BEHAVIORISM THEORY MENU What is the ‘Behaviorism Theory’? Definition Main Points Primary Contributors to the Behaviorism Theory Ivan Pavlov How it is observed in a classroom Via teacher or via student Personal thoughts about this theory Agree or disagree Use in personal classroom
BEHAVIORISM THEORY Operates on a stimulus response. Caused by external stimuli. Explainable without explanation of mental state. Shaped by positive and negative reinforcement.
BEHAVIORISM THEORY (CONT’D) Behavior can be seen and measured. They are acquired through conditioned stimuli, thus creating conditioned responses.
PRIMARY CONTRIBUTORSKey figures in the understanding of the Behaviorism Theory are: B.F. Skinner--1904-1990 Edward Thorndike--1874-1949 John B. Wilson--1878-1959 Ivan Pavlov--1849-1936Ivan Pavlov is considered to be one of the most influential contributors to the behaviorist theory…
IVAN PAVLOV—1849-1936 Behaviorist Discoverer •Made discovery that led to the beginnings of the behaviorist theory. •Experiment with unconditioned stimuli and dogs reactions.•Dogs salivated upon environmental cues related to food (such as a bell). •Observation made that certain cues cause certain behaviors.
HOW WOULD THIS THEORY BE OBSERVED IN A CLASSROOM Behaviorism theory is the idea that behaviors are cause by an external stimulus. Positive and negative reinforcements persuade or dissuade the outcomes. For example: If a teacher were to offer extra recess time for quiet, well-behaved students, the students would be more apt to follow directions to receive the beneficial outcome.
HOW THEORY WOULD BE OBSERVED IN A CLASSROOM (CONT’D) Technology and the behaviorism theory can be observed together as well. Technology, such as computers or iPads, could be used as rewards or a stimulus for students to follow directions, complete their work, and get good grades. Positive reinforcements=positive behaviors. Also observable is the behaviors students exhibit when using the computers or when provided the opportunity to use them.
PERSONAL THOUGHTS ON THEORY & USE IN FUTURE CLASSROOM I fully support the theory of behaviorism and believe it is conclusive. Almost every action we take or stimuli we come by results in a specific behavior, good or bad. In a classroom, I believe this is one of the most easily observable theories.
PERSONAL THOUGHTS ON THEORY & USE IN FUTURE CLASSROOM (CONT’D) I can definitely see the behaviorism theory taking a place in my future classroom. With the theory of behaviorism, the teacher can remain in control so long as the students behaviors can be conditioned. Being aware of the reactions students may exhibit because of possible situations would be very beneficial.