Statistics about finland 2011TABLE OF Contents	                                                page1 	     MAIN LABOUR MAR...
5.8	    General government financial balancein ratio    	       to GDP in the EU-countries (EMU) 2010	                    ...
9.3	     INCOME DIFFERENCES DEVELOPMENT 1966–2009  	      HOUSEHOLDS DISPOSABLE INCOME	                                   ...
1 MAIN LABOUR MARKET    CONFEDERATIONS    1.1 EMPLOYEES’ CONFEDERATIONS 2010     Organisation                             ...
2 LABOUR MARKET    2.1 LABOUR-MARKET SETTLEMENTS 1969–2009    Year   Agreement                 Period Increase            ...
6    Year   Agreement              Period Increase          General          Minimum Bran-      Average     Reforms Relate...
Year   Agreement                 Period Increase          General           Minimum Bran-      Average     Reforms Related...
8    Year   Agreement                 Period Increase             General        Minimum Bran-      Average     Reforms Re...
Year   Agreement              Period Increase         General              Minimum Bran-      Average     Reforms Related ...
10      Year      Agreement               Period Increase               General          Minimum Bran-      Average     Re...
2.2 Trade union density in some EU countries 2008       Sweden	      Denmark	        Finland       Belgium	   Luxembourg	 ...
2.3 labour disputes 1990–2009        Year       Total number             Workers affected                 Working days los...
3.2 POPULATION IN EU-COUNTRIES 1.1.2010                   Country          1 000 000 people                   EU-27       ...
4 LABOUR FORCE, EDUCATION     4.1 LABOUR FORCE 1996–2012 (1 000 pers.)       Year         Working             Labour      ...
4.3 EMPLOYMENT ACCORDING TO EMPLOYER 1990–2010	   (1 000 pers.)                                1990              1995     ...
4.5 EMPLOYMENT RATE 1996–2012              %      75,0      70,0      65,0     60,0      55,0               96     97    9...
4.7 EMPLOYMENT RATES1) IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009, %                 Country                 Total   Men    Women EU-27         ...
4.8 UNEMPLOYMENT RATES1) IN EU-COUNTRIES 2010                           Country             %                             ...
4.9 LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT* 1996–2010             persons             henk.160 000140 000120 000100 00080 00060 00040 0002...
4.11 DIFFERENT TYPES OF EMPLOYMENT     	    RELATIONSHIPS 2000–2010 (1 000 persons)       Year      Emp-           Permane...
4.13 Part-time employment in EU-countries 2009           EU-27	      Euro area   Netherlands        Sweden	       GermanyU...
4.14 TEMPORARY CONTRACTS IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009                EU-27	           Euro area               Poland              ...
4.15 AVERAGE ANNUAL HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED	    PER PERSONS EMPLOYED 2009        Hungary          Poland Czech Republic     ...
5 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT     5.1 BALANCE BETWEEN SUPPLY AND DEMAND1) 2008–2012                                              ...
5.3 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT IN	   EU-COUNTRIES 2011* % change                   Country          %                   EU-27 ...
5.4 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT1) PER CAPITA     	   IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009               EU-27	                EA-16        Luxe...
5.5 FINLAND’S FOREIGN DEBT 1996–20121)   Year         Central government debt               EMU-debt of general government...
5.7 GENERAL GOVERNMENT GROSS DEBT     	   IN EU-COUNTRIES 2010                          Country            % of GDP       ...
5.8 General government financial balance in ratio	   to GDP in the EU-countries (EMU) 2010                     Country    ...
5.9 INVESTMENTS TO AND FROM FINLAND 1995–2009                                              1995          2000     2005    ...
6.2 FOREIGN TRADE ACCORDING TO REGIONS 2010                                     Other Europe                              ...
7 PAY AND LABOUR COSTS     7.1 EMPLOYEES’ NOMINAL AND REAL EARNINGS AND     	 HOUSEHOLDS’ REAL DISPOSABLE INCOME 1996–2012...
7.3 HOURLY WAGES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME	   IN MANUFACTURING 2000 –2010              Quarter          Men           Women...
7.5 TOTAL LABOUR COSTS IN MANUFACTURING 2009*     	   Production workers            Denmark          Switzerland          ...
7.6 TOTAL AVERAGE SALARIES OF EMPLOYEES IN THE PUBLIC 		   SECTOR 1996–20091) (Monthly-salaried, full-time)        Year   ...
7.8 AVERAGE MONTHLY SALARIES FOR REGULAR WORKING 	     	   TIME IN THE SERVICE SECTOR 2000–2010       Year          Manage...
7.10 ANNUAL NET EARNINGS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 		    in EU-countries 2009            Eu-27       Euro area    Luxemb...
7.11 EMPLOYEES’ REAL DISPOSABLE INCOME 1991–2011            Change %            Muutos %      10        5       0         ...
8.2 ANNUAL CHANGE IN CONSUMER PRICES	   in EU-countries 2010                Eu-27           Euro area            Romania  ...
8.3 PRICE LEVELS, january 2011         Switzerland             Norway           Denmark               Japan            Swe...
8.4 LONG-TERM INTEREST RATES IN	   some EU-COUNTRIES 2010         Ireland        Greece       Portugal       Slovakia     ...
8.5 INTEREST RATES IN FINLAND 1997:1–2010:12                %           8           6           4           2           0 ...
8.7 DWELLINGS WITH CENTRAL HEATING:	   AVERAGE MONTHLY RENT PER SQUARE METER 1995–2010    Year            Government      ...
9 DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME     9.1 DISTRIBUTION OF DISPOSABLE INCOME OF     	 HOUSEHOLDS 1995–2009 (Breakdown of income, %) ...
9.3 INCOME DIFFERENCES DEVELOPMENT 1966–2009 	                                                         		   HOUSEHOLDS DIS...
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
Statistics about Finland 2011
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Statistics about Finland 2011

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Statistics on labour market, economic development, pay and labour costs etc.
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  • Hola, soy Kate Zamba por su nombre, nunca una mujer se ha casado, he visto alots de perfiles, pero soy muy selectiva, usted es uno de mi selección, por favor conmigo en mi dirección de correo electrónico privada escribir amablemente, (katezamba12@yahoo.com) para que yo pueda enviar algunas de mis fotos e introducir mi mismo para usted
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Transcript of "Statistics about Finland 2011"

  1. 1. Statistics about finland 2011TABLE OF Contents page1 MAIN LABOUR MARKET CONFEDERATIONS 41.1 EMPLOYEES’ CONFEDERATIONS 2010 41.2 EMPLOYERS’ CONFEDERATIONS 2010 41.3 Distribution of sak’s affiliated unions’ membership according to sector 1980–2010 42 Labour Market 52.1 Labour Market Settlements 1969–2009 52.2 Trade union density in some EU countries 2008 112.3 labour disputes 1990–2009 123 POPULATION 123.1 population of finland 2010 123.2 POPULATION IN EU-COUNTRIES 1.1.2010 134 LABOUR FORCE, EDUCATION 144.1 LABOUR FORCE 1996–2012 144.2 EMPLOYED BY SECTOR 1996–2012 144.3 EMPLOYMENT ACCORDING TO EMPLOYER 1990–2010 154.4 LABOUR SUPPLY AND DEMAND 1996–2012 154.5 EMPLOYMENT RATE 1996–2012 164.6 UNEMPLOYMENT RATE 1996–2012 164.7 EMPLOYMENT RATES IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009 174.8 UNEMPLOYMENT RATES IN EU-COUNTRIES 2010 184.9 LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT* 1996–2010 194.10 Activation Rate 1990–2010 194.11 DIFFERENT TYPES OF EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIPS 2000–2010 204.12 PUBLIC EXPENDITURE IN LABOUR MARKET PROGRAMMES 2008 204.13 Part-time employment in EU-countries 2009 214.14 TEMPORARY CONTRACTS IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009 224.15 AVERAGE ANNUAL HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED PER PERSONS EMPLOYED 2009 235 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 245.1 BALANCE BETWEEN SUPPLY AND DEMAND1) 2008–2012 245.2 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT 1996–2012 245.3 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT IN EU-COUNTRIES 2011 255.4 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT PER CAPITA IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009 265.5 FINLAND’S FOREIGN DEBT 1996–2012 275.6 CENTRAL GOVERNMENT NET LENDING 1996–2012 275.7 GENERAL GOVERNMENT GROSS DEBT IN EU-COUNTRIES 2010 28
  2. 2. 5.8 General government financial balancein ratio to GDP in the EU-countries (EMU) 2010 29 5.9 INVESTMENTS TO AND FROM FINLAND 1995–2009 30 6 FOREIGN TRADE 30 6.1 CURRENT ACCOUNT 1996–2012 30 6.2 FOREIGN TRADE ACCORDING TO REGIONS 2010 31 7 PAY AND LABOUR COSTS 32 7.1 EMPLOYEES’ NOMINAL AND REAL EARNINGS AND HOUSEHOLDS’ REAL DISPOSABLE INCOME 1996–2012 32 7.2 EMPLOYEES’ NEGOTIATED PAY, WAGE DRIFT AND REAL EARNINGS 1990–2010 32 7.3 HOURLY WAGES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME IN MANUFACTURING 2000–2010 33 7.4 HOURLY WAGES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME IN CONSTRUCTION 2000–2010 33 7.5 TOTAL LABOUR COSTS IN MANUFACTURING 2009 Production workers 34 7.6 TOTAL AVERAGE SALARIES OF EMPLOYEES IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR 1996–2009 35 7.7 HOURLY WAGES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME FOR AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC WORKERS 2000–2010 35 7.8 AVERAGE MONTHLY SALARIES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME IN THE SERVICE SECTOR 2000–2010 36 7.9 AVERAGE MONTHLY EARNINGS OF SALARIED EMPLOYEES IN MANUFACTURING 2000–2010 36 7.10 ANNUAL NET EARNINGS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 2009 37 7.11 EMPLOYEES’ REAL DISPOSABLE INCOME 1991–2011 38 8 PRICES 38 8.1 PRICE INDICES 2001–2010 38 8.2 ANNUAL CHANGE IN CONSUMER PRICES 2010 39 8.3 PRICE LEVELS, january 2011 40 8.4 LONG-TERM INTEREST RATES IN some EU-COUNTRIES 2010 41 8.5 INTEREST RATES IN FINLAND 1997:1–2010:12 42 8.6 HELSINKI STOCK INDEX (OMX Helsinki) 1997:1–2010:12 42 8.7 DWELLINGS WITH CENTRAL HEATING: AVERAGE MONTHLY RENT PER SQUARE METER 1995–2010 43 8.8 AVERAGE DEBT-FREE SELLING PRISE PER SQUARE METER OF FLATS AND AVERAGE RATE OF HOUSING LOANS 1995–2010 43 9 DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME 44 9.1 DISTRIBUTION OF DISPOSABLE INCOME OF HOUSEHOLDS 1995–2009 44 9.2 Factor Incomes according to source of income 1999, 2007–2009 442
  3. 3. 9.3 INCOME DIFFERENCES DEVELOPMENT 1966–2009 HOUSEHOLDS DISPOSABLE INCOME 459.4 DISTRIBUTION OF NATIONAL INCOME 2007–2012 459.5 INCOME DIFFERENCES IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009 469.6 WAGES AND SALARIES AS A PERCENTAGE OF NATIONAL INCOME 1996–2012 4710 TAXATION AND CURRENT TRANSFERS 4710.1 TAX RATE 1996 - 2012 4710.2 LOCAL GOVERNMENT TAX RATE 1991–2011 4810.3 TAX REVENUES ON INCOME AND PROPERTY 1990–2009, € bn 4810.4 TAX REVENUES ON INCOME AND PROPERTY 2009 ACROSS TAXPAYER GROUPS 4910.5 TAX RATES IN SOME COUNTRIES 2009 4910.6 INCOME TAX AS A PERCENTAGE OF MANUFACTURING WORKER’S AVERAGE GROSS INCOME IN SOME COUNTRIES 2009 5010.7 EMPLOYEES’ CONTRIBUTIONS TO SOCIAL INSURANCE 1995–2011 5010.8 EMPLOYERS’ CONTRIBUTIONS TO SOCIAL INSURANCE 1996–2011, % OF WAGES AND SALARIES 5110.9 RECIPIENTS OF UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS 1995–2009 5110.10 Social protection per inhabitant in the EU-countries 2008 5210.11 Social protection in functions 1995-2009, EUR million 5310.12 Financing of social protection expenditure, 1995-2009, % 5310.13 The average retirement age on an occupational pension 1996–2009 5410.14 Children in full or part time day care (Municipal and private day care and family day care) 1996–2009 5410.15 TOTAL NUMBER OF PENSIONERS 1990–2009 5510.16 OLD AGE DEPENDENCY RATIO 2015–2060 5511 ELECTIONS 5611.1 POLITICAL PARTIES SUPPORT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS 2000, 2004 AND 2008, % 5611.2 POLICAL PARTIES SUPPORT IN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS 2007 AND 2011 5611.3 POLITICAL PARTIES SUPPORT IN EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT ELECTIONS 2004 JA 2009, % 5611.4 THE CANDIDATES SUPPORT IN SECOND ROUND OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION 29.1.2006 56Annex 1 57Monetary conversion to the 2010 cash 57Edited by Sanni Halla-aho and Tytti JäppinenISBN 978-951-714-272-4 3
  4. 4. 1 MAIN LABOUR MARKET CONFEDERATIONS 1.1 EMPLOYEES’ CONFEDERATIONS 2010 Organisation Affiliated unions Membership The Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions 21 1 040 000 The Confederation of Unions for Academic 34 553 000 Professionals in Finland AKAVA Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees STTK 20 614 000 Source: The Above Organisations 1.2 EMPLOYERS’ CONFEDERATIONS 2010 Organisation Members Employees Confederation of Finnish Industries EK 27 afficiated unions, 950 000 16 000 companies Local Authority Employers in Finland KT 336 local governments, 433 000 145 joint municipal boards Office for the Goverment as Employer 150 budgetary units 88 000 Finnish Food and Drink Industries 300 companies and 34 000 Federation 2 organisation members The Church of Finland Negotiating over 450 parishes over 21 000 Commission The Federation of Agricultural Employers 1 197 companies 10 000 Source: The Above Organisations 1.3 Distribution of sak’s affiliated unions’ membership according to sector 1980–2010, % 1980 1995 2005 2009 2010 Manufacturing 56 45 46 45 44 Transportation 11 11 Private services 20 29 32 23 23 Public services 24 27 22 21 22 Total 100 100 100 100 100 Total membership (x 1 000) 1 032 1 111 1 046 1 043 1 040 Source: SAK4
  5. 5. 2 LABOUR MARKET 2.1 LABOUR-MARKET SETTLEMENTS 1969–2009 Year Agreement Period Increase General Minimum Bran- Average Reforms Related to Centralised of valid- effective Increase and low-pay chwice increase Agreement ity from arrange- margin (industrial- ments % workers) % % p/h 1969 Liinamaa I 1v 01.01.1969 16 3.9 – removing index terms 27.3.1968 – enabling Act of prices and rents control – subscription collection agreement 1970 Liinamaa II 1v 01.01.1970 min. 1.0 18 1 5.1 – severance pay system 11.9.1969 – the right to assembly in the workplace 1971 UKK-agreement 15 months 01.01.1971 22 3.00 mk/hour 2 14.3 – minimum wages minimum wages 8.12.1970 01.09.1971 20 3.20 mk/hour – information and education agreements 1972 HL-agreement 1v 01.04.1972 25 3.50 mk/hour 3 7.7 – returning from annual leave –pay rose to 10 % 18.3.1972 of annual leave pay – improving sick leave benefits 1973 Union-level agreements 50–65 11.1 1974 Lindblom 22 months 01.04.1974 55 4.90 mk/hour 1.2 11.3 – tax reliefs 1st phase 01.09.1974 20 – increasing child allowances, 7-month 19.3.1974 maternity leave – wage development guarantee 1975 2nd phase 01.04.1975 min. 4.0 50 5.60 mk/hour 1.5 01.09.1975 15 Liinamaa inspection 26.2.1975 01.04.1975 10–25 6.30 mk/hour 0.2 8.7 – increasing child allowances Total after – separate taxation inspection 10 months 01.04.1975 min. 5.0 75–90 6.30 mk/hour 1.7 – housing benefit reform5 cont.
  6. 6. 6 Year Agreement Period Increase General Minimum Bran- Average Reforms Related to Centralised of valid- effective Increase and low-pay chwice increase Agreement ity from arrange- margin (industrial- ments % workers) % % p/h 1976 Miettunen mediation 10 months 01.02.1976 min. 3.5 60 6.90 mk/hour 1.5 7.2 – Group life insurance 12.2.1976 – partial disability pension 1977 Liinamaa 2 year 01.03.1977 min. 3.4 45 0.8 5.5 – winter leave recommendation – wage development guarantee 9.3.1977 – safeguard against devaluation 1st phase 1978 2nd phase 01.03.1978 min. 3.0 40 31.3.78 01.10.1978 2.5 0,1% 1) Increases after 5.4 transmission and devaluation 01.05.1978 1.5 (=22) 0.4 negotiations 01.09.1978 min. 3.0 40 1979 01.02.1979 1.0 30 0.1% 1) 0.4 – index term, wage development guarantee Somerto-Oivio 1 year – extending the winter leave right, agreement 01.12.1979 1.0 (=17) 0.5 4.9 employment recommendations 26.1.1979 – extension of the sick leave payment period 1980 Union–level 01.03.1980 90 11.3 agreements 01.10.1980 3.0 1981 Pekkanen 2 year 01.03.1981 3.3 (65) 0.5 – reform of the payment basis of 9.3.1981 01.09.1981 2.6 (50) 7.0 sickness benefits and maternity pay 1st phase min. 2.5 – income trend arrangement cont
  7. 7. Year Agreement Period Increase General Minimum Bran- Average Reforms Related to Centralised of valid- effective Increase and low-pay chwice increase Agreement ity from arrange- margin (industrial- ments % workers) % % p/h 1982 2nd phase 01.03.1982 2.2 (45) 0.4% 1) 0.4 01.10.1982 3.0 8.4 indexation clause (salary adjustment index) 1983 Union-level 01.03.1983 3.15 agreements 01.10.1983 2.25 5.6 1984 Pekkanen 28.3.1984 2 year – indexation clause 1st phase 01.03.1984 3.2 0.4% 1) 4.0 – revised unemployment benefit security scheme 1985 2nd phase 01.03.1985 3.6 3.8 – working time reduced by 32 hours/year 1986 VHS-settlement 2 year 01.03.1986 min. 1.5 (55) 0.3% 1) 0.3 2.8 – indexation clause, earnings development guarantee 16.3.1986 – working time reduced by 16 hrs/yr., 1988 1st phase 16 hrs/yr., 1989 16 hrs/yr., 1990 20 hrs/yr. 1987 2nd phase 01.03.1987 min. 1.7 (64) 0.3% 1) 0.3 3.4 – state support package, including tax cuts 1988 Union-level agreements 2 year 01.03.1988 98–145 5.3 1989 Combined 1 year 01.03.1989 min. 1 40 0.1% 2) 3.6 – employees’ real disposable income to be increased economic and by 2.5 % incomes policy – earnings development guarantee of 70 p above settlement the agreed increase paid in addition to the general and equality raise cont.7
  8. 8. 8 Year Agreement Period Increase General Minimum Bran- Average Reforms Related to Centralised of valid- effective Increase and low-pay chwice increase Agreement ity from arrange- margin (industrial- ments % workers) % % p/h 1990 Kallio 2 year 01.03.1990 min. 0.7 30 – state measures, including tax revision 15.01.1990 01.10.1990 min. 0.7 30 0.4% 2) 0.3 5.4 – target for growth in employees’ real disposable incomes 1990 - 91 4.5% – earnings development guarantee III/89 - III/90 4% above agreed increase 1991 2nd phase 01.05.1991 min. 0.9 50 0.3% 2) 1.7 – indexation clause, tax-policy measures 15.11.1990 – shop stewards agreement – working time issues – adult education, housing and social policy measures 1992 Ihalainen–Kahri 2 year Present 0 0 0 0 0.2 – indexation clause 28.11.1991 agreement – financing of employment pensions prolonged and the employees’ contribution to 31.11.1993 – development of agreements’ system – government measures including maintaining the level of unemployment benefits 1993 Ihalainen–Kahri 0 0 0 0 0 2nd phase 30.11.1992 1994 Union-level agreements 1 year 1.11.1993 3.2 1995 Union-level agreements 1-2 year 5.2 1996 Economic-, Employment 2 year 1.11.1995 min. 1.8 105 0 2.1 – indexation clause and Labour Market – earnings development guarantee 1996 and 1997 Policy Agreement – working life development 1996 - 97 29.9.1995 – state measures i.e. concerning taxation and 1st phase 1.10.1996 min. 1.3 65 0.3 3) 1.7 unemployment security cont.
  9. 9. Year Agreement Period Increase General Minimum Bran- Average Reforms Related to Centralised of valid- effective Increase and low-pay chwice increase Agreement ity from arrange- margin (industrial- ments % workers) % % p/h 1997 2nd phase 0.0 1998 Incomes policy 2 year 1.1.1998 min. 1.6 85 0,3 3) 0.5 2.2 – indexation clause agreement 1998–1999 – earnings development examination 12.12.1997 1999 2nd phase 1.1.1999 min. 1.6 85 - - 1.9 – quality of working life – taxation measures 2000 Union-level 3.3 agreements 2001 Incomes policy 2 year 1.2.2001 min. 2.1 120 0,2 2) 0,5 4) 3.0 – monitoring of national economy, indexation clause agreement – earnings development examination 2001–2002 – system of continuous negotiation 15.12.2000 – development of the world of work 2002 2nd phase 1.3.2002 min. 1.9 107 - 0,3 4) 2.4 – lifelong learning as an integral part of the world of work (0.18 – working time issues euro) – taxation measures – negotiation clause 2003 Incomes policy 2year 1.3.2003 min. 1.8. 17c 0,3 2) 0,8 4) 2.8 5) – indexation clause agreement (28.39 – evaluation clause 2003–2004 e/month) – goals of continuous negotiation system 2.12.2002 – development of working life 2004 2nd phase 1.3.2004 min. 1.7 16 c 0.5 4) 2.3 5) – employment policy (26.72 – taxation measures e/month) cont.9
  10. 10. 10 Year Agreement Period Increase General Minimum Bran- Average Reforms Related to Centralised of valid- effective Increase and low-pay chwice increase Agreement ity from arrange- margin (industrial- ments % workers) % % p/h 2005 Incomes policy 2 1/2 year 1.3.2005 min. 1.9 18c 0,6 4) 2.5 – indexation clause and guarantee of increased agreement (30.06 earnings 2005–2007 e/month) – subscriber liability extended through agreements and legislation 2006 2nd phase 1.6.2006 1.4 0.3 0.4 4) 2.1 – improvements in local collective bargaining – improvement in employee security during restructuring of working life – tax and investment package – boost for gender equality and training 2007 Union-level 3.5 agreements 2008 Union-level 3.9 agreements 2009 Union-level 1.7 agreements 2010 Union-level 1.3 agreements 1) Effects of so- called low-pay arrangement 2) Equality item 3) Effects of so- called low-pay arrangement + Equality item 4) Sector allowance 5) Involved in the National income policy agreement
  11. 11. 2.2 Trade union density in some EU countries 2008 Sweden Denmark Finland Belgium Luxembourg Italy Ireland Austria United Kingdom Greece Portugal Czech Republic Germany Netherlands Hungary Slovakia Poland Spain France 0 20 40 60 80 %Source: OECD 11
  12. 12. 2.3 labour disputes 1990–2009 Year Total number Workers affected Working days lost of disputes Number Percentage Number Per worker x 1 000 of employed x 1 000 affected 1990 455 245 9,9 935 3,8 1991 284 167 7,1 458 2,7 1992 168 104 4,8 76 0,7 1993 124 23 1,1 17 0,7 1994 171 71 3,5 526 7,5 1995 112 127 6,3 869 6,8 1996 94 43 2,1 20 0,5 1997 91 28 1,3 104 3,7 1998 98 35 1,6 133 3,8 1999 65 15 0,7 19 1,3 2000 96 84 3,6 254 3,0 2001 84 22 1,0 61 2,8 2002 76 71 3,0 75 1,1 2003 112 92 3,9 66 0,7 2004 84 25 1,0 42 1,7 2005 365 107 4,4 673 6,3 2006 97 48 2,0 85 1,8 2007 91 90 3,7 95 1,1 2008 92 16 0,6 16 1,0 2009 139 50 2,1 92 1,8 Source: Statistics Finland 3 POPULATION 3.1 population of finland 2010 Total population 5 375 000 100% Working age population (15–74 y) Under 15 years 888 000 17% 4 043 000 75% Over 74 years 436 000 8% Labour force Outside the labour force 2 672 000 66% 1 372 000 34% Employed Unemployed 2 447 000 92% 224 000 8% Acriculture and Forestry Manufacturing and Construction Services 115 000 5% 560 000 23% 1 762 000 72% Source: Statistics Finland12
  13. 13. 3.2 POPULATION IN EU-COUNTRIES 1.1.2010 Country 1 000 000 people EU-27 501,1 Euro area 329,6 Austria 8,4 Belgium 10,8 Bulgaria 7,6 Cyprus 0,8 Czech Republic 10,5 Denmark 5,5 Estonia 1,3 Finland 5,4 France 64,7 Germany 81,8 Greece 11,3 Hungary 10,0 Ireland 4,5 Italy 60,3 Latvia 2,2 Lithuania 3,3 Luxembourg 0,5 Malta 0,4 Netherlands 16,6 Poland 38,2 Portugal 10,6 Romania 21,5 Slovakia 5,4 Slovenia 2,0 Spain 46,0 Sweden 9,3 United Kingdom 62,0Source: Eurostat 13
  14. 14. 4 LABOUR FORCE, EDUCATION 4.1 LABOUR FORCE 1996–2012 (1 000 pers.) Year Working Labour Employed Unemployed Outside Unemploy- age force the labour ment population force rate, % (15-74 years) 1996 3 850 2 490 2 127 363 1 360 14,6 1997 3 862 2 484 2 169 314 1 379 12,7 1998 3 878 2 507 2 222 285 1 371 11,4 1999 3 890 2 557 2 296 261 1 333 10,2 2000 3 901 2 589 2 335 253 1 312 9,8 2001 3 909 2 605 2 367 238 1 304 9,1 2002 3 918 2 610 2 372 237 1 308 9,1 2003 3 926 2 600 2 365 235 1 327 9,0 2004 3 935 2 594 2 365 229 1 342 8,8 2005 3 948 2 621 2 401 220 1 327 8,4 2006 3 963 2 648 2 443 204 1 315 7,7 2007 3 981 2 675 2 492 183 1 306 6,9 2008 4 004 2 703 2 531 172 1 301 6,4 2009 4 025 2 678 2 457 221 1 347 8,2 2010 4 043 2 672 2 447 224 1 372 8,4 2011** 4 059 2 695 2 490 205 1 364 7,6 2012** 4 073 2 707 2 512 195 1 366 7,2 Source: Statistics Finland, Ministry of Finance 4.2 EMPLOYED BY SECTOR 1996–2012 (percentage) Year Agriculture Manu- Construction Services Unknown and Forestry facturing 1996 7,5 21,7 5,5 65,0 0,3 1997 7,1 21,3 6,0 65,3 0,3 1998 6,5 21,4 6,3 65,6 0,4 1999 6,3 21,3 6,5 65,7 0,3 2000 6,1 21,1 6,4 66,1 0,3 2001 5,7 21,0 6,1 66,8 0,3 2002 5,4 20,7 6,2 67,4 0,3 2003 5,1 19,9 6,4 68,3 0,3 2004 4,9 19,4 6,3 69,1 0,3 2005 5,0 18,3 6,6 69,8 0,2 2006 4,8 18,1 6,7 70,2 0,2 2007 4,7 17,9 7,0 70,1 0,2 2008 4,7 17,5 7,3 70,0 0,5 2009 4,8 16,5 7,1 71,2 0,4 2010 4,7 16,1 7,1 71,6 0,5 2011* 4,7 16,2 7,1 71,3 0,4 2012** 4,6 16,2 7,2 71,4 0,4 since 2009 TOL 2008 Source: Statistics Finland, Ministry of Finance14
  15. 15. 4.3 EMPLOYMENT ACCORDING TO EMPLOYER 1990–2010 (1 000 pers.) 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Employed 2 504 2 099 2 335 2 401 2 447 Employer Private sector 1 793 1 469 1 692 1 744 1 774 Municipality 482 463 486 506 510 State 226 162 151 147 153 Unknown 3 5 6 3 10Source: Statistics Finland4.4 LABOUR SUPPLY AND DEMAND 1996–2012 1000 persons2800 Labour supply2600 Unemployment2400 Labour demand22002000 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11* 12**Source: Statistics Finland, Ministry of Finance 15
  16. 16. 4.5 EMPLOYMENT RATE 1996–2012 % 75,0 70,0 65,0 60,0 55,0 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11* 12** Finland EU-27 Source: Eurostat, Ministry of Finance 4.6 UNEMPLOYMENT RATE 1996–2012 % 20 15 10 5 0 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11* 12** Finland EU-27 Source: Ministry of Finance, Eurostat16
  17. 17. 4.7 EMPLOYMENT RATES1) IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009, % Country Total Men Women EU-27 64,6 70,7 58,6 Euro area 64,7 71,2 58,3 Austria 71,6 76,9 66,4 Belgium 61,6 67,2 56,0 Bulgaria 62,6 66,9 58,3 Cyprus 69,9 77,6 62,5 Czech Republic 65,4 73,8 56,7 Denmark 75,7 78,3 73,1 Estonia 63,5 64,1 63,0 Finland 68,7 69,5 67,9 France 64,1 68,4 60,0 Germany 70,9 75,6 66,2 Greece 61,2 73,5 48,9 Hungary 55,4 61,1 49,9 Ireland 61,8 66,3 57,4 Italy 57,5 68,6 46,4 Latvia 60,9 61,0 60,9 Lithuania 60,1 59,5 60,7 Luxembourg 65,2 73,2 57,0 Malta 54,9 71,5 37,7 Netherlands 77,0 82,4 71,5 Poland 59,3 66,1 52,8 Portugal 66,3 71,1 61,6 Romania 58,6 65,2 52,0 Slovakia 60,2 67,6 52,8 Slovenia 67,5 71,0 63,8 Spain 59,8 66,6 52,8 Sweden 72,2 74,2 70,2 United Kingdom 69,9 74,8 65,01) Percentage of persons aged 15–64Source: Eurostat, Labour Force Survey 17
  18. 18. 4.8 UNEMPLOYMENT RATES1) IN EU-COUNTRIES 2010 Country % EU-27 9,6 Euro area 10,0 Austria 4,4 Belgium 8,4 Bulgaria 9,9 Cyprus 6,8 Czech Republic 7,4 Denmark 7,4 Estonia 16,9 Finland 8,4 France 9,7 Germany 6,8 Greece 12,5 Hungary 11,2 Ireland 13,5 Italy 8,4 Latvia 19,3 Lithuania 17,8 Luxembourg 4,7 Malta 6,7 Netherlands 4,5 Poland 9,6 Portugal 11,0 Romania 7,5 Slovakia 14,5 Slovenia 7,2 Spain 20,1 Sweden 8,4 United Kingdom 7,8 Source: Eurostat 1) Percentage of persons aged 15–6418
  19. 19. 4.9 LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT* 1996–2010 persons henk.160 000140 000120 000100 00080 00060 00040 00020 000 0 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10*Unemployed for over a yearSource: Ministry of Employment and the Economy4.10 Activation Rate* 1990–2010 %403020100 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10*The share of people in labour market policy measures of the number of unemployed people and people in measuresSource: Ministry of Employment and the Economy 19
  20. 20. 4.11 DIFFERENT TYPES OF EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIPS 2000–2010 (1 000 persons) Year Emp- Permanent work Fixed term work loyees Total Propor- Working hours Total Working hours total tion of Full- Part- Full- Part- employ- time time time time ees % work work 1) work work 1) 2000 2 016 1 685 83,5 1 519 166 332 256 76 2001 2 060 1 719 83,5 1 554 165 340 259 81 2002 2 068 1 733 83,8 1 557 176 334 251 82 2003 2 061 1 723 83,6 1 544 179 337 257 80 2004 2 064 1 730 83,8 1 542 188 334 250 84 2005 2 098 1 750 83,4 1 561 189 347 262 85 2006 2 129 1 779 83,6 1 580 199 349 260 89 2007 2 178 1 830 84,0 1 625 205 348 261 87 2008 2 207 1 874 85,0 1 678 196 332 248 84 2009 2 123 1 811 85,4 1 610 201 310 229 81 2010 2 120 1 790 84,5 1 581 209 329 244 85 1) Employees describing themselves as part-time workers Source: Statistics Finland 4.12 PUBLIC EXPENDITURE IN LABOUR MARKET PROGRAMMES 2008 Denmark Netherlands Finland Ireland France Germany Austria Portugal Sweden Italy Luxembourg Poland Slovakia Hungary Active measures Greece Passive measures Slovenia Czech Republic Estonia 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 % of GBP Active = e.g. education, employment assistance, rehabilitation, start-up grant Passive = e.g. unemployment benefit Source: OECD, Employment Outlook 20
  21. 21. 4.13 Part-time employment in EU-countries 2009 EU-27 Euro area Netherlands Sweden GermanyUnited Kingdom Denmark Austria Belgium Ireland Luxembourg France Italy Finland Spain Portugal Malta Slovenia Estonia Romania Latvia Poland Cyprus Lithuania Greece HungaryCzech Republic Slovakia Bulgaria 0,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 60,0 % of employedSource: Eurostat 21
  22. 22. 4.14 TEMPORARY CONTRACTS IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009 EU-27 Euro area Poland Spain Portugal Netherlands Slovenia Sweden Finland Germany France Cyprus Italy Greece Austria Denmark Hungary Czech Republic Ireland Belgium Luxembourg United Kingdom Malta Bulgaria Slovakia Latvia Estonia Lithuania Romania 0,0 5,0 10,0 15,0 20,0 25,0 30,0 % of employed Source: Eurostat22
  23. 23. 4.15 AVERAGE ANNUAL HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED PER PERSONS EMPLOYED 2009 Hungary Poland Czech Republic Italy USA Portugal Japan Slovakia Spain Finland United Kingdom Austria Sweden Luxembourg Denmark France Belgium Ireland Germany Netherlands 0 500 1 000 1 500 2 000 2 500 hours/yearSource: OECD, Employment Outlook 23
  24. 24. 5 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 5.1 BALANCE BETWEEN SUPPLY AND DEMAND1) 2008–2012 2010* 2008 2009 2010 2011** 2012** Billion € Change in volume, % Gross domestic product at market prices 180 0,9 -8,2 3,1 3,6 2,7 Imports of goods and services 65 6,5 -17,6 2,6 6,7 4,7 Total supply 245 2,5 -11,0 3,0 4,4 3,3 Exports of goods and services 70 6,3 -20,1 5,1 7,8 5,5 Consumption 142 1,9 -1,2 1,9 1,8 1,4 private 97 1,7 -2,1 2,6 2,0 1,8 public 44 2,4 1,0 0,4 1,2 0,6 Gross formation of fixed capital 33 -0,4 -14,6 0,8 7,1 4,6 private 29 -0,3 -17,4 0,9 8,3 5,2 public 5 -0,7 6,2 0,1 -0,1 1,0 Total demand 245 2,5 -11,0 3,0 4,4 3,3 domestic demand 176 0,6 -6,0 2,4 2,8 2,3 (incl. statistical discrepancy) 1) Figures are based on the revised method of calculating national accounts. Source: Statistics Finland, Ministry of Finance 5.2 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT 1996–2012 Change in volume, % 8 6 4 2 0 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08* 09* 10* 11** 12** -2 -4 -6 Finland EU-27 -8 -10 Source: Statistics Finland, Ministry of Finance, Eurostat24
  25. 25. 5.3 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT IN EU-COUNTRIES 2011* % change Country % EU-27 1,7 Euro area 1,5 Austria 1,7 Belgium 1,8 Bulgaria 2,6 Cyprus 1,5 Czech Republic 2,3 Denmark 1,9 Estonia 4,4 Finland 3,6 France 1,6 Germany 2,2 Greece -3,0 Hungary 2,8 Ireland 0,9 Italy 1,1 Latvia 3,3 Lithuania 2,8 Luxembourg 2,8 Malta 2,0 Netherlands 1,5 Poland 3,9 Portugal -1,0 Romania 1,5 Slovakia 3,0 Slovenia 1,9 Spain 0,7 Sweden 3,3 United Kingdom 2,2Source: Eurostat 25
  26. 26. 5.4 GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT1) PER CAPITA IN EU-COUNTRIES 2009 EU-27 EA-16 Luxembourg Netherlands Ireland Austria Denmark Sweden Germany Belgium Finland United Kingdom France Italy Spain Cyprus Greece Slovenia Czech Republic Malta Portugal Slovakia Hungary Estonia Poland Lithuania Latvia Romania Bulgaria 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 EU-27 = 100 * adjusted by purchasing power parity Source: Eurostat26
  27. 27. 5.5 FINLAND’S FOREIGN DEBT 1996–20121) Year Central government debt EMU-debt of general government GDP € billion % of GDP € billion % of GDP € billion 1996 66,1 66,7 56,5 57,0 99,1 1997 69,8 65,0 57,9 53,9 107,3 1998 69,8 59,9 56,4 48,4 116,5 1999 68,1 55,7 55,9 45,7 122,2 2000 63,4 48,0 57,9 43,8 132,1 2001 61,8 44,4 59,1 42,5 139,2 2002 59,3 41,3 59,6 41,5 143,5 2003 63,3 43,5 64,8 44,5 145,4 2004 63,8 41,9 67,6 44,4 152,1 2005 60,0 38,2 65,7 41,7 157,3 2006 58,9 35,6 65,7 39,7 165,6 2007 56,1 31,2 63,2 35,2 179,7 2008* 54,4 29,5 63,0 34,1 184,2 2009* 64,3 37,5 75,0 43,8 171,2 2010* 75,2 41,7 87,2 48,4 180,3 2011** .. 43,9 .. 50,1 .. 2012** .. 45,6 .. 51,3 ..1) markka values for the period before 1.1.1999 has been changed, into Euros at a fixed rate of the Euro,1 Euro = 5.94573 FIM.Source: Statistics of Finland, Ministry of Finance5.6 CENTRAL GOVERNMENT NET LENDING 1996–2012 % of GDP 4 2 0 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11** 12** -2 -4 -6 -8Source: Statistics of Finland, Ministry of Finance 27
  28. 28. 5.7 GENERAL GOVERNMENT GROSS DEBT IN EU-COUNTRIES 2010 Country % of GDP EU-27 79,1 Euro area 84,1 Austria 70,4 Belgium 98,6 Bulgaria 18,2 Cyprus 62,2 Czech Republic 40,0 Denmark 44,9 Estonia 8,0 Finland 49,0 France 83,0 Germany 75,7 Greece 140,2 Hungary 78,5 Ireland 97,4 Italy 118,9 Latvia 45,7 Lithuania 37,4 Luxembourg 18,2 Malta 70,4 Netherlands 64,8 Poland 55,5 Portugal 82,8 Romania 30,4 Slovakia 42,1 Slovenia 40,7 Spain 64,4 Sweden 39,9 United Kingdom 77,8 Source: European Commission, Eurostat28
  29. 29. 5.8 General government financial balance in ratio to GDP in the EU-countries (EMU) 2010 Country % of GDP EU-27 -6,8 Euro area -6,3 Austria -4,3 Belgium -4,8 Bulgaria -3,8 Cyprus -5,9 Czech Republic -5,2 Denmark -5,1 Estonia -1,0 Finland -3,1 France -7,7 Germany -3,7 Greece -9,6 Hungary -3,8 Ireland -32,3 Italy -5,0 Latvia -7,7 Lithuania -8,4 Luxembourg -1,8 Malta -4,2 Netherlands -5,8 Poland -7,9 Portugal -7,3 Romania -7,3 Slovakia -8,2 Slovenia -5,8 Spain -9,3 Sweden -0,9 United Kingdom -10,5Source: European Commission, Eurostat 29
  30. 30. 5.9 INVESTMENTS TO AND FROM FINLAND 1995–2009 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007* 2008* 2009* € billion Direct investments, investment stock Finnish investments abroad 11,0 56,0 69,4 73,1 79,9 83,4 87,4 Foreign investments in Finland 6,2 26,1 46,5 53,6 62,2 59,7 61,4 Securities investments, investment stock Finnish investments in foreign securities 2,6 54,9 130,8 162,4 173,9 129,2 166,9 Foreign investment in Finnish securities 50,9 272,3 195,2 219,8 257,9 177,5 203,5 *preliminary knowledge Source: Statistics Finland 6 FOREIGN TRADE 6.1 CURRENT ACCOUNT 1996–2012 % of GDP BKT:sta 10,0 8,0 6,0 4,0 2,0 0,0 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08* 09* 10* 11** 12** Source: Statistics Finland, Ministry of Finance30
  31. 31. 6.2 FOREIGN TRADE ACCORDING TO REGIONS 2010 Other Europe 16,0% EU-countries Asia 55,0% EXPORTS 14,8% North America 8,2% Other countries 6,0% Other Europe 22,2% EU-countries 55,0% IMPORTS Asia 14,3% North America 4,1% Other countries 4,4%Source: Board of Customs 31
  32. 32. 7 PAY AND LABOUR COSTS 7.1 EMPLOYEES’ NOMINAL AND REAL EARNINGS AND HOUSEHOLDS’ REAL DISPOSABLE INCOME 1996–2012 Change, % 10 Real disposable income Nominal earnings Real earnings 5 0 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11** 12** -5 Source: Statistics Finland, Ministry of Finance 7.2 EMPLOYEES’ NEGOTIATED PAY, WAGE DRIFT AND REAL EARNINGS 1990 - 2010 Negotiated Wage drift Index of Wage Real Year pay and Salary earnings index earnings1) Change from previous year, % 1990 5,5 3,7 9,2 3,0 1991 4,0 2,4 6,4 1,9 1992 0,9 1,0 1,9 -0,7 1993 0,0 0,8 0,8 -1,4 1994 0,7 1,3 2,0 0,9 1995 3,6 1,1 4,7 3,7 1996 3,1 1,1 4,2 3,6 1997 1,3 1,1 2,4 1,2 1998 2,7 0,8 3,5 2,1 1999 1,8 1,0 2,8 1,6 2000 2,8 1,2 4,0 0,6 2001 3,3 1,2 4,5 1,9 2002 2,3 1,2 3,5 1,9 2003 2,9 1,1 4,0 3,1 2004 2,4 1,4 3,8 3,6 2005 2,5 1,4 3,9 3,0 2006 1,7 1,3 2,9 1,3 2007 2,1 1,3 3,4 0,9 2008 4,2 1,3 5,5 1,4 2009 3,6 0,4 4,0 4,0 2010* 2,0 0,5 2,5 1,3 1) without the returning from annual leave –pay Source: Evaluation Committee for Incomes and Costs32
  33. 33. 7.3 HOURLY WAGES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME IN MANUFACTURING 2000 –2010 Quarter Men Women Total Change from Womens’ earnings Year € € € previous as a percentage of year, % mens’ 2000 II 11,48 9,67 11,05 4,1 84,2 IV 11,68 9,79 11,24 4,7 83,8 2001 II 12,08 10,16 11,65 5,3 84,1 IV 12,20 10,24 11,76 4,6 83,9 2002 II 12,48 10,50 12,04 3,4 84,1 IV 12,56 10,57 12,12 3,0 84,2 2003 II 12,92 10,90 12,48 3,7 84,4 IV 12,99 10,92 12,55 3,5 84,1 2004 II 13,27 11,19 12,38 2,7 84,3 IV 13,38 11,33 12,91 3,2 84,7 2005 II 13,46 11,42 13,03 1,6 84,8 IV 13,85 11,76 13,38 3,6 84,9 2006 II 13,92 11,77 13,49 3,5 84,6 IV 14,27 12,13 13,80 3,2 85,0 2007 II 14,25 12,07 13,83 2,6 84,7 IV 14,86 12,61 14,37 4,1 84,9 2008 II 14,87 12,57 14,43 4,3 84,5 IV 15,56 13,18 15,04 4,7 84,7 2009 II 15,62 13,14 15,17 5,1 84,1 IV 15,90 13,49 15,41 2,5 84,8 2010 II 15,82 13,36 15,39 1,5 84,5 IV 16,17 13,77 15,70 1,8 85,2Source: Statistics Finland, Confederation of Finnish Industries7.4 HOURLY WAGES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME IN CONSTRUCTION 2000–2010 Quarter Men Women Total Change from Womens’ earnings Year € € € previous as a percentage year of mens’ 2000 II 11,33 8,50 11,26 5,8 75,0 IV 11,68 8,82 11,61 5,9 75,5 2001 II 11,93 8,92 11,85 5,2 74,8 IV 12,10 9,19 12,02 3,5 76,0 2002 II 12,30 9,25 12,22 3,1 75,2 IV 12,46 9,57 12,40 3,1 76,8 2003 II 12,65 9,63 12,57 2,9 76,1 IV 12,78 9,78 12,71 2,5 76,5 2004 II 12,97 9,83 12,89 2,6 75,8 IV 13,20 10,15 13,12 3,1 76,9 2005 II 13,38 10,30 13,29 3,0 77,0 IV 13,70 10,72 13,62 3,7 78,2 2006 II 13,89 10,82 13,80 3,8 77,9 IV 14,19 11,11 14,10 3,6 78,3 2007 II 14,45 11,36 14,35 4,0 78,6 IV 14,89 11,70 14,79 4,9 78,6 2008 II 15,46 12,15 15,36 7,0 78,6 IV 15,64 12,45 15,55 5,1 79,6 2009 II 16,23 13,02 16,13 5,0 80,2 IV 16,19 13,25 16,11 3,6 81,8 2010 II 16,21 13,04 16,11 -0,1 80,4 IV 16,50 13,19 16,40 1,8 79,9Source: Statistics Finland, Confederation of Finnish Industries 33
  34. 34. 7.5 TOTAL LABOUR COSTS IN MANUFACTURING 2009* Production workers Denmark Switzerland Sweden Luxembourg Belgium France Finland Netherlands Austria United Kingdom Germany Spain Cyprus Slovenia Portugal Czech Republic Malta Hungary Poland Estonia Slovakia Latvia Pay for time worked Lithuania Other labour costs Romania Bulgaria 0 10 20 30 40 Euro/h Source: Svenskt Näringsliv, Bank of Finland34
  35. 35. 7.6 TOTAL AVERAGE SALARIES OF EMPLOYEES IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR 1996–20091) (Monthly-salaried, full-time) Year Government Municipal sector € Change/year % € Change/year % 1996 2 000 - 1 825 - 1997 2 016 0,8 1 813 -0,7 1998 2 081 3,2 1 874 3,4 1999 2 148 3,2 1 914 2,1 2000 2 235 4,1 1 986 3,8 2001 2 350 5,1 2 054 3,4 2002 2 449 4,2 2 140 4,2 2003 2 548 4,0 2 205 3,0 2004 2 643 3,7 2 296 4,1 2005 2 737 3,6 2 407 4,8 2006 2 871 4,9 2 482 3,1 2007 3 003 4,6 2 571 3,6 2008 3 218 7,2 2 715 5,6 2009 3 321 3,2 2 801 3,21) markka values for the period before 1.1.1999 has been changed into Euros at a fixed rate of the Euro,1 Euro = 5.94573 FIM.Source: Statistics Finland7.7 HOURLY WAGES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME FOR AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC WORKERS 2000–2010 (Hourly wages for regular working time, €) Year Quarter Men Women Total Annual change, % 2000 II 9,88 9,10 9,85 4,8 IV 9,85 9,11 9,82 2,4 2001 II 10,15 9,43 10,12 2,7 IV 10,15 9,50 10,12 3,1 2002 II 10,47 9,69 10,43 3,1 IV 10,60 9,78 10,57 4,4 2003 II 10,97 10,12 10,93 4,8 IV 11,04 10,33 11,01 4,2 2004 II 11,23 10,43 11,19 2,4 IV 11,31 10,56 11,27 2,4 2005 II 11,82 11,12 11,79 5,4 IV 11,99 11,32 11,95 6,0 2006 II 12,06 11,14 12,02 2,0 IV 12,20 11,38 12,16 1,8 2007 II 12,41 11,53 12,36 2,8 IV 12,57 11,69 12,53 3,0 2008 II 13,23 12,35 13,19 6,7 IV 13,44 12,57 13,40 6,9 2009 II 14,07 13,19 14,02 6,3 IV 14,34 13,48 14,29 6,6 2010 II 14,45 13,57 14,40 2,7 IV 14,55 13,72 14,51 1,5Source: Statistics Finland, The Confederation of Finnish Industries EK 35
  36. 36. 7.8 AVERAGE MONTHLY SALARIES FOR REGULAR WORKING TIME IN THE SERVICE SECTOR 2000–2010 Year Managers Sales Warehouse Office Hotels and € persons personel staff restaurants, € € € workers € 2000 2 009 1 409 1 534 1 961 1 459 2001 2 095 1 490 1 625 2 022 1 521 2002 2 202 1 542 1 674 2 128 1 558 2003 2 245 1 593 1 717 2 162 1 597 2004 2 325 1 625 1 762 2 236 1 640 2005 2 403 1 669 1 819 2 326 1 684 2006 2 490 1 711 1 878 2 424 1 732 2007 2 589 1 896 1 962 2 549 1 812 2008 2 769 1 978 2 050 2 685 1 881 2009 2 850 2 056 2 119 2 755 1 949 2010 2 910 2 130 2 159 2 853 1 978 Source: Confederation of Finnish Industries 7.9 AVERAGE MONTHLY EARNINGS1) OF SALARIED EMPLOYEES IN MANUFACTURING 2000–2010 Year Non-manual Upper-level Salaried technical personnel salaried employees employees total € € € 2000 2 122 3 256 2 674 2001 2 158 3 257 2 710 2002 2 237 3 386 2 833 2003 2 319 3 544 2 965 2004 2 402 3 683 3 100 2005 2 498 3 821 3 233 2006 2 568 3 923 3 339 2007 2 681 4 116 3 490 2008 2 835 4 305 3 671 2009 2 910 4 373 3 754 2010 2 979 4 456 3 832 Source: Confederation of Finnish Industries 1) For regular working time36
  37. 37. 7.10 ANNUAL NET EARNINGS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES in EU-countries 2009 Eu-27 Euro area Luxembourg Ireland Denmark Netherlands United Kingdom Finland Austria1) Sweden Germany France Belgium Cyprus2) Spain Greece Italy Malta Portugal Slovenia1) Czech Republic Estonia1) Slovakia Poland Latvia Lithuania Hungary Romania1) Bulgaria 0 10 000 20 000 30 000 40 000 euro1) Year 2008, 2) Year 2007Single parent without childrenSource: Eurostat 37
  38. 38. 7.11 EMPLOYEES’ REAL DISPOSABLE INCOME 1991–2011 Change % Muutos % 10 5 0 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10* 11** -5 -10 Source: Evaluation Committee for Incomes and Costs 8 PRICES 8.1 PRICE INDICES 2001–2010 Year Concumer Producer price index Building Import Export price for manufactured cost price price index products index index index 2000=100 2000=100 2000=100 2000=100 2000=100 2001 102,6 97,8 102,5 97,1 95,5 2002 104,2 94,7 103,3 94,2 90,4 2003 105,1 92,8 105,2 93,7 86,5 2004 105,3 93,1 107,8 97,1 87,0 2005 106,2 95,0 111,7 103,4 88,6 2006 108,1 99,6 115,9 111,2 92,2 2007 110,8 102,5 122,8 113,9 94,4 2008 115,3 106,3 127,5 117,8 95,5 2009 115,3 100,3 126,1 104,4 86,7 2010 116,7 105,2 127,5 111,3 90,4 Source: Statistics Finland38
  39. 39. 8.2 ANNUAL CHANGE IN CONSUMER PRICES in EU-countries 2010 Eu-27 Euro area Romania Greece Hungary United Kingdom Bulgaria Luxembourg Poland Estonia Cyprus Belgium Denmark Slovenia Spain Malta Sweden France Austria Finland Italy Portugal Germany Czech Republic Lithuania Netherlands Slovakia Latvia Ireland-2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 %Source: Eurostat 39
  40. 40. 8.3 PRICE LEVELS, january 2011 Switzerland Norway Denmark Japan Sweden Finland Ireland Luxembourg France Belgium United Kingdom Iceland Austria Netherlands Germany Spain Greece Italy Portugal USA Slovenia Estonia Czech Republic Slovakia Hungary Poland 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Finland = 100 Source: OECD, Main Economic Indicators40
  41. 41. 8.4 LONG-TERM INTEREST RATES IN some EU-COUNTRIES 2010 Ireland Greece Portugal Slovakia PolandCzech Republic Italy Spain Netherlands Slovenia Germany Austria France Finland Belgium Sweden DenmarkUnited Kingdom 0 2 4 6 8 %Source: OECD 41
  42. 42. 8.5 INTEREST RATES IN FINLAND 1997:1–2010:12 % 8 6 4 2 0 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 Euribor 3-months 1) Finnish government bonds, 10-year 1) 1997-98 Helibor Source: Bank of Finland 8.6 HELSINKI STOCK INDEX (oMX helsinki) 1997:1–2010:12 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 Source: Bank of Finland42
  43. 43. 8.7 DWELLINGS WITH CENTRAL HEATING: AVERAGE MONTHLY RENT PER SQUARE METER 1995–2010 Year Government Non Total Change subsidized subsidized €/m2 €/m2 €/m2 % 1) 1995 5,42 5,99 5,72 2,1 1996 5,58 6,26 5,95 3,2 1997 2) 6,11 6,78 6,46 5,3 1998 6,09 7,03 6,59 3,4 1999 6,24 7,28 6,81 3,1 2000 6,39 7,67 7,10 3,7 2001 6,64 7,99 7,42 3,8 2002 6,92 8,21 7,66 3,7 2003 7,16 8,50 7,94 1,3 2004 7,37 8,60 8,07 1,9 2005 7,54 8,81 8,27 2,1 2006 7,68 8,93 8,37 2,0 2007 7,96 9,35 8,72 3,0 2008 8,38 9,73 9,04 3,4 2009 8,93 10,07 9,48 4,0 2010 9,28 10,40 9,86 2,71) Same dwellings2) Since 1997, a different method has been used for computing the average rent. Therefore the data is not comparable with earlier years.Source: Statistics Finland8.8 AVERAGE DEBT-FREE SELLING PRISE PER SQUARE METER OF FLATS AND AVERAGE RATE OF HOUSING LOANS 1995–2010 Year Whole country Greater Rest of Finland Avarege interest rate €/m2 Helsinki area €/m2 €/m2 of housing loans % 1995 866 1 123 723 7,99 1996 927 1 239 773 6,37 1997 1 097 1 527 895 6,15 1998 1 206 1 703 974 5,63 1999 1 313 1 910 1 040 5,02 2000 1 299 1 916 976 6,49 2001 1 292 1 907 970 5,27 2002 1 400 2 112 1 028 4,74 2003* 1 489 2 247 1 093 3,55 2004 1 596 2 386 1 185 3,37 2005 1 705 2 535 1 271 3,22 2006 1 853 2 783 1 368 4,19 2007 1 978 3 004 1 443 4,99 2008 1 943 2 929 1 429 4,83 2009 2 017 3 071 1 542 2,12 2010 2 134 3 276 1 619 2,05*) Calculating system has changed.Source: Statistics Finland, Bank of Finland 43
  44. 44. 9 DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME 9.1 DISTRIBUTION OF DISPOSABLE INCOME OF HOUSEHOLDS 1995–2009 (Breakdown of income, %) Decile 1995 2000 2005 2009 I 4,5 3,9 3,7 3,6 II 6,3 5,5 5,4 5,4 III 7,2 6,4 6,4 6,5 IV 8,0 7,3 7,4 7,5 V 8,8 8,2 8,4 8,5 VI 9,7 9,2 9,3 9,5 VII 10,6 10,2 10,4 10,6 VIII 11,8 11,5 11,8 11,9 IX 13,4 13,4 13,8 14,0 X 19,7 23,4 23,5 22,6 Total 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 Source: Statistics Finland 9.2 Factor Incomes according to source of income 1999, 2007–2009 EUR/household Change % Change % 1999 2007 2008 2009 1999-2009 2008-2009 Wages and salaries 24292 28466 28880 28366 16,8 -1,8 Incentive stock options 0 165 96 55 -42,7 Entrepreneurial income 2541 2757 2571 2253 -11,3 -12,4 Agricultural entrepreneurial income 509 454 441 410 -19,4 -7,0 Forestry entrepreneurial income 496 542 430 270 -45,6 -37,2 Other entrepreneurial income 1535 1760 1700 1572 2,4 -7,5 Property income 2715 4148 3370 2843 4,7 -15,6 Dividend income 843 1399 1427 1294 53,5 -9,3 Gains 1330 1871 1057 640 -51,9 -39,5 other property income 159 451 448 450 183,0 0,4 Factor Incomes 29548 35371 34821 33462 13,2 -3,9 Gini coefficient, persentage persentage point point %, Factor Incomes 49,9 49,8 48,9 49,4 -1,0 1,0 Source: Statistics Finland44
  45. 45. 9.3 INCOME DIFFERENCES DEVELOPMENT 1966–2009 HOUSEHOLDS DISPOSABLE INCOME1) Year 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990Gini-coefficient 31,8 27,0 21,6 20,5 20,5 19,9 20,3 20,5 20,4 Year 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999Gini-coefficient 20,1 19,9 20,9 20,9 22,3 22,7 24,0 25,2 27,0 Year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008Gini-coefficient 28,4 26,9 26,8 27,2 28,2 28,1 28,7 29,5 28,4 Year 2009Gini-coefficient 27,6Household disposable income= wages and salaries + enterpreneurial income + property income + current transfersreceived - current transfers paid.The higher value the Gini coefficient gets, the more unequally revenues are distributed.1) Calculating system has changed –1993Source: Statistics Finland9.4 DISTRIBUTION OF NATIONAL INCOME 2007–2012 2010* 2007 2008 2009* 2010* 2011** 2012** Percentage Change % Wages and salaries 48,0 6,1 6,6 -1,3 1,9 4,5 4,1 Employers’ social 11,5 5,2 7,0 -3,3 1,3 5,3 4,7 contributions Households’ entrepreneurial 8,3 -0,2 -6,8 20,1 14,1 -2,5 -0,5 income from agriculture 0,5 22,5 -29,1 -4,9 -8,2 5,0 2,0 from forestry 1,1 69,9 -2,3 -27,3 16,7 2,0 -1,0 from other sources 3,5 -13,2 -4,2 37,1 13,4 7,0 4,0 Property and other 26,5 16,4 -4,5 -19,8 17,3 6,1 7,7 entrepreneurial income Taxes on production and imports minus subsidies 14,0 3,4 1,5 -3,6 3,9 11,5 4,4 National income 100,0 7,4 2,6 -7,0 5,8 6,0 5,2 Disposable income 7,4 2,5 -7,2 6,0 5,9 5,2Source: Statistics Finland, Ministry of Finance, ETLA 45

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