Transport Impacts: Carbon Emissions from Travel - Mike Slinn, WinACC

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  • The demand for transport is going to get several times greater globally as 3 rd world countries economies improve
  • Anthropogenic – man made. CO2 is not the only greenhouse gas but is the one that is relevant to the transport sector
  • Transport is 23% of total but this excludes international aviation and shipping
  • Domestic aviation 0.9MtC, international aviation 9.3MtC
  • HGVs and vans are important as cars
  • Effects of improvements in engine and fuel technologies recently… this is New Cars not the current car fleet
  • International Aviation … the elephant in the cupboard
  • Even if we cut other transport emissions we will see a substantial growth in aviation which has a doubling effect on GHG because of Reactive Forcing effects of contrails producing extra water vapour in the atmosphere (water vapour is a greenhouse gas) and NOx impact on ozone in atmosphere
  • Transport Impacts: Carbon Emissions from Travel - Mike Slinn, WinACC

    1. 1. Smarter Travel and Carbon Reduction Mike Slinn, Chair WINACC’s Transport Action Group Employer’s Conference 17 th June
    2. 2. WINACC <ul><li>The principal aim of Winchester Action on Climate Change is to encourage, persuade and advise all households and public, private and voluntary organisations in Winchester district to reduce their carbon footprints. </li></ul><ul><li>WINACC is supported by: </li></ul><ul><li>- Winchester City Council </li></ul><ul><li>- Hampshire County Council </li></ul><ul><li>- City of Winchester Trust </li></ul><ul><li>- The University of Winchester </li></ul><ul><li>and many other organisations </li></ul>
    3. 3. Global Growth Projections <ul><li>Cars: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present day – 600m globally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2050 – 1,100m in China & India alone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6,700m (2008) -> 9,220m (2075) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global growth factor of 3-4 by 2050 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major future energy pressures from both the developed and developing world </li></ul>
    4. 5. UK CO2 Emissions by Sector
    5. 6. Carbon dioxide emissions for transport
    6. 7. Carbon dioxide emissions for road transport
    7. 8. New car average emissions
    8. 9. What car trips cause the most carbon emissions?
    9. 10. Don’t Forget Air Travel!
    10. 11. HOL/HOC Jt Committee (2007) on the Climate Change Bill – comparing Road Transport and International Aviation
    11. 12. Making the link to Climate Change <ul><li>Transport is part of the Government’s 80% reduction in CO2 emissions by 2050 (Climate Change Act 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Transport represents about 25% of the UK’s CO2 emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Smarter Travel can reduce CO2 emissions from Transport but this isn’t the only benefit…. </li></ul>
    12. 13. Smarter Travel <ul><li>Workplace travel plans </li></ul><ul><li>School travel plans </li></ul><ul><li>Personalised travel plans </li></ul><ul><li>Car sharing and car clubs </li></ul><ul><li>Teleworking </li></ul><ul><li>Tele and video conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Travel awareness campaigns and PT information </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery and servicing plans </li></ul>
    13. 15. What can you do ? – Develop a Travel Plan! <ul><li>Get help! </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the objectives of the Travel Plan and get Board approval </li></ul><ul><li>Tell staff why you are developing a Travel Plan and start with a survey of staff and visitor travel </li></ul><ul><li>Identify travel options and improvements favoured by staff through staff forums </li></ul><ul><li>Engage with other parties – local authority, travel operators, WINACC </li></ul><ul><li>Develop ideas and assess their practicality and value in achieving the objectives, cost and Develop Business Case </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a draft Travel Plan including targets and a budget for its implementation and get Board approval </li></ul><ul><li>Consult with staff and finalise Travel Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Implement and Monitor! </li></ul>
    14. 16. WINACC’s View on Travel Plan Objectives and Targets <ul><li>Overall Objective: a reduction in CO2 emissions based on the UK Government’s Climate Change Act 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term Targets: Reduce greenhouse gas emissions generated by staff commuting and on business travel by 10% by 2011 and by 20% by 2012. </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term Targets: More ambitious longer-term targets could be set for reducing car travel. </li></ul>
    15. 19. Travel Plan Measures (1) <ul><li>Encouraging mobile staff to travel to work by means other than by car by restricting parking permits to those who live at least 1.5 miles from their primary place of work and cannot readily get to work by public transport, for example if there is not direct public transport service from home to work. </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging staff who have to travel to work by car to use low-emission vehicles by implementing a limit on carbon dioxide emissions (gms/km) for cars eligible for new parking permits </li></ul>
    16. 20. Travel Plan Measures (2) <ul><li>Putting a cap on long-distance commuter travel by car by limiting issue of new car parking permits to those staff who live no more than a defined number of miles (perhaps no more than 50 miles?) away from their workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewing the rules for staff claiming mileage expenses for business travel by car and requiring staff to travel by public transport to destinations that are accessible by public transport and when not carrying heavy equipment . </li></ul>
    17. 21. Travel Plan Measures (3) <ul><li>Encouraging car sharing – Liftshare or similar in-house scheme – preferential parking </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging cycling – Government subsidy for cycle purchase - parking, storage and showering facilities – cycle routes </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging walking – safe routes </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging use of public transport – season ticket loans – subsidy – better routes </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging work and communication by means other than travel – homeworking – tele and video conferencing </li></ul>
    18. 22. Travel Plan Measures (4) <ul><li>Employee Starter Pack – information on non-car travel choices </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Coordinator and Website </li></ul><ul><li>Travel information for Visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Implement a Delivery and Servicing Plan – reduce the numbers of goods delivery and collection movements and waste collections </li></ul>
    19. 23. Contact WINACC <ul><li>Website: http://www.winacc.org.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>Address: </li></ul><ul><li>Winchester Action on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Room 9, Masters’ Lodge,West Downs Campus </li></ul><ul><li>Winchester University </li></ul><ul><li>Romsey Road </li></ul><ul><li>Winchester, Hampshire SO22 5HT </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 01962 827083 </li></ul><ul><li>Email: winacc@winacc.org.uk </li></ul>

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