Fast Food & Obesity: an Inside Look into the Heaviest Nation

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  • 1. Obesity: an inside look into the heaviest nation PEAP 3 Conference “Perspectives on Change” Saud F. Al-Fadhel
  • 2. Which is the heaviest nation?
  • 3. HIC Digestive Health
  • 4. Outline FF’s: How did it start? Reasons behind popularity Impacts on the American society How does FF’s increase obesity?
  • 5. Fast Food: How did it start?  Fast Foods: are quick, easily accessible and cheap alternatives to home-cooked meals.  Americans  $140 spent $6 billion on fast food in 1970. billion were spent on fast food in 2007.  Between 2007 & 2010, 11.3% of Americans daily average calories were consumed by a fast food meal (AHA, 2013)
  • 6. What are the reasons behind the popularity of fast food in the U.S?  “In a society that functions at a high speed, fast food has quickly been adopted as the preferred food of choice” (Bell et al. 2001)  The spread of fast food outlets in every part of the country  Cheap, Convenient and Tasty!
  • 7. How does this ‘CHANGE’ impact on the American society? ① Obesity has doubled since 1980 in all age groups. ① 68.5% of adults have become obese whereas 31.8% of children faced obesity too.  Obesity: an abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health  Obese Person: is a person who is his body mass index (BMI) is more than 30kg/m2.
  • 8. Spangler, 2013
  • 9. ③ ④ ⑤ Obesity become the second major factor for preventable death between children and adults. (400,000 death/year) Increase in cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, storks and cancers. Obesity considered as a diseases by the World Health Organization .
  • 10. There are many reasons for obesity, why should we chase Fast Foods?  Average adult male in 1960 weighted 168 pounds and females 143.  After the fast food leap in 1980, a male weighted 181 pounds and a female 155.
  • 11. Percentage of calories from fast food among adults by age and weight status National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey, 2007-2010
  • 12. How does fast food increase obesity? Recommended: 18-20 grams/day Recomm ended •Male: 2500 Cal/day •Female: 2000 Cal/day Recommended:2,200 mg/day FF meal: 18 grams/meal FF meal 1300 Cal/meal FF meal: 1000 mg/meal Precipitate and Obesity Result Obesity and cardiovascular diseases Obesity and bone weakness
  • 13. Conclusion
  • 14. List of References  American Health Association (2013) Obesity Resources [online] Available From <http://www.apha.org/programs/resources/obesity/> [11 February 2014]  Bowman SA, Vinyard BT. Fast food consumption of U.S. adults: Impact on energy and nutrient intakes and overweight status. J Am Col Nutr 23(2):163–8. 2004.  Bell, T. & Hut, P, 2001. The Dangers of Eating Fast Food. NYS Health Heart Coalition,  Currie, B.J. et al., 2010. The Effect of Fast Food Restaurants on Obesity and Weight Gain. American Economic Journal, 2-August  NHS (2012) What Should my Daily Intake of Calories be [online] Available From <http://www.nhs.uk/chq/pages/1126.aspx?CategoryID=51&SubCa tegoryID=165> [7 February 2014]
  • 15. Thank you for listening Willing to answer all ‘QUESTIONS’