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  1. 2. “ The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.” – www.cia.gov
  2. 3. <ul><li>The pan-Slavic white-blue-red colors were modified by substituting a green band (representing freedom) for the blue </li></ul><ul><li>Note: the national emblem, formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe, has been removed </li></ul><ul><li>Independence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Holiday: Liberation Day, 3 March (1878) </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution: adopted on 12 July 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Legal system: civil and criminal law based on Roman law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Invention of the bacteria used to make yogurt (Bacillus Bulgaricus) </li></ul><ul><li>“ http://bacillusbulgaricus.com/lactobacillus-bulgaricus.htm  </li></ul><ul><li>One of the world’s biggest rose oil producers </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate of a special kind of roses that is widely used for perfumes worldwide </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Country location : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geographic coordinates: 43 00 N, 25 00 E </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capital city : Sofia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>geographic coordinates: 42 41 N, 23 19 E </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time difference : UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) </li></ul><ul><li>Daylight saving time : +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October </li></ul><ul><li>Largest cities : Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Dobrich, Kurdzhali, Pleven, Plovdiv, Ruse, Sliven, Stara Zagora, Varna, Vidin </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Administrative divisions : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>28 provinces (oblasti, singular - oblast); Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Dobrich, Gabrovo, Khaskovo, Kurdzhali, Kyustendil, Lovech, Montana, Pazardzhik, Pernik, Pleven, Plovdiv, Razgrad, Ruse, Shumen, Silistra, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofiya, Sofiya-Grad (Sofia City), Stara Zagora, Turgovishte, Varna, Veliko Turnovo, Vidin, Vratsa, Yambol </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparative Area : slightly larger than Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries by country : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece 494 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Macedonia 148 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romania 608 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serbia 318 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turkey 240 km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>354 km coastline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current weather is temperate; with cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers </li></ul><ul><li>Terrain is mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowest point : Black Sea 0 m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highest point : Musala 2,925 m </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Nationality : [noun] Bulgarian(s), [adjective] Bulgarian </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic Structure (2001 census): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulgarian 83.9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turk 9.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roma 4.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religion (2001 census): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim 12.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Christian 1.2% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other 4% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Language (2001 census): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulgarian* (official) 84.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turkish 9.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roma 4.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other and unspecified 1.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*Bulgarian is written in the Cyrillic Alphabet [like Russian] </li></ul>Coat of arms of Bulgaria (from Wikipedia)
  7. 8. <ul><li>Hiking and skiing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter tourist centers (ski resorts): Borovetz, Bansko, Pamporovo and Vitosha </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sea resorts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer resorts: Sozopol, Nessebur, Golden Sands, Sunny Beach, Sveti Vlas, Albena, Saints Constantine and Helena </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Night life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Night and disco clubs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ethno, cultural and historical tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;ethno-tourism&quot; and &quot;architectural-cultural&quot; tourism gaining ground / specialized tours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountain climbing: Rila, Pirin and Balkan Mountains. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hikers: Vitosha and the Rhodopes Mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountain biking / bicycle racing (Bulgaria is one of only six countries to annually host the official 1,200 km Randonnees - ultra-marathon bicycle rides patterned after Paris–Brest–Paris. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many museums and monasteries need advertisement and maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some sites may be difficult to reach, due to poor infrastructure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some visitors prefer experiencing history first-hand over looking at things in a museum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you are traveling in a big city after dark, please use your common sense. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>One of two countries that practices &quot;martenitsa,” a tradition where people welcome spring by wearing red and white on March 1st </li></ul><ul><li>Only place in the world where “Yes” and “No” head shakes are reversed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up-and-down for no </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Left-to-right for yes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rose picking has many associated traditions and festivals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.rose-festival.com/ </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Internet country code is .bg </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange rates : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leva (BGN) per US dollar:1.4352 (2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many people can speak Russian and English in addition to Bulgarian, especially in cities or popular tourist areas </li></ul><ul><li>Diplomatic representation from the US : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief of mission: Ambassador James B. WARLICK, Jr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embassy: 16 Kozyak Street, Sofia 1407 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mailing address: American Embassy Sofia, US Department of State, 5740 Sofia Place, Washington, DC 20521-5740 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone: [359] (2) 937-5100 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FAX: [359] (2) 937-5320 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bu.html (Accessed Nov 29, 2010 - page last updated on November 9, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>S. Georgieva, a native Bulgarian, currently residing in Moldova </li></ul>10th-11th century manuscript Codex Zographensis , one of the earliest examples of the Old Bulgarian language (from Wikipedia)
  11. 12. <ul><li>Здравей . </li></ul><ul><li>Здрасти . </li></ul><ul><li>Добро утро . </li></ul><ul><li>Добър ден . </li></ul><ul><li>Добър вечер . </li></ul><ul><li>Лека нощ . </li></ul><ul><li>Довиждане . </li></ul><ul><li>Как се казваш? </li></ul><ul><li>Как сте? </li></ul><ul><li>Да . </li></ul><ul><li>Не . </li></ul><ul><li>Може би . </li></ul><ul><li>Добре съм . </li></ul><ul><li>Благодаря . </li></ul><ul><li>Моля . </li></ul><ul><li>Моля . </li></ul><ul><li>Извинете! </li></ul><ul><li>Извинявай! </li></ul><ul><li>Колко е часът? </li></ul><ul><li>Говорите ли…? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… английски </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… руски </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hello . </li></ul><ul><li>Hi . </li></ul><ul><li>Good morning . </li></ul><ul><li>Good day . </li></ul><ul><li>Good evening . </li></ul><ul><li>Good night . </li></ul><ul><li>Good-bye . </li></ul><ul><li>What is your name? (informal) </li></ul><ul><li>How are you? [formal, and also plural form] </li></ul><ul><li>Yes . </li></ul><ul><li>No . </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe . </li></ul><ul><li>I ’ m fine . </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you . [formal and informal] </li></ul><ul><li>Please . </li></ul><ul><li>You're welcome . </li></ul><ul><li>Excuse me! [formal] </li></ul><ul><li>Sorry! [informal] </li></ul><ul><li>What ’ s the time? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you speak…? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian </li></ul></ul><ul><li>( zdravéy) </li></ul><ul><li>( zdrásti) </li></ul><ul><li>( dobró útro) </li></ul><ul><li>( dóbər dén) </li></ul><ul><li>( dóbər vécher) </li></ul><ul><li>( léka nósht) </li></ul><ul><li>( dovízhdane) </li></ul><ul><li>( kak se kazvash) </li></ul><ul><li>( kák sté) </li></ul><ul><li>( dá) </li></ul><ul><li>( né) </li></ul><ul><li>( mózhe bí) </li></ul><ul><li>( dobré səm) </li></ul><ul><li>( blagodaryə́) </li></ul><ul><li>( mólya) </li></ul><ul><li>( mólia) </li></ul><ul><li>( izvinéte) </li></ul><ul><li>( izvinyávai) </li></ul><ul><li>( kólko e chasə́t) </li></ul><ul><li>( govórite li…) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… ( anglíyski) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… ( ruski) </li></ul></ul>