A carbon footprint is a measure of the impact our activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of green house gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e).
Hold a competition for ideasGeneral training Switch off schemeClimate Change EventInternal competitions Energy Champion drop in sessions / walk arounds
Verification This ensures the claimed emissions reduction by the project has been achieved. Verification should be by an accredited independent third party according to an established standard or protocol.Additionality Emission reduction must be in addition to what would have happened if the project was not carried out.Leakage This is an increase or decrease in CO2 emissions beyond the project boundary. Every attempt should be made to decrease it, however if not stopped it is important to subtract this from the overall assessment.Impermanence Only considered of real value if the sequestered emissions remain sequestered and there is avoidance of any potential reversibilityDouble Counting Prevented by use of a registry where credits are accounted for and retired. No credits ought to be sold twice to a final customer, they must be permanently retired.
"Carbon Footprinting" by John Buckley, Carbon Footprint Ltd
Things to cover <br />What is all this Carbon stuff?<br />What are we (as a planet) doing about it?<br />UK legislation <br />Your business opportunities & benefits<br />Your carbon footprint<br />Reducing your impact (and costs)<br />Workshop <br /> “How to calculate your businesses carbon footprint”<br />
What is Carbon?<br />The base for all life (as we know it)<br />Graphite is soft and most common carbon allotrope<br />Diamond is very hard & expensive!<br />Coal and Oil (are carbon based)<br />When burnt with air causes carbon dioxide to be emitted<br />
What’s Carbon Dioxide (CO2)<br />It’s a gas (at standard room temperature and pressure)<br />We breathe it out<br />Used by plants in photosynthesis<br />Makes drinks fizz<br />Colourless and odourless (in low concentrations)<br />Trace gas in the Earth’s Atmosphere (0.039%)<br />A Greenhouse Gas<br />
Greenhouse Gases<br />A “blanket” keeping our planet warm<br />Without them Earth would be very different and too cold to support life (over 30oC colder)<br />
Where is the CO2 coming from?<br />40% of gas emitted from Volcanoes is CO2<br />Volcanoes emit about 130 – 230 million tCO2 /year<br />Human activity is about 130x that of volcanoes<br />27 billion tCO2/year<br />Other natural sources emit about 1000x as much as volcanoes<br />
Worldwide legislation<br />United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change<br /><ul><li>“UNFCCC” or “The Convention”.
The first international law to address climate change
Agreed in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.</li></li></ul><li>Worldwide legislation<br />The Kyoto Protocol<br />Established under the Convention in 1997<br />Came into force on 16th February 2005.<br />Sets legally binding targets for <br /> industrialised countries to reduce<br /> their GHG emissions by the end of <br /> the First Commitment Period <br /> (2008-2012). <br />
Worldwide legislation<br />EU Legislative Framework<br />The EU agreed to a collective emissions reduction target of 8% under the first commitment period.<br />EU member states were allocated differing targets<br />The European Climate Change Program (ECCP) launched in 2000 to develop the EU’s strategy to implement the Kyoto protocol.<br />
UK Legislation<br />The Climate Change Act<br /><ul><li>The Climate Change Act received Royal Assent on 26 November 2008.
The first country to legislate a legally binding reduction target of 80% on net 1990 green house gas emission levels by 2050 and by at least 26% by 2020.</li></ul>It includes:<br /><ul><li>5-yearly budget periods.
Powers for Implementation of new </li></ul>emission trading schemes.<br /><ul><li>Regular reporting. </li></li></ul><li>UK Legislation<br />The Carbon Reduction Commitment Energy Efficiency Scheme<br />What is it?<br />A UK mandatory cap and trade scheme<br />Aiming to cut CO2 emissions by 1.2million tonnes of carbon per year by 2020<br />Does it impact your organisation?<br />Full participant - Organisations with half hourly meter (HHM) readings totalling >6000 MWh a year<br />Register and report Meter readings if >3000MWh/year<br /><3000MWh then still need to disclose that you have HHMs<br />When?<br />Qualification year was Jan-Dec 2008 electricity use only<br />3 year introductory period starts in April 2010<br />Registration period started in April and runs to Sept<br />
UK legislation<br />Business Implications<br />What will be required?<br /><ul><li>Annual reporting of emissions
Early Preparation- Make the mistakes now without financial non compliance penalties
Start saving money on energy bills now!</li></li></ul><li>Effects of Climate Change on small businesses<br />Now<br />May need to disclose that you have HHM on CRC<br />Tendering requirements<br />Supply chain management<br />Product Lifecycle – or at least your part of it<br />Competitors differentiating themselves<br />Coming soon... <br />Future CRC scope to take into consideration smaller companies<br />Mandatory reporting of emissions through the Companies Act (target April 2012)<br />
We all need to manage our carbon footprint…<br />First of all to reduce your impact on climate change<br />2. Secondly reduce the impact on our businesses:<br /><ul><li>Increasing energy costs
Legislation</li></li></ul><li>So what is a Carbon Footprint?<br />A carbon footprint is a measure of the impact our activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of green house gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e).<br />
Primary Carbon Footprint<br />The primary footprint covers the carbon emissions which your company has direct responsibility for / has control over. <br />
Secondary Carbon Footprint<br /><ul><li>The secondary footprint covers the carbon emissions which your company is indirectly responsible for / has little control over. </li></li></ul><li>What’s included within a Business Carbon Footprint Appraisal?<br />Define your boundaries – usually based around the “Primary” footprint definition<br />Typically based on:<br /><ul><li> Energy Usage (electricity, gas, gas oil etc)
Business Transportation (company cars, grey</li></ul> fleet, business trips by car/rail/air)<br /><ul><li> Company Logistics (if under the direct control of</li></ul> the company)<br />
Results of a Carbon Footprint Appraisal<br /><ul><li> A figure for your company’s total annual carbon emissions – X tonnes of CO2
Forms a baseline emission level for comparisons to be set against in future years
A breakdown of the company’s emissions</li></li></ul><li>How can reductions be made?<br />Behavioural Changes<br />Policy and Process Changes<br />Technological Changes <br />
Behavioural Changes<br /> Behavioural reductions can save 20% of company emissions with little to no investment costs. <br />Turning off PC’s at night and over weekends can save £25 worth of energy per PC over a year.<br />20% of lighting costs can be saved by switching lights off when not required.<br />19% of lighting costs could be saved from better use of natural light <br />A third of office energy can be consumed by air con –use natural ventilation where possible<br />Reduce your heating by one degree and save 8% of energy.<br />consider the barriers, motivators and triggers to initiate the change<br />
Policy and Process Changes<br />Examine your own business – where could savings be made ?<br />Policies e.g.<br />Business Travel Policy <br /><ul><li>Could meetings be held by teleconference or web conference
If travel is required – use public transportation </li></ul>Green Suppliers Only<br /><ul><li>Purchase local / sustainable products
Paybacks usually under 2 years</li></ul>Halogens to LED<br /><ul><li>Save up to 80% on Halogen lighting
Halogen 35-50W, LED only 4W</li></li></ul><li>What is Carbon Offsetting?<br />Carbon Offsets compensate for the emissions we produce by funding an equivalent carbon dioxide saving somewhere else.<br />We encourage companies to reduce their emissions first and then only offset the unavoidable emissions<br />
In Conclusion...<br />Carbon Management is no longer a choice, but a necessity – helping you to:<br /><ul><li> Meet legislative requirements
Promote a green company image to environmentally</li></ul> aware customers and investors.<br />…It’s now time to measure your Carbon Footprint!<br />
Workshop – How to calculate your business’s carbon footprint<br />Dr Wendy Buckley<br />Director<br />Carbon Footprint Ltd.<br />
Workshop Session<br />Objective – Put into action what you’ve just heard <br />Break into syndicate groups<br />One Business Case Study each<br />Home based ‘Start up’ <br />Medium sized service industry<br />Medium sized manufacturing company<br />Syndicate Group work for 30 mins <br />Scenarios and instructions provided<br />Use look-up table provided . Ask if you need a calculator.<br />Record answers on Flip-chart paper<br />Report back & discuss with all for 30 mins<br />Allocate you team spokesperson !<br />