Parts Of A Story
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Parts Of A Story

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Parts Of A Story Parts Of A Story Presentation Transcript

  • Elements of Literature
  • Literature is composed of several common elements.
  • Elements
    Setting
    Characters
    Conflict
    Plot
    Point of View
    Tone
    Mood
  • Setting
    Where it takes place
  • Characters
    Characters are the people in the story.
  • Types of Characters
    Flat
    Round
    Static
    Dynamic
  • Flat Characters
    Are one dimensional. Good guy =Hero
  • Round Characters
    Have many sides to them
    Good/Bad
  • Static Characters
    Never change
  • Dynamic Characters
    Change during the story
    Main character
  • Think
    Name the four types of characters
  • Superman
    Flat
    Santa
    Professor Snape
    Types of Characters
    Static
    Round
    Dynamic
    Edward, Bella
  • Major Characters
    Fall into one of the three categories…
  • Major Characters
    Protagonist
    Antagonist
    Foil
  • Protagonist
    Main character
  • Antagonist
    Opposition of Protagonist
  • Foil
    Character who provides contrast to Protagonist
  • PLOT
    Sequence of events
    Give Structure
  • BasicSequence
    Exposition
    Rising Action
    Climax
    Falling Action
    Resolution
  • Plot Diagram
  • Exposition
    Beginning of the story
    “Once upon a time”
  • Rising Action
    Sets up conflict
    Builds tension
  • Climax
    Turning point
    High Point
  • Falling Action
    Wrapping up story
    Immediately after climax
  • Resolution
    Point of closure
    Ending
  • Think
    Where does each part fit?
  • Plot diagram
    Climax
    Falling Action
    Rising Action
    Resolution
    Exposition
  • Wrap- up, after the climax
    A. Rising Action
    B. Falling Action
    C. Climax
    D. Exposition
  • Beginning, once upon a time
    A. Rising Action
    B. Exposition
    C. Climax
    D. Falling Action
  • High point, turning point
    A. Climax
    B. Ending
    C. Beginning
    D. Builds tension
  • Sets up conflict, tension building
    A. Falling action
    B. Climax
    C. Rising Action
    D. Exposition
  • Types of Conflict
    Conflict is more than just a fight.
  • Man vs. Man
    Two humans in confrontation
  • Man vs. Self
    Internal conflict, struggle
  • Man vs. Nature
    Facing the elements or animals
  • Man vs. Society
    Going against social norms
  • Theme
    Central concept
    Mystery, Science Fiction, Romance
  • Point of View
    Angle the story is being told from
  • First person
    As if you are telling a story
  • Third Person Limited
    Story told from an observer
    See, Hear
  • Third Person- Objective
    Sees into the mind of a character
  • Omniscient
    Told by a person who knows everything about everyone in the story.
  • An omniscient is NOT a character!
  • Foreshadowing
    Hints or clues on what’s to come
  • Foreshadowing
    Serves two purposes in a story
  • Purpose one
    Builds suspense
    Keeps you reading
  • Purpose Two
    Makes narrator more believable
  • Irony
    Contrast between what appears true and what really is.
  • Three Types of Irony
    Verbal
    Situational
    Dramatic
  • Verbal Irony
    What is said vs. what is meant
  • Irony of the Situation
    Happening that is opposite of what’s expected
  • Dramatic Irony
    Reader knows more than character
  • Tone
    Author’s attitude toward a subject
  • Tone
    Pessimism
    Optimism
    Bitterness
    Joyful
    Humorous
    Earnestness
  • Mood
    * The feeling or climate of a story
  • Mood
    Setting
    Objects
    Details
    Images
    Words
    Influence the Mood
  • Figurative Language
    Language that goes beyond literal meaning
  • Simile
    Direct comparison of two unlike things
  • Metaphor
    Implied comparison of two unlike things
  • Metaphor
    The comparison is not announced.
    “Like”
    “As”
  • Hyperbole
    Exaggerated terms
    “I read it a million times!”
  • Onomatopoeia
    Words that mimic sounds
    BANG! POW!
  • Sources
    http://www.watertownlib.org/editor/upload/images/private/jenny/ladybug-reading.jpg
    www.academyart.edu/.../news/mktg_news0147.html
    www.tonnerdoll.com/spiderman.htm
    http://yacht.zamok.net/DV/Potter/Posters/Snape/New/invisible14.jpg
    http://www.wallcoo.net/holiday/2006_christmas_Vector_wallpapers_1024/images/2006_christmas_Vector_wallpaper_Untitled-24.jpg
    http://www.goodcommitment.tv/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/chimpanzee_thinking_poster.jpg
    http://farm1.static.flickr.com/32/53674487_03a011d36e.jpg
  • Sources
    http://farm1.static.flickr.com/32/53674487_03a011d36e.jpg
    http://www.thomasfunding.dk/blog/media/fight_cartoon.jpg
    http://www.all-things-conflict-resolution-and-adr.com/images/dreamstime_122705.jpg
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    http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/4900555/how-to-win-every-argument-main_Full.jpg
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  • Sources
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