Drug facts update 2013

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San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse staff provide an update of drug trends to Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselors, School Counselors, and Concerned Citizens.

San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse staff provide an update of drug trends to Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselors, School Counselors, and Concerned Citizens.

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  • 1. Drug Facts Update 2013 Separating the Facts from the Fiction Andrea Salazar B.S., A.C.P.S. 3/14/2014 San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 2. I. Marijuana A. Synthetics 1. Law B. Butane Honey Oil II. Bath Salts III.Krokodil IV.Molly V. Prescription Drugs 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 3. Marijuana Still the most widely used illict drug among Texas youth. 26.2% secondary students in 2010 & 2012 reported lifetime use Texas School Survey 2012 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 4. Synthetics  Texas Ban Sept. 1st, 2011  Texas Controlled Substances Act  167 compounds  Possession or Distribution  2 oz. or less Class B Misdemeanor  2 - 4 oz. Class A Misdemeanor  4 oz. – 5lbs State Jail Felony 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 5. Health Effects with Spice/K2 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 6. Short Brain Chemistry Lesson Increases dopamine in the brain. Synthetic Cannabinoids bind to the receptors in the users brain, like a key fitting into a lock. JWH-018 & JWH-073 are better keys than marijuana so it takes less of K2/Spice to get a person high. The brain is tricked into thinking it is ingesting THC 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 7. Short Brain Chemistry Lesson After the pleasure wears off people can experience irritability, nervousness, and paranoia. Chronic exposure to high levels of dopamine can lead to outbursts of violent behavior and a psychosis similar to schizophrenia, - Center for Substance Abuse Research. http://www.livestrong.com/article/161531-what-are-the-effects-of-increased-dopamine/#ixzz24mhjVVqo 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 8.  Paranoia  Nausea  Anxiety  Vomiting  Seizures  High Blood Pressure Rapid Heart Rates (tachycardia)  Shortness of breath  Hallucinations  Loss of Consciousness  Dilated pupils  Agitation  Confusion  Drowsiness  Unsure about withdrawal or dependence 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 9. Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act July 2012 Includes 26 substances Even if the substance isn’t listed in the act, but still functions as a THC- similar CB1 receptor agonist, it would immediately fall under the Schedule I classification. 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 10. Butane Honey/Hash Oil (BHO)  Use leftover marijuana pieces force a solvent through it (usually butane or 150 - 190 proof alcohol)  Evaporate solvent off, leaving the plant's resins – which are chock-full of psychoactive chemicals, including astronomic levels of THC that can exceed 80% http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/crazy-high-times-the-rise-of-hash-oil-20130610 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 11. Butane Honey/Hash Oil (BHO) Cost $25- $100 a gram Process is highly explosive Pvc pipe, hot plate, butane or high proof alcohol One documented death – Ryan Christopher Koon in VA November, 2013 http://www.roanoke.com/news/nrv/2418936-12/radford-university-student-dies-after-severe-burns.html 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 12. Shatter/Shattah Wax/Ear wax Budder/Buddah https://www.stickyguide.com/dispensaries/palliative/products/candy-apple-crumble--2 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 13. Terms BHO Budder/Buddah Honey Oil Oil Dabs Dabs Wax Shattah/Shatter Ear Wax 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 14. 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 15. Illegal Bath Salts methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) & mephedrone 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 16. 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 17. Health Effects for Bath Salts 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 18. The Effects of MDPV  Mental: euphoria, increases in alertness & awareness, increased wakefulness and arousal, anxiety, agitation  MDPV reportedly has four times the potency of Ritalin and Concerta.  Sometimes labeled online as legal cocaine or legal amphetamines.  Can last 3-4 hours  Mild stimulation 6-8 hrs.  Tachycardia (after use)  Hypertension  High doses = panic attacks  Psychosis from sleep withdrawal  Possibly addiction3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 19. Desomorphine Street name Krokodil It is a derivative from morphine 8-10x more potent than Morphine Fast acting sedative and analgesic http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desomorphine 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 20. History In 2003 Russia cracked down on heroin. Codeine is OTC and is easily converted into desomorphine (process similar to meth) Red phosphorus, gasoline are used http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desomorphine 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 21. Physical Effects Lasts 1.5 hours at the most Infections, gangrene, severe tissue damage due to corrosive ingredients and unclean needles http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desomorphine 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 22. Desomorphine in the U.S.? Reports yes, but they are not confirmed 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 23. MOLLY  MDMA = 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine  Powder/capsule or crystal High doses can cause a sharp increase in body temperature (hyperthermia), leading to liver, kidney and cardiovascular failure. http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/molly-powder-or-crystal-form-of-mdma-is-popular-at-music-festivals 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 24. Molly/Ecstasy Effects:  derealization, depersonalization, a ltered perception of space and time, positive basic mood, mania- like experience, anxious, thought disorder, fears of loss of thought or body control, visual hallucinations  increased: self- confidence, heightened mood, apprehension- anxiety, thoughtfulness- contemplativeness, extroversion, dazed state, sensitivity and emotional excitation Withdrawal:  confusion, anxiety, depres sion, paranoia, sleep problems, drug craving, muscle tension, tremors, involunta ry teeth clenching, muscle cramps, nausea, faintness, chills, sweating, blurred vision, and severe dehydration http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/molly-powder-or-crystal-form-of-mdma-is-popular-at-music-festivals 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 25. What’s it look like? 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 26. Molly/Ecstasy Fewer than 4% of ER visits in 2009 were due to MDMA use The national Drug Abuse Warning Network found that from 2004 - 2009, there was a 123% increase in the number of ER visits involving MDMA taken alone or in combination with Rx, alcohol or both. http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/drugs/molly-powder-or-crystal-form-of-mdma-is-popular-at-music-festivals 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 27. Molly/Ecstasy  "Somethin' bout Mary, she gone off that Molly/Now the whole party is meltin' like Dali" --Kanye West on "Mercy“  "MDMA got you feelin' like a champion/The city never sleeps but it'll slip you an Ambien" --Jay-Z on "Empire State of Mind“  "Got your girl on Molly and we smoking loud and drinking.” - 2 Chainz, on Nicki Minaj's "Beez In The Trap" 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 28. Prescription Drugs 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% Ever Used 2008 Ever Used 2010 Ever Used 2012 All Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12 Nonmedical use of Rx Drugs by Grade Vicodin, Lortab, Lorcet, or Hydrocodone 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org
  • 29. Contact Us 3/14/2014San Antonio Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse www.sacada.org 210-225-4741 info@sacada.org www.sacada.org www.Facebook.com/Sacadatex Twitter: @SACADATexas