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“ Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II....
Flag <ul><li>Independence was gained 27 August 1991;  27 Aug. is now Independence Day </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the color...
Famous For… <ul><li>Winemaking traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest wine cellars in the world: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The  ...
Location  <ul><li>An Eastern European country, northeast of Romania and Southwest of Ukraine [47 00 N, 29 00 E] </li></ul>...
Geography and Climate <ul><li>About the size of Maryland, but a little larger </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries:  (landlocked) ...
Administrative Divisions <ul><li>32 raions (raioane, singular - raion) : Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemi...
Demographics <ul><li>Population: 4,317,483 (July 2010 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality: noun: Moldovan(s), adjective: M...
Where to go  (Popular sites according to Wikipedia – all quotes are from Wikipedia sites) <ul><li>National History Museum ...
Traditions <ul><li>Famous winemaking traditions </li></ul><ul><li>One of two countries with &quot;martishor“ (Moldovan) wh...
Interesting facts <ul><li>Exchange rates:  Moldovan lei (MDL) per US dollar:  11.105 (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Internet cou...
Works Cited <ul><li>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/md.html  (Accessed Nov 29, 2010 - pag...
Moldovan / Romanian – English : Part 1 <ul><li>Hello.  </li></ul><ul><li>What is your name? (formal) </li></ul><ul><li>My ...
Moldovan / Romanian – English : Part 2 <ul><li>I can't speak Romanian [well]. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you speak English? </li...
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Moldova

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Transcript of "Moldova"

  1. 2. “ Part of Romania during the interwar period, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although the country has been independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a &quot;Transnistria&quot; republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist, Vladimir VORONIN, as its president in 2001. VORONIN served as Moldova's president until he resigned in September 2009, following the opposition's gain of a narrow majority in July parliamentary elections and the Communist Party's (PCRM) subsequent inability to attract the three-fifths of parliamentary votes required to elect a president. Moldova's four opposition parties formed a new coalition, the Alliance for European Integration (AEI), which will act as Moldova's governing coalition until new parliamentary elections can be held, possibly in summer 2010. Moldova experienced significant political uncertainty in 2009, holding two general elections (in April and July) and four presidential ballots in parliament, all of which failed to secure a president.” - www.cia.gov Republic of Moldova Formerly called the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
  2. 3. Flag <ul><li>Independence was gained 27 August 1991; 27 Aug. is now Independence Day </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the color scheme of the flag of Romania (Moldova shares history and culture with Romania) </li></ul><ul><li>Moldova, Paraguay, and Saudi Arabia are the only countries with national flags differing on the front and back </li></ul>
  3. 4. Famous For… <ul><li>Winemaking traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest wine cellars in the world: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The biggest wine cellar, Milestii Mici is also mentioned in the Guinness Book of Records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cricova cellar is also one of the biggest </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Location <ul><li>An Eastern European country, northeast of Romania and Southwest of Ukraine [47 00 N, 29 00 E] </li></ul><ul><li>Capital city: Chisinau (pronounced KEE-shee-now) [47 00 N, 28 51 E] </li></ul><ul><li>During Standard Time Chisnau is 7 hours earlier than Washington, DC </li></ul><ul><li>Daylight savings of 1 hr. from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October </li></ul><ul><li>Largest cities : Chişnău, Tiraspol, Băl ţ i Bender, Rîbni ţ a, Cahul, Ungheni, Soroca, Orhei, Dubăsari, Comrat, Ceadîr-Lunga, Străşeni, Căuşeni, Drochia, Edine ţ , Vulcăneşti, Durleşti, Hînceşti, Laloveni </li></ul><ul><li>42% of the population lives in urban areas (2008) </li></ul>
  5. 6. Geography and Climate <ul><li>About the size of Maryland, but a little larger </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries: (landlocked) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>450 km of borders with Romania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>940 km of borders with Ukraine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weather: includes “moderate winters, warm summers” - www.cia.gov </li></ul><ul><li>The terrain is a “rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea” - www.cia.gov </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation Extremes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowest point: Dniester (Nistru) 2 m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Administrative Divisions <ul><li>32 raions (raioane, singular - raion) : Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemir, Calarasi, Causeni, Cimislia, Criuleni, Donduseni, Drochia, Dubasari, Edinet, Falesti, Floresti, Glodeni, Hincesti, Ialoveni, Leova, Nisporeni, Ocnita, Orhei, Rezina, Riscani, Singerei, Soldanesti, Soroca, Stefan-Voda, Straseni, Taraclia, Telenesti, Ungheni </li></ul><ul><li>3 municipalities (municipii, singular - municipiu) : Balti, Bender, Chisinau </li></ul><ul><li>1 autonomous territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala autonoma) : Gagauzia </li></ul><ul><li>1 territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala) : Stinga Nistrului (Transnistria) </li></ul>
  7. 8. Demographics <ul><li>Population: 4,317,483 (July 2010 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality: noun: Moldovan(s), adjective: Moldovan </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic Groups (2004 census): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moldovan/Romanian 78.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ukrainian 8.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian 5.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gagauz 4.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulgarian 1.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other 1.3% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religions (2000): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eastern Orthodox 98% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jewish 1.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baptist and other 0.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Languages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gagauz (a Turkish dialect) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Where to go (Popular sites according to Wikipedia – all quotes are from Wikipedia sites) <ul><li>National History Museum of Moldova - “ (Romanian: Muzeul Naţional de Arheologie şi Istorie a Moldovei) is a museum in Downtown Chişinău, Moldova. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Muzeul Memoriei Neamului - ‘Museum of National Memory’ “…a museum in Chişinău, Moldova, dedicated to the victims of the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, and to commemorating anti-communist resistance in the region.” </li></ul><ul><li>Căpriana monastery - “…a monastery in Căpriana, Moldova, located 40 km north-west of Chişinău, in a hilly land once called Codrii Lăpuşnei.” </li></ul><ul><li>Hâncu monastery - “…a monastery in Moldova. The monastery was founded in 1678.” </li></ul><ul><li>Noul Neam ţ Monastery - “…an all-male monastery located in Chiţcani, near Tighina, geographically in Basarabia but controlled by the breakaway Transnistrian authorities. It is also known as Mănastirea Chiţcani (Russian: Kitskani Monastery), and it is the biggest religious complex under the control of Transnistrian authorities.” </li></ul><ul><li>Milestii Mici (winery) - “a Moldovan wine producer located in the commune of Milestii Mici.” </li></ul><ul><li>Downtown Chişnău - “the central business district of Chişinău, Moldova.” </li></ul><ul><li>If you are traveling in a big city after dark, please use your common sense. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Traditions <ul><li>Famous winemaking traditions </li></ul><ul><li>One of two countries with &quot;martishor“ (Moldovan) where people wear red and white on the first of march in order to welcome the spring </li></ul>
  10. 11. Interesting facts <ul><li>Exchange rates: Moldovan lei (MDL) per US dollar: 11.105 (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Internet country code is .md </li></ul><ul><li>Diplomatic representation from the US: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief of mission: Ambassador Asif J. CHAUDHRY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embassy: 103 Mateevici Street, Chisinau MD-2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mailing address: use embassy street address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone: [373] (22) 40-8300 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FAX: [373] (22) 23-3044 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Language : Moldovan is considered by linguists to be a dialect of Romanian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moldovan has been written in a version of the Latin alphabet since 1989 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Works Cited <ul><li>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/md.html (Accessed Nov 29, 2010 - page last updated on November 10, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Wikitravel </li></ul><ul><li>S. Georgieva, a native Bulgarian, currently residing in Moldova </li></ul>
  12. 13. Moldovan / Romanian – English : Part 1 <ul><li>Hello. </li></ul><ul><li>What is your name? (formal) </li></ul><ul><li>My name is ______. </li></ul><ul><li>Nice to meet you. </li></ul><ul><li>Please . </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you . </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you very much . </li></ul><ul><li>You're welcome . </li></ul><ul><li>Yes . </li></ul><ul><li>No . </li></ul><ul><li>Excuse me. (Getting attention) </li></ul><ul><li>Excuse me. (begging pardon, moving through crowd) </li></ul><ul><li>I'm sorry . </li></ul><ul><li>Good-bye . </li></ul><ul><li>Good morning . </li></ul><ul><li>Good day . </li></ul><ul><li>Good evening . </li></ul><ul><li>Good night . (to sleep) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Salut. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cum vă numiţi? ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Numele meu e ______. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Încântat . ” </li></ul><ul><li>or “ Îmi pare bine . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vă rog . ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Mulţumesc .” </li></ul><ul><li>or “ Mersi . ” ( also popular ) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mulţumesc mult. ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cu plăcere . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Da . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Nu . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Pardon . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vă rog . ” </li></ul><ul><li>or “ Pardon . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Îmi pare rău . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ La revedere . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bună dimineaţa . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bună ziua . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bună seara . ” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Noapte bună . ” </li></ul><ul><li>( sah-LOOT ) </li></ul><ul><li>( coom vuh noo-MEETZ ) </li></ul><ul><li>( NOO-meh-leh MEH-oo yeh ______. ) </li></ul><ul><li>( oohn-koohn-taht ) </li></ul><ul><li>or ( OOHM pah-reh BEE-neh ) </li></ul><ul><li>( vuh ROHG ; usually follows the request.) </li></ul><ul><li>( mool-tzoo-MESK ) </li></ul><ul><li>Mersi </li></ul><ul><li>( mool-tzoo-MESK moolt ) </li></ul><ul><li>( koo pluh-CHAIR-eh ) </li></ul><ul><li>( DAH ) </li></ul><ul><li>( NOO ) </li></ul><ul><li>( pahr-DOHN ) </li></ul><ul><li>( vuh ROHG ) </li></ul><ul><li>or ( pahr-DOHN ) </li></ul><ul><li>( oohm pah-reh RUH-OH ) </li></ul><ul><li>( lah reh-veh-DEH-reh ) </li></ul><ul><li>( BOO-nuh dee-mee-NYAH-tzuh ) </li></ul><ul><li>( BOO-nuh zee-wah ) </li></ul><ul><li>( BOO-nuh syah-ruh ) </li></ul><ul><li>( NWAHP-teh BOO-nuh ) </li></ul>
  13. 14. Moldovan / Romanian – English : Part 2 <ul><li>I can't speak Romanian [well]. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you speak English? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there someone here who speaks English? </li></ul><ul><li>I don't understand . </li></ul><ul><li>Where's the bathroom? </li></ul><ul><li>The check, please . </li></ul><ul><li>Leave me alone.  </li></ul><ul><li>I'll call the police. </li></ul><ul><li>Police!  </li></ul><ul><li>Stop! Thief! </li></ul><ul><li>I need your help . (formal &quot;your&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>It's an emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>I'm lost.  </li></ul><ul><li>I lost my bag.  </li></ul><ul><li>I lost my wallet.  </li></ul><ul><li>I need a doctor.  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Nu vorbesc [bine] româneşte. ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Vorbiţi engleză? ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Vorbeşte cineva aici engleză? ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Nu înţeleg .” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Unde e toaleta? ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Nota de plată, vă rog .” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Lasă-mă în pace .” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Chem poliţia. ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Poliţia! ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Stai! Opriţi hoţul! ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Am nevoie de ajutorul dumneavoastra .” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;E o urgenţă .” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;M-am rătăcit .” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Mi-am pierdut valiza .” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Mi-am pierdut portmoneul/portofelul. ” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Am nevoie de un doctor .” </li></ul><ul><li>( NOO vor-BESC [BEE-nay] Roh-moohn-ESH-teh ) </li></ul><ul><li>(vor-BEETZ eng-LEH-zuh) </li></ul><ul><li>( vor-BESH-teh CHEEH-neh-vah AY-eetch eng-LEH-zuh ) </li></ul><ul><li>( NOO oohn-tzeh-LEG ) </li></ul><ul><li>( OON-deh yeh twah-LEH-tah ) </li></ul><ul><li>( NO-tah deh PLAT-tuh, vuh ROHG ) </li></ul><ul><li>( LAH-suh muh oohn PAH-cheh ) </li></ul><ul><li>( kem poh-LEE-tzee-ah ) </li></ul><ul><li>( po-LEE-tzee-ah! ) </li></ul><ul><li>( STAAY! Oh-preetz hoh-tzul! ) </li></ul><ul><li>( AHM neh-VOY-eh deh ah-ZHOO-tohr-ool doom-nyah-VWAH-strah ) </li></ul><ul><li>( YEH oh oor-JEHN-tzuh ) </li></ul><ul><li>( mahm ruh-tuh-CHEET ) </li></ul><ul><li>( mee-AHM pee-ehr-DOOT vah-LEE-zah ) </li></ul><ul><li>( mee-AHM pee-ehr-DOOT POHRT-mohn-eh-ool/POHRT-o-FEH-Loo ) </li></ul><ul><li>( AHM neh-VOY-eh deh dohk-TOHR ) </li></ul>
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