1. Critical Issues SummitMaintaining Your Investment Ensuring Your Future Creative Solutions for Today’s Educational Facilities’ Needs March 31, 2011, Albany, NY Robert J. Kobet, AIA, LEED Faculty President, The Kobet Collaborative Pittsburgh, PA and Coconut Grove, FL firstname.lastname@example.org www.thekobetcollaborative.com
2. What are the stake holders thinking?Are high performance green schools compatible with emerging trends and school district priorities? “Schools are expensive and last a long time. When we build new schools or modernize new ones, it is important to consider how we think about and deliver public education. Although no one can predict the future, we have an obligation to identify evolving attitudes and practices and to try our best to understand how they might effect the physical settings we use for learning.” Kenneth R. Stevenson, Ed.D, retired
3. Why Does Maintenance Matter?• Better student performance• Increased average daily attendance• Increased teacher satisfaction and retention• Reduced operating costs “I have noticed a big difference in my health since we’ve been in the new school. I had a lot of absenteeism – in fact I was hospitalized in the old building. In the new school, I won’t say I’m cured of asthma – I still have it and I still have allergies – but I really don’t have many problems at all and I’m feeling great.” Teacher at a new school in New Hampshire using the Advantage Classroom design concept. *High Performance School Buildings Sustainable Buildings Industry Council
4. Why Does Maintenance Matter?• Reduced liability exposure• A positive influence on the environment• Increased opportunities for using the facility as a teaching tool• Compliance with USGBC Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) or Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS) performance mandates“High performance facilities are a critical part of the equation for improving student outcomes in this country.” Jack Lyons Educational Facilities Program Manager U.S. Department of Education, retired
5. Industry Facts Studies Show Health Advantages of Green School FacilitiesNew Ventilation systems found to reduce asthmasymptom reporting among students ²- Well designed ventilationwith effective distribution can reduce respiratory illness by 9 to 20%Improving air quality can reduce absenteeism ³ Air qualitycan be scientifically analyzed and absenteeism statistics are required to be kept.The two have been correlated repeatedly.Daylighting Improvements Lead to …Improved Test Scores 7% - 18%Outperforming Peers 5% - 14%Reduced Absenteeism1 Heschong Mahone Study Note: This study was challenged and verified under even more rigorous scrutiny² Smedje and Norback, 2000³ Rosen & Richardson, 1999
6. Industry FactsKey Findings of McGraw Hill Research• Green Building is Entrenched in K-12 and Higher Education Construction. It is not a trend, it is a movement. Entire states are now requiring schools to be built green and / or LEED certified. Existing schools are getting more attention.• Operational Cost Savings is the Key Motivational Area – Strongest trigger – rising energy costs – Strongest barrier – perceived increased first cost though studies refute this assumption. This impasse can only be resolved through educating the stake holders• Environmental and Health Concerns Also Important: - Increasing Energy Conservation - Enhancing Student / Staff Well-being
7. Transformational Periods in Human History: • Hunter / Gather - 150,000 years 3000 life times in caves • Agricultural Age - 10,000 years ago 200 life times tilling the land defined by tools • Industrial Age – Circa 1700s 5 life times defined by machines • Information Age 1 life time defined by technology shared with the • Shift Age Last three decades – defined by a heightened social consciousnessAre we at another transformationalfork in the road. Or, is it “pedal to the Three Forces Dominatemetal” and who knows where aregoing? Welcome to the Shift Age…… the Shift Age • Accelerating electronic connectednessThe Shift Age – David Houle • The expansion to global • The empowering of the individual
8. Why Build High Performance Green Schools ?• 80% of students who drop out of K12 programs have passing grades; they simply don’t want to be in school.• In the US a K12 student drops out of school every 11 seconds. By the time this 60 minute presentation is over 327 students will have left school.• 45% of math teachers stay in K12 public schools less than three years. 60% are gone within five years.• By the time a student entering Kindergarten graduates from college 25% of the jobs that exist today will be gone. Half the jobs that will replace those gone will be in the green economy.“High performance facilities are a critical part of the equation for improving student outcomes in this country.” Jack Lyons Educational Facilities Program Manager U.S. Department of Education, retired
9. Community Facility Curriculum High Performance New or Existing SchoolsConnect Community, Facility and Curriculum What does this mean to how New York does business in schools?
10. Maintenance and Money Mai nt enance i s m e about or Price peopl e t han bui l di ngs. The The $$ oper at i on and m nt enance ai number on the check of our bui l di ngs ar e a r esul t of t he deci si ons we m ake. $$ Cost Value Health PersonalProductivity SubjectiveTest scores Price and cost are often used interchangeably. We usually write a check for what we value.
11. Community Facility CurriculumHow do we process and use information that informs the “Price, Cost, Value debate?”
12. Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Statistics• People spend 90% time indoors, including schools• Indoor pollutant levels can be 2 to 5 times greater than outdoors• Infants, children and elderly are most vulnerable• According to the American Lung Association14 million asthma school days missed per year• The EPA has established direct links between interior air quality in schools and attendance and student performance• The American Medical Association and the American Council of Pediatric Medicine have published concerns over misdiagnosed IAQ symptoms
13. Micro-flora Insect waste Pharmaceuticals Dust mites Insect stings Pollen It’s complicated……. A lot of things impact our physical health and well being. School maintenance and school policies can either help or hurt the effort to keep students healthy and productive.Food allergies
14. It is well known that lack of maintenance is directly responsible for poorinterior air quality and, consequently, the health of students and staff. Thefact that energy efficiency is dramatically effected is less well publicized.
15. It is well known that lack of maintenance is directly responsible for poorinterior air quality and, consequently, the health of students and staff. Thefact that energy efficiency is dramatically effected is less well publicized.
16. How much more do we need to know?It‟s serious business….
17. School lunches are not usually considered a maintenance issue. However, anything that weakens a child‟s immune system makes them more susceptible to other physical insults. The waste stream from a school cafeteria, however, and a school gardening program can be considered income generators and areFrom “Is this Your Child”Doris Rapp, MD gaining popularity as opportunities for reducing O&M costs while creating extremely effective learning opportunities.
18. The danger is that poor IAQ causes symptoms are often mis-diagnosed as bacteriologically induced or virilogically induced illness. That is, they appear flu- like. The fact is, poor interior air quality is directly responsible for a wide variety of illnesses in our children, including asthma, hyperactivity and ADHD. Dr. Roy E. Kerry, MD, AAOASo, let’s do the math…… Poor maintenance = Poor IAQ Poor IAQ = Sick Children Sick Children = Poor Test Scores Therefore, Poor Maintenance = Poor Test sores
19. From The Annual Message State of New York to Members of the Legislature January 5, 2011 “ Current Education funding is largely formulabased grants with no performance incentives. TheFederal Government’s recent move to performancebased grants, including the Race to the Top Program,has resulted in reform. Therefore, I am proposing twocompetitive funds to incentivize managementimprovements. First, I will propose a $250 million School Governor Cuomo issues aperformance fund for Districts that proportionately challenge:increase performance in the classroom. (e.g. improvinggrades of historically underperforming children). How do we do this? Who Qualifies? The second will be a $250 million administrativeefficiency fund for Districts that can find demonstrative What Qualifies?savings through efficiencies. These grants will compliment the objectives of theRace to the Top Program by stimulating innovation inthe classroom as well as the innovative office.”
20. From The Annual Message State of New York to Members of the Legislature January 5, 2011Other interesting, relevant passages:• Create Regional Economic Councils• Redesign State Government Spending and Government Efficiency Commission (SAGE)• Redesign Local Government Department of State Local Government Efficiency Grants (LGEG) Aid and Incentives to Municipalities (AIM)• Transform the Budget Process Governor Cuomo issues a• Provide Mandate Relief challenge:• Transforming the Ethical Environment in Government: Clean up Albany What do these mean to schools?• Outlaw Pay to Play Are they opportunities for creative solutions?
21. From The Annual Message State of New York to Members of the Legislature January 5, 2011 Other interesting, relevant passages:• Make New York the Progressive Capital of the US Once Again Schools can be a featured success!• A Cleaner Greener Environment Schools can lead the way!• Economic Opportunity for all New Yorkers – Expanding Minority and Women Owned Business Enterprises Schools offer great opportunity!• Improve Government Performance and Transparency Through Technology Governor Cuomo issues a Schools should be networked into this! challenge:• Juvenile Justice How will NY Schools Attendance? Absenteeism? Test Scores? answer the challenge?• Expand Fresh Food Into Urban Centers: Urban Markets Meet NY Produce Schools MUST be a part of this Directive!
22. What do we need to do? Rethink the problem… “Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.” ANNUAL SCHOOL DISTRICT BUDGET (ASDB) X* = (A)DMINISTRATION + (S)ALARIES + (B)ENEFITS + (M)AINTENANCE + (I)NSURANCE + (T)RANSPORTATION + (P)URCHASING AND (P)ROCUREMENT + (E)VERYTHING (E)LSE?WHERE X* = STATUS QUO? OR, DOES X = STRATEGY TO MOVE FORWARD? IF ASDB = A vs S vs B vs M vs I vs T vs PP vs EE THEN THERE IS NO REASON TO EXPECT DIFFERENT RESULTS “A trillion dollars a day slosh around the world electronically. How they slosh makes all the difference.” Hazel Henderson, Planetary Citizenship
23. What do we need to do? Rethink the problem… “Everything should be as simple as possible, but no simpler.” The questions are: • What can we do differently in our A business model given State T S law, requirements and District Policy? • What does the Governor’s challenge mean to school “business?”B ASDB I • What are the strategic points of intervention? • What are the possibilities with PT PG Public / Private partnerships? • What resources do we have that can EE be re-directed or re-purposed? • What do we need to do to make it aPure naiveté or the way forward? win/win/win/win/win?
24. What do we need to do? Rethink the problem… First Things First:• Stop the Bleeding. Take a district wide, open minded approach to dealing with operating cost and maintenance issues. No one has a monopoly on good ideas.• You can’t manage what you don’t measure.• Do whatever possible to transition to life cycle costing versus first cost only thinking.• Deal with the politics of budget feudalism in the most direct way possible.• Do not under estimate the potential of empowering students as part of a solution. Case studies abound where student programs have saved School Districts significant amounts of money while enriching the educational delivery process.
25. January 10, 2011 Annual Report
26. Energy and Conservation Management Policy(Policy ECF adopted 1/11/2010) Shawnee Mission School District commitment: ◦ Reduce usage of electricity, natural gas, and water ◦ Conserve natural resources ◦ Save money for other priorities ◦ Establish and maintain energy conservation program
27. Energy and Conservation Management Policy Staff, volunteers, and students shall be encouraged to: o Recycle and conserve energy at all facilities o Actively participate in conservation efforts o Assist the district in conserving energy, water, and natural resources
28. 1 Make a Commitment2 Assess Performance3 Set Goals4 Create Action Plans5 Implement Action Plans6 Evaluate Progress7 Recognize Achievements
29. Review utility billings for accuracy: Electricity and Natural Gas Municipal Taxes and Franchise Fees Wastewater and Stormwater Implement computerized setback program for HVAC equipment Conduct Energy Visits with principals and head custodians Create work orders for Energy Conservation Measures (ECM) Include Energy Efficiency Guidelines for new construction◦ Turn off lights when not in use◦ Switch to lower light levels◦ Emphasize need for layered clothing in Spring and Fall◦ Use set-back program for school breaks and holidays◦ Close exterior doors and windows◦ Reduce small appliance use
31. Natural Gas Consumption ◦ July, 2009-June, 2010 District-wide reduction: 4.0% ◦ June, 2010-Nov, 2010 District-wide reduction: 23.7% Natural Gas Cost ◦ July, 2009-June, 2010 District-wide reduction: 4.7% ◦ July, 2010-Nov, 2010 District-wide reduction: 27.9%By engaging the Staff and Students, ShawneeMission School District was able to effect thesesavings with a Capital Investment $0 Dollars
32. Cost / Benefit of LEED - Positive Impact on Students Borger New Elementary School – Borger, Texas Standardized Test Scores Up – from “Academically Acceptable” to “Recognized” Status for first time in 4 yrs Attendance is up 1% = $42,000 more state funding 3rd & 4th Student Attendance Trend 1st & 2nd 97 New School Trend 3rd & 4th 96.5 Trend 1st & 2nd % Annual Attendance 96 95.5 95 94.5 94 93.5 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 School Year “ Current Education funding is largely formula based grants with no performance incentives. The Federal Government’s recent move to performance based grants, including the Race to the Top Program, has resulted in reform. Therefore, I am proposing two competitive funds to incentivize management improvements.”
33. Courtesy of Powersmiths
34. A Cleaner Greener Environment Schools can lead the way!
35. Roy E. Walker ElementaryMath / Computer Science
36. Linking ASU Graduate Students in Sustainability to High School Teachers, Students and FacilitiesCEFPI Moving Sustainability Forward Symposium March 11, 2011 ▪ Erin Frisk and Mark Wood
37. Examples of Sustainability Projects Solar Car project: Bioscience H.S. Vermicomposting: Various Schools Site for Garden: Coronado H.S. Riparian Recovery: Metrotech H.S.http://sustainableschools.asu.edu
38. Vocational Arts
39. Environmental Art
40. E.O. Wilson Rachel Carson Ann Taylor Who is the assignment about?David Orr Future Wilsons, Carsons, Taylors and Orrs? Language Arts / Speech
41. Facilities that teach….. Living Roofs…Yikes!! Radical, eco-fringe, crazy green whacko idea? Maintenance nightmare? Consider this:• The three things that destroy conventional roofs are ultraviolet degradation, thermal shock and mechanical abrasion. Living roofs eliminate all three.• Living roofs enable the down sizing of civil infrastructure and mechanical equipment. The energy benefits are well documented.• Living roofs may extend the need to re-roof from fifteen years to thirty years or more. What could you do with the funds budgeted for re-roofing and the money saved via energy conservation?• Chicago has over 200 living roof initiatives. They are not high risk.• Living roofs are one of the most interesting features to K12 students, especially when combined with rainwater harvesting. Photo: Jim Stewart
42. Facilities that teach….. Plant based grey water treatment facility? stuff? Maintenance disaster waiting to happen? Dangerous, unsanitary, far out, hippie Consider this:• Plant based grey water systems can be less expensive to install and operate, depending on site conditions and geology• These facilities are a biology teacher‟s dream and very popular with students. They are a cash center for the school and student activities.• Bio-engineering is a growing engineering field worldwide. Photo: Jim Stewart
43. The Micro Energy Building. Began as a center for the Olympic athletes.Now a community center and elementary school
44. Beijing Olympic Village
45. Plant based waste water treatment system – Beijing Olympic VillageStudents interested in bioengineering tour the building and study the systems
46. Let’s think about this...The aesthetic “beauty” of lawns (monocultures) is very subjective. They are also:• Energy intensive• Water intensive• Chemical intensive• Labor Intensive• Intellectually sterile• A diversion from more valuable and cost effective maintenance tasks• A common source of chemical and allergic reactions in children and adults• Lawn maintenance equipment is • expensive to operate, insure and maintain • loud and potentially dangerous
47. “If it’s on your lawn, it’s in your lungs” Dr. Roy E. Kerry, MD AAOA
48. On the other hand, natural landscapes can be:• A source of food for the school and the community• Revenue producing• Pedagogically a valuable part of an integrated curriculum• Catalytic influence in public / private partnerships• The focus of intergenerational activities and community pride• A direct response to several of the Governor’s Challenges• Very beautiful, depending onyour values
49. Communities want it. Many children enjoy it. School landscape conversions can reduce maintenance costs and directly respond to the Governor’s Challenge: Expand Fresh Food Into Urban Centers: Urban Markets Meet NY Produce Economic Opportunity for all New Yorkers: Expanding Minority and WomenSome children could Owned Business Enterprises benefit from it. A Cleaner Greener Environment Juvenile Justice
50. Conceptual Renderings
51. Conceptual Renderings
52. Promoting Environmental StewardshipNature‟s Classroom in the Pine Jog Preserve
53. O.W.L Team Our World LEEDers Leadership in Energy and Environmental DesignNote! LEED for Existing Schools will be launched soon.You don‟t have to be LEED Certified to be green. Manyschools are greening their curriculum first and workingtoward greening their facilities.
54. Second through FifthGrade Representatives Presentation from Mr. Vertigro
55. Starting the GardenThis concept can be done in a parking lot or infertile soil that can beregenerated using down-cycled organic material. It is being donesuccessfully in Florida, Arizona, Wisconsin and Canada. Schoolgardens are being established in vacant urban lots and roof tops
56. Garden Plantedby Kindergarten to Fifth Graders
57. PackingOur First Harvest
58. Green Market at Pine Jog Environmental Education CenterOffice Sales(Thanks to Mrs. Salem)
59. Writing our Business Plan with Mr. Loren So, if you want to increase your profitability what can you do?
60. Writing our Business Plan with Mr. Loren Make our pots out of recycled containers so we don‟t have to buy them.
61. Writing our Business Plan with Mr. Loren Tell Jack not to eat so many strawberries when we‟re picken‟ „em!
62. The Pine Jog Community Strawberry Festival
63. Making the TIME for Kids Cover (4,000,000 copies worldwide) The Pine Jog kids cleared over$2000 the first year 1/3 of the produce went home 1/3 of the produce went to support the garden program 1/3 went to a local food bank The program is so successful it is being expanded to all new schools and several existing schools by request No one ever made Time Magazine for cutting grass.
64. At Pine Jog, success breeds success“The school district has saved about $4 million since 2008 on its utility bills througha program that aims to change behaviors of schools rather that investing money incapital improvements such as new lights and air conditioners.”“A big part of the savings has come from getting school principals more involvedby showing them their school‟s utility bills and how electricity is being used at theirschool, Sanchez said. “They don‟t pay those bills, so they might not think aboutthat.”“Sanchez said he also has made it in the best interest of principals to save energy.Starting this year under a new incentive program, schools that save at least 5% ontheir power bills over the previous year will get back 15% of those savings to usefor programs at their school. The most efficient schools will receive grants.” “ Current Education funding is largely formula based grants with no performance incentives. The Federal Government’s recent move to performance based grants, including the Race to the Top Program, has resulted in reform. Therefore, I am proposing two competitive funds to incentivize management improvements Governor Cuomo
65. Three Forces Dominate the Shift Age…• Accelerating electronic connectedness• The expansion to global• The empowering of individualWhat are we doing to meet the evolving needs ofour Shift Age students and the rapidly changingworld they must compete in?More important, can we capitalize the idea ofenriching the educational delivery process whilereducing the cost of school maintenance?
66. MS 180 – The Bronx
67. Why, How and Who of School Maintenance Why? We can’t afford not to! Healthy children and staff Better test scores Reduced operating costs Better allocation of resources Community benefits Enriched curriculum How? Think outside the box Respond to the Governor’s Challenge in creative ways Revolving loans, not grants Who? All of us; now