Hb 170 2002 wood heating resource handbook guide to the selection installation and operation of wood heaters

443 views

Published on

Published in: Design
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
443
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hb 170 2002 wood heating resource handbook guide to the selection installation and operation of wood heaters

  1. 1. This is a free 5 page sample. Access the full version online. (Incorporating Amendment Nos. 1 and 2)
  2. 2. HB 170:2002 (Incorporating Amendment Nos. 1 and 2) Handbook Wood Heating Resource HandbookThis is a free 5 page sample. Access the full version online. Guide to the Selection, Installation and Operation of Wood Heaters First published as HB 170:2002. Reissued incorporating Amendment No.1 (December 2004). Reissued incorporating Amendment No. 2 (June 2005). COPYRIGHT © Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written permission of the publisher. Jointly published by Standards Australia, GPO Box 5420, Sydney, NSW 2001 and Standards New Zealand, Private Bag 2439, Wellington 6020 ISBN 0 7337 4272 6
  3. 3. HB 170:2002 2 PREFACE This Handbook was developed to assist prospective purchasers, owners (users), local government agencies, councils, builders, retailers and installers with guidance for the selection, installation, operation and maintenance of solid fuel (wood) heaters, together with information and guidance on issues that may arise from the operation of these home heaters. This Handbook incorporates Amendment No. 1 (December 2004) and Amendment No. 2 (June 2005). The changes required by the Amendment are indicated in the text by a marginal bar and amendment number against the clause, note, table, figure or part thereof affected. A1 This Handbook is not applicable to: (i) Warm air distribution duction systems beyond the primary wall, floor or ceiling penetration. 2 (ii) Appliances with flue outlets greater than 100 000 mm . (iii) The long term durability of materials.This is a free 5 page sample. Access the full version online. There are environmental benefits in using a renewable fuel, such as wood. However, concerns have been raised over the environmental impacts and health issues related to wood heaters. If wood heaters are not installed and used in the correct manner they can be a significant source of localized smoke and odour problems, and particle pollution or haze during winter months. Most air pollution problems associated with wood combustion can be prevented or minimized by using correct fuel, correct burning practices, and in the case of installing a new wood heater, selecting a certified, emission-tested wood heater sized appropriately for the situation. However, there are some locations where there will be limitations on the suitability of wood burning for home heating because of the topography or potential of air inversions. The home heating industry is continuing to address concerns about emissions from wood heaters in a number of ways. These include: (a) Insisting on the implementation of relevant Standards regarding particle emission levels and installation safety. (b) Training programs for installers and inspectors to provide consumers with dependable service. (c) Increasing the use of community education programs outlining steps to reduce emissions. (d) Preparing this Handbook, which primarily targets the retailer and installer, also offers guidance to government, councils and others interested in wood heating. Modern homes have become more energy efficient, with better levels of insulation, more effective air barriers, and seals on windows and doors. These changes have made our homes easier to heat, but have also meant that wood heaters must be more carefully designed so that they will function correctly in the tightly sealed home environment. The keys to safe, successful and efficient wood burning are good planning, correct installation and proper operation. This document is intended to assist in planning an appropriate installation and operating the heater in the safest and most efficient manner.
  4. 4. 3 HB 170:2002 Relevant sections of the text of AS/NZS 2918:2001, Domestic solid fuel burning appliances—Installation are included in boxes to assist the reader. This Handbook is not intended to add to or diminish the requirements of AS/NZS 2918:2001, and does not contain mandatory requirements. Acknowledgement This Handbook is a joint project between the Australian and New Zealand Home Heating Associations, Environment Australia, The Ministry for the Environment— New Zealand and Standards Australia/Standards New Zealand Committee CS-062, Solid Fuel Burning Appliances. Financial support has been gratefully received from the Minister for the Environment’s Sustainable Management Fund, which is administered by the Ministry for the Environment New Zealand. The contribution of all organizations involved is gratefully acknowledged. References The following documents are referred to in this Handbook: AS/NZS 2918, Domestic solid fuel burning appliances—Installation AS/NZS 4012, Domestic solid fuel burning appliance—Method for determination ofThis is a free 5 page sample. Access the full version online. power output and efficiency AS/NZS 4013, Domestic solid fuel burning appliances—Method for determination of flue gas emission Building Code of Australia New Zealand Building Code, Clause C1—Outbreak of Fire
  5. 5. HB 170:2002 4 CONTENTS SECTION 1 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF WOOD BURNING FOR HOME HEATING Particle pollution ................................................................................................................ 5 Toxic air pollutants............................................................................................................. 6 Low-emission wood burning technology ........................................................................ 6 Greenhouse gases ............................................................................................................... 6 Indoor air pollution ............................................................................................................ 6 Neighbours.......................................................................................................................... 6 Understanding how a wood heater is intended to operate............................................ 7 Key environmental considerations ................................................................................... 8 SECTION 2 SELECTING THE WOOD HEATER Wood heaters location........................................................................................................ 9 Freestanding wood heaters.............................................................................................. 11 Fireplace inserts ................................................................................................................ 13This is a free 5 page sample. Access the full version online. Heat circulating fireplaces ............................................................................................... 14 Built-in applicances .......................................................................................................... 14 Positioning of the heater .................................................................................................. 14 Size selection ..................................................................................................................... 16 Practical considerations ................................................................................................... 17 Air transfer systems.......................................................................................................... 19 Home insulation ............................................................................................................... 20 SECTION 3 INSTALLATION Liability.............................................................................................................................. 21 Basic requirements............................................................................................................ 21 Freestanding heaters ........................................................................................................ 22 Floor protection................................................................................................................. 33 Flue systems ...................................................................................................................... 33 Particular requirements for individual heaters ............................................................. 40 Installing second hand heaters........................................................................................ 53 Loose fill insulation .......................................................................................................... 54 Wall penetration ............................................................................................................... 54 Replacing older wood heaters ......................................................................................... 55 Interaction between house and flue system................................................................... 55 SECTION 4 OPERATION OF WOOD HEATERS General............................................................................................................................... 57 Starting a new fire............................................................................................................. 57 Rekindling a fire from charcoal or embers..................................................................... 58 Useful tips.......................................................................................................................... 59 Purchasing firewood ........................................................................................................ 62 Protection of the environment......................................................................................... 63 SECTION 5 WOOD HEATER MAINTENANCE Preventing creosote build-up .......................................................................................... 64 Heater care ........................................................................................................................ 64 Flue cleaning and maintenance....................................................................................... 65 Safety tips .......................................................................................................................... 66 Home safety....................................................................................................................... 68
  6. 6. This is a free preview. Purchase the entire publication at the link below: HB 170:2002 Wood Heating Resource Handbook Guide to the Selection, Installation and Operation of Wood HeatersThis is a free 5 page sample. Access the full version online. Looking for additional Standards? Visit SAI Global Infostore Subscribe to our Free Newsletters about Australian Standards® in Legislation; ISO, IEC, BSI and more Do you need to Manage Standards Collections Online? Learn about LexConnect, All Jurisdictions, Standards referenced in Australian legislation Do you want to know when a Standard has changed? Want to become an SAI Global Standards Sales Affiliate? Learn about other SAI Global Services: LOGICOM Military Parts and Supplier Database Metals Infobase Database of Metal Grades, Standards and Manufacturers Materials Infobase Database of Materials, Standards and Suppliers Database of European Law, CELEX and Court Decisions Need to speak with a Customer Service Representative - Contact Us

×