Some legends say that God created the whole world and its wonders and once he had finished he realized he still had many leftovers. He had parts of rivers and valleys, of oceans and lakes, of glaciers and deserts, of mountains and forests, and of meadows and hills. Rather than let such beauty go to waste, God put them all together and cast them to the most remote corner of the world. This is how Chile is supposed to have been born.
LOCATION Chile has territory in 3 continents: South America, Antartica, and Oceania But it is considered a South American country Capital: Santiago Largest Cities: Santiago, Valparaiso, Concepcion
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Chile is a long and narrow coastal strip that stretches over 2,880 miles North to South but only 265 miles at its widest point from West to East. In addition, most of Chile ’s territory limits with the pacific ocean to the West and with the Andes Mountains to the East. As a result, there is a remarkable variety of landscapes and climates. The climate goes from the driest desert in the world in the North, through a Mediterranian climate (Like California) in the Center, to a rainy Temperate climate in the South. The capital city of Santiago is located in the center. Therefore, it enjoys a Mediterranean climate where most of the rain falls during the winter.
DEMOGRAPHICS Ethnic Structure: Chile is a multiethnic society. However, according to the 2002 Census, there is only 4.6% indigenous and less than 1% Afro-Chileans. Religion: <ul><li>Roman Catholic: 70% </li></ul><ul><li>Protestants: 15.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Atheists and Agnostics: 8% </li></ul><ul><li>Other: 6.9% </li></ul>Language: <ul><li>Spanish: Official and main language </li></ul><ul><li>English: Has become mandatory for students 5th grade and above but it still </li></ul><ul><li>has a low level compared to other countries in the world </li></ul><ul><li>German: Spoken as a second language in certain places in the South </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous: Close to extinction </li></ul>
Santiago is the capital city of Chile. As a result, most of Chile ’s activities occur here. However, the best thing about Santiago is that within 45 minutes you have a huge range of places to visit and activities to do… Santiago WHERE TO GO
Traditional food: TRADITIONS Empanada (It is a stuffed bread or pastry. The filling varies from meat to seafood but the most common one is “Empanada de Pino”, which is basically a filling of beef, onions, shortening, raisins, black olives, and hard boiled eggs)
Traditional food: TRADITIONS Pastel de Choclo (It is a dish made of fresh ground corn with basil. It is commonly mixed with beef, chicken, black olives, onions, and hard boiled eggs)
Kiss in the cheek to say hello and goodbye CUSTOMS Between men there is a handshake but between women and between men and women the custom is to give a kiss in the cheek (It is more like cheek to cheek)
Don ’t expect a Chilean to be on time! CUSTOMS
Chileans are very welcoming and caring CUSTOMS Sometimes people that are not used to it may feel all the hugging and caring too overwhelming
Interesting Facts <ul><li>Chile has absolutely nothing to do with chili. Chili is either a mexican food </li></ul><ul><li>or the chili pepper but its ethymology comes from the Nahuatl language, </li></ul><ul><li>which is Aztecan. In fact, in Chile it is known as “Aji” </li></ul><ul><li>Contrary to many beliefs, despite being in the corner of the world, Chile is </li></ul><ul><li>neither indigenous nor primitive. In fact, it is one of the leading economies </li></ul><ul><li>of South America </li></ul>