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  • Reference 1926.1052(a)(4) Remember that a guardrail system may also be needed on a platform with a swinging door to protect from potential falls of 6 feet or more.
  • Reference 1926.1053(a) and (b)
  • Reference 1926.1053(b)(8), (b)(6), (b)(7), and (b)(1) Ladders placed in areas such as passage-ways, doorways, or driveways, or where they can be displaced by workplace activities or traffic must be secured to prevent accidental movement, or a barricade must be used to keep traffic or activities away from the ladder.

Sliptrip2011 Sliptrip2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Causes
    • Stairs
    • Ladders
    • Fall Protection
      • Working conditions that prompt the use of fall protection
      • Options that are available to protect workers from falls
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Over 1 million people suffered a slip, trip, or falling injury
      • 32% from ladders
      • 25% from vehicles and other mobile equipment
    • Over 17,000 Americans died
    • About 15 % of workforce injury
    • Average cost of one injury: $28,000 with indirect costs much higher
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Most injured part was the back
      • 37 % from elevated falls
      • 29 % from same level falls
    • Of other parts sprains and strains were the most common
      • 52 % from elevated falls
      • 46 % from same-level falls
    • And lots of bruises
    Slips, Trips and Falls Oops!
    • 3 Forces
    Slips, Trips and Falls Friction Momentum Gravity
    • Measured by coefficient of friction
      • Walking surface
      • Soles of your shoes
      • Involves speed and size
      • The bigger you are and the faster you are moving, the greater chance you have of losing your balance
      • The bigger you are, the harder you fall
      • Without support gravity causes things to fall towards the earth
    • All footware should provide these three major types of protection
      • Soles and heels should be slip-resistant
      • The toe of the shoe should resist crushing injuries
      • The shoe should support the ankle
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • What surface do you usually walk on?
    • Soft rubber is good for dry surfaces, but not for wet or greasy
    • Hard rubber is good for greasy surfaces
    • Deep tread is better if there is a lot of water
    • Leather covering is good for most environments
    • In wet environments with chemicals or greases, PVC or polyurethane blend is best
    • Rubber is good for wet conditions, but do not use with chemicals or petroleum products
    • If you doubt that your footwear is acceptable, check with the dealer or manufacturer
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • First 15-25 feet of an entryway is important
      • People may have dirt on their shoes
      • Sweeping is important
    • Walk-off mats are important
      • Make sure the surface under the mat is clean
      • Make sure the mat stays secure on the floor
      • Should be kept dry
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Don’t add dirty/greasy water to the floor
      • Don’t use a dirty mop
      • Use a clean bucket
    • Make sure you use proper wax on the floors
      • Don’t use contaminated floor polish
    • Cleaning oil spills
      • Wipe off the spill and use a dry powder cleaner, then wipe up the powder
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Weather conditions may cause floors to be wet or ground to be icy
    • Keep work areas clean
      • Tools, cables, etc.
      • Do not block passageways
    • Clean up spills
      • Barricade spill until it is cleaned
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Other things to watch out for:
      • Worn or loose carpet
      • Broken stair tread edges
      • Chipped floorboards and tiles
      • High heels
      • Pick up objects that fall
      • Watch where you walk!
    • Fix wrinkled floor mats and runners
    • Cover cables or cords that cross walkways
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Damaged steps or misplaced items are major factors in trips!
    • Don’t congregate on stairs and landings
    • Don’t load your arms so full of materials that you can’t see
    • Take one step at a time
    • Keep one hand on the handrail
    • Keep stairs well lighted
    • Don’t use stairs for storage
    Slips, Trips and Falls OSHA
  • Slips, Trips and Falls Rails must be able to withstand a force of 200 pounds
  • Slips, Trips and Falls Handrails Stairways with four or more risers, or higher than 30 inches, must be equipped with at least one handrail The stairway to this platform has more than 4 risers and is not guarded. The platform also requires guarding.
  • Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Where doors or gates open directly on a stairway, provide a platform that extends at least 20 inches beyond the swing of the door
    Platforms and Swing Doors
  • Slips, Trips and Falls Ladders
  • Slips, Trips and Falls General Ladder Requirements Ladders must be kept in a safe condition
    • DO…
    • Keep the area around the top and bottom of a ladder clear
    • Ensure rungs, cleats, and steps are level and uniformly spaced
    • Ensure rungs are spaced 10 to 14 inches apart
    • Keep ladders free from slipping hazards
    • Secure ladders to prevent movement due to workplace activity
    • Only use ladders on stable and level surfaces, unless secured
    • Do not use ladders on slippery surfaces unless secured or provided with slip-resistant feet
    Slips, Trips and Falls This ladder is not on a stable surface
    • Basic steps that should be taken before climbing a ladder
      • Consider the type of work to be done before choosing a ladder
      • Be certain the ladder is able to carry the amount of weight that will be applied
      • Make sure the ladder is placed on a firm level surface
      • Check the condition of the ladder
    Slips, Trips and Falls
  • Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Death or serious injury is a frequent result of extra riders falling from tractors, equipment or the bed of a truck
    • When climbing or mounting a vehicle or machine, have a good hand hold
      • Pulling yourself up reduces the force between your shoe and the step and reduces the danger of a slip
      • Practice the “Three-point System”
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • Loading docks are dangerous areas
    • Metal dock plates can wear smooth and become very slippery
    • The edge of a dock plate invites trips and falls
    Slips, Trips and Falls
    • … to change your life.
    • It only takes a second to think
    • safety!
    Slips, Trips and Falls Be Aware! Be Alert! Be Alive!