Lynn Gilmore (2011)

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  • 1. An industry-led strategy for browncrab management in Northern Ireland Lynn Gilmore (Seafish), Dick James (NIFPO) and Rod Cappell (Poseidon ARM Ltd.) SAGB Conference, Fishmongers Hall London, 18thsupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future May 2011
  • 2. Overview Background Getting started Aims of the project- ToR The brown crab fishery in NI landings, fleet, markets Consulting the experts Proposed management measures Consulting the experts part 2 Other information Research Marketing Proposed organisation Next stepssupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 3. Background Significant brown crab (Cancer pagurus) fishery in the inshore waters of Northern Ireland. Fleet of small vessels targeting crab from July to December and targeting a variety of other species outside this season- velvets, lobster, Palaemon, buckie whelks. Estimated that this industry is worth in the region of £1 million annually. Taken together all inshore fishery landings are approaching the value of NI Nephrops landings- very significant. Report produced by Nautilus consultants in 2009 (engaged by the Transnational Brown Crab Working Group) on the Future Management of Brown Crab in the UK and Ireland confirmed that the Northern Ireland brown crab fishery is discreet with no overlap in inshore and offshore areas. It is worked on an inshore basis due to the ground topography around the NI coast and is unique in its self containment. Opportunity for this to be local management BUT . It s a tight squeeze!supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 4. supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable futureSource: AFBI
  • 5. Getting started NIFPO were awarded funding from the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) with a grant from the European Fisheries Fund to develop a management strategy. Opportunity for local management using a bottom-up approach NIFPO set up a steering group- industry representation from catching and processing sectors from around the coast as well as cross border representation. Group facilitated by Seafish. Steering group developed Terms of Reference and appointed Poseidon ARM Ltd. to carry out research.supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 6. Aims of project (ToR) Assess the relative merits & impacts of key management measures for the Northern Ireland brown crab fishery. Examine the potential for development of a voluntary code of practice to manage crab stocks. Define quality standards required by processors and look at the potential for sorting catch at sea to reduce mortality of crabs which are unsuitable for the market. Define the size and area of crab fisheries around Northern Ireland e.g. plotting of information on GIS to include areas fished, gear used and key spawning grounds. Assess the framework for enabling local management of brown crab resources Look at marketing of crab and lobster in NI & recommend a strategy.supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 7. First stepsPreliminary research was carriedout on the fleet, the NI industry,markets.Desk based and one-to-oneconsultation with industry,Department, fisheries scientists.supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 8. The Brown Crab fishery in Northern Ireland landings fleet marketsupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 9. Brown crablandings-by location 10% landed on North coast & growing 30% from Ards peninsula / Strangford60% crab from south Down ports supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 10. Landings- Over timesupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 11. NI Fleet-all sectors 95- 05: 22% increase in <10m fleet & 34% drop in over 10 s 05-now: increases in both (9% in <10m & 3% in over 10 s) 184 <10m vessels (86%) hold a shellfish entitlement. 23 >10m vessels (16%) hold a shellfish entitlement supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 12. The NI Brown Crab market Most going to Co. Down & Donegal processors, some live. Price has dropped due to over-supply No payment/ poor payment for low quality crab supplied BUTno clear disincentive to land it. 800t of NI crab landed in 2009 (3% of the UKs 24,400t) NI crab operators are price-takers Small volume + added transport = difficult market position.supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 13. Consulting the experts First round of stakeholder meetings in November/ December 2010- Annalong, Bangor and Cushendall. Key element of the project. Main aim of meetings- narrowing down potential management tools.supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 14. Cushendall Bangor Annalongsupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 15. Proposed management measuresThese were categorised into 4 areas: INPUTS OUTPUTS QUALITY CONSERVATIONsupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 16. INPUTSStakeholders considered: Limit on shellfish licenses- sunset clause to remove unused shellfish licences (latent capacity)/ permit Maximum vessel size in inshore waters Pot Limits Gear measures - permit certain types or sizessupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 17. OUTPUTS Introduce TACs and quotas Increase MLS Further restriction on hobby fishermen Curfewssupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 18. QUALITYBan the landing of cripple crabsLanding of crab clawsLanding of white crabLanding of diseased crabBan on landing berried crabsupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 19. CONSERVATION Stock conservation Closed seasons to protect spawning or soft-shelled crab Wider conservation Closed areas Escapement Biodegradable clips Escape gaps MSC Certification??supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 20. Assessment of measures Industry consulted at meetings Given opportunity to give views afterwards by: Contacting the team directly Completing a simple questionnaire Analysis of costs/ benefits and practicality of measures carried out by consultantssupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 21. Change in Code of Management measure Sub-options legislation conduct a Permit c. Crab permit based on x track record b Limit type of vessels permitted inshore a. size of vessel x c Increase Minimum Landing Size d Limit on hobby fishermen x e Prevent the landing of white crab x f Ban landing crab claws g Ban on landing berried crab h Escapement a. Escape gap i Eco-labelling e.g. MSC xsupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 22. Consulting the experts part 2 This table of proposed management measures was proposed to industry- April 11. Aim- to ensure we were on the right lines. Wide support for all the measures proposed but divided opinion on whether these should be parcelled up in a permit.supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 23. ResearchTo better understand the NI crab fishery and inform its management:1. Improve the knowledge and resolution of inshore potting activity by introducing GPS/VMS for inshore vessels (link to improved catch reporting as below);2. Develop a monitoring programme that collects individual log book records from volunteer skippers whole fleet or sentinel fleet?3. Gain a better understanding of stock dynamics and status through larval surveys and a tagging & recapture project.4. Develop a long-term stock assessment programme assessment methods require size and sex ratio information could work with processors may have some historic information on grades & sexessupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 24. Marketing Overall Northern Ireland crab remains in a difficult market position as it is: highly dependent on an export market; logistically more remote than competing suppliers; with a comparatively low volume of landings; and no clear market distinction of Northern Irish product So the marketing strategy should: 1.Focus on the catching sector. Promote the positive actions and buyers can then incorporate as they see fit. 2. Establish quality assurances: adopting an industry-wide code of conduct including landing of white and diseased crab. 3. Highlight sustainable credentials: low impact, small scale, improved management. Further support this with MSC labelling (pending pre- assessment result).supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 25. Proposed North Coast Shellfish Assoc.Organisation local code Northern Ireland North Down Shellfish Assoc. Shellfish Management local Plan code local Strangford Lough Shellfish Assoc. code South Down Shellfish Assoc.4 area associations feed into the plan.Each represented on the main council delivering localthe plan. code supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 26. Proposed Organisation 2 Delivering the plan Scientists (AFBI & Unis) & industry: data collection & applied research NI Shellfish Council: Chair (?) Seafish (sec & liaison) North Coast Assoc. (2) North Down Assoc. (2) NI Shellfish Strangford Assoc. (2) Management Plan South Down Assoc. (2) DARD AFBI Irish link (BIM rep?) DARD: Others? legislation & enforcementsupporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 27. Next steps Review feedback from these 3 meetings- permit accepted in 2 of 4 areas Draft a final report by end of May Steering group will review and when approved, will submit to DARD as a proposal. Present to industry at a workshop in June Meeting with DARD to agree process likely to be more formal sector consultation on the management plan Revise where necessary and look to implement the final management plan So realistically could see management in place from next year (2012) onwards.supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 28. Thank you for your attentionAnd thanks to project team:NIFPODr Rod Cappell (Poseidon)Dr Colin BannisterSteering Group membersContact details:Lynn Gilmorel_gilmore@seafish.co.uk0284273896307966585816supporting the seafood industry for a sustainable, profitable future
  • 29. This document was created with Win2PDF available at http://www.win2pdf.com.The unregistered version of Win2PDF is for evaluation or non-commercial use only.This page will not be added after purchasing Win2PDF.