Dr Stephen Bolt (Association of IFCA's) - "The new Association of IFCA’s"
The new Association ofIFCAsChallenges andOpportunitiesSAGB 43rd AnnualConference – 22nd May Dr. Stephen Bolt, Chief Executive Officer
Outline Background IFCAs and the Association Challenges and Opportunities Step change in marine management CFP MPA Other Conclusion Questions
The Marine Environment isunique and challenging UK is a maritime country with a rich heritage The seas provide multiple “ecosystem services” UK national ecosystem Assessment June 2011. – marine habitats provide a range of ecosystem services and benefits of significant value to UK society including: Food (fish & shellfish), reduction in climate stress, genetic resources, blue biotechnology, natural medicines, fertiliser, coastal protection, waste detoxification, pest control, tourism, leisure and recreation opportunities.
Marine management – a stepchange? Challenges (and opportunities): Multiple uses and multiple agendas Growing need to protect marine environment Unsustainable global fisheries – failed CFP Complex picture Complex management and multiple stakeholders Increasing tendency for legal challenge Sound scientific knowledge patchy and expensive Move to Integrated marine planning Move to Ecosystem Services
Inshore Fisheries & ConservationAuthorities April 2011 A new type of regulator New duties to include Conservation – additional “new burdens” money English Coast – including Isles of Scilly Local Authority landward boundaries Estuaries to tidal limit including all sea fish except migratory fish Out to 6 miles from baseline
IFCA vision“Inshore Fisheries and ConservationAuthorities will lead, champion and manage asustainable marine environment and inshorefisheries, by successfully securing the rightbalance between social, environmental andeconomic benefits to ensure healthy seas,sustainable fisheries and a viable industry.”
IFCA duties set out inMACAA Work in partnership With Defra, MMO, NE, EA and other agencies Manage marine resources sustainably Balance all (not just fishing) interests Protect and recover the marine environment using byelaws where needed Further the objectives of marine protected areas Develop fisheries
The Association of IFCAs –September 2011 Funded through Defra “New burdens” The aim of the A-IFCA is to assist and promote the regional IFCAs to ensure that the authorities develop a leading and effective national role in fisheries and conservation management in line with the IFCA vision. Engage with the regional IFCA Officers and members Engage with Statutory bodies at a National level Engage with other influential bodies such as fishery organizations (SAGB), NGOs etc Promote the work of the IFCAs
Challenges – Step change inmarine protection Review of the Common Fisheries Policy Strong on intent Weak on solutions One size fits all does not work – support for localism/regionalism IFCA model – bottom up regulation Discards
Challenges – Step change inmarine protection Well managed coherent network of Marine Protected Areas by 2016 - >25% target European marine Sites Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) Special Protection Areas (SPAs) Ramsar SSSIs Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs) Water Framework Directive (WFD) Good Ecological Status to 1 mile via programme of measure Marine Strategic Framework Directive
Marine Strategy Framework Directive Good Environmental Status by 2020 Programme of measures established 2015 Programme of measures implemented 2016 Good Environmental Status achieved by 2020(!) 11 descriptors to achieve GES
MSFD descriptors1. Biological diversity2. Non-indigenous species3. Population of commercial fish / shell fish4. Elements of marine food webs5. Eutrophication6. Sea floor integrity7. Alteration of hydrographical conditions8. Contaminants9. Contaminants in fish and seafood for human consumption10. Marine litter11. Introduction of energy, including underwater noise
OtherChallenges/opportunities Climate change Wind Farms Other large scale sea uses Marine Planning CFP Aquaculture Financial context IFCA/Association model reliant on appropriate funding stream (2015) European funding Recession instability
Conclusion Step Change in marine management Ecosystem services Well managed coherent network New type of regulator Balance between Social, economic and environmental Financial constraints Partnership working
Any questions? Stephenbolt@Association-IFCA.org.uk www.association-ifca.org.uk