. Sloep.P. 2012. Technology enhanced learning. Available from: of-moocs.html Images adapted from : h&sa=X&ei=dlUHU_vWI8r07AaS9IHQAg&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=880#q=noudat+slapende+honde&t bm=isch&facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=prtBiEf9w3diuM%253A%3B4a6VBTzlcqo75M%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Ffarm 52Fphotos%252Fbooksa%252F2746067573%252F%3B1536%3B2048 And h&sa=X&ei=dlUHU_vWI8r07AaS9IHQAg&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=1280&bih=880#q=literature+books&tbm=isch &facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=x35BzCfbdErUIM%253A%3BCryXRn_Y- content%252Fuploads%252F2007%252F09%252Fbook- trip%252F34%252F%3B640%3B480 Continuation of Reference list…